THE CORONISOR APPENDIX TOTHE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION:IN WHICH IT TREATSOF THE FOUR CHURCHES OF THIS EARTH FROMTHE CREATION...
THE CORONISOR APPENDIX TOTHE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION
First printed in this edition 1931Reprinted 1966Printed in Great Britainb..y Morrison and Gibb Limited, London and Edinburgh
CONTENTS OF THIS VOLUMEPAGE.1. THE CORONIS 92 THE CONSUMMATION OF THE AGE, THE SECOND COMING OFTHE LORD, AND THE NEW CHURC...
PREFATORY NOTE CONCERNING THECONTENTS OF THIS VOLUMETHE work, which opens the Volume-" The Coronis "-is, as itproclaims it...
PREFATORY NOTEsequel to the work to which it is the "Appendix," and also ofcareful study.Il THE CORONIS, together with THE...
[SCHEME OF "THE CORONIS," OR APPENDIX TO"THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION"]Cl) THE CONSUMMATION OF THE AGE1. THE LAST JUDGMENT@...
SUMMARIES1. There have been four Churches on this earth since thetime of the creation: a First, which is to be called the ...
THE CORONIS@The periodical changes of state which occurred in suc­cession in the third Church, which was the Israelitish, ...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION~While the Israelitish Church still endured, these threewe.re announced in many ...
THE CORONIS~Because the Lord foresaw these things, thereforeof necessity if man were to be saved, He promised that He ~uld...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGIONIWFor many reasons this New Christian Church is not beingestablished thrau 11 an...
LASTLY, ABOUT MIRACLEScDMiracles were performed in the Church before the LordsAdvent, because, at that time, men were exte...
THE CORONISOR APPENDIX TOTHE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGIONc.-2
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THE CORONISOR APPENDIX 1 TOTHE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGIONI. THESE three subjects-the Consummation of the Age, theComing of th...
2] THE CORONISAND A FOURTH, THE CHRISTIAN. That four Churches have existedon this earth since the creation of the world, m...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN REl.IGION [2and called the first age" golden," the second age" silver," thethird age "co...
2-3] THE CORONISAnd they remembered that God was their Rock, and the HighGod their Redeemer (Psalm Ixxviii 35).They all dr...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [3Thou causest the rain of benefits to drop; thou wilt confirm thywearied inher...
3-5] THE CORONISThese comparisons originate from the spiritual world, where allthe affections and thoughts therefrom, of a...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [5from morning to day, to the end that he may be reformed andregenerateCl-oy me...
5-6] TIlE CORONISEven to the evening and the morning,1 two thousand threehundred; then shall the holy place be justified :...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [6-7Word, both in its historical and its prophetical portions, thosefour change...
7-10] THE OORONISfor it flows forth from the respiration of the body only, and notfrom any respiration of the spirit. Such...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [10-12THE FORMER CHURCH, AND SEPARATES THE GOOD FROM THE EVIL,AND RAISES THE GO...
12-13] THE CORONISthe following is added: that, from the time of the vastation of aChurch right on to its consummation, he...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [13-15taken by enemies, and the property of his subjects seized bythem, does no...
15-16]	 THE CORONISa new Church, He introduces order, so that they may abideunder His guidance, and un er obedience to Him...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [17-1817. It is well known, that, in order_that anything may jJe ))perfect, the...
18-19]	 THE CORONISBy the holy city, New Jerusalem, is meant the doctrine of theNew Church, consequently the Church as to ...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [19-20be an angelic heaven through which it may exist and subsist,nor conversel...
20-21] THE CORONISexhaling from fields, gardens and flowery plains, which the breasteagerly and delightedly draws in with ...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [21-22and thus save him; for, unless man be regenerated he cannot be saved(John...
22] THE CORONISis meant the Lord (Num. xi 5, 6, 32-35 ; and John vi 31, 32,49-51, 58). And, further, these two errors have...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [23-PROPOSITION THE SECONDThe Adamic, or Most Ancient Church of this Earth23. T...
23-24] THE CORONISThou openest the hand, they are filled with good; Thou scndestforth the Spirit, they are created (Psalm ...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [24-25(IiJ Its Progression into light, or Day, which is its second state.IlIt] ...
25-26] THE CORONISimage of the serpent as long as he wills and believes that he livesfrom himself and not from God. What i...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [26-27memorable relation in the preceding work (n. 48), of which this isthe App...
27] THE CORONISwith flowers as man does with natural and spiritual truths; andalso produces fruits as man does goods of us...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGI ON [28-2928. In the work itself, named THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION,it has been sh...
29] THE C ORONISalso hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?And when the woman said unto the serpent,...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [29-30of good, inwardly in which there is evil, because merit; and thisis eatin...
30-31] THE CORONISspiritual things, and like a peacock as to their adornment fromspiritual things; but, on the other hand,...
OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [32-3332. After this curse, the fourth state of this Church, whichwas its state...
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Swedenborg THE-CORONIS-or-appendix-to-The-True-Christian-Religion-The-Invitation-To-The-New-Church-London-1966

  1. 1. THE CORONISOR APPENDIX TOTHE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION:IN WHICH IT TREATSOF THE FOUR CHURCHES OF THIS EARTH FROMTHE CREATION OF THE WORLD, AND OF THEIRPERIODS AND CONSUMMATION;- OF THE NEW CHURCH ABOUT T O SUCCEEDTHOSE FOUR, WHICH W ILL H~ I~I,.Y CHR ISTIAN ,AND THE CROWN OF THE PRECEDING ONES;OF THE COMING OF THE LORD TO IT, AND OFHIS DIVINE AUSPICES THEREINTO ETERNITY,AND FURTHEROF THE MYSTERY OF REDEMPTION:THEN ALSO"THE INVITATION TO THE NEW CHURCH"FROM THE LATIN OFEMANUEL SWEDENBORGTHE SWEDENBORG SOCIETY20 BLOOMSBURY WAYLONDON, w.c.i1966
  2. 2. THE CORONISOR APPENDIX TOTHE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION
  3. 3. First printed in this edition 1931Reprinted 1966Printed in Great Britainb..y Morrison and Gibb Limited, London and Edinburgh
  4. 4. CONTENTS OF THIS VOLUMEPAGE.1. THE CORONIS 92 THE CONSUMMATION OF THE AGE, THE SECOND COMING OFTHE LORD, AND THE NEW CHURCH 853 THE INVITATION TO THE NEW CHURCH 95
  5. 5. PREFATORY NOTE CONCERNING THECONTENTS OF THIS VOLUMETHE work, which opens the Volume-" The Coronis "-is, as itproclaims itself, an "Appendix to THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION,"and was written for the purpose of treating somewhat more indetail certain specified points which had been little more thantouched upon in that work.It suffers under the two disadvantages of never having beenissued to the world by its author, and QLbeing incom lete.So far as known, the work in its complete form nowhere nowexists. The MS., we are informed, was lent by Swedenborg,during is_last_illness, to_DIIVIesSlter, ana, un orfiiIi"itely," ne~rly one-half of it" was "mislaid and finally lost at the( Drs house" (see DOCUMENTS CONCERNING SWEDENBORG, Vol. Ill,p. 1022).A careful comparison of the work, as given in the followingpages, with the full plan of it outlined in the " Summaries"prefixed to it, will show that the present Volume does not givethe complete treatise as designed by-Swe-denborg. The workingouto ftnelaniscan:ied orlJY. as far as to the end ofP~opositiOi1VIof the" Summaries," when the matter comes to an abrupt stop1 at the successive changes of state in the Israelitish Church. This)i~s far as the rescue~eortion of the MS. gQes.I Ue_e.mL~e<isp.na.!:lle to st!PP-Qs~thaLthe _MS . was comJili:tewhen placed by Swedenborg in Dr M~s~iters hands, and that,therefore, the.l-<t.rge_pprJiQILoCit which_was first" mislaid andfinally lost at the Drs house," contained the full execution of(the ori inal lan. That it carried the work considerably beyond ]the contents of the present Volume must, at any rate;15e certain,- T ne-fact that themiSsin~J~ortion commenced~ith the dis­cussion of the Rise, Development, Decline and Fall of the First rNIChristian Church, and, after that, furnished some forecast11 res ectin the New and " truly Christian " Church, makes theloss of it a matter of Rarticular regret to the latter Church nowexistin -in however in firm and strugglm a form-in the world.But, imperfect though the work is, it is stITfOl high importanceto the Church, and well worthy of publication to serve as avu
  6. 6. PREFATORY NOTEsequel to the work to which it is the "Appendix," and also ofcareful study.Il THE CORONIS, together with THE CONSUMMATION OF THE AGE,2 . THE SECOND COMING OF THE LORD, AND TH~-.!i~YC~URCH, and.3 THE INVITATION TO THE NEW CHURCH, which follow it in thisVolume, would seem, from Dr R. L. Tafels DOCUMENTS CON­CERNING SWEDENBORG (pp . 1020 and 1022), to have the s ecialIinterest of being the last works that Swedenbor ever enned.In the Revision of THE CORONIS, I have had the benefit of theassistance of the Revs. J . G. Dufty and P. H. Johnson, RA.,RSc.; in that of THE CONSUMMATION OF THE AGE, etc., and THEINVITATION TO THE NEW CHURCH, of the Rev. G. F. ColborneKitching.References to the chapters and vers~s of Scripture are ~in accordance with the Authorized VerSIon of the English Bible,even w ere Swedenborg, through his use ottneLatiii-VerSlonof Schmidius, or from any other cause, employs a (I{ffere; tenumeration.JAS. F. BUSS,Editor and Reviser.Vlll
  7. 7. [SCHEME OF "THE CORONIS," OR APPENDIX TO"THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION"]Cl) THE CONSUMMATION OF THE AGE1. THE LAST JUDGMENT@!)T HE COMING OF THE LORDIV. RESTORATION, AND THE NEW CHURCH: ITS QUALITY1. THE ApPEARING OF THE LORD J EHOVIH2. THE MORNING, OR RISE3. THE DAY, OR PROGRESSION4. THE EVENING, OR V ASTATION5. THE NIGHT, OR. CONSUMMATION6. THE COMING OF THE LORD7. THE LAST JUDGMENT8. THE NEW HEAVEN9. THB NEW CHURCH10. REDEMPTIONABOUT MIRACLESix
  8. 8. SUMMARIES1. There have been four Churches on this earth since thetime of the creation: a First, which is to be called the Adamic;a Second, the Noachian; a Third, the Israelitish; and a Fourth,the Christian.GDThere have been four Periods, or successive States, of eachChurch, which in the Word are meant by " morning," " day,"" evening," and" night."C!!9In each Church the four changes of states have beenconsecutive; the first of which has been the Appearing of theLord]ehovih and Redemption, and then was its Morning, orRise; the second has been its Instruction, and then was Mid-day,or Progression; the third has been its Decline, and then was itsEvening, or Vastation; the fourth has been its End, and thenwas its Night, or Consummation.After its End, or Consummation, the Lord ]ehovih appearsand executes a judgment on the men of the former Church, andseparates the good from the evil, and raises the good to Himselfinto heaven, and removes the evil from Himself into hell.After these things, of the good raised to Himself He formsa new heaven, and of the evil removed from Himself, a new hell;and in both He establishes order, so that they may remain underHis control and under obedience to Him to eternity; and thenthrough the new heaven He successively inaugurates and estab­lishes a new Church on earth.QDFrom this new heaven, the Lord ]ehovih derives and pro­duces a new Church on earth; which takes place by meansof a Revelation from His mouth or from His Word, and bytion.IV. These periodical changes of state which occurred insuccession in the first, or Most Ancient Church, which was theAdamic, are described by Moses in the first chapters of Genesis;but by celestial representatives, and by other things, belongingto the world, to which spiritual things correspond.~Theperiodical changes ofstate which occurred in successionin the second, or Ancient Church, which was the Noachian,are also described in Genesis, and here and there in the fourremaining books of Moses.
