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Mushroom culture

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Mushroom culture

  1. 1. Types of edibleTypes of edible mushroommushroom
  2. 2. Historical BackgroundHistorical Background of Mushroom Cultureof Mushroom Culture in the Philippinesin the Philippines A long time ago mushroomsA long time ago mushrooms were believe to be a fruit ofwere believe to be a fruit of thunderboltthunderbolt The Chinese introduceThe Chinese introduce mushroom culture in themushroom culture in the Philippines and it started inPhilippines and it started in Pampanga in the early 1900’sPampanga in the early 1900’s
  3. 3. UP College of agricultureUP College of agriculture developed scientificdeveloped scientific method by using spawnsmethod by using spawns in 1916in 1916 The National Science and DevelopmentThe National Science and Development Board (NSDB), the National ResearchBoard (NSDB), the National Research Council of the Philippines (NRCP) andCouncil of the Philippines (NRCP) and Philippines Council for AgriculturePhilippines Council for Agriculture Resources Research and DevelopmentResources Research and Development (PCARRD) were financed research of(PCARRD) were financed research of Department of Plant Pathology in UPLBDepartment of Plant Pathology in UPLB to improve the technology of mushroomto improve the technology of mushroom cultureculture
  4. 4. EtymologyEtymology o Pinagmulano Pinagmulan AgriAgri LatinLatin Field (English)Field (English) BUKID (Tagalog)BUKID (Tagalog) CultureCulture Latin (Cultura)Latin (Cultura) CultivateCultivate (English(English)) Tagalog - Paglilinang,Tagalog - Paglilinang, Pagbubungkal,Pagbubungkal, Pag-aararo ng lupa/Pag-aararo ng lupa/ bukidbukid
  5. 5. Agaricus BisporusAgaricus Bisporus (Button Mushroom)(Button Mushroom)
  6. 6. AuriculariaAuricularia (the ear fungi)(the ear fungi)
  7. 7. GanodermaGanoderma (Medicinal Mushroom)(Medicinal Mushroom)
  8. 8. Lentinus edodesLentinus edodes (Shitake)(Shitake)
  9. 9. PPleurotus spp.leurotus spp. (Florida-Angel Mushroom)(Florida-Angel Mushroom)
  10. 10. PPleurotus spp.leurotus spp. (Abalone)(Abalone)
  11. 11. Black OysterBlack Oyster White OysterWhite Oyster Pink OysterPink Oyster
  12. 12. Volvariella VolvaceaVolvariella Volvacea (The Straw Mushroom)(The Straw Mushroom)
  13. 13. Mushroom Life CycleMushroom Life Cycle
  14. 14. Mushroom TissueMushroom Tissue Culture and CultivationCulture and Cultivation
  15. 15. Nutrition Facts (per 100 grams*) of Volvariela: the Straw Mushroom Ascorbic acid 8.0 Ash, gram 1.0 Calcium mg. 3.0 Fat g. 0.6 Fiber g. 1.2 Food Energy Cal. 39 Iron mg. 1.7 Moisture, % 87.7 Niacin, mg. 8.3 Phosphorous, mg. 94.0 Protein, g. 3.8 Riboflavin, mg. 0.17 Thiamine, mg. 0.11 Total carbohydrates 6.0 *Source: Food & Nutrition Research Institute (FNRI) Handbook, 3rd Edition 1964. Tropical Mushrooms Biological and Cultivation Method, 1983.
  16. 16. Volvariella VolvaceaVolvariella Volvacea (The Straw Mushroom)(The Straw Mushroom)
  17. 17. Small BundlesSmall Bundles Gathering of driedGathering of dried banana leavesbanana leaves
  18. 18. 1212 inchesinches 6 inches6 inches
  19. 19. BundlingBundling
  20. 20. PreparationPreparation for soakingfor soaking Filling ofFilling of waterwater
  21. 21. Unloading of SoakedUnloading of Soaked SubstrateSubstrate
  22. 22. LayeringLayering
  23. 23. Covering of Plastic for IncubationCovering of Plastic for Incubation
  24. 24. Incubation StageIncubation Stage
  25. 25. JacketingJacketing
  26. 26. 10 days Primordia10 days Primordia AppearanceAppearance
  27. 27. Spot Gathering ofSpot Gathering of Harvestable FruitHarvestable Fruit
  28. 28. Cleaned fruit ready for marketCleaned fruit ready for market
  29. 29. Cost and Return Analysis to obtain 225* kgs of FreshCost and Return Analysis to obtain 225* kgs of Fresh Straw (Volvariella) Mushroom @ PhP.80.00 farm gateStraw (Volvariella) Mushroom @ PhP.80.00 farm gate price that will translate into PhP. 10,071.00* monthlyprice that will translate into PhP. 10,071.00* monthly income of individual cooperators/growersincome of individual cooperators/growers 1.1. Bundled dry banana leaves (BDBL) or riceBundled dry banana leaves (BDBL) or rice straw, 6straw, 6 inches in diameter x 12 inches length 90 –inches in diameter x 12 inches length 90 – bundled @ PhP.1.00/bundlebundled @ PhP.1.00/bundle PhP.PhP. 90.0090.00 2. Spawns, 3-bags @ PhP20.00/bag2. Spawns, 3-bags @ PhP20.00/bag 60.0060.00 A.A.Materials Needed for 1.0 ft. (width) x 2.0 ft. (height) xMaterials Needed for 1.0 ft. (width) x 2.0 ft. (height) x 3.00 meters (length) of mushroom bed:3.00 meters (length) of mushroom bed:
