8. R.G Gettel: Political Science as a study of state in the past,
present and future and of political institutions and political
J.W. Garner: Political Science begins and ends with the
Leacock: Political Science deals with governments only.
Harold Lasswell: Politics is who gets what, when and
9. The State is the central theme of
It is the systemic study of the state, it’s
origin, it’s nature, it’s structure,
government, power, authority and so on.
10. Approaches mean the different angles
and ways from which the study of
political phenomena may be
undertaken. Approaches is an outlook.
It is also known as method.
11. In the study of political science a variety of
approaches are applied by the political scientists.
The key approaches of political science can be
divided into two:
Traditional Approach Modern Approach
12. Traditional Approach
It emphasizes on
the study of
It made very little
attempt to relate
Various Forms of Traditional Approaches
15. The Academic Discipline of Political Science concerned
with the empirical study of government and politics.
It deals extensively with the theory and practice of politics
which is commonly thought of as the determining of the
distribution of power and resources.
Although it was codified in the 19th century, when all the
social sciences were established, the study of political
science has ancient roots that can be traced back to the
works of Plato and Aristotle which were written nearly
2,500 years ago.
The first institution of Political Science was founded in
Paris in 1871.
16. Political Science as an Academic
Political science draws upon the fields
of economics, law, sociology, history,
anthropology, public administration,
public policy, national politics,
international relations, comparative
politics, psychology, political
organization, and political theory.
17. Rationality is the quality or state of
being reasonable, based on facts or
Rationality implies the conformity of
one's beliefs with one's reasons to
believe, or of one's actions with one's
reasons for action.
18. Political Science is a state and government related
science. It deals with the nature and formation of the
state and tries to understand various forms and functions
of the government.
It deals with the people and their order.
To understand behaviour, structure and existence of
politics we need to study it.
To analyse the purpose of the state- of what it had been,
what it is and what it ought to be.
To rule over society.
To know about Bureaucracy, Legislative and Judiciary
System we need to study it.
20. Political Science keeps a great impact in our practical
In fact it deals with almost all the necessary things
which are related to our day to day life.
Family is the smallest institution of the society where
Politics starts and then it just spread its branches.
What we discuss with our family members in one
sense that may be treated as political conversation.