  9. 9. THE CORONIS@The periodical changes of state which occurred in suc­cession in the third Church, which was the Israelitish, are alsodescribed in Moses, and afterwards in Joshua, in the Books ofthe Judges, of Samuel, and of the Kings, and likewise in theProphets.CYlI. The periodical changes which occurred in succession inthe fourth Church, which is the Christian, are described in theWord of both Testaments; its Rise, or Morning, in particular,in the Evangelists, and in the Acts and writings of the Apostles;its Progression towards Noon-day, in the ecclesiastical historyof the first three centuries; its Decline, or Evening, by the historyof the centuries immediately following; and its Vastation evento Consummation, which is its Night, in the Apocalypse.VIII. After those four Churches, a new one is to arise whichwill be truly Christian, foretold in Daniel and in the Apocalypse,and by the Lord Himself in the Evangelists, and looked for bythe Apostles.* * * * * * *(0The Church successively declines from the truths of faithand the goods of charity, and it declines in the same proportionalso from the spiritual understanding and genuine sense of theWord.X. Consequently, the Church departs in the same proportionfrom the Lord, and removes Him from itself.x I: In proportion as this is effected, it tends towards its end.I . It is the end of the Church, when there remains nolonger any truth of faith or genuine good of charity.XIII The Church is then in falSities a nd the evils therefrom,and i evils and the falsities therefrom.XIV. Hence, from the deceased out of the world hell increases,so that it raises itself up towards heaven, and interposes itselfbetween heaven and the Church, like a black cloud betweenthe sun and the earth.~This interposition prevents the access of any truth offaith, and thence any genuine good of charity, to the men of theChurch; but, instead of them, falsified truth, which in itself isfalsity, and adulterated good, which in itself is not good.CXVj)Then naturalism and atheism take possession together.~XVli)This StateOfthe-Church is-meant and described in theord, by " Vastation," " Desolation" and" Consummation."* * * * * * *(XVnj)While Vastation lasts, and before Consummationsupervenes, the Lords Advent is announced, also Redemptionby the Lord, and after this there is a new Church.2
  10. 10. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION~While the Israelitish Church still endured, these threewe.re announced in many passages of the Word in the Prophets.(XXjThe Coming of the Lord.cxxt:/Redemption .~XXII0 A new Church.r AliiioS!- everywhere in the prophetic Word, Vastation and1 Consummation, also the Last Judgment, the Lords Coming, aI new Church, and Redemption, are treated of.* * * * * * *::"XXIIJ)As regards Redemption in particular, through whichalone Salvation takes place, it was accomplished by J ehovahGOQ incarnate, who iSJ:mr Lord Jesus Christ. -­- XXfV:)The first part of Redemption was a total subjugationof the hells. -- -- ~~The second part of Redemption was the separation ofthe evil from the good, and the casting down of the evil into helland the raising of the good into heaven.XXVI> And, lastly, there is the arrangement in order of allin hell, and the arrangement in order of all in heaven.<--X XVII) And then, at the same time, Instruction concerningI the truths which are to be of faith, and the goods w@ch aretol be of charity. - ,,XXVIIi) And thus the Establishment of a new Church.~ XXIX)The final and efficient Cause of Redemption was theReg~neration of man, and thereby salvation..~XX)~ Lord, because He is the only Redeemer, is there­fore the only Regenerator, and thus the only Saviour.* * * * * * *QS.X~I)BY His first Advent, and the Redemption thenwroug t, the Lord was not able to form a new heaven ofChristians, and from that a new Church, b~cause theTI:~ere asyet no Christians, but they came into existence gradually throughthe preachings and writings of the Apostles.(XX X II. Neither was He able afterwards, since from thebeginning so many heresies broke forth that scarcely a.I!x.@<:.tri!1eof faith appeared in its own light. . _ _.1QQ~!!!:fAnd at length (ih~ Apo~!Q).~Doctrine. was in­creasingly torn, rent asunder, and adulterated by abominableheresies.XXXIV. This is meant by " the abomination of desolation,"and by " the affliction such as was not, either will be," and by" the darkening of the sun, moon, and stars," in the Evangelists,in Daniel, and also in the Prophets; likewise by " the Dragon"and many other things, in the Apocalypse.3
  11. 11. THE CORONIS~Because the Lord foresaw these things, thereforeof necessity if man were to be saved, He promised that He ~uld IJIIcome again into the world and accomplish a Redemption, aa.d"Youldthus institute a_new Church,. ~~ch wou!9.- be _~yChristian. .A~ ~ IXXXVI. TheLorc:J! Himself foretold His!Secon~Coming, andthe post es frequentfy prophesied respecting i0ndJohn openlyso in the Apocalypse; ~ z;XXXVII. In like manner respecting the NeJ"Chu..!:ch hichis meant y the" New Jerusalem" in the Apocalypse.XXXVIII. This Second Redem tion was effected in the sameway as t e rst (of which above, from n. xxiii to xxx),c.X XX q f) And also for the sake of the Regeneration, andhence the Salvation, of the men of the Church, as its final andefficient cause.* * * * * * *C XLJ T he falsities which have hitherto desolated, and have atlength consummated, the Christian Church, were chiefly thefollowing:C2L j)T hey receded from the worship of the Lord, preached bythe Apostles, and from faith in Him.They separated the Divine Trinity from the Lord, and transferredit to three Divine Persons from eternity, consequently to three Gods.e.XtIOThey divided saving faith among these three Persons.. XII . They separated charity and good works from that faith,as not at the same time saving." XLIV. They deduced justification-that is, remission of sins,regeneration, and salvation-from that faith alone, independentlyof mans co-operation.. XLV. hey denied to man free-determination in spiritual things,thus asserting that God alone operates in man, and that man onhis part does nothing.XLVI. From this necessarily flowed forth Predestination, bywhic religion is abolished.XLVII. heydecreedthat the Passion ofthe Cross is Redemption.XLVIII. From these heresies, falsities burst forth in SUCh )abundance that there does not remain a single genuine truth whichis not falsified, nor, consequently, a single genuine good which isnot adulterated.C X LI:X)T he Church knows absolutely nothing about this, itsDesolation and Consummation, nor can it know, until theDivine Truths announced by the Lord in the work entit~ETRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION:-ares een in light and acknowledged.The Word is thus obscuredand-darkened, sOi:l:iat not a singletruth any longer appears in it.4
  12. 12. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGIONIWFor many reasons this New Christian Church is not beingestablished thrau 11 an miracles, as the former was. ­LI. But, instead of them, the spiritual sense of the Word isrevealed, and the spiritual world disclosed; and the nature ofboth heaven and hell manifested ; also, that man lives as a manafter death; which thingsfsurpass all miracles.* * * * *..- LII This!N~ truly Qhristian Church Jwhich is at this daybemg established by the Lord, will endure to eternity, as isproved from the Word of both Testaments; alsoit was foreseenfrom the creation of the world; and it will be the Crown of thefour pr~ding Churches, because it will have true faith andtrUecharity.~In this New Church there will be spiritual p;~§-e, whichis " " ," and internal blessedness of life, as is also 1 ved fromt~ ~d of both Testaments..!:!YJ These things will.£xist ~ this New Church, by r~its con junction with the Lord, and tFiroug~ with God theJ Father.~n invitation addressed t~and to the wholeChristian world; and allEhortati~ to_w.£rthily receive theLord, who has Himself foretold that He would come into theworld for the sake of this Church and to it. - - - ­- ~
  13. 13. LASTLY, ABOUT MIRACLEScDMiracles were performed in the Church before the LordsAdvent, because, at that time, men were external, or natural,and could not be led to their representative worship except bymiracles.The Miracles performed in Egypt, in the wilderness, in the landof Canaan, and even to the present time, are to be enumerated.And that, yet, they never influence men.Q£:/After the Lords Advent, when man from external becameinternal, and when the capacity of being able to know wasimparted to man, miracles were withheld.Also, if that capacity were impeded, man would become moreexternal than before.Ill. Miracles would abolish worship truly Divine, and intro­duce the former idolatrous worship; as also has taken place forvery many centuries back.Nevertheless, the latter have not been Divine miracles, but~~s were wrought by the magicians of old.UVAt this day, in lace of miracles, there has taken · lacea manifestation of the Loro~imself, an intromission into thespmtual--woI- a, andeiiHghteniilent there, .sx immediate lightfrc;rrlHie-r:ora~in suchthings as are the interior things of theChurch. - - - - ­lftrt, above all, the opening of the spiritual sense in the Word,in which the Lord is in His own Divine light.Q)These Revelations are not miracles; sinc e every: man isin the spiritual world as to his s irit, without any separationfrom his body in the natural world-I, however, with a certainseparation, though only as to the intellectual part of my mind,but not as to the voluntary;-and, as regards the spiritualsense,the Lord through it is with all who approach Him in faith in theabove light; also, through that sense He is in mans naturallight.6
  14. 14. THE CORONISOR APPENDIX TOTHE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGIONc.-2
  15. 15. 8
  16. 16. THE CORONISOR APPENDIX 1 TOTHE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGIONI. THESE three subjects-the Consummation of the Age, theComing of the Lord, and the New Church-have, it is true, beentreated of in the last chapter of the work entitled THE TRUECHRISTIAN RELIGION. The reason why a Continuation followsabout them, is, because no one at this day knows what the Con­summation of the Age is, why a Second Advent of the Lordmust take place, or that a New Church is about to com.e; andyet these three subjects are treated of in both the Prophetic andthe Apostolic Word, and fully in the Apocalypse. That thosethree subjects are treated of in the Prophetic Word of the OldTestament, was made evident to me while it was given me tolay it open by means of the spiritual sense; and in like mannerthat they are treated of in the Prophetic book of the NewTestament, which is called the Apocalypse: that they are also inthe Evangelic and Apostolic Word, will be plain from the follow­ing pages. Hence it follows, that, Without~owledgerespecting the Consummation of the Age, the ~dvent ofthe Lord, and th New Church, the Word is as it were shut up;D;r tiii anything: but_know edg~s (J£en Jt: these are like .key}which open the door and let one in. When this takes pJaCewith the Word, then the treasures which 1~~e.!!.LeJLtherein 1as at the bottom of thesea;--cc>me into view; for, at the bottom, !t~are in the Word notllmg else but treasures. In this !App.!!!l.ix.Lof. Continuqjion, I shall proceed, in hke manner as inthe work itself, by prefixed Summaries, which will be confirmedfrom Scripture and illustrated from reason,J PROPOSITION THE FIRiiJ2@THERE HAVE BEEN FOUR CHURCHES ON THIS EARTH SINCETHE TIME OF ITS CREATION: A FIRST, WHICH IS TO BE CALLED THEADAMIC; A SECOND, THE NOACHIAN; A THIRD, THE ISRAELITISH;1 This Appendix is promised in Nos. 15, 177, 343, 485, 627 and 758 of thework itself.9
