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Selection and organization of learning experience

Curriculum is the educational design of learning experiences for the students. Curricular experiences include course content as well as learning activities. The selection and organization of curricular experiences must also reflect the philosophy of the school. The identifying and organizing of curricular experiences begins with the analysis of curriculum objectives. The most commonly used approach in selecting learning experiences is the logical approach in which the process is treated as content in curriculum development.

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Selection and organization of learning experience

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  2. 2. Dr. JayeshV.Patidar Vice-Principal Joitiba College of Nursing, Bhandu www.nursingpath.in SELECTION AND ORGANIZATION OF LEARNING EXPEREINCE
  3. 3. OUTLINE  Introduction  What is learning experience?  Objectives of learning experience?  Selection of learning experiences  Organizationof learning experience  Course plan  Unit plan  Master rotation plan  Conclusion 7/15/20193 www.nursingpath.in
  4. 4. DEFINTION Learning  “Any relatively permanent change or modification of behavior that results as a result of practice or experience” - Murthy, Gates and others Experience • It is lesson one learns as a result of or from his/her interaction with people in various and varied situation and/or with the environment. 7/15/20194 www.nursingpath.in
  5. 5. WHAT IS LEARNING EXPEREINCE ?  It is defined as deliberately planned experienced in selected situations, where students actively participate, interact, and which result in the changes of behavior in the students. 7/15/20195 www.nursingpath.in
  6. 6. OBJECTIVES OF LEARNING EXPERIENCE Imparting the knowledge The acquisition of skills Development of aesthetic sense or taste (Appreciation) Motivation 7/15/20196 www.nursingpath.in
  7. 7. SELECTION OF LEARNING EXPEREINCE 7/15/20197 www.nursingpath.in
  8. 8. CRITERIA FOR THE SELECTION OF LEARNING EXPEREINCES  Learning experience selected should be consistent with the educational philosophy  Learning experience should be varied and flexible  Provide sufficient opportunity to practice or self-activity,  It should provide opportunity for the development of independent thinking and study,decision-making, good judgement, intellectual resourcefulness, self-discipline etc.  Learning experience should be adapted to the needs and concern of the student  learning experience are arranged in a manner that provides continuity, sequential development, logistic manner, correlation and integration of theory, practice and clinical learning experience which will facilitate effective learning. 7/15/20198 www.nursingpath.in
  9. 9.  Learning experience are selected and arranged to give the appropriate emphasis and weightage  Learning experience is consistent with the aims of democratic society.  Learning experience are structured so that general and specific objectives will be attained  Encourage and promote motivation at appropriate time and in a manner that will stimulate curiosity of the students  Provide variety of learning experience with selected content  It has involve all the senses in the learning process to achieve maximum learning 7/15/20199 www.nursingpath.in CRITERIA FOR THE SELECTION OF LEARNING EXPEREINCES
  10. 10.  By learning experience maximize the responsibilities of the learner  Utilize resources and media in organizing learning experience  Create interest and desire for more learning  Learning experience should be planned ahead of time  It will deeper and broader understanding & increases skill on the students  It should be in chronological order  Use maximum of teaching in planning learning experience 7/15/201910 www.nursingpath.in CRITERIA FOR THE SELECTION OF LEARNING EXPEREINCES
  11. 11. COMPONENTS OF LEARNING EXPEREINCE 7/15/201911 www.nursingpath.in
  12. 12. PRINCIPLES TO BE FOLLOWED IN SELECTING LEARNING EXPERIENCE  Purposes and objectives in view  Learning activities related to life situation where the students are expected to practice after being qualified  Integration of learning experience between theory and practice  Identified tasks and their expected jobs.  Focus of selecting learning activities should be: - Need and demands of learners,community, national and the world population - Community oriented and hospital oriented - Level of prevention - Nursing care practice at all 3 levels of health care  Development of student’s logical and analytical thinking 7/15/201912 www.nursingpath.in
