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Classification of human settlement

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Compiled by : FD Architects & Planners Forum
http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
A human settlement is an organized grouping of human habitation. Human settlement classified in to rural and urban area

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Classification of human settlement

  1. 1. Classification of human settlement Compiled by FD Architects & Planners Forum http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/
  2. 2. Front Desk Architects & Planners Forum http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ 2 A human settlement is an organized grouping of human habitation. Human settlement classified in to rural and urban area  The major difference between rural and urban areas is the function. Rural areas have predominantly primary activities, whereas urban areas have domination of secondary and tertiary activities.  Generally the rural areas have low density of population than urban. Types of rural settlement  1. Compact/clustered/nucleated settlement  2. Semi-compact/Semi-clustered/fragmented settlement  3. Hemleted settlement  4. Dispersed settlement. In the rural areas the smallest area of habitation, viz., the village generally follows the limits of a revenue village that is recognised by the normal district administration. Introduction 640867 R. Village in India (census 2011)
  3. 3. Front Desk Architects & Planners Forum http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ 3 The urban area comprises two types of towns viz; Statutory towns and Census towns.  (a) Statutory Towns : All places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee, etc. are known as statutory towns.  (b) Census towns: All other places satisfying the following three criteria simultaneously are treated as Census Towns.  i) A minimum population of 5,000;  ii) At least 75 per cent of male working population engaged in non-agricultural pursuits; and  iii) A density of population of at least 400 per sq. km. (1,000 per sq. mile) Urban Areas : Types 4041 S. Town in India (census 2011) 3894 C.Town in India (census 2011)
  4. 4. Front Desk Architects & Planners Forum http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ 4 Out Growths(OG)  It is a viable unit such as a village or a hamlet or an enumeration block and clearly identifiable in terms of its boundaries and location.  While determining the outgrowth of a town, it has been ensured that it possesses the urban features in terms of infrastructure and amenities and physically contiguous with the core town of the UA.  Outgrowths included “fairly large well recognized railway colonies, university campuses, port areas, military establishments etc., which might have come up around a core city or a statutory town”. Urban Areas : Types 981 Out Growth in India (census 2011)
  5. 5. Front Desk Architects & Planners Forum http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ 5 Urban Agglomeration(UA)  An urban agglomeration is a continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adjoining outgrowths (OGs), or two or more physically contiguous towns together with or without outgrowths of such towns. Identification of Urban Agglomerations for 2011 Census  The core town or at least one of the constituent towns of an urban agglomeration should necessarily be a statutory town; and  The total population of an Urban Agglomeration (i.e. all the constituents put together) should not be less than 20,000 as per the 2001 Census. Urban Areas : Types 475 UA in India (census 2011)
  6. 6. Front Desk Architects & Planners Forum http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ 6 City  Towns with population of 100,000 and above are called cities. Mega city  The concept of ‘Mega city’ is a recent phenomenon in the Urban Sociology and is defined in term of metropolitan city in the form of large size, problem of management of civic amenities and capacity to absorb the relatively high growth of population.  Cities with 10 millions and above population have been treated as Mega cities. Urban Areas : Types 468 city in India (census 2011) 53 mega city in India (census 2011)
  7. 7. Front Desk Architects & Planners Forum http://www.frontdesk.co.in/forum/ 7 Metropolis / Metropolitan area Definition by Hans Blumenfeld : concentration of at least 5 lakh people living within area in which travelling time from to the outskirts to the places of work is no more then 40-45 min commuting distance Metropolitan area = Builtup urban area + economic connected territory to the outside Conurbation Coined by Patrick Geddes : Implies the formation by fusion of several pre-existing cities and town that are gradually growing independently into a relatively contiguous area largely urbanized . Urban Areas : Types

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