7. a test writer must be certain that testees
produce only the answer she wants to be
used in each blank.
As soon as possible the next day I sent
my story __________ the editor
_________ the magazine _________
where my best work usually
8. Three ways of restricting the
choices available to the testees:
a)By providing a context
b)By providing data
c)By using multiple choice
9. by providing a context
Kim usually goes to the cinema about
once a week but she _________four
films already this month and it’s only
the 20th today.
(possible answers: has seen/will have seen/ must
10. by providing data
I go to the cinema regularly, but it’s
ages since I last saw a play.
I go to the cinema regularly, but I
________ to the theatre for months.
(Possible answers: haven’t been/
haven’t gone/ haven’t been going/
haven’t been able to go)
11. by using multiple choice
I _____ to the theatre three times
since I last saw you.
a. go c. had gone
b. have been d. went
the use of context often avoids the
kinds of ambiguity referred to in the
Students experience the use of
grammar in context being required in
order to guess many of the missing
13. Types of completion items
1.Blanks are indicated and requires only one
word for the answer.
2.Modified cloze passage
• Omissions themselves are not
• requires to put an oblique stroke (/) at
the place where the word has been
omitted and then to write the missing
word in the appropriate space.
14. It (1) _______ always useful
(2) _______ practice answering the
types of questions (3) ________
you may (4) _______ asked.
However, (5) _______ is not enough
simply (6) _________ glance through a
past paper (7) _______ answer the
questions (8) _______ your head.
This will give you (9) ______ indication
at all (10) _______ what you can do.
15. Historians and anthropologists
used think that ill health and disease
prevalent among primitive tribes.
investigation, however, have shown
we much to learn from primitive
people. Without benefit of
vaccination, primitive often acquired
immunity the diseases present in
16. Sentence Completion
part of a sentence has been omitted.
tests the ability to handle structures according
to certain patterns.
Make concentration on specific grammatical
points more difficult.
17. Many zoo officials are worried by the increasing ill-
treatment of animals by visitors to the zoo, especially by
children. When the animals fail to perform in the ways
Crocodiles seem to be the chief victims of such attacks
because they ________________________________________. The
bottles, cans , sticks and stones that
_________________________________________ end up as unsightly
litter in the enclosures. Some animals, however, swallow
18. Completion of Dialogues
provides the ability to manipulate the
grammar and language patterns.
Unfortunately, it is often difficult to write a
natural dialogue and provide useful cues at the
19. A: ________________________________________________________________.
B: So do I. I generally watch it for an hour or two every
B: Immediately after I’ve finished my homework, at about
8:30 or nine.
B: So are mine. The funnier, the better. I like American ones
best of all –you know, programs like “Benson” and
21. types of tests the ability to produce
structures in the target language.
An objective item type which
comes close to measuring some of the
skills tested in composition writing.
22. 1.I haven’t written to you for a long time.
It’s along time
2.In sunny weather, I often go for a walk.
When the weather
23. Other ways of covering transformation items:
1. It was impossible to work under those conditions.
2. I don’t think it’s necessary for you to stay any
I don’t think you ____________________________.
24. In some tests, students may be required to
rewrite a sentence beginning with a certain
word underlines in the original sentence.
They believed that the earth was flat.
The earth was believed to be flat.
25. Transformation can also be affected by
requiring a substitute to the given verb
necessitating a change in a structural pattern.
Ten lessons make up the course. CONSIST
The course consists of ten lessons.
26. Transformation can be made to
perform a part of continuous sentence
1)Changing sentences according to a given
2)Changing sentences by using selected
27. Changing sentences according to a
a)Very few objective tests allow for a choice.
You have ________________________________.
b)However, the instructions should be carefully
However, you ______________________________.
28. Changing sentences by using selected words.
1)Remember that it is necessary to answer the
questions in the order set. (NEED)
2)You are advised to check your answers carefully
after each question. (ADVISABLE)