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Age and acquisition

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Study Guide 1
English Teaching Practicum
Fernanda Davalos Avila

Publicada em: Educação
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Age and acquisition

  1. 1. AGE AND ACQUISITION Important Considerations by M. Fernanda Dávalos Avila
  2. 2. NEURO BIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS  The lateralization of the brain might influence in L2 acquisition  Left hemisphere controls the intelectual, logical and analytical functions (language functions mainly on the left )  Right hemisphere controls the emotional and social needs.  Lateralization starts at age 2 until puberty.  Walsh and Diller: different aspects of L2 learning are learned at different ages (pronunciation –childhood / semantic relations – later)  Some authors say that right hemisphere has an important participation in L2 acquisition  Authors discuss about whether or not adults can acquire an authentic L2 accent.
  3. 3. COGNITIVE CONSIDERATIONS 2.-Piaget outlined the human intelectual development: 1.-Human cognition develops rapidly through the first 16 years then slows down 3.-There is a connection between L acquisition and the concrete/formal stage transition. 4.-Adults can benefit from grammatical explanations and critical thinking, children don’t 5.-Children are not aware they are learning, adults are, (lead of left hemisphere of the brain) 6.-Piagetian notion of equilibrium: conceptual development is a process of moving from states of desequilibrium to equilibrium … 7.-Ausubel makes a distinction between rote and meaningful learning.
  4. 4. AFFECTIVE CONSIDERATIONS  Affective factors relate to the age and acquisition of a language  The affective domain includes: empathy, self-steem, extroversion, inhibition, anxiety, etc  Any affective factor can be relevant to L2 learning.  Alexander Guiora’s «Language ego» may account for the difficulties adults find in L2 learning.  In puberty language ego becomes more defensive and protective, because of physical and emotional changes.  There is a difference in learning between younger and older children, older children start showing inhibitions.  Attitudes towards language learning might affect its success.  Peer pressure, adults can tolerate criticism easier than children.
  5. 5. LINGUISTIC CONSIDERATIONS Interference: when the first language is used as an aid to communicate ideas in the second language. In adults the se of L1 can be a facilitating factor not an interfering factor. Bilingualism: children learning two languages simultaneously. Order Acquisition: Dulay and Burt claimed that children use a creative construction process to acquire L2 the same way they do L1. They found a common order of acquisition of 11 English morphemes.