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• What Does EqualityMean Today?• Affirmative Action• Trying not to bespecial : American withDisabilities• How Equal Are WeNow?
WHAT DOES EQUALITY MEAN TODAY?Americans are clearly not all the same. There aredifferences based on race, ethnicity, social class, gender,and religion.• Does equality mean equal opportunity? History suggests that equal opportunity does notalways guarantee equal outcomes.• Does equality mean equal results? Americans are still trying to find the best ways toensure equality across society.
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION Affirmative action is a term for policies and actionthat help to reverse the effect of current and pastdiscrimination. The goal is to bring all of group to the same levels.
ARGUMENTS FOR AGAINST AFFIRMATIVEACTIONThey argued it because there is still discriminationagainst the women minorities, especially in theworkplace.It is controversial because it puts basic value in theconflicts.Opponents (white people) against the affirmativeaction because they think that the discrimination isno longer exists. The white students and workersdeserve to have a chance to be succeed too.
Trying not to beSpecial :American withDisabilities
WHAT IS A DISABILITY?Someone who has “a physical or mentalimpairment (problem/weakness) that substantiallylimits one or more major life activities.”The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) says threefactors determine a “substantial limitation” :1. The seriousness of the disability2. How long it will last3. Its effects
“Major life activities” :Walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, learning,standing, or reading. If an injury / illness preventspeople from doing one or more of these things, theymay be considered disabled. Disabled is one group that has made progress in theUS recently. It is estimated that more than 50 million Americanshave some form of physical/mental disability. Over the past 35 years, people with disabilities havefought for equal protection and treatment. In 1990, President George H. Bush signed theAmerican with Disabilities Act (ADA) into law.
“the world’s first comprehensive declaration of theequality of people with disabilities and evidence ofAmerica’s leadership internationally in the cause ofhuman rights”The law has several parts:1. Employment2. Government3. Public Facilites4. Telecommunications5. Transportation
HOW EQUAL ARE WE NOW? The government uses statistics to show progressand to compare population groups in thecountry, specifically the white majority; AfricanAmericans; and Latinos. Statistics from the 2000 census suggest thatAfrican Americans and Latinos have madeprogress in some areas.
Years Graduated FromHigh SchoolGraduated fromCollege1980 51 % 8 %2000 79 % 14 %Years Graduated FromHigh SchoolGraduated fromCollege1970 32 % 4,5 %2000 52 % Less than 11 %African American EducationLatinos Education
• The median income for all minorities has risen in thelast 50 years.• According to the 2000 census the poverty rates forminorities is higher than for whites. This is becausethe white and the minority population have differentjob profiles.• There have been significant increases in minorityrepresentation in the government.• African Americans and Latinos are also serving in anincreasing number of important and powerfulappointed position.Economic and Representation in Government
• African Americans and Latinos are also serving inan increasing number of important and powerfulappointed position.Dr. Richard Carmona (a Latino)The Surgeon General of the United StatesCondoleezza Rice (an African American)Secretary of State