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Memorizar el pretérito

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cómo memorizar verbos

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Memorizar el pretérito

  1. 1. ““Mnemonics” enMnemonics” en españolespañol Clues for remembering theClues for remembering the irregular preterite stems.irregular preterite stems.
  2. 2. IR – to goIR – to go  fuifui  fuistefuiste  fuefue  fuimosfuimos  fuisteisfuisteis  fueronfueron
  3. 3. I go to Fui, the Chinese restaurant.I go to Fui, the Chinese restaurant.
  4. 4. Ir- to goIr- to go stem-fustem-fu My friends and IMy friends and I went to the “fu”went to the “fu” fighters concertfighters concert last night.last night.
  5. 5. The baby wentThe baby went fufu the tunnel.the tunnel.
  6. 6. The man was found innocent ofThe man was found innocent of murder and was allowed to gomurder and was allowed to go fuifui..
  7. 7. SER – to beSER – to be  fuifui  fuistefuiste  fuefue  fuimosfuimos  fuisteisfuisteis  fueronfueron
  8. 8. Ser/IrSer/Ir  Life stinksLife stinks to beto be aa fuifui on a dog.on a dog.
  9. 9. Ser- to beSer- to be  To be or not to fui. (that is the question)To be or not to fui. (that is the question)
  10. 10. Ser – to beSer – to be  TheThe fufud wasd was green.green.
  11. 11. DAR – to giveDAR – to give  didi  distediste  diodio  dimosdimos  disteisdisteis  dierondieron
  12. 12. D gave her cat away.D gave her cat away.
  13. 13. Dar – to giveDar – to give II gavegave thethe dIdI to my frIendto my frIend Joe.Joe.
  14. 14. He gave her aHe gave her a DiDiamondamond
  15. 15. Dar – to giveDar – to give “Di”“Di”  The teacherThe teacher didn’t give me adidn’t give me a di!di!
  16. 16. I’ll give you di money.I’ll give you di money.
  17. 17. ANDAR – to walkANDAR – to walk stem – anduv-stem – anduv-
  18. 18. Andar-to walkAndar-to walk • I walked part of the way anduv the rest of the way.
  19. 19. ANDARANDAR The dog walked up ANDUVer the obstacle.
  20. 20. ANDARANDAR I’ve been running anduv been walking.
  21. 21. DECIR – to say, to tellDECIR – to say, to tell stem – dij-stem – dij-
  22. 22. DecirDecir The dije told everyone to dance.The dije told everyone to dance.
  23. 23. We told the dije to play a song.We told the dije to play a song.
  24. 24. Dij you tell him the secret?Dij you tell him the secret?
  25. 25. Dij-Dij- Decir- to sayDecir- to say I told her I broke the dij.I told her I broke the dij.
  26. 26. Decir-to tell/sayDecir-to tell/say Dij - DijonDij - Dijon He told me about the honeyHe told me about the honey dijdijonon mustard.mustard.
  27. 27. DecirDecir I said, “Do you have any DIJonI said, “Do you have any DIJon mustard?”mustard?”
  28. 28. ESTAR – to beESTAR – to be stem – estuv-stem – estuv-
  29. 29. Estar – to beEstar – to be TheThe estuvestuv waswas hot.hot.
  30. 30. Estuv-Estuv- Estar- to beEstar- to be I was cooking on estuv.
  31. 31. EstarEstar I was in the estuve playing hide-and-I was in the estuve playing hide-and- go-seek.go-seek.
  32. 32. To be cool you need to cook on ESTUV.
  33. 33. HACER – to do, to makeHACER – to do, to make stem – hic-stem – hic-
  34. 34. Hacer - to makeHacer - to make We made hiceWe made hice using a tray,using a tray, water, and thewater, and the cold weather.cold weather.
  35. 35. The hic was good atThe hic was good at making “coon soup”.making “coon soup”.
  36. 36. Hacer – to makeHacer – to make “Hiz”“Hiz” I made hiz lunch.I made hiz lunch.
  37. 37. Hacer – to do/makeHacer – to do/make I did thisI did this project and itproject and it was notwas not hichicy.y.
