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Explorations in Media 
Visualization 
Dr. Everardo Reyes-Garcia 
Université de Paris 13 
! 
PUC Santiago de Chile, Septemb...
Part 1. 
Brief review of dataviz
visual models
Cartesian 
Networks 
Infographics 
Experimental
Network diagrams 
Visual Complexity, Manuel Lima 
http://linkd.in/1lDsVbm
180+ links on dataviz | La liste des listes... de graphiques 
Claude-Henri Meledo, Visual Decision, 2011-2014 
http://link...
kinds of data
metadata 
social records 
transactions 
preferences 
hours 
locations 
connections 
texts 
… media
tools & software
D3.js 
Two.js 
Three.js 
Processing.js 
CartoDB 
Quadrigram 
RAW 
Tableau 
Vega 
AntiType 
CodeCity 
Gephi 
http://d3js.or...
Part 2. 
Historical Review of Dataviz
graphical representation of movement
Development of Mathematics and Geometry 
Euclid, The Elements, c. 300 BC
First Representation of Movement 
Nicolas Oresme, Tractatus de configurationibus qualitatum et motuum, c. 1360
Geometry and Algebra: Cartesian Plane 
René Descartes, La Géométrie, 1637
capture of movement
Myograph 
Étienne-Jules Marey, La méthode graphique, 1876
Myograph 
Étienne-Jules Marey, La méthode graphique, 1876
Sequence of Photographs 
Eadweard Muybridge, The Horse in motion, 1878
From Image to its Abstraction 
Étienne-Jules Marey, Movement, 1895
Chronophotograph 
Étienne-Jules Marey, 1896
Precise Capture of Movement 
Frank Gilbreth, cyclographs, 1912
models of movement
Sculpture of Seagull in Successive Attitudes 
Étienne-Jules Marey, 1880
Cyclograph Constructed of Wire 
Frank Gilbreth, 1912
art and movement
Forms Appear Side by Side or Overlapping 
Marcel Duchamp, Nu descendant un escalier, 1912
Form of Movement Becomes of an Object of Expression 
Paul Klee, Blumen Mythos, 1918
Abstraction and Symbolism of Forms 
Wassily Kandinsky, Composition VIII, 1923
Representación artística de movimiento 
Joan Miró, Harlequin's Carnival, 1925
Part 3. 
Media Visualization
principles & objectives
• an idea originated in 2005 
• currently developed by the Software Studies Initiative 
• analyzing visual media through v...
some techniques
Pixelation from the Cover of Nevermind 
Music Performed by Nirvana. Produced by Butch Vig, 1991 
E. Reyes, 2013
Image Averaging of the Video Clip Smells Like Teen Spirit 
Performed by Nirvana. Directed by S. Bayer, 1991 
E. Reyes, 201...
Image Mosaic of the Video Clip Smells Like Teen Spirit 
Performed by Nirvana. Directed by S. Bayer, 1991 
E. Reyes, 2013
Several Image Slicing Visualizations 
Music Performed by Nirvana. Directors: S. Bayer and K. Kerslake, 1991-1992 
E. Reyes...
Image Plot of the 2000 Rock Albums 
Data from AllMusic.com, E. Reyes, 2013
Interactive Explorations 
Hybrid Media Visualization, E. Reyes, 2013
Interactive Explorations 
Software Studies Initiative, 2014
related work
• Pixelation: Pixel art, Goldberg and Flegal, 1982 
• Averaging: Eigenfaces, Sirovich and Kirby, 1987 
• Slicing: Slit-sca...
tools & software
• plotting and measuring: scripts for ImageJ 
• plotting: scripts for MathLab 
• analyzing: VisualSense 
• analyzing: QtIm...
Part 4. 