  13. 13. PRINCIPLES TO BE FOLLOWED WHILE PROVIDING LEARNING EXPERIENCE  Proceed from  Principle of aim  Learning by doing  Principle of linking  Principle of planning  Principle of interest & motivation  Principle of sympathy & kind atmosphere  Principle of flexibility & cooperation  Principle of diagnostic and remedial teaching  Principle of looking ahead  Principle of creativity  Systematic exposition  Clear understanding  Principle of revision and fixation  Area to be selected for learning experience 7/15/201913 www.nursingpath.in
  14. 14. LEVELS OF LEARNING EXPERIENCE Direct experience Vicarious experience Symbolic experience 7/15/201914 www.nursingpath.in
  15. 15. ROLE OF INSTRUCTOR IN SELECTION OF LEARNING EXPERIENCE  The teacher has to prepare relevant instructional objectives for the tasks  Principles of learning have to be kept in mind while planning learning experience  Arrange content in accordance with the planning  List teaching points, student’s abilities to be developed, decide on teaching method  Analyze and organize the elements of topics skills into effective learning experience  From specific objectives identify the abilities to be developed  Choose learning aids based on student abilities and the specific objectives 7/15/201915 www.nursingpath.in
  16. 16.  Suitable references have to be referred  Provide learning experience, evaluate, verify the achievements of the objectives  Interpret results of evaluation for medical work  Provide guidance and counselling for the learner  Estimate the time to be taken to teach the topic i.e. number of hours for theory and practical's. 7/15/201916 www.nursingpath.in ROLE OF INSTRUCTOR IN SELECTION OF LEARNING EXPERIENCE
  17. 17. ORGANIZATION OF LEARNING EXPEREINCE 7/15/201917 www.nursingpath.in
  18. 18. CONCEPT…  Organizationof learning experiences has to be done carefully, systematically,and sequentially.  Organizing involves identification and grouping of activities to be performed along with establishment of authority responsibility relationships.  In organizing learning experience two aspect are necessary: - Grouping learning experience under subject headings - Placement of the selected learning experience 7/15/201918 www.nursingpath.in
  19. 19. ELEMENT OF ORGANIZING THE LEARNING EXPERIENCE Grouping learning experiences under subject headings Preparation of master plan for curriculum Placement of learning experiences in the total curriculum Preparation of the correlation chart Organization of clinical experience Types of teaching system to be followed 7/15/201919 www.nursingpath.in
  20. 20. Grouping learning experiences under subject headings…  Subject matter can be grouped into humanities, behavioral sciences, nursing sciences, medicine, etc. 7/15/201920 www.nursingpath.in
  21. 21. Preparation of master plan for curriculum  It will guide the teacher in the placement of subject matter and clinical experience.  It will give clear picture as to how, in which year, and what stage is the subject matter going to be taught & plan for clinical experience  It should be accordance with requirements prescribed by the statutory bodies like INC & Universities 7/15/201921 www.nursingpath.in
  22. 22. Placement of learning experiences in the total curriculum  All elements of the curriculum should be related to one another.  Following the principle of sequence, integration and correlation will help to organize the learning experiences in an effective manner. 7/15/201922 www.nursingpath.in
  23. 23. Preparation of the correlation chart  Preparationof correlation chart will help to identify the extend of correlation achieved in the total curriculum in relation to the different courses of study and the various subjects and clinical experience offered in the programme. 7/15/201923 www.nursingpath.in
  24. 24. Organization of clinical experience  It is the vital element in the curriculum of any nursing educational programme.  How the students will develop nursing expertise will be determined by the volume and quality of clinical experience they receive. 7/15/201924 www.nursingpath.in
  25. 25. Teaching system  Teaching of various subjects can be organized in different ways like complete block or teaching block system, partial block system, and study day system 7/15/201925 www.nursingpath.in
  26. 26. COURSE PLAN 7/15/201926 www.nursingpath.in
  27. 27. DEFINITION OF COURSE PLAN The key to successful teaching is good planning. It serves as a guideline for the teacher as well as for the students in creating the atmosphere conductive for worthwhile learning and purposeful activities. 7/15/201927 www.nursingpath.in
  28. 28. PURPOSES OF COURSE PLANNING  To ensure autonomy.  It gives stability.  It helps to solve the problem.  It supports the curriculum process.  It secures future progress.  It brings about improvements.  It promotes utilization of resources. 7/15/201928 www.nursingpath.in
  29. 29. LEVELS OF COURSE PLAN  Pertains to organizing the both the content and learning experiences within a unit or a subject.  Deals with designing the pattern for the entire program at the program level. 7/15/201929 www.nursingpath.in