  38. 38. HacerHacer HICEd to make it.HICEd to make it.
  39. 39. PODER – to be able to (can) stem – pud-
  40. 40. Poder: to be able to stem-pud • The baby was able to eat “pud”ding
  41. 41. Poder-to be able Pud - Pudding I was able to have pudding after my surgery.
  42. 42. He could have stepped in the PUDdle.
  43. 43. Poder – to be able to • I could trim the pudle.
  44. 44. PONER – to put stem – pus-
  45. 45. Mrs. Armstrong put the pus on the cutting table.
  46. 46. Poner-to put • My puso cat put on her helmet by herself.
  47. 47. Poner The Indian woman put her baby in the papus.
  48. 48. QUERER – to want stem – quis-
  49. 49. The boy wanted the quis.
  50. 50. Querer – to want “Quis” I want a quis!
  51. 51. Querer I want some QUISO dip with my chips.
  52. 52. Querer-to want Quis - Quiche I wanted some quis for an appetizer.
  53. 53. I love MarQUIS.
  54. 54. SABER – to knowSABER – to know stem – sup-stem – sup-
  55. 55. We wanted to know what was inWe wanted to know what was in thethe sup.sup.
  56. 56. Saber-to knowSaber-to know Sup - SupperSup - Supper I knew that we were having steak,I knew that we were having steak, peas, and potatoes forpeas, and potatoes for supsupper.per.
  57. 57. saber: to know stem-supsaber: to know stem-sup  The athlete knew notThe athlete knew not to take any “sup”to take any “sup” plements.plements.
  58. 58. Saber – to know factsSaber – to know facts  II knewknew the floor wasthe floor was supesupe, because, because my dad spilled the soap.my dad spilled the soap.
  59. 59. Sup-Sup- I knew you were SUPer.I knew you were SUPer.
  60. 60. SUPerman knew that his weaknessSUPerman knew that his weakness was kryptonite.was kryptonite.
  61. 61. What’s sup? What’s sup? Who wants to know?! Who wants to know?!
  62. 62. Saber-to knowSaber-to know Who knew ‘Who knew ‘supsup with thatwith that wave, dude?!wave, dude?!
  63. 63. TENER – to haveTENER – to have stem – tuv-stem – tuv-
  64. 64. I have a tuv of toothpaste.I have a tuv of toothpaste.
  65. 65. II hadhad aa tuvtuv, but someone popped it., but someone popped it.
  66. 66. We had two TUVas in the marchingWe had two TUVas in the marching band.band.
  67. 67. Tuv-Tuv- Tener- to haveTener- to have I have a tuv ache.I have a tuv ache.
  68. 68. TRADUCIR – to translateTRADUCIR – to translate stem – traduj-stem – traduj- (All verbs ending in(All verbs ending in -cir-cir work thework the same way –same way – conducir, producirconducir, producir))
  69. 69. Traducir- to translateTraducir- to translate Will youWill you tra dujtra duj translate the Spanish fortranslate the Spanish for me?me?
  70. 70. TRADUCIR – to translateTRADUCIR – to translate The teacher translated theThe teacher translated the traduje.traduje.
  71. 71. TRAER – to bringTRAER – to bring stem – traj-stem – traj-
  72. 72. Traer- to bring (stem – traj-)Traer- to bring (stem – traj-) • I am goingI am going trajtraj toto bring pie to thebring pie to the party.party.
  73. 73. I brought theI brought the trajetraje of fruit.of fruit. tray
  74. 74. TraerTraer • The waiterThe waiter bringsbrings thethe trajetraje..
  75. 75. TRAERTRAER II broughtbrought aa trajetraje..
  76. 76. VENIR – to comeVENIR – to come stem – vin-stem – vin-
  77. 77. Venir- to comeVenir- to come  George of the jungleGeorge of the jungle came swinging on a vinecame swinging on a vine to save me.to save me.
  78. 78. VenirVenir VIN did you come home?VIN did you come home?
  79. 79. I cameI came vinvin I saw blood.I saw blood.
  80. 80. FIN

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