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Ayurveda for total health dr. sreedhar rao

  1. FOR TOTAL HEALTH Dr. Sreedhar Rao M.D(Ay), P.G..Dip.Yoga, (Ph.D) Consultant – International Cooperation Department of AYUSH Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Government of India
  2. Ayu + Veda LIFE: The unified State of Science: Body, Mind & Soul Knowledge Ayurveda = Science of Life
  3. What is Ayurveda? •Is a system of traditional medicine native to the Indian Subcontinent •Practiced in other parts of the world like USA, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia etc as a form of complementary and alternative medicine •Involves use of herbs, massage, and Yoga as exercise •Or applied on their own as a form of CAM treatment
  4. Ayurveda – the Wisdom of Life • Offers a proven guide for a life of happiness, vitality, love and purpose. • Human beings are not viewed as mere thinking physical machines, but • Rather as fields of intelligence in dynamic exchange with the energy and information of the environment.
  5. Ayurveda – a holistic system • A Comprehensive System with equal emphasis on the body, mind and spirit • Strives to restore the innate harmony of the individual • It is not only about treating sickness – preventing disease and enhancing health, longevity, vitality and happiness.
  6. Vedas • It is the bedrock upon which Ayurveda rests • Considered to be composed around 1500- 2000 BC • Four Veda Rig-veda : lots of stuff Sam-veda : Soma sacrifice Yajur-veda : entire sacrificial rite Athar-veda : lots of medical text (fever, diarrheas, heart disease, jaundice, cough, leprosy)
  7. Quest for longevity
  8. Earliest Texts • 760 BC : Charaka Samhita – herbal or plant based pharmacopoeia • 660 BC : Sushruta Samhita – Surgical approaches • 7th Century : Ashtanga Sangraha of Vagbhata – summary of previous two • AD 100 : Nagarjuna – iatrochemistry • 1331 : Madhava Nidana by Madhava – Ayurvedic Diagnosis • 14th Century :Sarangadhara Samhita – Pulse diagnosis
  9. Disciplines of Ayurveda Ashtanga Ayurveda 1. Internal Medicine : Kayachikitsa 2. Surgery : Shalyatantra 3. ENT), Ophthalmology : Shalakyatantra 4. OB G & Pediatrics : Kaumarabhritya 5. Toxicology : Agadatantra 6. Psychiatry : Bhutavidya 7. Anti-aging &rejuvenation : Rasayana 8. Reproductive & aphrodisiac medicine : Vajikarana
  10. Specialized Traditions
  11. Plastic Surgery in Ayurveda Rhinoplasty – An Ancient Ayurveda Technique Skillful treatments for snake-bites
  12. Ayurveda in 20th Century • Ayurveda flourished till 12th century, till the Muslim invasion • Not much progress from 12th to 17th century • British invasion : 1833 virtually all Ayurveda schools closed, opening of British medical schools • 1920 : a national revival and resurgence of interest in traditional Indian culture and practices • 1946 : Formal Govt. recognition and reacceptance of Ayurveda and resurgence of research. • Currently, however it holds a secondary place in medicine in India • India Govt. officially recognizes as legitimate: Allopathy, Homoeopathy, Naturopathy, Unani Tibb, Ayurveda, and its cousins Siddha and Yoga.
  13. Most fundamental Principle “ Prakriti Purusha Samya” Prakriti (Nature): Governed by • Air • Sun and • Water Purusha (Living body): Regulated by 3 vital entities: “Doshas” – • Vata, • Pitta an • Kapha
  14. Mind Body Soul Trinity: Personality in Ayurveda PURUSH Soul CONSCIOUS (Living) PRAKRITI Mind Non-living Matrix Body
  15. Preventive Care to Preserve Health Therapeutic means to treat Disease Disease Care Vs Health Care
  16. Ayurvedic Approach of Health and Disease Promotion Prevention of of Health Disease Ayurveda Science of Longevity with quality of life Holistic management of disease
  17. Definition of Health Dosha - 3 (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) Physical & Agni - 13 (Metabolic fire) Physiological Dhatu - 7 (Body tissues) Components of Mala - 3 (Waste products) health Indriya - 5 (Sensory motor organs) Psychological Manas - 1 (Mind) Spiritual Atma - Soul One whose doshas, agni, functions of doshas and malas are in state of equilibrium, who has cheerful atman, mind, intellect and sense organs is designated as healthy.
  18. The Four Components of Life Health according to Ayurveda is perfect balance between • Body : Sharir • Senses : Indriya • Mind : Sattva • Spirit (Soul) : Atma
  20. Effecting Human Physiology Space : • In the human body, many spaces are aspects of the Space element. • The spaces in the mouth, nose, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, abdomen, thorax, capillaries, etc.
  21. Effecting Human Physiology Air : • All movements involve Air as an element. • The nature of the elements themselves determine the nature of physiology. • With the human body Air is present in the pulsations of the heart, lungs etc.