  17. 17. 2] THE CORONISAND A FOURTH, THE CHRISTIAN. That four Churches have existedon this earth since the creation of the world, manifestly appearsin Daniel; first, from the image seen by Nebuchadnezzar in adream, and, afterwards, from the four beasts rising up out of thesea. On the subject of Nebuchadnezzars image we read asfollows:Daniel said, Thou, 0 King, sawest, and behold a great image.And the appearance thereof, standing over against thee, wasexcellent, and the aspect thereof was terrible. The head of thisstatue was offin.s:...gQ!d; its breast and arms, of silver; its belly andits thighs, of brass; its legs, of iron; its feet, partly of iron andpartly of clay. Thou sawest until a stone was cut out, which wascut without hands, and smote the image upon its feet that wereof iron and clay, and ground them to powder. Then were theiron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, ground to powdertogether, and became like the chaff of the summer threshing-floors,so that the wind carried them away, and no place was found forthem: but the stone which smote the image, became a great rock,and filled the whole earth. In these days shall the God of theheavens set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed; andHis kingdom shall not be entrusted to another people: it shallbreak in pieces and consume all those kingdoms, but it shall standfor ever (Dan. ii 31-35,44).That this dream did not signify fQ.!!r political kingdoms on thisearth, but four Churches, which should follow one after another,is plain from the following considerations: (I) That such king­doms, one after another, have not existed on this earth. (2) Thatthe Divine Word, in its bosom, does not treat of the kingdoms ofthe world, but of Churches, which consriture.Gods kingdQ.I!!...Qne.ill:!E. (3) Also, because it is said that the God of the heavensshall set up a kingdom which shall not be destroyed to the ages,and that a stone, cut out, not by hands, became a great rock,which filled the whole earth. (4) And, inasmuch as the Lordour Saviour Jesus Christ, in the ~d of both Testaments, iscalled the " ~!one " and" Rock," it is manifest that His..kingqomis meant by die last words in this passage. (5) Moreover, thestate of the Church is described, in inmtmerable passages of theWord, by gold, silver, brass, and iron; its spiritual state as tothe good oflove by gold, its spiritual state as to the truth ofwisdomby silver, its natural state as to the good of charity by brass, andits_natUl:al~~te astoJhe__tDLth _9f~~th by iron (as may be seenconfirmed from the Word in the APOCALYPSE REVEALED, n. 913,2 and elsewhere). For this reason, the wise in the first ages, whoknew the significations of metals, compared the ages which wereto follow one another from the first to the last, to those four metals,10
  18. 18. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN REl.IGION [2and called the first age" golden," the second age" silver," thethird age "copper," and the fourth age "iron "; and theydescribed them thus according to goods and truths; and, sincegenuine goods and truths are from no other origin than from theGod of heaven, they described them according to the states ofthe Church with those who lived in those ages; for from theseand according to these, all the civil states of kingdoms in respectto justice and judgment exist, thrive and live.3 That the Lord the Saviour Jesus Christ is called the" Stone"an~ Rock " l ntheworcrofOOth: estaments, IS plain from thefollowing passages. That He is called a " Stone" from these:-:s-Thus said the Lord Jehovih, Behold I will lay in Zion a Stoneof approval, a precious comer[-stone] of settled foundation; hewho hath believed will not make haste; then I will set judgmentto the rule, and justice to the plummet (Isa. xxviii 16, 17).Jehovah will visit His flock; from Him will come forth the corner­stone (Zech. x 3, 4).The Stone which the builders rejected is become the head of thecorner (Psalm cxviii 22).Have ye not read in the Scripture that the Stone which the Ibuilders rejected is become the head of the corner? (Matt. xxi 42;Mark xii 10, 11; Luke xx 17, 18; Isa. viii 14, 15).Ye have come to Qie Lord, the living Stone, rejected indeed of "Imen, but chosen of God ; ye yourselves--aISQ," as living stones, arebuilt up into a spiritual house; therefore, it is said in the Scripture,I lay in Zion a corner-stone, elect, precious, and he who believethon Him shall not be ashamed (I Pet. ii 4,5,6).Ye are built upon the foundations of the apostles and prophets,whose~orI!-~!:~g~J~I,.I~rist, by whom the whole building,well cemented together, groweth into a holy temple in the Lord;by whom ye are built together into a habitation of God in the spirit(Ephes, ii 20, 21, 22)._J~SUSJ::::hIist is the Stone, rejected by the builders, which is becomethe head of the corner; and there is no salvation in any other(Actsiv 11, 12).That the Lord is called a " Rock," is evident from these passagesin the Word: c;-When Jeshurun waxed fat, he kicked, and he forsook God whomade him, and lightly esteemed t~e Rock of his sa.kation (Deut,xxxii 15, 18).The God of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spake to me (2 Sam.xxiii 3).Let th e words of my mouth be well-pleasing, 0 Jehovah, myRock and my Redeemer (Psalm xix 14).11
  19. 19. 2-3] THE CORONISAnd they remembered that God was their Rock, and the HighGod their Redeemer (Psalm Ixxviii 35).They all drank spiritual drink; for they drank of the spiritualRock; the Rock was Christ (1 Cor. x 4; Exod. xvii 6).From these passages, it is now plainly evident that by the Stonewhich smote the image, and became a great rock and filled thewhole earth, and whose kingdom shall stand for ever, is meant ljour Lord Jesus Christ.3. The same four Churches on this earth are described byfour beasts rising up out of the sea, in Daniel; of which it is therewritten:The first was seen like a lion, but it had eagles wings. I behelduntil the wings thereof were plucked out, and it was lifted up fromthe earth, and set up upon feet, erect like a man, and a mansheart was given to it. Afterwards, behold another beast, a second,like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side; three ribs werein its mouth between the teeth: moreover, th ey were saying thusunto it, Arise, devour much flesh. After these things, I beheld,and, 10, another, like a leopard, which had four wings, like birdswings, upon th e back of it; the beast had also four heads; anddominion was given to it. After this, I saw in the night visions,and beheld a fourth beast, terrible and dreadful, and strongexceedingly, which had great iron teeth; it devoured and brakein pieces, and stamped th e residue with its feet; but it was diversefrom all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns. Ibeheld till thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days didsit; and the judgment was set, and the books were opened; and,behold, one like the Son of Man was coming with the clouds ofthe heavens. And there was given Him dominion, and glory, anda kingdom; and all peoples, nations and languages should worshipHim: His dominion is a dominion of an age, which shall not passaway, and His kingdom that which shall not perish (Dan. vii 3, 4,5,6, 7, 9, [10], 13, 14, etc.),That by these beasts, in like manner, are meant and describedthose four Churches, is manifest from all the particulars there(which shall be unfolded in their order in the following pages);more especially from the last expressions there, that after thosefour beasts there will come" the Son of Man, to whom shall begiven dominion, and a kingdom which shall not pass away norperish"; who, also, is meant by the Stone made into" a greatRock, which shall fill the whole earth," as may be seen above2 (n. 2, at the end). That the states of the Church are likewisedescribed by beasts, as well as by metals, in the Word, is evidentfrom numberless passages, some only of which I will adducehere j which are as follows:12
  20. 20. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [3Thou causest the rain of benefits to drop; thou wilt confirm thywearied inheritance; the beast I-thy assembly-shall dwell therein(Psalm lxviii 9, 10).Every wild beast of the forest is Mine, the beasts in the mountainsof thousands; I know every bird of the mountains, the beasts ofMy fields are with Me (Psalm I 10, 11).Asshur was a cedar in Lebanon, his height was exalted; all thebirds of thc heavens made their nests in his branches, and underhis branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth, and in hisshadow dwelt all great nations (Ezek. xxxi 3, 5, 6, 13; Dan. iv7-13).In that day will I make a covenant for them with the beast ofthe field, and with the bird of the heavens, and I will betrothMyself unto thee to eternity (Hosea ii 18, 19).Rejoice and be glad; be not afraid, ye beasts of My fields; forthe habitations of the desert are become full of grass (Joel ii 21, 22).Thou, son of man, say unto the bird of every wing, and to everybeast of the field, Gather yourselves together to My sacrifice uponthe mountains of Israel: thus I will set My glory among the nations(Ezek. xxxix 17,20,21 ).The enemy hath reproached J ehovah; deliver not the soul ofthe turtle-dove unto the beast 2 (Psalm lxxiv 18, 19).Jehovah gathereth th e outcasts of Israel; every beast of Myfields, come (Isa. lvi 8, 9).The spirit urging, made Jesus to go forth into the wilderness;and He was with the beasts; and angels ministered unto Him(Mark i 12, 13).He was not with beasts, but with devils, with whom He foughtand whom He subdued-(not to mention a thousand otherpassages, which are adduced in part in the APOCALYPSE REVEALED,n. 567). Moreover, it is well known that the Lord Himself, inthe Word, is called a " Lamb" and also a " Lion"; likewise,that the Holy Spirit was represented as a " Dove"; that thecherubs, also, by which the Word in the literal sense is signified,appeared like" four beasts," in Eeekiel and in the Apocalypse;and that the man of the Church who acknowledges the Lord ashis God and Shepherd, is called a " sheep "; and, on the otherhand, he who does not acknowledge Him, is called a " he-goat"and also a "dragon"; and that an assembly of the latter isdescribed, in like manner as in Daniel, byThe beast out of the sea, like a leopard, whose feet were as itwere a bears, and his mouth as it were a lions (Rev. xiii 1,2).1 " Thy beast" is the literal rendering of the Hebrew in this pass age, whichis i(l,Cl; but it is assumed, in the text here, to be used figuratively for "thycongregation." See Fuerst, in loc. :1;Cl.2 See R.V.; also Note I .13
  21. 21. 3-5] THE CORONISThese comparisons originate from the spiritual world, where allthe affections and thoughts therefrom, of angels and spirits, arepresented at a distance from them as beasts, which also appearin a form in all respects similar to that of the beasts in the naturalworld; the affections of the love of good as gentle beasts andgood uses, but the affections of the love of evil as savage beastsand evil uses. Hence it is that beasts are so often named in theWord; and by them in the spiritual sense are signified affections,inclinations, perceptions and thoughts. From these considerationsit is manifest what is meant by creatures in the following passages:Jesus commanded the disciples to go into all the world, andpreach the gospel to every creature (Mark xvi 15).If anyone be in Christ, he is a new creature; old things havepassed away, and all things are become new (2 Cor. v 17).These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, thebeginning of the creature of God (Rev. iii 14).By " creatures," here, are meant those who are capable of beingcreated anew, that is, regenerated, and thus becoming of theLords Church.4. That there have been four Churches on this earth, onebefore the flood, which is to be called the Adamic; the second,after the flood, which is to be called the Noachian; and a third,after this, which was called the Israelitish ; also a fourth, whichexists at this day, and is called the Christian, will be demonstratedin the following pages, in the exposition of each of them separarely.5®TH~RE HAVE BEEN FOUR SUCCESSIVE STAT~, OR PERIODS, !OF EACH CHURCH, WHICH IN THE WORD ARE MEANT BY " MORN­iNG," " DAY," "EVENING," AND "NIGHT." That there havebeen four successive states, ocperiods,of everyone of theseChurches above-named, will be illustrated in the following pages,wherein each will be dealt with in its turn. They are describedby those alternations of time, because e~ry man who is born inthe Church, or in whom the Church has commenced, first comesinto its light such as that is in the dawn and morning; after­wards, he advances to its day, and, he who loves its truths, righton to its mid-day; if he then stops in the way, and does not (advance into the heat ~~pring and~mer, his day cfecli~stowards evening, till at length, like the light at night-time, itgrows dark; and then his intelligence in the spirituanhings--ofthe Church becomes a cold light, like the light of the days inwinter, when he indeed sees the trees standing beside his house,or in his gardens, but stripped of leaves and destitute of fruits­thus, like bare trunks. For, the man of the Church advances14I
