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In the Ground, Where it All Begins… Maximizing existing agriculture lands and Brazil’s abundant degraded pastures; Long-term planning and land acquisition with sustainability standards in mind; Comparing the cost and potential of alternative feedstocks: jatropha; castor; African palm; Macauba palm; sorghum; energy cane; How to execute successful large-scale planting for the biofuel sector? Improving mechanization of harvests and advances in the collection of sugar cane straw and other biomass. Manoel Teixeira Souza Júnior, Ph.D. – Embrapa Agroenergy - General Director firstname.lastname@example.org 55.61.3448.4246 www.cnpae.embrapa.br
2020 – 56 Million 2011 – 32,5%2009 – 29 Million 93% +6.6% 2010-2011BRASIL
Biofuels History in Brazil 1973 – First petroleum crisis; 1974 – ProAlcool Program is launched; 1977 – 4.5% Ethanol added to Gasoline; 1979 – 15% Ethanol added to Gasoline; 1980 – Second petroleum crisis; 1983 – Cars running on ethanol are 90% of the sells; 1985 - 22% Ethanol added to Gasoline; 1989 – Drop in petroleum prices (gasoline = ethanol); 1990’s – 20-25% Ethanol added to Gasoline; 2003 – Flex Flue Technology; 2005 – PNPB is launched; 2007 – Third petroleum crisis; 2008 – B2 becomes mandatory; 2008 – Ethanol consumption similar to Gasoline (April); 2010 – B5 becomes mandatory (3 years in advance); 2011 – ANP & Ethanol (18-25%); 2011 – Ethanol crises in Brazil; 2012 – PNPB (Phase 2) is expected to be launched; 2012 to 2020 and beyond: INCREASE EFFICIENCY & DIVERSIFY FEEDSTOCKS
The National Biodiesel Production & Use Program - PNPB A true case of huge success in incorporating a new product to the Energy matrix in such a short period of time…
Soybean and the PNPB 81% of the Biodiesel comes from soybean oil
Vegetal Oil – World Production by main crops (million tons) – FAO 2011 32,37% 36,24% 3,87%
Feedstock Diversification and the PNPB Crop Oil Content Productivity Production & Harvest (%) (2010/11) Area (2010/11) Castor bean 50-55 644 kg/ha 141,300 tons (Ricinus comunis) 219,300 ha Sunflower 40 1,255 kg/ha 76,700 tons (Heliantus annus) 61,000 ha Cotton seed 21-28 2,303 kg/ha 3,225,500 tons (Gossypium hirsutum) 1,400,300 ha Peanuts 45 2,674 kg/ha 226,500 tons (Arachis hipogaea) 84,500 ha Canola 38 1,505 kg/ha 69,700 tons (Brassica napus) 46,300 ha Oil Palm 20 12,147 kg/ha 1,292,713 tons (Elaeis spp.) 106,420 ha Coconut 60 6,884 fruits/ha 1,891,687 thousand fruits (Cocos nucifera) 274,773 ha Bottlenecks: Cultivars, Seeds, Pesticides Registered, Agricultural Extension, Public Policies: Credit, Price, Promote Growers Association.
Oil Palm Production in Brazil in the last decade. Brazil – Production – 2010: 1,292,713 tons Pará: 1,058,381 tons (82%) Bahia: 231,272 tons (17%)Source: IBGE-SIDRA 2012. Imports ~60%
Is there area to produce oil palm in Brazil? 232.8 million ha of land – climatic & soil aptitude for oil palm cultivation; Excluded: all areas covered with native vegetation, under protection (conservation units, national, state and municipal parks), indigenous people’s land and fragile ecosystems; as well as areas that suffered human impact after 2008; Cultivation allowed in 31.8 million ha – 13.7% of land with climatic & soil aptitude – 3.7% of the Brazilian territory; Management level B – Preferential area in the AML: 73.374 Km2 or 7.334.426 ha (or the equivalent to 58% of the area cultivated today in Malaysia & Indonesia). AL BA PE SE ES RJ
Do we have the technology for oil palm production?The answer is: YES!So, what is missing?The answer to the second question is: SEEDS
Oil Palm – Is it only about oil?Source: National Biomass Strategy 2020: New wealth creation for Malaysia’s palm oil industry
An opportunity to promote the bio-refinery concept…
Feedstock Diversification and the PNPB Plant species in domestication…