  22. Effecting Human Physiology • Fire : The source of Fire and light in the solar system is the sun. • In the human body, the source of Fire is metabolism. • Fire works in the digestive system as well as in the gray matter of the brain, where Fire manifests as intelligence. Fire also activates the retina to perceive light. • Therefore body temperature, digestion, thinking etc are all the functions of the Fire.
  23. Effecting Human Physiology Water: • It manifests in the body as the secretions of digestive juices, in the mucous membranes and in plasma and cytoplasm. • Water is vital for the functioning of all the systems of the body. • For example, dehydration resulting from diarrhea and vomiting is due to water element.
  24. Effecting Human Physiology Earth : • The fifth element, is also present in the microcosm of the human being. • Life is possible on this planet because the Earth holds all living and non-living substances to its solid surface.
  25. The Four Components of Life 2. INDRIYA (Senses & Functions): ELEVEN • Gyan-Indriya (Senses) : FIVE, Sight, Hearing, Smell, Touch & Taste • Karm-Indriya (Voluntary functions) : 3. MANAS (Mind) : Supreme Indriya that controls all ten Indriya • Has three abstract qualities – ‘Sattva’, ‘Rajas’ and ‘Tamas’.
  26. The Four Components of Life 4. ATMA (Soul/Self) : • Param Atma : Supreme, immortal pure has only Sattva, free of happiness or sorrow. • Jiv Atma : resides in living body attached to Rajas and Tamas, witness every function & emotion throughout the life.
  27. Tridosha Ayurveda is based on 3 energies. Their balanced state is health and imbalance disease. • VATA – the kinetic energy, movement, division, growth, etc. • PITTA – the thermal energy, heat generation, intellect,sight, etc. • KAPHA – the potential energy
  28. Three Doshas (Tridoshas) • Tridoshas are Vata, Pitta & Kapha • Tridosha concept is applicable in living organisms • Tridoshas are biological entities responsible for structure, function and behaviour dimensions of all living organisms • Therefore human body mind constitution (Prakriti), diseases, Medicines and Food all has been categorized in Vata type, Pitta type and Kapha type. • But nothing is absolute pure; every thing is permutation and combination of Tridoshas
  29. Doshas Function
  30. Concept of Sapta Dhatus ( 7 Body Tissues) Body is made up of Seven Tissues and their function is to maintain the body matrix 1. Rasa 5. Asthi (Plasma) (Bones) 2. Rakta 6. Majja (Blood) (Bone marrow) 3. Mansa 7. Shukra (Muscles) (Reproductive tissues) 4. Medas (Fats) Ojas (Responsible for Immunity)
  31. Genetic Constitution of Body “Prakriti Purusha Samya”
  32. Concept of Prakriti (Body Mind Constitution and Temperament) • Concept of Prakriti (human constitution) is related to physiological attributes to health and disease. • Prakriti is determined by relative predominance of dosha in intra-uterine life of a fetus. • Prakriti is unchangeable throughout the life span, but • One can take remedial measures in diet and behavior suitable to his/her prakriti to maintain health and prevention of disease.
  33. Significance of Prakriti in Clinical Medicine • For Promotive & Preventive Health – Know your prakriti and diseases susceptibility – Prakriti will tell the risk factors, course of disease, complications and prognosis – Follow your diet, behaviour, profession and life style suitable to your prakriti to lead a healthy life. • Curative Health – Select the drugs and dose as per prakriti – Drug body interaction and reaction pattern depend upon the prakriti of individual & drug – Associated complications of a disease, prognosis and their treatment can be improved as per prakriti of disease & individual
  34. Causes of diseases… • Man made activities - Prajnaparadha • Environmental factors • Genetic factors Psychological factors….
  35. Diagnosis in Ayurveda The two main pillars on which the diagnosis • History of Illness: • Examination of the Patient: • a) General Examination or Ashta Vidha Pariksha: Examination of the pulse (Naadi Pariksha), Tongue, Urine and stool examination, Speech, Examination by palpation and percussion, Gait (bodily movement), General appearance of the patient, and Examination of the constitution (Prakriti). • b) Systemic Examination: This consists of examination of the different systems, Skin and Hair, and Eyes .
  36. Marma Vigyana (Vital Points of Body) • Trimarma- Vasti, Hridya, Shir • Total Numbers of marmas: 107 • Types- Based on Structure & Based on Discomfort/ Dysfunction – Mansamarma, Siramarma, Snayumarma, Sandhimarma, Asthimarma, Dnamnimarma – Sadhyapranahara, Kalantarpranahar, Vaikalyakar, Vishalyagh, Rujakara
  37. The factors responsible for prevention of illness and promotion of health Day regimen (Dinacharya) Night regimen (Ratricharya ) Seasonal regimen (Rutucharya) Seasonal Purification (Rutu anusara Shodhana)
  38. Treatment in Ayurveda
  39. Basic treatment modalities Pacification Treatment Purification Treatment Pacifies doshas locally Removes doshas from body Comparatively of temporary Effect lasts for long action. Done in minimal or moderate Done in profound dosha and of dosha and of minimal or profound strength moderate strength Does not interfere much with Normalizes tissue (dhatu) tissues (dhatus) functions
  40. Management Principles Internal Purification External treatment modalities Internal medicines Holistic treatment….
  41. Drug Therapy in Ayurveda • DRUG (AUSHADHA) “One which ensures alleviation the disease but does not give rise to any other disorders” • PLANT origin • MINERAL origin • ANIMAL origin • Single or Compound formulations of above • Employed as per ‘Yukti’ (planning).