  22. 22. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [5from morning to day, to the end that he may be reformed andregenerateCl-oy means of the light of reason, which only takesplace by a life according to the Commandments of the Lord inthe Word. If this does not take Rlace, his light becomes darknessv ,»- - -- - - - --=-­and the darkness, tnick darkness; that is, the truths of light withhim are turned into falsities, and the falsities into unseen evils.I t is otherwise with the man who suffers himselfto-be rege~d:night does not overtake him, for he walks in -Coa.;aIia:nence iscontinually in the day; into whTCh--:also,he"fun~rs ~erdeatlf when lie is associated with angels in heaven. This isunderstood by the following words in the Apocalypse, concerningthe New Jerusalem, which is the New Church, truly Christian:- - - -- _ . .- ------That city shall have no need of the sun and of the moon to shinein it; for the g!9EY of God shall .lighten it, and the Lamb is the la~[>thereof. And the nations which are saved shall walk in the light ofit; and there shall be no night there (Rev. xxi 23, 24, 25; Ezek.xxxii 8; Amos v 20; viii 9).That the successive states of the Church are understood by"morning," "day," " evening," and" night," in the Word, isevident from the following passages therein:( Watch, for ye know not when the Lord of the house will come, at even, or at mid-night, or at cock-crowing, or in the morning! (Mark xiii 35; Matt. xxv 13). ­The subject there treated of is the Consummation of the Age,and the coming of the Lord at that time.The God of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spake to me: He isas the morning light, a morning without clouds (2 Sam, xxiii 3, 4).I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the bright andmorning Star (Rev. xxii 16).God shall help her, when the morning appeareth (Psalm xlvi 5).He is calling to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night?Watchman, what of the night? The watchman said, The morningcometh, and also the night (Isa. xxi 11, 12).An evil, one evil, behold, is come. The end is come [The morn­ing is come] upon thee, 0 inhabitant ofthe land; the time is come,the day is near. Behold the day, behold, it is come; the morninghath gone forth (Ezek. vii 5, 6, 7, 10).There shall be a day ... which shall be known to Jehovah;not day nor night; for about the time of evening there shall belight (Zech. xiv 7).About the time of evening, behold, terror; before the morning,he is not (Isa. xvii 14). ..---. -- -In th~sveniEg; ~eepiIlg ~11 endure all night, but singing inthe morning (Psalm xxx 5).15
  23. 23. 5-6] TIlE CORONISEven to the evening and the morning,1 two thousand threehundred; then shall the holy place be justified : ... the visionof the evening and the morning is true (Dan. viii 14, 26).Jehovah in the morning will bring His judgment to light; Hewill not fail (Zeph. iii 5).Thus said Jehovah, If ye have made void My covenant of theday and My covenant of the night, so that there be not day andnight in their season, My covenant also shall be made void withDavid My servant (Jer. xxxiii 20, 21, 25).Jesus said, I must work the works of God while it is day; thenight cometh when no one can work (John ix 4).In this night there shall be two men on one bed; one shall betaken, but the other shall be left (Luke xvii 34).In these passages, the Consummation of the Age and the Comingof the Lord are treated of. Hence it may be evident what ismeant by there beingTime no longer (Rev. x 6),namely, that there would be no morning, day, or evening in theChurch, but night; likewise what is meant byTime, times, and half a time (Rev. xii 14; Dan. xii 7);as also what is meant by theFulness of time (Ephes. i 10; Gal. iv 4).6.@)IN EACH CHURCH THE FOUR CHANGES OF STATE HAVEBEEN CONSECUTIVE; THE FIRST OF WHICH HAS BEEN THE ApPEAR­ING OF THE LORD JEHOVIH AND REDEMPTION; AND THEN WASITS MORNING, OR RISE: THE SECOND HAS BEEN ITS INSTRUCTION;AND THEN WAS ITS DAY, OR PROGRESSION: THE THIRD HAS BEENITS DECLINE; AND THEN WAS ITS EVENING, OR VASTATION: THE FOURT~AS BEEN ITS END; AND THEN WAS ITS NiGilT, OR-CON- iSUMMATION-:- Thatthere aye been in each Church four suCC;;;sive )stat;, ;-hich in the Word are understood by" Morning," " Day,"" Evening," and" Night," has been shown in the immediatelypreceding article. That everyone of the four Churches above­mentioned underwent those states, will be fully established in thefollowing pages, where each will be dealt with in its turn j also,that the appearing of the Lord Jehovih and redemption was its" Mornmg-n-;- tna"n IiStrliction wasitS"~Day " or progressioninto light; also, that decline was its" Evening" or vastation;and that its end was its "Night" or consummation. In the1 For the occurrence of the terms "evening and morning" in this verse,see R.V. ; also margin of A.V.16
  24. 24. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [6-7Word, both in its historical and its prophetical portions, thosefour changes of state are everywhere treated of.7. The order into which every man was created by God, is,that after infancy he may become a man. For, when he is born,he is only an external image or form of a man, and at that timeless a man than a new-born beast is a beast; but, so far as he isinwardly perfected in this form, as to his mind, or his spirit, inwisdom and love, he becomes a man. A man is like a tree,which first grows from a seed into a shoot, and, when it increasesin height, puts forth branches, and from these, twigs, and clothesitself continually with leaves; and, when it comes to maturity,which takes place in its middle age, puts forth blossoms, andproduces fruits; in every one of which it deposits seeds, which,being cast into the earth, as into a womb, grow up into similartrees, and thus into a garden. And if you will believe it, thatsame garden remains with the man after death; he dwells in it,and is every day delighted with the sight of it, and with theenjoyment of its fruits. It is such a man who is described inDavid by these words:He shall be like a tree planted beside the rivers of waters, whichshall yield its fruit in its time, and its leaf shall not fall (Psalm i 3;and likewise Rev. xxii I, 2).2 But it is different with the man born in the Church who, whenhe has spent his morning and a vanced into the first light ofday, whereby he has become rational, then sto s, and does not( produce fruit: such a one is, or acts, like a tree aboun~leaves, ut not bearing fruit, which is rooted up out of the garden,its branches cut off, and the trunk cleft in pieces with axe, orsaw, and the whole then cast piecemeal into the fire. The lightof his Rational becomes like the light of the days of winter, inwhich the lea~s ~f t~ ~~r§! grow _yellow, then drop off,ana lastly decay. His Rational, also, may be compared with atree whose leaves are consumed by worms in early spring; like­wise with a crop that is choked by thorns; and also withvegetation which is laid waste by locusts. The reason is, thathis Rational is merely natural, because it takes its ideas solelyfrom the world through the senses, and not from heaven throughthe affections and the perceptions thence. And since, on thisaccount, there is nothing spiritual inwardly in his Rational, ifhe then converses on anyone of the spiritual things of the Church,his voice is heard by the angels no otherwise than as the voiceof a parrot or a goose; for his voice is merely animal becausemerely natural, and not human because not inwardly spiritual;17
  25. 25. 7-10] THE OORONISfor it flows forth from the respiration of the body only, and notfrom any respiration of the spirit. Such is the man who doesnot, from natural, become spiritual; and no one becomesspiritual, unless, after he has become rational, he brings forthfruits, that is, puts on charity by life.8. That the four changes ofstate, which are called" morning,"" day," " evening," and " night," are in the Word predicatedof the Church, is because the Church consists of men, and a manis a Church in particular, and the total of these men is what iscalled the Church. Those in this totality, or Church, who liveaccording to the order described above (n. 7), are trees of life,which, also, are trees of good use; but those who do not liveaccording to that order are trees of the knowledge of good andevil, which also are trees of evil use. The latter are the ones ofwhom" evening" and" night," or, what amounts to the same,vastation and consummation, are predicated; but not theformer. These things, however, will be presented in the veryclearness of reason in the following pages; but it is proper, that,at the beginning of this volume, some preliminary observationsshould be made, because knowledges must precede before anyone can know that by " morning" is understood the rise of theChurch, and that this is preceded by redemption; by" day,"the progression of the new Church into light, and its intelligence;by " evening," the decline of that Church from good and truth,which is called vastation; and by " night," its end and destruc­tion, which is called consummation; and so on.9. The end of the Church, or the consummation of the age,is whenJ..h~~o~y genuine truth remaining, and hence notany genuine good, or, not any good and hence !!ot aEY truth,but; intIleir place, falsity and thence evil rules, or evil -andthence falsity, and then there is the " fulness [of time] " in theChurch, the members of which are like persons walking in thenight, wh~ausethey do not see anything that appears.Tin 1th. e light of the sun, are uncertain about all things relating tothe Church, and in general about G~, about heaven and hen,and_about the life after death j and both those who confirmthemselves in the d_enial of these things, and those who remainalternately in <i~ubtand in affirmation, at length shun !!.le light,and, if they be priests, they procure for themselves on thosesubjects a false light, such as night-owls, cats and mice have inI the dark"iiessof night. This light is kindled with them, as with)these wtld beasts, through the activities of their lusts.1O.CJY).AFTER ITS CONSUMMATION, OR END, THE LORDJEHOVIH APPEARS, AND EXEOUTES A JUDGMENT ON THE MEN OF18
  26. 26. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [10-12THE FORMER CHURCH, AND SEPARATES THE GOOD FROM THE EVIL,AND RAISES THE GOOD TO HIMSELF INTO HEAVEN AND REMOVESTHE EVIL FROM HIMSELF INTO HELL. That towards the end ofevery Church the Lord Jehovih appears to execute a judgmenton those who have lived from its first institution to its con­summation, will be established in the following pages, whereeach Church will be separately dealt with. Every man, indeed,is judged after death; but, at the end of a Church, all arecollected together and a general judgment executed on them;and this to the intent that they may be conjoined into a heavenlyorder, which is effected by the arrangement of the faithful intoa new heaven, and of the unfaithful into a new hell beneath it;of which arrangement we shall speak more at large in thefollowing article.11. Judgment, which is the last phase of every Church, doesnot take place in the natural world, but in the spiritual world,into which all are gathered after death; and they are collectedinto heavens distinctly according to religion, thus according tofaith and love. Judgment takes place in the spiritual world, forthe reason that every man after death is a man j not a materialman, as before, but a substantial man. Every mans mind, orspirit, is such a man: the body which he carried about in theworld, is only a covering, and as it were sheath, which he haslaid aside, and from which his spirit has disengaged itself. Now,since it was mans mind, or spirit, that thought in the materialbody, and then either from religion or not from religion, and infavour of God or against God, from truths of faith or fromfalsities of faith, that loved his neighbour or held him in hatred;and since the material body was only obedience; it follows thatthe mind, which is the substantial man, and is called the spirit,is what undergoes judgment, and, according to the intentionsand acts of its life, is rewarded or punished. From these thingsit can be plainly seen that judgment, which is the last of everyChurch, takes place in the spiritual world, but not in the naturalworld. •12. The judgment which is executed upon all of a spentChurch, takes place to the end that, both generally and in­dividually, the good may be separated from the evil, and thegood be raised up into heaven and the evil cast down into hell.Were this not to take place when a Church is consummated,that is, when it is no longer in truths and goods, not one persontherein could be saved. That he could not be saved is becausehe could not be regenerated; and everyone is regenerated bymeans of the truths of faith and the goods of love. To this reason19