Explorations in Media 
Visualization
see how other domains use images
Video segmentation 
Video Object Segmentation with Shortest Path 
Zhang, Zao & Cao, 2012
Video traces 
Sequence from 2001: A Space Odyssey (Kubrick, 1968) 
MovieBarCode
Video summarization 
Video summarization using singular value decomposition 
Gong & Liu, 2000
Video annotation 
Software application Lignes de Temps 
IRI Centre Pompidou, Paris, 2009
Video cubes 
Fels & Mase, 1999
3D visualization & models
The RGB Color Space 
Image from Wikipedia
Simulation of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 2007
Webforager 
Stuart Card et al, 1996
3D Hyperbolic Tree 
Tamara Munzner, 1997
XanaduSpace 
Ted Nelson, 2005
OntoSphere3D 
Alesio Bosca, 2008
The Lava Visualization Tool 
Stéfan Sinclair, 2010 
http://voyeurtools.org/tool/Lava/
The invisible shape of things past 
Art+Com, 1997
Field-Works 
Masaki Fujihata, 2000
Post Mémoires 
Fred Murie, 2011 
http://www.fredmurie.net/travaux/2011/post-memoires1/face/
CLOUDS 
James George & Jonathan Minard, 2012-2013
motion structures
VFX in the Film Inception (Nolan, 2010) 
E. Reyes, 2011
Game of Thrones (Benioff & Weiss, 2011-2014) 
E. Reyes, 2011
Game of Thrones (Benioff & Weiss, 2011-2014) 
E. Reyes, 2011
Game of Thrones (Benioff & Weiss, 2011-2014) 
E. Reyes, 2011
Charles Csuri, Hummingbird, 1967 
E. Reyes, 2011
Charles Csuri, Hummingbird, 1967 
E. Reyes, 2011
Peter Weibel, Endless Sandwich, 1969 
E. Reyes, 2011
Bill Viola, Acceptance, 2008 
E. Reyes, 2011
Game of Thrones (Benioff & Weiss, 2011-2014) 
E. Reyes, 2011
3D Print of Motion Structure 
E. Reyes, 2011
disruptions
Disrupting 3D Models 
E. Reyes, 2013
handmade & analog
Decomposing Parts. Exploded Views and Visual Ontography 
Damián Ortega, Cosmic Thing, 2002
Hand-drawn Architectural Structures 
François Blanciak, Siteless, 2008
Printed Text. Cut and Pasted According to Words 
Ruecker et al, 2008
4D & non-euclidean geometry
Elliptic and Hyperbolic Geometry
Kinetic Geometry (Hyperboloids of 2 and 1 Faces)
Polytopes, polyhedra, polychorons, tesselations
Manifolds
Rotation in 4D and Sphere Eversion
examples from art
Construction de l’espace-temps III 
Theo van Doesburg, 1929
Composición Cósmica 
Oscar Domínguez, 1938
Relativity 
M.C. Escher, 1953
L'étang de No 
Matta Echaurren, 1958
Museo Soumaya, México DF 
Fernando Romero, 2011
examples of experimental projects
Messages vers le Futur 
E. Reyes, 2012
Experimental Media Visualizations 
E. Reyes, 2014
Miegakure 
Marc Ten Bosch, 2014
Let’s imagine Miegakure + Oculus Rift. 
Virtual Worlds allow to rethink, disrupt and experiment 
the representation of rea...
Conclusions
• close relationship between art, science and technology in 
the evolution of data representation in graphical forms 
! 
•...
Gracias por su atención 
Dr. Everardo Reyes 
Université de Paris 13 
! 
// ereyes.net
Explorations in media visualization
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Explorations in media visualization

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Slides from DataWiz | ACM Hypertext 2014. Santiago de Chile. September 1, 2014. PUC, Campus Casa Central.

