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God Has A Plan Week 3 Covenant Of Grace

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Week 3 of Pastor Greco's Covenant Theology Class

Publicada em: Espiritual
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God Has A Plan Week 3 Covenant Of Grace

  1. 1. (Our God is a Covenant God)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Week 3 </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>What is a covenant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An Agreement or contract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than a promise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An Oath-Bound Promise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A bond in blood sovereignly administered ” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>What are the elements of a covenant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promise or Blessing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penalty or Curse </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>How do we know that it is a covenant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We DO NOT just the look for the word “covenant” in a concordance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We look to the substance of what is going on the Scripture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We look for the ELEMENTS of a covenant </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Promise/Blessing </li></ul><ul><li>Penalty/Curse </li></ul><ul><li>God and Adam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adam represents all men </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obedience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perfect, personal obedience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eternal Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Communion with God forever </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual, physical, judicial </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>How can we call the Covenant of Works gracious? </li></ul><ul><li>God gave Adam two things that He was not previously obligated to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A right to the promise, upon fulfilling the condition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A relationship with Himself </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>By His breach, Adam fell into an estate of: </li></ul><ul><li>Sin </li></ul><ul><li>Misery </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>God’s Second Covenant </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>What is the reason for the Covenant of Grace? </li></ul><ul><li>It all really depends on your perspective </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Do we look at it from God’s eternal perspective? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we look at it from man’s in time perspective? </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Covenant of Redemption </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>The Eternal decree of God </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>“ the Lord was pleased to make a second [covenant], commonly called the Covenant of Grace” (WCF 7.4) </li></ul><ul><li>“ God having out of his mere good pleasure , from all eternity , elected some to everlasting life, did enter into a covenant of grace” (WSC 20) </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>“ Though sin has abounded, grace has much more abounded. Yes: in the everlasting covenant of redemption, to which Father, Son and Holy Spirit are parties; in the Mediator of that covenant, Jesus Christ the righteous, perfect God and perfect Man in one Person; in the work that He did by dying for our sins and rising again for our justification..” (J.C. Ryle, Holiness: It's Nature, Hindrances, Difficulties and Roots ) </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>God, in election, reveals His own Triune covenant life </li></ul><ul><li>It is the basis for the establishment and realization of a covenant outside of Himself with man in the way of sin and grace, death and redemption </li></ul><ul><li>It is to the glory of the Lord’s holy name </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>WHAT’S IN A NAME? </li></ul><ul><li>In emphasizing the relationship in the Trinity, it has been called: </li></ul><ul><li>The Counsel of Peace </li></ul><ul><li>In emphasizing its effect on man, it has been called: </li></ul><ul><li>The Counsel of Salvation </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>And say to him, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, &quot;Behold, the man whose name is the Branch: for he shall branch out from his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD. It is he who shall build the temple of the LORD and shall bear royal honor, and shall sit and rule on his throne. And there shall be a priest on his throne, and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.“ (Zechariah 6:12-13) </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>We have heard about God’s election… </li></ul><ul><li>how do we know it happens in a covenant? </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Promise </li></ul><ul><li>Threat or Curse </li></ul><ul><li>We look for the elements of a covenant! </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>God the Father </li></ul><ul><li>Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, for the sake of the faith of God's elect and their knowledge of the truth, which accords with godliness, in hope of eternal life, which God, who never lies, promised before the ages began (Titus 1.1-2) </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>God the Father and God the Son </li></ul><ul><li>Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ…even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world , that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love he predestined us for adoption as sons through Jesus Christ , according to the purpose of his will (Ephesians 1.3-5) </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>To me, though I am the very least of all the saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ, 9 and to bring to light for everyone what is the plan of the mystery hidden for ages in God who created all things, 10 so that through the church the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known to the rulers and authorities in the heavenly places. 11 This was according to the eternal purpose that he has realized in Christ Jesus our Lord , 12 in whom we have boldness and access with confidence through our faith in him. (Ephesians 3:8-12) </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony about our Lord, nor of me his prisoner, but share in suffering for the gospel by the power of God, 9 who saved us and called us to a holy calling, not because of our works but because of his own purpose and grace, which he gave us in Christ Jesus before the ages began , 10 and which now has been manifested through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel (2 Tim 1:8-10) </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>The Holy Spirit </li></ul><ul><li>Whoever does not love me does not keep my words. And the word that you hear is not mine but the Father's who sent me… But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name , he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. (John 14:24-26) </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who are elect exiles of the dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, according to the foreknowledge of God the Father , in the sanctific ation of the Spirit , for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you. (1 Peter 1:1-2) </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>That the Son assume human nature, though without sin </li></ul><ul><li>But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. (Gal. 4:4-5) </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>That the Son assume human nature, though without sin </li></ul><ul><li>For it was fitting that he, for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, should make the founder of their salvation perfect through suffering…Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death. (Hebrews 2:10-15) </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>That the Son assume human nature, though without sin </li></ul><ul><li>For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. (Hebrews 4:15) </li></ul>