  27. 27. 12-13] THE CORONISthe following is added: that, from the time of the vastation of aChurch right on to its consummation, hell surges up to so greatan extent as to overshadow the whole angelic heaven, throughwhich regenerative truths and goods descend from the Lord tothe men of the earth. Owing to this obscuration, neither anytruth of thought from faith, nor any good of will from charity,can penetrate, except through chinks; yea, what does penetrateis perverted either on the way before it reaches man, or elseby the man himself when it is in him; that is, the truth iseither rejected or falsified, and the good is either quenched oradulterated. In a word, a Church at its end is as it were obsessed/ by satans. (Those are called satans who take pleasure in falsities,... and are delighted with evils.) In order, therefore, that the totaldarnnatioriWliicli then ~erhangs everyones head, and menaceshim, may be averted, it is necessary that hell, which has raiseditself on high, and, as was said, surged up even to heaven, shouldbe removed-not merely suppressed, but also dispersed and sub­jugated-and then the good separated from the evil, that is, theliving from the dead. This separation, and the coincident raisingup of the goOdinto heaven, or into the land of the living, andcasting down of the evil into hell, or into the land of the dead,jJ is what is called]udgment. That such a judgment was actuallyexecuted in the year 1757 on the men of the present ChristianChurch, was declared, and it has been described, in a separatesmall work published in London in the year 1758.13. Who does not see the necessity that the evil should belseparated from the good, lest the latter should be infected withthe contagion of de~y_evil, and perish? Fo evil inasmuCh )as it is i~lante~ ~ ~~~nature by birth, n more andmore in enerated in children from arents when the Church isappro~hing consummation, is like t~Jignant disease:...whiEhis callea cancer, which spreads round about, and graduallymortifies the healthy and living parts. What husbandman, orgardener, when he sees briars, nettles, thorns and thistles grow­ing, does not extirpate them before he sows and tills his cornand food crops? What farmer, when he sees his young cropsand grass consumed by worms, or locusts, does not dig a ditch,and separate the flourishing field from the wasted one, and thustake measures for the preservation of his crops and thrivingfields? What shepherd, when he sees wild beasts multiplyingabout his sheep pastures, does not call together the neighbouringshepherds and the servants, and with weapons, or traps, kill2 those wild beasts, or drive them away? What king, when hesees both the towns of his kingdom round about his metropolis20
  28. 28. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [13-15taken by enemies, and the property of his subjects seized bythem, does not assemble the troops and cast out the enemy, andrestore the stolen goods to their owners, and, moreover, addthereto the spoils of the enemies wealth, and so compensatethem?14.@AFTER THESE THINGS THE LORD JEHOVIH FOUNDS A~EAV~OF THE GOOD RAISED UP TO HIMSELF, AND A NEWHELL OF THE EVIL REMOVED FROM HIMSELF; AND BRINGS BOTHINTO ORDER, SO THAT THEY MAY REMAIN UNDER HIS GUIDANCE,[,AND UNDER OBEDIENCE TO HIM, TO ETERNITY. It is writteriinIIsaiah:Jehovah said, Behold I am creating-hew heave;;iI,and a new earth(Isa. Ixv 17). , ./And elsewhere in the same prophet:As the~heavens and the new earth, which I am about tomake, shaifs tancfoerc;;.e me (Isa. Ixvi 22).In the Apocalypse :I saw ,~nl:w heav~!1-and a new earth; the former heaven andthe former earth have passed away (Rev. xxi 1).And in Peter:According to promise, we look fo new heavens and a new earth,whcrein Sllalf dwell righteousness (2 et. IIIIt has not hitherto entered into the mind of anyone to supposeotherwise than that by " heaven," in these places, is meant thevisible heaven, that is, the whole firmament, with the sun, moonand stars; and that, by " earth," there, is meant the habitableearth, or the globe, and that these will perish at the day of theLast udgment; when, nevertheless, by heaven, there, the angelicheaven is m~, and by e~rth, the@urc!!> That by-: e~rth,"e erywhere III the ProRQ.etlC Wo£d 1 meant the{Churdi. has( been fu!!y sho~ in the APOC~LYPSE REVEALED (n~":85P Thereason why, by new heavens and a new earth, have hithertobeen understood the visible heaven and the habitable earth, isbecause men have not known an thin of the spiritual world,consequently not anything of e ange lC eaven nor anyt ingof the prophetic sense, which carries an stores up in its bosomnothing else than spiritual things; and the spiritual thing relatingto the earth is the Church. When,~so, _the. angels,_inasmuehIlla~~y ~Eiritual, look down into the earth, they see nothingI at all of it, but only the Church with men.15. That when tlie ora-jenovl ounds a new heaven and21
  29. 29. 15-16] THE CORONISa new Church, He introduces order, so that they may abideunder His guidance, and un er obedience to Him, to eternity,is becaus~.Jhe_angelicheaY.en_an5L!he Church on earth togetherconstitute one body, whose Soul and Life Ts- tJie-Lofcf]ehOVIh,who is the _Lord our Savio~r. The universal angelicli~en,together with the qlll;rch~lso appears beforethe tord~neman ;- and a man abides under the guidance of and obedienceto his own soul: consequently, the entire ~n, together withthe Clll{ ch"0tbides und er the gu idaI:!f e Qf a!1.d oh~dieI1ce.t~_theW : or the L..QuLis 1LthcJJ1, ang the are in the Lord ohn) xiv 20; xv 4, 5; xvii 23, 26); thus,JIe_isJhe.JUn all thingsthere. But the order which the Lord sets up in hell is such thatin w 0 are there may be diametrically opposite to all who arein heaven: whence it is evident, that, since the Lord rules heavenHe also rules hell, and that He rules the latter by means of theformer.16. Moreover, the arrangement of all in the heavens, and ofall in the hells, is most perfect. For every heaven tl;;ns foundedb) the Lord after the consummation of each Church is maderee-Iold] it is made highest, middle and lowest. Into theare elevated t~~~O _lilg es _l;!..rc~.t<L...till:--.LP..r.d and inwisdom thence; into the middle, those who are in~pirituallovet~~ nei hbour and in intelligence thence; into thelowest, those who are in ~ iritual-natu;-allove towards the neigh­bour, which is called charity, and thence in the faith of the~ truths concerning God and III a life according to the flrecepts ofthe Decalogue. Thes t}};;;e heavengiconstitute . m:ee expanseS­one above another, and comm unicate with each otner y aDivine influx from the Lord out of the sun of the spiritual world.In the depth underneath, there are also three expanses intowhich the hells are distinguished, between which, in like manner,there is provided a communication by means of an influx-.. through the heavens from the Lord. By means of these com­munications there is an intimate and indissoluble eOrllllllction ofall things .in the hea:~~~;" ~;;d-~r";ll .things in th~ hells ;--b~tinthe-latte~ -i"t- is"a conunction of all the lusts of the love of evil,while in the heavens it is a conjunction of all the affections of(. the love of good, By virtue of that conjunction, heaven is likeone Lord sitting upon a throne girt about with wreaths formedof precious stones of every kind; but hell ~...QI1~1 sitting -Iupon a seat entwined with vipers, serpents and poisonous worms --JFrom this orderly arrangement, induced on both, it follows thatboth abide under the guidance and control of the Lord toeternity.22
  30. 30. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [17-1817. It is well known, that, in order_that anything may jJe ))perfect, there -""list be a trir0in just order, one--:-uilder another,anaa communication between-;-ancrtnat this trine must makea one, not unlike a pillar,-at the top of which is the capital,under this the smooth shaft, and under this again the pedestal.~_~h.-a_trjne~n: his highest part is the head, his middlepart is the body, and his lowest the feet and soles. In thisrespect, every kingdom is like a man; there must be a kingthere as the nead, also adminis~ and officers as the body,and yeomanry with servants as feet and soles: in like mannerin the Church, there must be a mitred primate, parish Rriests, J~cier th em cu:rates. Nor does t~.5i. itself subsist with­out three things following in order, namely, morning, noon andevening; as also the yearly spring, summer and autumn-springfor the sowing ofseeds, summer for their germination, and autumnfor bringing forth fruit: night and winter, however, do not con­2 tribute to the upholding of the world. Now since every per:(e.£tthin _must be a trine in order to be a one, and to cohere welltogether, therefore both worlds, spiritual and natural, consistand subsist from three atmospheres, or elements; the first of which immediately encompasses the sun, and is called (aUr~J thesecond is under this, and is called ~ and the third-!Sunder(them both, and is calle air ) In the natural world these threeatmospheres are natural, and in themselves passive, because theyproceed from a sun which is pure fire; but the three correspond­ing to them in the spiritual world are spiritual, and in themselvesactive, because they proceed from a sun which is pure love.3 The angels of the heavens dwell in the regions of these threeatmospheres; the angels of the highest heaven 10 t e_celestia0aura which immediatel-encom asses therun, Where the Lord 1.IS; t e angels of the middleheaven in th~Qiritual_ether, under )the former; and the angels of the lowest heaven in the spiritual- J~ral air, under those two. Thus are all the heavens eo­established, from th~t to this last which is p eing organizedby t e Lord at the present day. From these things it may beapprehended whence it is that by ~e in the WQr9js sigrill!edwhat complete (see APOCALYPSE REVEALED, n. 505, 875).18. VI. FROM THIS NEW HEAVEN THE LORD J EHOVIH DERIVES J)AND PRODUCES A NEWCHi!R~"iI ON EARTH, WHICH TAKES PLACEBY MEANS OF A REVELATION OF TRUTHS FROM HIS MOUTH, ORFROM HIS WORD, AND BY INSPIRATION. It is written that JohnSaw the holy city, New Jerusalem, descending from God out ofheaven, prepared as €:~dornedfor her husband (Rev. xxi 2).c.-3 23
  31. 31. 18-19] THE CORONISBy the holy city, New Jerusalem, is meant the doctrine of theNew Church, consequently the Church as to doctrine; and byJerusalem descending from30d 0 It of the new_heaven, is meantthat th~true doctrinecifl the Ch1,!£.ch is from I.!Q....Q!her~ce.That the ooctrine descended, is because a Church is a Churchfrom doctrine and according to it; apart from doctrine, aChurch is no more a Church than a man is a man withoutmembers, viscera and organs, thus from the mere covering ofskin, which only defines his external shape; nor any more thana house is a house without bed-chambers, dining-rooms andarticles of use within, thus from the wall and arched roof alone.The case is similar with the Church apart from doctrine. ThatJerusalem signifies the Church with respect to doctrine, maybe seen proved from the Word ill the worK: Itsel~E TRUECHRISTIAN RELIGION (n. 782). From these things, it is manifest~ that the Church on earth is derived an_d_Rroduced Ey~e Lord)Ibv means of the angelic heaven.19. I will mention some marvellous things, which yet are notmarvellous in heaven; these are: (1) That t~i!.!~d Jcould not exist exceRt from the s iritual world; nor, con­~ly, subsist, inas~h as subsistence-is perpetual existence.2 (2) That the Church is not possible with man, unless its internalbe spiritual and its external natural: there cannot be a~hurch3 purely spiritual nor a Church exclusively natural. (3) Con­sequently, that no Church, nor anything of the Church, can beraised up with man except there be an angelic heaven, from whichits whole spiritual is derived by the Lord and through which it4 descends. (4) Since, therefore, the spiritual and the naturalthus make one, it follows that the one cannot exist and subsistapart from the other; neither the angelic heaven apart from theChurch with man, nor the Church with him apart from theangelic heaven; for, unless the spiritual flow into and terminatein the natural, and rest therein, it is like a prior without aposterior, consequently like an efficient cause without an effect,and like an active without a passive-which would be like abird flying in the air perpetually, without any resting place onthe earth, and like the mind of a man perpetually thinking andwilling, without any organ, sensory or muscular, in the body, towhich it may descend and produce the ideas of its thought, and5 bring into operation the endeavours of its will. (5) These thingsare adduced to the end that it may be perceived, or known,that, as the natural world is not possible without the spiritual Iworld, nor conversely the spiritual world without the natural Jworld, so neither can there be a Church on earth unless there24 .
