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Pesquisa, Políticas Públicas, Extensão Rural e Participação dos Agricultores do Nebraska, USA e do Oeste da Bahia, Brasil

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  1. 1. Water for Food Security Peter G. McCornick Executive Director Salvador, Bahia, Brazil February 26th, 2018
  2. 2. The Challenge • Almost a billion people in the world are food-insecure, and another billion are nutritionally insecure • World population is estimated to reach 10 billion by 2050 • Increasing demand for high value, water intensive products • Extreme events, climate change, variability, and competition and degradation of resources (especially water) are increasing stress on agricultural systems • Demand for water from agriculture projected to increase by up to 60% by 2050 Global hunger index (GHI) 2015 (Xie et al, 2016)
  3. 3. VISION A food and water secure world MISSION A lasting and significant impact Robert B. Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute at the University of Nebraska Eagle, Nebraska. October 2017
  4. 4. Realizing our Vision and Mission • A global leader for achieving water for food security. Thought leaders and conveners. • Impactful research that provides more food with less stress on our water resources. • Catalyze the development and application of innovative solutions. • Develop water for food leaders in industry, government, and academia in Nebraska, other states, Washington D.C. and worldwide. Cherry County, Nebraska. March 2017
  5. 5. Sustaining High Productivity Irrigated Agriculture • Nebraska has the most land of any State under irrigation in the Nation. If we were a country, we would be 13th in the world in terms of irrigated area. • While there were major concerns with over-pumping groundwater in the 70’s and 80’s, the unique management system (natural resource districts, etc.) has largely stabilized the groundwater, while agricultural productivity has continued to increase. • Nebraska has one of the highest incidence of nitrate exceedance in groundwater in the Nation.
  6. 6. What we do With the University of Nebraska and partners, we: • Support and conduct inter- disciplinary, cutting edge scientific and policy research • Engage with farmers, decision makers and investors in the private and public sectors • Use knowledge to catalyze, inform and advise, and change behavior
  7. 7. Our priority areas • Producing more food with less water • Improving groundwater management • Enhancing high-productivity irrigated agriculture • Sustaining agro-ecosystems and ensuring public health • Managing agricultural drought Cherry County, Nebraska. March 2017
  8. 8. Groundwater management and agriculture • Agriculture is the largest user of groundwater globally • 44% of global food production is produced by groundwater, of which 33% is from non-renewable sources • Important opportunity to secure food production systems • Governance and management are challenging “We must not kill the goose (groundwater) that lays the golden eggs.” Mihir Shah WLE Steering Committee.
  9. 9. Sustaining groundwater resources (the goose that lays the golden eggs) Use Nebraska’s expertise and leadership in groundwater management to increase agricultural production and sustain the resource. On-going activities: • Developing practical solutions to water challenges in the Ogallala region (High Plains Aquifer project). • Documenting case studies of water practices in Nebraska and the western US • Sharing knowledge as core partner in Groundwater Solutions Initiative for Policy & Practice (GRIPP) • Leading World Bank study tour of Nebraska “Governing groundwater sustainably: Nebraska’s 50 year experiment”, Sept 18th-22nd, 2017. World Bank study tour participants discuss monitoring and management of groundwater with staff of the Upper Big Blue NRD
  10. 10. Producing more food with less water (Increasing water productivity) • Improve efficiency of agricultural water use in key food-producing areas • Work with partners and farmers to understand how they can use water more effectively • Determine water productivity combining remote moisture sensors, drones and models • Products include the Global Yield Gap and Water Productivity Atlas (Grassini, et al), and the Nebraska Water Productivity Report Rice, wheat, maize & soy 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 201
  11. 11. Enhancing high productivity irrigated agriculture: “Circles” Partnership between Valmont Industries and DWFI, along with Chamwino District Council (CDC), Dodoma Regional Secretariat (DRS), and University of Dodoma (UDOM), • Piloting the concept of community farming under a center pivot • Bottom up approach • Aim to produce high value crops, foster the required value chain, and improved health and livelihoods in the community Exploring similar business models elsewhere in Africa (Rwanda, Ghana, South Africa)
  12. 12. Supporting the management of agricultural drought • In partnership with the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC at UNL), ICBA, USAID, FAO, USDA and regional organizations, develop drought monitoring systems for Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, Jordan & Lebanon, and Indian states. • Drawing from Nebraska, produce remote water accounting/budgeting and water productivity assessment tools. • Influence the adoption and application of policies and practices to improve the productivity and resilience of agriculture.
  13. 13. Nitrate-N [mg/L] 2004 - 2013 Agro-ecosystems & Public Health: Water Quality
  14. 14. Future Water for Food Leaders • Internships and fellowships for undergraduate & graduate students and post-docs. • Launching (with CASNR) an undergraduate learning community on leadership in water for food. • Water Advanced Research and Innovation (WARI) fellowship program, with young academics from India and Nebraska on water quality research. • Partnership with IHE-Delft, the Netherlands: on a Dual Degree Program; Research and Student Exchanges.
  15. 15. Catalyzing Change • Convene and facilitate activities and events, from local to global, that provide platforms to catalyze change • Hosted the Global Water for Food Conference, Lincoln, Nebraska. April 2017. • Co-organized, with the World Bank, USAID and USDA, a Water for Food International Forum (WFIF) on Farmer-Led Irrigated Agriculture. Global Water for Food Conference 2017, Lincoln, NE January 29 and 30, 2018, World Bank, Washington D.C. Nebraska Water Center Tour 2017, Lake McConaughy, NE
  16. 16. Water for Food International Forum on Farmer-led irrigated agriculture. January 29 & 30th, 2018. World Bank, Washington DC • DWFI co-hosted with the World Bank, in partnership with USDA, USAID, and others • Over 250 participants with 1/3 from Africa, including a number of farmers Water for Food International Forum (WFIF) on Farmer-Led Irrigated Agriculture, World Bank, January 29 & 30th, 2018
  17. 17. Platte River, Louisville, NE. October 2017