Publicada em: Educação

Explorations in media visualization

  1. 1. Explorations in Media Visualization Dr. Everardo Reyes-Garcia Université de Paris 13 ! PUC Santiago de Chile, September 1, 2014. Datawiz 2014 | Data Visualization Workshop | ACM Hypertext
  2. 2. Part 1. Brief review of dataviz
  3. 3. visual models
  4. 4. Cartesian Networks Infographics Experimental
  5. 5. Network diagrams Visual Complexity, Manuel Lima http://linkd.in/1lDsVbm
  6. 6. 180+ links on dataviz | La liste des listes... de graphiques Claude-Henri Meledo, Visual Decision, 2011-2014 http://linkd.in/1lDsVbm
  7. 7. kinds of data
  8. 8. metadata social records transactions preferences hours locations connections texts … media
  9. 9. tools & software
  10. 10. D3.js Two.js Three.js Processing.js CartoDB Quadrigram RAW Tableau Vega AntiType CodeCity Gephi http://d3js.org/ http://jonobr1.github.io/two.js/ http://threejs.org/ http://processingjs.org/ http://cartodb.com/ http://www.quadrigram.com/ http://raw.densitydesign.org/ http://www.tableausoftware.com/ http://trifacta.github.io/vega/ http://www.anitype.com/ http://www.inf.usi.ch/phd/wettel/codecity.html https://gephi.github.io/
  11. 11. Part 2. Historical Review of Dataviz
  12. 12. graphical representation of movement
  13. 13. Development of Mathematics and Geometry Euclid, The Elements, c. 300 BC
  14. 14. First Representation of Movement Nicolas Oresme, Tractatus de configurationibus qualitatum et motuum, c. 1360
  15. 15. Geometry and Algebra: Cartesian Plane René Descartes, La Géométrie, 1637
  16. 16. capture of movement
  17. 17. Myograph Étienne-Jules Marey, La méthode graphique, 1876
  18. 18. Myograph Étienne-Jules Marey, La méthode graphique, 1876
  19. 19. Sequence of Photographs Eadweard Muybridge, The Horse in motion, 1878
  20. 20. From Image to its Abstraction Étienne-Jules Marey, Movement, 1895
  21. 21. Chronophotograph Étienne-Jules Marey, 1896
  22. 22. Precise Capture of Movement Frank Gilbreth, cyclographs, 1912
  23. 23. models of movement
  24. 24. Sculpture of Seagull in Successive Attitudes Étienne-Jules Marey, 1880
  25. 25. Cyclograph Constructed of Wire Frank Gilbreth, 1912
  26. 26. art and movement
  27. 27. Forms Appear Side by Side or Overlapping Marcel Duchamp, Nu descendant un escalier, 1912
  28. 28. Form of Movement Becomes of an Object of Expression Paul Klee, Blumen Mythos, 1918
  29. 29. Abstraction and Symbolism of Forms Wassily Kandinsky, Composition VIII, 1923
  30. 30. Representación artística de movimiento Joan Miró, Harlequin's Carnival, 1925
  31. 31. Part 3. Media Visualization
  32. 32. principles & objectives
  33. 33. • an idea originated in 2005 • currently developed by the Software Studies Initiative • analyzing visual media through visual media • takes advantage of visual analytics and image processing techniques to construct visual spaces of the information analyzed
  34. 34. some techniques
  35. 35. Pixelation from the Cover of Nevermind Music Performed by Nirvana. Produced by Butch Vig, 1991 E. Reyes, 2013
  36. 36. Image Averaging of the Video Clip Smells Like Teen Spirit Performed by Nirvana. Directed by S. Bayer, 1991 E. Reyes, 2013
  37. 37. Image Mosaic of the Video Clip Smells Like Teen Spirit Performed by Nirvana. Directed by S. Bayer, 1991 E. Reyes, 2013
  38. 38. Several Image Slicing Visualizations Music Performed by Nirvana. Directors: S. Bayer and K. Kerslake, 1991-1992 E. Reyes, 2013
  39. 39. Image Plot of the 2000 Rock Albums Data from AllMusic.com, E. Reyes, 2013
  40. 40. Interactive Explorations Hybrid Media Visualization, E. Reyes, 2013
  41. 41. Interactive Explorations Software Studies Initiative, 2014
  42. 42. related work
  43. 43. • Pixelation: Pixel art, Goldberg and Flegal, 1982 • Averaging: Eigenfaces, Sirovich and Kirby, 1987 • Slicing: Slit-scan photographs, William Larson, 1967- 1970 • Slicing: Cinema Redux, Brendan Dawes, 2004
  44. 44. tools & software
  45. 45. • plotting and measuring: scripts for ImageJ • plotting: scripts for MathLab • analyzing: VisualSense • analyzing: QtImageProcessing • data handling: Mondrian (statistical operations) • data handling and management: OpenRefine • representation: custom tools with development tools (Processing, Max/MSP, NodeBox, etc.)