  32. 32. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [19-20be an angelic heaven through which it may exist and subsist,nor conversely an angelic heaven unless there be a Church on6 earth. (6) The af!gels_kno~this; on which account, tJ:.eygrievp_u~ Iament..when th Church_on_earth i..s desolated byfalsitieLand3.Q!lli!~..mated_b-¥- viis; and, at such time0heycompare the state of their life with drowsiness, fDr1nen eaven (Jis to th em as if its resting:IJlace were taken from beneath it, andlike a body de rived of feet; but, when the Church on earthhas been restored by the Lord, they compare the state of theirlife to~akefulness. ~20. That the Lord derives and produces the(~ nearth through th:e new li~by means of a revelation of truthsfrom His mouth or from His Word, and bins iration, will beshown in the section concerning the four Churches in their order,especially concerning the Israelitish and the present ChristianC~h. It should be known, that,w nen hell surge up, andpassed over the great interstice, or gulf, fixed between itself andheaven (Luke xvi 26), and reared up its back even to the confinesof the heavens where the angels are,-which came to pass atintervals of the vastation and consummation of the Church,-nodoctrine whatever of the Church could be conveyed throughheaven, from the Lord, to men of the earth. The reason is, that,at such times, man is in the midst of satans ; and satans envelop( his head with their falsities, and inspire~elights of evil andthe conseguent attractions of falsity, wnereby all the light rromheaven is darkened, and all the pleasure and attraction of truthis intercepted. As long as this state continues, there cannot beinfused into man any doctrine whatever of truth and good out(2 of heaven, because it is falsified. But, after this tangled veil offalsities, or covering of the head by satans, is taken away by theLord-which is effected by the Last Judgment (Ofwl1ic1 a ove,) m Article IV.)-then man is led, in a freer and more s ntaneousspirit, to discard falsitiesall to receive trut s. With t ose whoarecompIi~d suffcrtnemselves to oeled by the Lord, the Irdo<:t:rine of the ~ew heaven, which is the doctrine of truth andgoo , IS afterwards conveyed down and introduc~d, like themorning dew falling from heaven tothe earth, which opens thepores of plants, and sweetens their vegetable juices: and it islike the manna which fell in the mornings, and was in appearanceLike coriander seed, white, and in taste like a cake kneaded withhoney (Exod. xvi 31). .It is also like seasonable rain, which refreshes the newly­ploughed fields and causes germination, and like the fragrance25
  33. 33. 20-21] THE CORONISexhaling from fields, gardens and flowery plains, which the breasteagerly and delightedly draws in with the breath. But still, theLord compels or urges no one against his will, as one does a beastof burden with whips; but He draws and afterwards continuallyleads him wh " iIling, to all appearan ce as thou h the willingxpan did goods and believed trut IS 0 himself, wh en yet it isfrom the ora;-Wno operates every genuine good of life, andevery~~~ne truth of faith in him.21~THIS DIVINE WORK IS LIKEWISE CALLED REDEMPTION,WITHOUT WHICH NO MAN CAN BE SAVED, BECAUSE HE CANNOT BEREGENERATED. That the redemption accomplished by the Lordwhen He was in the world was a subjugation of the hells, anarrangement of the heavens in order, and by these means apreparation for a new spiritual Church, may be seen in thework, THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION (n. 115-117; and thefollowing nos., 118-133). But inasmuch as this is new, and haslain hidden for ages, like the wreck of a ship with its preciouscargo at the bottom of the sea, and nevertheless the doctrine ofredemption is as it were the treasure-house of all the spiritualriches, or tenets, of the New Church, therefore, in the last sectionof this volume, the Mystery of Redemption shall be treated of,where the following propositions will be unfolded and elucidated:2 [JJDeliverancefrom enemies is what in the Word is called Redemption.n I.] Consequently it is deliverance from evils and falsities, which,since they are from hell, are spiritual enemies; for they kill souls, asnatural enemies do bodies.3 IillJ Hence it becomes evident that thefirst purpose if the Redemptionaccomplished by the Lord was the separation if the evil from the good,and the raising of the good to Himself into heaven, and the removal ofthe evil from Himself into hell; for thus are the good liberatedfrom theevil. This first thing of Redemption is the Last Judgment (which hasbeen treated of above, n. 10-13).4 IIVJ The second purpose if Redemption was the co-ordination if allthings in the heavens, and the subordination if all things in hell, bywhich the good were still more distinctly separated and liberatedfrom theevil; and this is the new heaven and the new hell (which has been treatedof above, n. 14-17).5 IT.JThe third purpose if Redemption was a revelation of truths fromthe new heaven, and thereby the raising up and establishment if a newChurch on earth; by which means the good were further separated andliberatedfrom the evil, and are separated and liberatedfor thefuture (thisthird cause has also been treated of above, n. 18-20) .6 @lThe final purpose if Redemption was to make it possible forthe Lord, by virtue of His Divine omnipotence, to regenerate man,26
  34. 34. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [21-22and thus save him; for, unless man be regenerated he cannot be saved(John iii 3).7 I~I[l The regeneration of a man, inasmuch as it is a separation anddeliverance from evils and falsities, is a particular redemption by theLord, pro...ceeding from His general Redemption.8 [VIlli With those who are being regenerated, evils are first of allseparated from goods, and this is like Judgment; afterwards, goods arecollected into one, and arranged into a heavenly form, and this is like anew heaven; and, lastly, a new Church is thereby implantedandproduced,the internal of which is heaven; and the external from the internal,conseqE,Cntly both together, with man, is what is calledthe Church.9 ~X) All are redeemed, since all who reject thefalsities of theformerC urch, andreceive thetruthsofthenewChurch, are ableto beregenerated;but still the regenerated are, properly, the redeemed.10 CKJThe goal of redemption, and theprize of the redeemed, is spiritualpeace.11 /XLI A redemption has also been accomplished by the Lord at this day,because the present day is His Second Coming according to prophecy; bywhich, having been an eye-witness thereof, I have been convinced of thetruth of theforegoing arcana.But these are only general statements, which must be unfoldedin detail, ~nd set forth in both spiritual and natural ~igh.t,~eend of this volume where the M sf:EY_ ol Redem tzon IS to be( treated of.- nMoreover, it will be proved in its own article in whatfollows, that the passion of the Lords cross was not Redemption,but the means of the inmost union with the Divine of the Father,from which He came forth and into which He returned. In thework, THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION (n. 132, 133), of which thisvolume is the Appendix, I set out to show that the passion ofCD the Cross being believed to have been Redemption-rrseIf,Tafundamental errorof the present Cllristian Chu-;ch; and thatthis error, together with the error concerning three DivinecfJ Persons from eternity, has perverted the whole Church to suchan extent that not a vestig~_()~Q!rjj_lJ~!!!Y~!Jl~iI~j!!}t. Thiswill also be further shown in the following pages; and, thatthese two falsities and delusions have been comparatively lik.emating butterflies flying about in a garden, which produce ffieeggs whence are hatched the caterpillars which entirely consumethe opening leaves of the trees therein; and further, that theyhave been like the quails from the sea sent down upon the campof the Israelites, owing to which, while they were eating, a greatplague fell upon the people; and ffils--becausetney loathed andspurned the manna from heaven, by which, in the highest sense,27
  35. 35. 22] THE CORONISis meant the Lord (Num. xi 5, 6, 32-35 ; and John vi 31, 32,49-51, 58). And, further, these two errors have been like two }drops of black paint, or shoemaker,;; blacking, dropped intogenerous wine, and shaken about in the wine-glass; in coo­sequence ot.....which all the brightness, delightful fragrance andfine flavour of the wine are changed into blackness, stench andnauseousness.28
  36. 36. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [23-PROPOSITION THE SECONDThe Adamic, or Most Ancient Church of this Earth23. The world has hitherto believed that by " the creation ofheaven and earth," in the first chapter of Genesis, is meant thecreation of the universe, according to the letter; and by Adam,the first man of this globe. Seeing that the spiritual or internalsense of the Word has not been disclosed till now, the worldcould not believe otherwise; nor, consequently, that by" creatingheaven and earth" is meant to collect and found an angelicheaven from those who have finished with life in the world, andby this means to derive and produce a Church on earth (asabove, n. 18-20); and that by the names of persons, nations,territories and cities, are meant such things as are of heaven,and at the same time of the Church: in like manner, therefore,by "Adam." That by "Adam," and by all those things whichare related of him and his posterity in the first chapters ofGenesis, are described the successive states of the Most AncientChurch-which are: its rise, or morning, its progression intolight, or day; its decline, or evening; its end, or night; andafter this the Last Judgment upon those composing it, and there­after a new angelic heaven from the faithful, and a new hell fromthe unfaithful, according to the series of the progressions laiddown in the preceding Proposition-has been explained, un­folded and demonstrated in detail in the ARCANA CJELESTIA onGenesis and Exodus, the labour of eight years, published inLondon; which work being extant in the world, nothing furtheris necessary than to recapitulate therefrom the universals respect­ing this Most Ancient Church, which will be cited in the present2 volume. At the outset, however, some passages shall be adducedfrom the Word, by which it is proved that by " creating" isthere signified to produce and form anew, and, properly, toregenerate; on which account it is that regeneration is called a" new creation," by which the universal heaven of angels andthe universal Church of men, exist, consist and subsist. That" creating" signifies this, is plainly manifest from these passagesin the Word:Create in me a clean heart, 0 God; and renew a steadfast spiritin the midst of me (Psalm li 10).29
  37. 37. 23-24] THE CORONISThou openest the hand, they are filled with good; Thou scndestforth the Spirit, they are created (Psalm civ 28, 30).The people that shall be created shall praise Jah (Psalm cii 18).Thus said J ehovah, thy creator, 0 J acob; thy former, 0 Israel:Every one that is called by My Name, I have created for My glory(Isa. xliii I, 7).That they may see, know, consider and understand, that thehand of Jehovah hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hathcreated it (Isa. xli 20).In the day that thou wast created, they were prepared; thouwast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou was created, untilperversity was found in thee (Ezek. xxviii 13, 15):these things are concerning the king of Tyre.J ehovah that createth the heavens, that spreadeth abroad theearth, that giveth breath unto the people upon it (Isa. xlii 5;xlv 12, 18).Behold I create a new heaven and a new earth; be yt. glad toeternity in that which I create: behold I will create Jerusalem arejoicing (Isa. Ixv 17, 18).As the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shallstand before Me (Isa. Ixvi 22).I saw a new heaven and a new earth: the former heaven andthe former earth are passed away (Rev. xxi I).We, according to promise, look for new heavens and a newearth, wherein shall dwell righteousness (2 Pet. iii 13).From these passages it is now manifest what is spiritually meantin the first chapter of Genesis, by the verses,In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth; andthe earth was waste and empty (Gen. i I, 2).The earths being said to be " waste and empty," signifies thatthere was no longer any good of life or truth of doctrine with itsinhabitants. That" wasteness " and " emptiness" signify thelack of those two essentials of the Church, will be established inProposition IV of this volume, respecting the Israelitish Church,by a thousand passages from the Word: at present let thefollowing in Jeremiah serve for some illustration:I saw the earth, when, behold, it was vacant and empty; and[I looked] towards the heavens, when their light was not. Thussaid J ehovah, The whole earth shall be wasteness; for this shallthe earth mourn, and the heavens above shall be made black(Jer. iv 23, 27, 28).24. This Church, like the rest, is to be treated of in thefollowing order:[!j Its Rise, or M nning, which is its first state.30