  30. 31. <ul><li>That the Son perfectly obey the Law of God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psalm 40:8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isaiah 43:21 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John 8:29; 9:4-5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jesus said to them, &quot;My food is to do the will of him who sent me and to accomplish his work. (John 4:34) </li></ul><ul><li>“ I can do nothing on my own. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is just, because I seek not my own will but the will of him who sent me. (John 5:30) </li></ul>
  31. 32. <ul><li>That the Son perfectly obey the Law of God </li></ul><ul><li>For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who sent me. (John 6:38) </li></ul>
  32. 33. <ul><li>That the Son make atonement for sin and receive the just punishment of God with respect to the broken Covenant of Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ephesians 5:2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John 10:11 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Galatians 1:4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. (2 Corinthians 5:21) </li></ul>
  33. 34. <ul><li>Assist the Son </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isaiah 42:4-6; Isaiah 50:5-9; Psalm 16:10-11 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Give the Son a people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John 6:44-45; John 17:1-12 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exalt the Son </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isaiah 53:12; Zechariah 9:10; Psalm 2:7; 110:4; Romans 14:11; Philippians 2:10 </li></ul></ul>
  34. 35. <ul><li>Assist the Son in the work of atonement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isaiah 42:4-6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isaiah 50:5-9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psalm 16:10-11 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thus says God, the Lord, who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and what comes from it, who gives breath to the people on it and spirit to those who walk in it: “I am the Lord; I have called you in righteousness; I will take you by the hand and keep you; I will give you as a covenant for the people, a light for the nations (Isaiah 42:4-6) </li></ul>
  35. 36. <ul><li>Give the Son a people, and keep them safe for all eternity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John 6:44-45 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John 17:1-12 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day. It is written in the Prophets, ‘And they will all be taught by God.’ Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to me— (John 6:44-45) </li></ul>
  36. 37. <ul><li>Exalt the Son above all others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isaiah 53:12 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zechariah 9:10 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psalm 2:7; 110:4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romans 14:11 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philippians 2:10 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>he shall speak peace to the nations; his rule shall be from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth. (Zechariah 9:10) </li></ul><ul><li>for it is written, “As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.” (Romans 14:11) </li></ul>
  37. 38. <ul><li>Covenant of Grace </li></ul>
  38. 39. <ul><li>Resolving in time the problem created by the Fall </li></ul>
  39. 40. <ul><li>“ Man by his fall having made himself incapable of life by that covenant” (WCF 7.4) </li></ul><ul><li>“ to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery , and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemer” (WSC 20) </li></ul>
  40. 41. <ul><li>God the Father </li></ul><ul><li>For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. (Hebrews 8:10) </li></ul>
  41. 42. <ul><li>God the Father and Jesus Christ, as representative of the elect </li></ul><ul><li>Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, “And to offsprings,” referring to many, but referring to one, “And to your offspring,” who is Christ. (Galatians 3:16) </li></ul><ul><li>This makes Jesus the guarantor of a better covenant. (Hebrews 7:22) </li></ul>
  42. 43. <ul><li>“ I will be their God, and they shall be My people.” (Hebrews 8:10) </li></ul><ul><li>And when the Gentiles heard this, they began rejoicing and glorifying the word of the Lord, and as many as were appointed to eternal life believed. (Acts 13:48) </li></ul>
  43. 44. <ul><li>A New Heart and Life </li></ul><ul><li>And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules. (Ezekiel 36:26-27) </li></ul>
  44. 45. <ul><li>Forgiveness of Sins </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctification </li></ul><ul><li>Illumination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall not teach, each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest. For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more.” (Hebrews 8:10-12) </li></ul></ul>
  45. 46. <ul><li>The Spirit and the Bride say, “Come.” And let the one who hears say, “Come.” And let the one who is thirsty come; let the one who desires take the water of life without price . ( Revelation 22:17 ) </li></ul><ul><li>For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. ( John 3:16 ) </li></ul>
  46. 47. <ul><li>Because, if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. ( Romans 10:9 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through faith in the powerful working of God, who raised him from the dead. ( Colossians 2:12 ) </li></ul>
  47. 48. <ul><li>For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes. ( Romans 10:4 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. (Matthew 5:17) </li></ul>
  48. 50. <ul><li>This Covenant is one covenant , throughout the entire Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>Next week we will see this in the Old Testament </li></ul><ul><li>The following week we will see this in the New Testament </li></ul>
  49. 51. Mankind Outside of Christ The Covenant of Redemption is made in eternity between the Father and the Son. In the Covenant of Grace, the Father agrees to accept the works of the Son as fulfilling the Covenant of Works for the elect. The essence of the covenant of works is “do this and you shall live.” All mankind outside of Christ continues to be under the Covenant of Works. God demands perfect obedience from man in order to earn eternal life. Covenant of Redemption (Hebrews 10:7-10; Zechariah 6:13) Covenant of Grace (Rom. 3:20-21; Rom. 10:8-11; Gal 3:11) Covenant of Works (Genesis 2:17; Romans 10:5; Galatians 3:10-12)
  50. 52. <ul><li>See the amazing goodness of God, to enter into covenant with us; He did not enter into covenant with the fallen angels </li></ul><ul><li>See how great God’s love is, to love us when we were enemies </li></ul>
  51. 53. <ul><li>God’s covenant people are a humble people (1 Peter 5:5; Phil. 2:3) </li></ul><ul><li>God’s covenant people are a willing people; although they cannot serve Him perfectly, they serve Him willingly (Ps. 110:3) </li></ul><ul><li>God’s covenant people are a consecrated people, they have holiness written on them (1 Peter 1:16) </li></ul>
  52. 54. <ul><li>If you are out of the covenant, labor to be found in the covenant. Consider: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the misery of those living and dying outside the covenant (1 Sam 28:15) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how excellent a covenant this is, more gracious and friendly than the first-- since the works of another are counted as ours, it is surer and has better privileges. </li></ul></ul>