  46. 46. Part 4. Explorations in Media Visualization
  47. 47. see how other domains use images
  48. 48. Video segmentation Video Object Segmentation with Shortest Path Zhang, Zao & Cao, 2012
  49. 49. Video traces Sequence from 2001: A Space Odyssey (Kubrick, 1968) MovieBarCode
  50. 50. Video summarization Video summarization using singular value decomposition Gong & Liu, 2000
  51. 51. Video annotation Software application Lignes de Temps IRI Centre Pompidou, Paris, 2009
  52. 52. Video cubes Fels & Mase, 1999
  53. 53. 3D visualization & models
  54. 54. The RGB Color Space Image from Wikipedia
  55. 55. Simulation of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 2007
  56. 56. Webforager Stuart Card et al, 1996
  57. 57. 3D Hyperbolic Tree Tamara Munzner, 1997
  58. 58. XanaduSpace Ted Nelson, 2005
  59. 59. OntoSphere3D Alesio Bosca, 2008
  60. 60. The Lava Visualization Tool Stéfan Sinclair, 2010 http://voyeurtools.org/tool/Lava/
  61. 61. The invisible shape of things past Art+Com, 1997
  62. 62. Field-Works Masaki Fujihata, 2000
  63. 63. Post Mémoires Fred Murie, 2011 http://www.fredmurie.net/travaux/2011/post-memoires1/face/
  64. 64. CLOUDS James George & Jonathan Minard, 2012-2013
  65. 65. motion structures
  66. 66. VFX in the Film Inception (Nolan, 2010) E. Reyes, 2011
  67. 67. Game of Thrones (Benioff & Weiss, 2011-2014) E. Reyes, 2011
  68. 68. Game of Thrones (Benioff & Weiss, 2011-2014) E. Reyes, 2011
  69. 69. Game of Thrones (Benioff & Weiss, 2011-2014) E. Reyes, 2011
  70. 70. Charles Csuri, Hummingbird, 1967 E. Reyes, 2011
  71. 71. Charles Csuri, Hummingbird, 1967 E. Reyes, 2011
  72. 72. Peter Weibel, Endless Sandwich, 1969 E. Reyes, 2011
  73. 73. Bill Viola, Acceptance, 2008 E. Reyes, 2011
  74. 74. Game of Thrones (Benioff & Weiss, 2011-2014) E. Reyes, 2011
  75. 75. 3D Print of Motion Structure E. Reyes, 2011
  76. 76. disruptions
  77. 77. Disrupting 3D Models E. Reyes, 2013
  78. 78. handmade & analog
  79. 79. Decomposing Parts. Exploded Views and Visual Ontography Damián Ortega, Cosmic Thing, 2002
  80. 80. Hand-drawn Architectural Structures François Blanciak, Siteless, 2008
  81. 81. Printed Text. Cut and Pasted According to Words Ruecker et al, 2008
  82. 82. 4D & non-euclidean geometry
  83. 83. Elliptic and Hyperbolic Geometry
  84. 84. Kinetic Geometry (Hyperboloids of 2 and 1 Faces)
  85. 85. Polytopes, polyhedra, polychorons, tesselations
  86. 86. Manifolds
  87. 87. Rotation in 4D and Sphere Eversion
  88. 88. examples from art
  89. 89. Construction de l’espace-temps III Theo van Doesburg, 1929
  90. 90. Composición Cósmica Oscar Domínguez, 1938
  91. 91. Relativity M.C. Escher, 1953
  92. 92. L'étang de No Matta Echaurren, 1958
  93. 93. Museo Soumaya, México DF Fernando Romero, 2011
  94. 94. examples of experimental projects
  95. 95. Messages vers le Futur E. Reyes, 2012
  96. 96. Experimental Media Visualizations E. Reyes, 2014
  97. 97. Miegakure Marc Ten Bosch, 2014
  98. 98. Let’s imagine Miegakure + Oculus Rift. Virtual Worlds allow to rethink, disrupt and experiment the representation of reality as it has been perceived by our senses so far
  99. 99. Conclusions
  100. 100. • close relationship between art, science and technology in the evolution of data representation in graphical forms ! • are we more interested in developing workflows rather than new inventions, as it happened in early 20th Century? ! • are we becoming more interested in representing space rather than time?
  101. 101. Gracias por su atención Dr. Everardo Reyes Université de Paris 13 ! // ereyes.net

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