  42. Rasayana • Rejuvenation Therapy • Delays Aging • Provide Immunity • Improve Memory and sensory perception Traditional way to be EVER GREEN
  43. Personal Health is a BALANCE of - • Good Food • Good Regimen • Good emotions • Good Environment
  44. Food in Ayurveda • Quantity and Quality well defined…. • Food Combinations are important • Natural food are highlighted…
  45. Regimen and Ayurveda • Exercise • Sleep • Sex
  46. Seasonal Regimens • Different Regimens in different seasons • Improves immunity • Fight against infectious diseases • Prevents seasonal diseases
  47. Social Health • Healthy Societies…. • Pollution free air, water, land etc….. • Good Health education
  48. Caring the Nature • Protection of Ecosystem • Cultivation of medicinal plants • Prevents massive exploitation of natural resources • Preventing pollution….
  49. Ayurveda Vs Modern Medicine Philosophy M: treats discrete disease entities A: treats subtle dysphoria, whose disruptive trends may later develop into discrete disease Diagnostic M: scientific objectivity and verifiability (accumulating statistically significant data) – “experience-distant” A: pratyaksha (perceptive understanding of each individual “experience- near” Treatment M: Linear logic, categorical and uses a classification system of disease A: Maintenance of optimal health by daily proactive care, continually modified according to seasonal changes Belief A: Individual has the innate capacity for potential self-correction and primary self healing
  50. Benefits of Ayurveda Physical Benefits The basic constitution represents the individual’s psychological and physical nature, distinctly. Non-invasive diagnostic Ayurvedic treatments are beneficial for chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart ailments and cancer. Difficult diseases like asthma and tumor growths (gulmas) are managed effectively.
  51. Benefits of Ayurveda •Detoxification methods like Panchakarma and other herbal remedies make the body more responsive to medicines and treatment. •It hastens the healing process. •Yogasanas achieve the twin purpose of strengthening body-parts such as bone, muscle and vital organs like heart, liver, stomach, intestine as well as •Keeping out blood circulation and psychological conditions strong and resilient. A discerning diet according to one’s dosha type, and well regulated life (dinacharya) helps strengthen one’s natural immune system.
  52. Benefits of Ayurveda Psychological Benefits: It is said that the condition of body and mind are integral to the overall health of an individual. Ayurvedic massages, inhalation of herbal (Aromatherapy) preparations, panchakarma (nasya) besides much-tested yogasanas and meditation leave a calming effect on the nerves.
  53. Benefits of Ayurveda Spiritual Benefits: The treatment methods, diet and lifestyle regimen in Ayurveda are meticulously planned to heal the body as well enrich the mind So that each can improve from their own levels to the higher goal of realizing the full self-potential. It was with Ayurveda that the unique longevity and rejuvenating method of rasayana was born for mankind to progress in the path of spirituality.
  54. Summary of Benefits of Ayurveda • Ayurveda is not only treatment, it is a way of life • Has no side effects • Gives happy, healthy disease free long life • Makes you Tension Free • Relaxes mind • Provides knowledge about life • Tells about good and bad dietary effects to life • Tells the way for life goals, with keeping good health status
  55. Ayurveda and Tourism • Maintain positive health for domestic and foreign tourists…. • Tourism in its purity…..
  56. Systems Thinking + + Wellness aware Interest of Attractive More tourist Yoga, environment tourists + Ayurveda… - More wellness aware the tourist More attractive the is, more interest of yoga and environment is, more tourists ayurveda the tourist has. come. More interest of Yoga, Ayurveda the More tourists come, less tourist has, more wellness aware the attractive the environment is.. tourist is..
  57. Tourism in the future • Tourism in the past: sand, sea, sun • Today and the future: awareness of wellbeing active rest wellness
  58. New Model of Wellness Tourism Environment - + - Ayurveda + Yoga + Attraction Crowd Infrastructure Culture, awareness of + wellbeing + Number of + tourists Investments + to wellness programs
  59. Endless List of scopes…. • Sports medicine • Post Traumatic Stress Disorders…. • Disaster management… • Anti addiction programs • Veterinary medicine….
  60. Healing with a Feeling….. • Care for Soul, mind, body and sense organs • Holistic approach • Care the nature to care you back • YES….! Ayurveda is not a mere medical science, but a LIFE SCIENCE…
  61. Come on ….. Let us unite with our • Head - Intelligence • Heart - Attitude • Hand -Skilled work