  38. 38. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [24-25(IiJ Its Progression into light, or Day, which is its second state.IlIt] Its Decline, or Evening, which is its third state, and is calledVastation.LM Its End, or Night, which is its fourth state, and is calledConsummation.l V. / The Separation of the Evil from the Good, which is the LastJ~ment upon all who werefrom that Church.eyfl The Elevation to God of the Good, cif whom a new Heaven isformed ,. and the removal from God cif the Evil, of whom is formed anew Hell.That the four Churches of this earth-spoken of above-haveundergone these changes of state, will be shown in what follows;and lastly, that the Church truly Christian, which succeeds thosefour at the present day, will never undergo consummation.* * * * * * *25.c:r;; FIRST STA-;;VOF THIS MOST ANCIENT CHURCH, OR ITSRISE AND MORN~ described in the first chapter of Genesisby these words:God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness;and God created man in His own image; in the image of Godcreated He him; male and female created He them (Gen. i 26, 27);and also by these in the second chapter:Jehovah God formed man dust of the earth, and breathed intohis nostrils the breath of lives j and man became a living soul(Gen. ii 7).That its rise, or morning, is described by his being made, orcreated, " in the image of God," is because every man, when heis first born, and while an infant, is an "image ofGod "interiorly;for the faculty of receiving and of applying to himself thosethings which proceed from God, is implanted in him j and sincehe is also formed "dust of the earth" exteriorly, and there isthence in him an inclination to lick that dust like the serpent(Gen. iii 14), therefore, if he remains an external or natural man,and does not become at the same time internal, or spiritual,he destroys the" image of God," and puts on the image of theserpent which seduced Adam. But, on the other hand, the manwho strives and labours to become an " image of God," subduesthe external man in himself, and interiorly in the natural becomesspiritual, thus spiritual-natural; and this is effected by a newcreation, that is, regeneration by the Lord. Such a man is an" image of God," because he wills and believes that he livesfrom God and not from himself: on the contrary, man is an31
  39. 39. 25-26] THE CORONISimage of the serpent as long as he wills and believes that he livesfrom himself and not from God. What is man but an " imageof God" when he wills and believes that he is in the Lord andthe Lord in him (John vi 56; xiv 20; xv 4,5,7; xvii 26), andthat he can do nothing of himself (John iii 27; xv 5)? Whatis a man but an "image of God" when, by a new birth, hebecomes a " son of God" (John i 12, 13)? Who does not knowthat the image of the father is in the son? The rise, or morning,of this Church is described by Jehovah Gods" breathing intohis nostrils the breath of lives," and by his thus" becoming aliving soul," because by " lives," in the plural, are meant loveand wisdom, which two are essentially God; for, in proportionas a man receives and applies to himself those two essentials oflife, which proceed continually from God, and continually flowinto the souls of men, in the same proportion he becomes "aliving soul"; for" lives" are the same as love and wisdom.Hence it is evident, that the rise and morning of the life of themen of the Most Ancient Church, who taken collectively arerepresented by Adam, is described by those two shrines of life.26. The "likeness of God," after which man was made, isthat he is able to live, that is, to will, to love, and to intend, asalso to think, reflect and choose, to all appearance as of himself;consequently, that he is able to receive from God those thingswhich are of love and those which are of wisdom, and toreproduce them in an image, as God does, of himself; for Godsays:Behold the man was as one of us, in knowing good and evil(Gen. iii 22);for, without the faculty of recervmg and reproducing thosethings which proceed into him from God, to all appearance asof himself, man would be no more a " living soul" than theoyster in its shell at the bottom of the river, which is not in theleast able to move itself out of its place: nor would he be anymore an "image of God" than a jointed carving of a mancapable of motion by means of a handle, and of giving forthsound by being blown into; yea, the very mind of man, whichis the same as his spirit, would actually be wind, air, or ether,according to the idea of the present Church respecting spirit;for, without the faculty of receiving and reproducing the thingsflowing in from God, altogether as of himself, he would not haveanything of his own, or any proprium, except an imperceptibleone, which is like the proprium of a lifeless carving. But moreabout the image and likeness of God with man may be seen in a32
  40. 40. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [26-27memorable relation in the preceding work (n. 48), of which this isthe Appendix.* * * * * * *27.C!i.: THE SECOND STA~OF THIS MOST ANCIENT CHURCH,OR ITS PROGRESSION INTO LIGHT, AND DAY, is described in thesecond chapter of Genesis, by these words:God planted a garden in Eden at the East, and there He putthe man whom He had formed, to dress it and to keep it. AndJehovah made to spring forth every tree pleasant to the sight, andgood for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, andthe tree of the knowledge of good and evil. And a river went forthout of Eden to water the garden, which was made into four heads,in the first of which was gold and the schoham stone. AndJehovahGod commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden, eat;but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, eat not (Gen. ii8-17).The progression of this Church into light, or day, is describedby Adams being placed in the garden of Eden, because by agarden is signified the Church as to its truths and goods. Thatthere" went forth out of Eden a river which became into fourheads, in the first of which was gold and the schoham stone,"signifies that in that Church there was the doctrine of good andtruth; for a "river" signifies doctrine, "gold" the goodthereof, and " schoham stone" its truth. That two trees wereplaced in that garden, the one of life, and the other of the know­ledge of good and evil, was because the " tree of life" signifiesthe Lord, in whom and from whom is the life of heavenly loveand wisdom, which in itself is eternal life; and the" tree of theknowledge of good and evil " signifies man, in whom is the lifeof infernal love, and thence insanity in the things of the Church,which life considered in itself is eternal death. That it wasallowable to eat of every tree of the garden except of the " treeof the knowledge of good and evil" signifies free-determinationin spiritual things; for all things in the garden signified spiritualthings, and without free-determination in those, a man can inno wise advance into light, that is, into the truths and goods ofthe Church, and procure for himselflife; for, if he does not aim2 at and strive after this, he procures to himself death. That a" garden" signifies the Church as to its truths and goods, isowing to the correspondence of a tree with man; for a tree, inlike manner as man, is conceived from seed; is put forth fromthe womb of the earth as a man from the womb of his mother;it grows in height in like manner, and extends itself into branchesas he into members; clothes itself with leaves, and adorns itself33
  41. 41. 27] THE CORONISwith flowers as man does with natural and spiritual truths; andalso produces fruits as man does goods of use. Hence it is thatin the Word a man is so often likened to a " tree," and hencethe Church to a " garden"; as in the following passages:Jehovah will set out her desert like Eden, and her solitude likethe garden of Jehovah (Isa. li 3);speaking of Zion, by which is signified the Church in which Godis worshipped according to the Word.Thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of waters,whose waters shall not lie (Isa. Iviii 11; Jer. xxxi 12);where also the Church is treated of.Thou art full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty; thou hast beenin Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering(Ezek. xxviii 12, 13);respecting Tyre, by which is signified the Church as to theknowledges of truth and good.How good are thy dwellings, 0 Israel! as valleys they areplanted, and as gardens beside the river (Num. xxiv 5, 6);by Israel is signified the spiritual Church; but by Jacob, thenatural Church in which there is something spiritual.Nor was any tree in the garden of God equal to him in beauty;so that all the trees of Eden, in the garden of God, envied him(Ezek. xxxi S, 9);speaking of Egypt and Assyria, by which, where mentioned in agood sense, the Church is signified as to knowledges and as toperceptions.To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree oflife, whichis in the midst of the paradise of God (Rev. ii 7).3 Owing to the correspondence of a garden with the Church, itcomes to pass that everywhere in the heavens gardens appear,producing leaves, flowers and fruits according to the states ofthe Church with the angels; and it has been told me, that insome of the gardens there, trees of life are observed in the middleparts, and trees of the knowledge of good and evil in the bound­aries, as a sign that they are in free-determination in spiritualthings. The Church is over and over again described in theWord by a "garden," a "field," and a "sheepfold"; by a" garden" from the trees, as has been mentioned above; by a" field" from its crops, wherewith man is nourished; by a" sheepfold" from the sheep, by which are meant the faithfuland useful.34
  42. 42. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGI ON [28-2928. In the work itself, named THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION,it has been shown that by the two trees, the one of" life" and theother of the" knowledge of good and evil," being placed in thegarden of Eden, is signified that free-determination in spiritualthings was given to man (n. 466-469); to which must be addedthat without such free-determination man would not be a man,but only a figure and semblance; for his thought would bewithout reflection, consequently without judgment, and thus inDivine things, which are the things of the Church, he wouldhave no more power of turning himself, than a door withouta hinge, or, with a hinge, bolted with a steel bar; and his willwould be without decision, consequently no more active withrespect to justice or injustice than a tombstone, beneath whichlies a dead body. That mans life after death, and the im­mortality ofhis soul, is owing to the gift ofthis free-determination,and that this is the" likeness of God," has been proved in the2 work itself-as also above. Yea, man, that is, his mind, withoutthis would be like a sponge which imbibes water in greatabundance but is not able to discharge it, in consequence ofwhich both would decompose,-the water into foulness, and thesponge into slime. Consequently, the Church with such a personwould not be a Church, and thus a temple wherein the worshipof God is performed; it would be like the den of some wild beastunder the root of a lofty tree which sways to and fro overhead;except, only, that it would be able to take something therefrom,and apply itself to some other use than lying in tranquillityunder it. Moreover, without free-determination in spiritualthings, man would be blinder in all and each of the things ofthe Church, than a bird of night in the light of day, but moresharp-sighted than such a bird in the darkness of night; forwith his eyelids he would close his eyes, and dim their sightto the truths of faith, but would raise his eyelids, open his eyes,and expand their sight like an eagle, to the falsities of faith.Free-determination in spiritual things arises from man walking,and living his life in the midst between heaven and hell; fromheaven operating into him from above, and hell from beneath;and from the option given to man of turning himself either tohigher or to lower things, thus either to the Lord or to the Devil.* * * * * * *29. Ill. THE THIRD ST~ii) OF THIS CHURCH, WHICH IS rrsDECLINE AND EVENING, AND IS CALLED VASTATlON, is describedin the third chapter of Genesis, by these words:The serpent became more subtle than any beast of the fieldwhich Jehovah God had made. He said to the woman, Wherefore35
