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II WORKSHOP INTERNACIONAL: GESTÃO SUSTENTÁVEL DE RECURSOS HÍDRICOS NA AGRICULTURA IRRIGADA:
Pesquisa, Políticas Públicas, Extensão Rural e Participação dos Agricultores do Nebraska, USA e do Oeste da Bahia, Brasil
AUDITÓRIO AIBA - BARREIRAS, BA
Water for Food
Peter G. McCornick
Salvador, Bahia, Brazil
February 26th, 2018
• Almost a billion people in the world are
food-insecure, and another billion are
• World population is estimated to reach 10
billion by 2050
• Increasing demand for high value, water
• Extreme events, climate change, variability,
and competition and degradation of
resources (especially water) are increasing
stress on agricultural systems
• Demand for water from agriculture
projected to increase by up to 60% by 2050
Global hunger index (GHI) 2015 (Xie et al, 2016)
A food and water secure world
A lasting and significant impact
Robert B. Daugherty Water for
Food Global Institute at the
University of Nebraska
Eagle, Nebraska. October 2017
Realizing our Vision and
• A global leader for achieving water for
food security. Thought leaders and
• Impactful research that provides more
food with less stress on our water
• Catalyze the development and
application of innovative solutions.
• Develop water for food leaders in
industry, government, and academia in
Nebraska, other states, Washington D.C.
and worldwide. Cherry County, Nebraska. March 2017
Sustaining High Productivity Irrigated Agriculture
• Nebraska has the most land of any
State under irrigation in the Nation. If
we were a country, we would be 13th
in the world in terms of irrigated area.
• While there were major concerns with
over-pumping groundwater in the 70’s
and 80’s, the unique management
system (natural resource districts, etc.)
has largely stabilized the groundwater,
while agricultural productivity has
continued to increase.
• Nebraska has one of the highest
incidence of nitrate exceedance in
groundwater in the Nation.
What we do
With the University of Nebraska and
• Support and conduct inter-
disciplinary, cutting edge scientific
and policy research
• Engage with farmers, decision makers
and investors in the private and
• Use knowledge to catalyze, inform
and advise, and change behavior
Our priority areas
• Producing more food with less water
• Improving groundwater management
• Enhancing high-productivity irrigated
• Sustaining agro-ecosystems and
ensuring public health
• Managing agricultural drought
Cherry County, Nebraska. March 2017
Groundwater management and agriculture
• Agriculture is the largest user of
• 44% of global food production is
produced by groundwater, of
which 33% is from non-renewable
• Important opportunity to secure
food production systems
• Governance and management are
“We must not kill the goose (groundwater) that lays the golden eggs.” Mihir Shah WLE Steering Committee.
Sustaining groundwater resources
(the goose that lays the golden eggs)
Use Nebraska’s expertise and leadership in groundwater
management to increase agricultural production and
sustain the resource.
• Developing practical solutions to water challenges in
the Ogallala region (High Plains Aquifer project).
• Documenting case studies of water practices in
Nebraska and the western US
• Sharing knowledge as core partner in Groundwater
Solutions Initiative for Policy & Practice (GRIPP)
• Leading World Bank study tour of Nebraska “Governing
groundwater sustainably: Nebraska’s 50 year
experiment”, Sept 18th-22nd, 2017.
World Bank study tour participants discuss
monitoring and management of groundwater
with staff of the Upper Big Blue NRD
Producing more food with less
water (Increasing water
• Improve efficiency of agricultural water use
in key food-producing areas
• Work with partners and farmers to
understand how they can use water more
• Determine water productivity combining
remote moisture sensors, drones and
• Products include the Global Yield Gap and
Water Productivity Atlas (Grassini, et al), and
the Nebraska Water Productivity Report
Rice, wheat, maize & soy
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 201
Enhancing high productivity
irrigated agriculture: “Circles”
Partnership between Valmont Industries and DWFI, along
with Chamwino District Council (CDC), Dodoma Regional
Secretariat (DRS), and University of Dodoma (UDOM),
• Piloting the concept of community farming under a center
• Bottom up approach
• Aim to produce high value crops, foster the required value
chain, and improved health and livelihoods in the
Exploring similar business models elsewhere in Africa
(Rwanda, Ghana, South Africa)
Supporting the management of agricultural
• In partnership with the National Drought
Mitigation Center (NDMC at UNL), ICBA,
USAID, FAO, USDA and regional
organizations, develop drought monitoring
systems for Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt,
Jordan & Lebanon, and Indian states.
• Drawing from Nebraska, produce remote
water accounting/budgeting and water
productivity assessment tools.
• Influence the adoption and application of
policies and practices to improve the
productivity and resilience of agriculture.
2004 - 2013
Agro-ecosystems & Public Health: Water Quality
Future Water for Food Leaders
• Internships and fellowships for undergraduate &
graduate students and post-docs.
• Launching (with CASNR) an undergraduate learning
community on leadership in water for food.
• Water Advanced Research and Innovation (WARI)
fellowship program, with young academics from
India and Nebraska on water quality research.
• Partnership with IHE-Delft, the Netherlands: on a
Dual Degree Program; Research and Student
• Convene and facilitate activities and events, from
local to global, that provide platforms to catalyze
• Hosted the Global Water for Food Conference,
Lincoln, Nebraska. April 2017.
• Co-organized, with the World Bank, USAID and
USDA, a Water for Food International Forum
(WFIF) on Farmer-Led Irrigated Agriculture.
Global Water for Food Conference 2017, Lincoln, NE
January 29 and 30, 2018, World Bank, Washington D.C. Nebraska Water Center Tour 2017, Lake McConaughy, NE
Water for Food International Forum on Farmer-led irrigated
agriculture. January 29 & 30th, 2018. World Bank, Washington
• DWFI co-hosted with the
World Bank, in partnership
with USDA, USAID, and
• Over 250 participants with
1/3 from Africa, including a
number of farmers
Water for Food International Forum (WFIF) on Farmer-Led Irrigated
Agriculture, World Bank, January 29 & 30th, 2018