  30. 30. 3.3. Plastic Sheets, plastic lining in sugar sackPlastic Sheets, plastic lining in sugar sack or fertilizeror fertilizer is the ideal, 1.00 kg can cover 10-metersis the ideal, 1.00 kg can cover 10-meters bed length @ PhP25.00 per kilo, for 3.00bed length @ PhP25.00 per kilo, for 3.00 meter bed lengthmeter bed length 7.507.50 4.4. Pegs. 1-bamboo pole x 30 feet length @Pegs. 1-bamboo pole x 30 feet length @ PhP100.00 perPhP100.00 per pole=PhP3.33 per ft. x 10 ft. = Php33.33pole=PhP3.33 per ft. x 10 ft. = Php33.33 divided by 4 split = PhP8.35 x 2 split/beddivided by 4 split = PhP8.35 x 2 split/bed 16.7016.70 5. String for ties (panali) e.g., plastic5. String for ties (panali) e.g., plastic twine/strawtwine/straw 2.002.00 6. Labor Cost, cooperator/grower’s equity6. Labor Cost, cooperator/grower’s equity ---- Total Cost of Materials for 1-mushroom bedTotal Cost of Materials for 1-mushroom bed 176.20176.20
  31. 31. B. Assumption:B. Assumption: 1. Least yield of 5.00 kgs/bed @ farm gate price of Php80.00 per1. Least yield of 5.00 kgs/bed @ farm gate price of Php80.00 per kilo x 5.00 kgs.kilo x 5.00 kgs. PhP. 400.00PhP. 400.00 2. Less: Total Cost of Materials2. Less: Total Cost of Materials 176.20176.20 3. Net Profit per bed3. Net Profit per bed 223.80223.80 4. Return of Investment (ROI)4. Return of Investment (ROI) 127.01%127.01% C. Basis for *Optional Monthly Income of Individual Cooperator/GrowersC. Basis for *Optional Monthly Income of Individual Cooperator/Growers Land AreaLand Area (sq. m.)(sq. m.) No. of BedNo. of Bed Yield GatheredYield Gathered (kgs)(kgs) Gross SalesGross Sales (P)(P) Less: MaterialLess: Material Cost/BedCost/Bed Net Profit (PhP)Net Profit (PhP) ROIROI 225225 4545 225225 18,00018,000 7,929.007,929.00 10,071.0010,071.00 127.01%127.01% 340340 6868 340340 27,20027,200 11,981.6011,981.60 15,218.4015,218.40 127.01%127.01% 450450 9090 450450 36,00036,000 15,858.0015,858.00 20,142.0020,142.00 127.01%127.01% 565565 113113 565565 45,20045,200 19,910.0019,910.00 25,289.4025,289.40 127.01%127.01%
  32. 32. Volvariella VolcaceaVolvariella Volcacea (The Straw Mushroom)(The Straw Mushroom)
  33. 33. Scattering of riceScattering of rice straw for dryingstraw for drying Stocking of driedStocking of dried rice strawrice straw
  34. 34. SoakingSoaking
  35. 35. CompostingComposting
  36. 36. Soil digging/Soil digging/ cleaningcleaning Preparation of bed foundationPreparation of bed foundation Distribution ofDistribution of pre-soaked rice hullpre-soaked rice hull within bedwithin bed foundationfoundation
  37. 37. Layering andLayering and mounting ofmounting of hay molderhay molder
  38. 38. Piling of fermented ricePiling of fermented rice straw for spawn plantingstraw for spawn planting
  39. 39. Pressing/compacting ofPressing/compacting of rice strawrice straw
  40. 40. Spawn BroadcastingSpawn Broadcasting
  41. 41. Removal of hay molderRemoval of hay molder
  42. 42. The bed was supported byThe bed was supported by pegs placed on both endspegs placed on both ends
  43. 43. Plastic covering ofPlastic covering of mushroom bedmushroom bed
  44. 44. Preparation of shedPreparation of shed materialsmaterials
  45. 45. Artificial Shading forArtificial Shading for IncubationIncubation
  46. 46. Ready for harvestingReady for harvesting
  47. 47. PackagingPackaging
  48. 48. Mushroom PizzaMushroom Pizza
  49. 49. Mushroom PicklesMushroom Pickles
  50. 50. PPleurotus spp.leurotus spp. (Florida-Angel Mushroom)(Florida-Angel Mushroom)
  51. 51. Selection of youngSelection of young vigorous and healthy fruitvigorous and healthy fruit
  52. 52. Culture MediaCulture Media PreparationPreparation
  53. 53. Inoculation of TissueInoculation of Tissue
  54. 54. Matured TissueMatured Tissue
  55. 55. Materials needed forMaterials needed for oyster fruiting bagoyster fruiting bag preparationpreparation Composted saw dust Weighing scale PP bag (6”x12”x0.03) Rubber band Scrap paper Scrap cotton PVC (1” dm. x ¾”)
  56. 56. CompostingComposting
  57. 57. Pre-composted substratePre-composted substrate for oyster mushroomfor oyster mushroom
  58. 58. Bagging of oysterBagging of oyster fruiting bags forfruiting bags for sterilizationsterilization
  59. 59. Weighing at 1 kilogramWeighing at 1 kilogram per bagper bag
  60. 60. Steaming/sterilizationSteaming/sterilization for 6 hoursfor 6 hours
  61. 61. Pre-heating ofPre-heating of inoculating loopsinoculating loops Breaking ofBreaking of grains forgrains for isolationisolation
  62. 62. Planting/isolation of purePlanting/isolation of pure culture into fruiting bagsculture into fruiting bags
  63. 63. PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF Pleurotus Growing House

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