  43. 43. 29] THE C ORONISalso hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?And when the woman said unto the serpent, Of the fruit of thetree we may eat; only of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst,God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lestye die,-the serpent said, Ye shall not die; for God doth know,that, in the day wherein ye shall eat thereof, your eyes shall beopened, and ye shall be as God, knowing good and evil. Thewoman, therefore, saw that the tree was good for food, and that itwas pleasant to the eyes, and to be desired to give understanding;therefore she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and she gaveto her man (vir) with her, and he did eat (Gen. iii 1-6).That a decline from light to the shade of evening, that is, afalling away from wisdom and integrity, consequently a state ofvastation of this Church, is described by these words, is because,owing to having been made a " likeness of God" (by which issignified that, to all appearance he, like God, thinks those thingswhich are of wisdom, and wills those things which are of love,from himself,-see above, n. 26), he believed the serpents words,that if he should eat of that tree he would become as God, andthus also be God, in knowing good and evil. By this" tree" issignified the natural man separated from the spiritual, which,when left to itself, believes nothing else.2 Every man has a natural mind and a spiritual mind, distinctfrom each other like two stories of one house connected by stairs;in the upper story of which dwell the master and mistress withtheir children, but in the lower the men-servants and maid­servants, with other menials. From birth even to early youth,the spiritual mind in man is shut; but after that first age thespiritual mind is step by step opened; for there is given to everyman from birth the capacity, and afterwards the ability, of pre­paring for himself steps by which he may ascend and speakwith the master and mistress, and then descend and executetheir commands: this power is conferred upon him through thegift of free-determination in spiritual things. Nevertheless, noone can ascend to the upper story, by which is meant the spiritualmind, except he eat of the trees of life in the garden of God; for,by eating of these man is enlightened and restored, and, receivesfaith; and through the nourishment of their fruits he attains theassurance that all good is from the Lord, who is the Tree of Life,and not the least of it from man; and yet, that, by abidingtogether and working together, hence by the Lords being inhim and he in the Lord, he will do good of himself, but still,in the faith and assurance that it is not from himself but from3 the Lord. If a man believe otherwise, he produces a semblance36
  44. 44. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [29-30of good, inwardly in which there is evil, because merit; and thisis eating of the trees of the knowledge of good and evil, amongwhich dwells the serpent, in the dreadful persuasion that he isas God, or else that there is no God, but that Nature is what iscalled God, and that he is compounded of its elements. Further­more: those eat of the trees of the knowledge of good and evilwho love themselves and the world above all things; but thoseeat of the trees of life who love God above all things and theneighbour as themselves. Those also eat of the trees of theknowledge of good and evil who put forth regulations for theChurch from self-intelligence, and afterwards confirm them bythe Word; but, on the other hand, those eat of the trees of lifewho procure for themselves regulations for the Church by meansof the Word, and afterwards confirm them by intelligence.Those, again, who teach truths from the Word, and live wickedly,eat of the trees of the knowledge of good and evil; but thoseeat of the trees of life who live well and teach from the Word.Speaking generally, all eat of the trees of the knowledge of goodand evil who deny the Divinity of the Lord and the holinessof the Word, inasmuch as the Lord is the Tree of Life andthe Word, from whom the Church is a "garden eastward inEden."30. The spiritual man is an erect man, who with his headlooks to the heaven above him, and about him, and treads theearth with the soles of his feet; but the natural man separatedfrom the spiritual is either like a man stooping, who wags hishead, and constantly looks on the ground, and at the steps ofhis own feet; or, he is like a man inverted, who walks on thepalms of his hands, and raises his feet towards heaven, and per­forms worship by shakings and clappings of these. The spiritualman is like a rich man who has a palace in which are upperstories, bed-chambers and dining-rooms, the walls of which arecontinuous windows of crystalline glass, through which he seesthe gardens, fields, flocks and herds which also belong to him,and with the sight and use of which he delights himself day byday. But the natural man separated from the spiritual is alsolike a rich man who has a palace containing chambers, the wallsof which are continuous panels of rotting wood, which shedsaround an illusory light, wherein shapes of pride, originating inthe love of self and of the world, appear like molten images ofgold in the midst, and of silver at the sides, before which he bendsthe knee like an idolater. Again, the spiritual man, in himself,is actually like a dove as to gentleness, like an eagle as to thesight of the mind, like a flying bird of paradise as to progress in37
  45. 45. 30-31] THE CORONISspiritual things, and like a peacock as to their adornment fromspiritual things; but, on the other hand, the natural manseparated from the spiritual is like a hawk chasing a dove, like adragon devouring the eyes of an eagle, like a fiery serpent flyingat the side of a bird of paradise, and like a horned owl beside apeacock. These comparisons are adduced that they may be aslenses through which the reader may more closely observe whatthe spiritual man is in itself, and the natural man in itself. Butthe case is altogether different, when the spiritual man by itsspiritual light and spiritual heat is inwardly in the natural;then, both make one, just like effort in motion, and will (whichis living effort) in action, and like appetite in taste, and like thesight of the mind in the sight of the eye, and still more evidentlylike the perception of a thing in the knowledge of it, and thethought of it in speech.* * * * * * *31. V . THE FOURTH STA~OF THIS CHURCH, WHICH WAS ITSEND, OR NIGHT, AND IS CALLED CONSUMMATION, is described bythese words, also in the third chapter of Genesis :Jehovah God called unto the man, and said unto him, Whereart thou? and he said, I heard Thy voice in the garden, thereforeI was afraid. Then Jehovah said, Hast thou eaten of the treewhereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat of it ? Andthe man said, The woman whom thou gayest to be with me, shegave me of the tree, and I did eat. And Jehovah God said untothe woman, Wherefore hast thou done this ? And the woman said,The serpent deceived me, and I did eat. ThenJehovah God cursedthe serpent, and afterwards the woman, and after her the man.Whereupon Jehovah God sent the man forth from the garden ofEden, to till the ground from whence he was taken (Gen. iii 9-23).From the literal, or historical, sense of the description of Adamslife, it is manifest that he was cursed because he believed theserpent, that he should be as God; and he who believes this,at length does not acknowledge God. And as the natural manseparated from the spiritual is in such faith at heart, however hemay talk otherwise with his mouth, therefore, when fromspiritual he became natural, he was cursed, and he was cursedas to his Sensual, his Voluntary, and his Intellectual; for hisSensual is signified by the serpent, his Voluntary by the woman,and his Intellectual by the man: these three were cursed,because one follows the other. (In the ARCANA CJELESTIA, everyexpression, and every meaning of the expressions, is laid openby the spiritual sense, which has been revealed to me by theLord; which explanation, being published, may be consulted.)38
  46. 46. OR APPENDIX TO THE TRUE CHRISTIAN RELIGION [32-3332. After this curse, the fourth state of this Church, whichwas its state of night in spiritual things, and is called consum­mation, is described by the man being driven out from the garden" to till the earth from whence he was taken," by which is meantthat he was deprived of the innocence, integrity and wisdom inwhich he was while he was spiritual, consequently that he wascast down from heaven, that is, dissociated from the angels, justas is written of the dragon:The great dragon was cast down; the old serpent, which is calledthe Devil and Satan, was cast forth out of heaven, where he foughtwith Michael and his angels, to the earth; and his angels were castdown with him (Rev. xii 9).33. What person of sound mind is there who cannot see that,by those things which are related of Adam are not meant anystates of the first-formed man, but states of the Church? As, forexample, that God placed two trees in the midst of the garden,from the eating of one of which man had eternal life, and fromthe other of which he had eternal death; and that He made thelatter " good for food, pleasant to the eyes, and to be desiredfor giving understanding" ([Gen.] iii 6), thus as if it were tobewitch their souls; also, that he admitted the serpent, andallowed it to speak deceitful words to the woman in the presenceof her husband, who was the image and likeness of God, andsuffered them to be ensnared by its fiatteries and arts; as,moreover, why it was not provided,-since it was foreseen-thatthey, and the whole human race from them, should not fall intothe damnation of His curse; for we read in the Christian booksof orthodoxy: "That, in consequence of this original sin, inplace of the lost image of God, there is in man a most inward,most wicked, most profound, inscrutable, unspeakable corruptionof his whole nature, and of all his powers, and that it is the rootof all actual evils (Formula Concordie, p. 640) "; and that Godthe Father turned away that universal damnation from His face,and sent His Son into the world, who might take it on Himself,and thus appease [Him]; besides many other things which are,2 as everyone may see, inconsistent with God. Who may not, fromthe particulars above-mentioned understood in their historicalsense, reasonably conclude, to use comparisons, that it would belike a person who gives his dependent a most fruitful field, andin it digs a pit, which he covers over with boards that fall inwardsat the touch of a hand or foot; and, in the midst, places upon astand a harlot clothed in crimson and scarlet, holding in herhand a golden cup (like the woman in Rev. xvii 4), who, by herc.-4 39

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