  30. 30. PRINCIPLES OF COURSE PLANNING  State the objectives in behavioral terms.  The teacher should keep in mind: - What should the student learn from the course? - What should be the sequence of topics/units - How much time is to be allotted?  Ensure logical and psychological continuity to organize fewer unit with easy-understanding  Organize the course focusing aroundthe student  Provide cumulative learning by reinforcements  Plan for integration 7/15/201930 www.nursingpath.in
  31. 31.  Unity curriculum  Select an approach that is acceptable to all teachers  Provide variety in modes of learning  Follow the principles for selecting the content for curriculum  Establish sequence  Principle of integration  The course should give adequate weightage to the core curriculum content  Flexibility in teaching learning methods 7/15/201931 www.nursingpath.in PRINCIPLES OF COURSE PLANNING
  32. 32. ELEMENTS OF A COURSE Course description Behavioral objectives Placementof the course Time allotted Field experience Content organize unit-wise or lesson-planwise Resource material & teaching-learning methods Learning activities for students Detail of evaluation(Formative/summative) References for teacherand students 7/15/201932 www.nursingpath.in
  33. 33. STRUCTURE OF COURSE PLAN Objectives Specification Resource materials Unit plans Evaluation Bibliographyfor teacher and students 7/15/201933 www.nursingpath.in
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  37. 37. TEACHERS ROLE IN COURSE PLANNING  Teachers plan unit of work.  He/She should select materials and learning activities according to the level of students.  He/ She should plan carefully  He / She should avoid gaps and non- projective repetition in subject matter content.  He/ She should provide enforcement of previous learning.  He/ She has to set up working groups.  He/ She should formulate the objectives prior to the planning. 7/15/201937 www.nursingpath.in
  38. 38.  He/ She should possess knowledge adequately.  He/ She should have skills related to the area that they are teaching.  The teacher plan should focuses on general objectives of the course, the unit plan, and the class plan.  He/ She should be efficient in preparing course plan.  He/ She should be accountable every steps of planning.  He/ She should plan equally to all the students 7/15/201938 www.nursingpath.in TEACHERS ROLE IN COURSE PLANNING
  39. 39. UNIT PLANNING 7/15/201939 www.nursingpath.in
  40. 40. DEFINITION OF UNIT PLANNING  A large sub-division of the subject matter,wherein a principle of a topic or a property is central to the well- organized matter.  Planning the unit is known as‘unit planning’.  A unit consists of a comprehensive series of related and meaningful activities to achieve the purpose, educational objectives by providing significant educational experience that would result in appropriate behavioral changes in the learners. 7/15/201940 www.nursingpath.in
  41. 41. CHARACTERISTICS OF A GOOD UNIT PLAN  Organize various learning activities or experiences around a central problem or purpose.  Unit should be suitable to the need,capabilities, and interests of the students.  Provision for a variety of learning experiences like clinical posting, theory classes, field trips, etc.  Contribute to the development of students providing new experiences.  As far as possible interrelated topics should be included in a unit.  It should provide opportunities for creative experiences.  It should dear with sizable topic, so that the length of the unit can be kept within limits.  It should allow the utilization of various resources like textbooks, journals,etc. 7/15/201941 www.nursingpath.in
  42. 42. ELEMENTS OF UNIT PLAN • Selection and statement of objectives • Selection of content • Organization of content • Deciding upon the time allotment • Selection of teaching and learning activities • Determining the teacher expertise • Selection of method of evaluation • Selection of references 7/15/201942 www.nursingpath.in
  43. 43. TYPES OF UNITS Categorizedaccording to the use, there are two general types of units, namely 1. Resource units 2. Teaching units 7/15/201943 www.nursingpath.in
  44. 44. Resource units  The resource unit is a teacher’s guide to planning action. It is in fact a blueprint of suggestions and resources for developing a theme, problem, or topic.  A resource unit invariably contains the following elements: - Statement of objectives - Problem or topic - An approach or initiation - Content or subject matter basic to the area of study - direct and related experiences - Evaluation of learning - A collection of instructional resources 7/15/201944 www.nursingpath.in
  45. 45. Teaching Unit  The term teaching unit is used to describe the development of unit for teaching in the classroom.  It also referred to as the unit in action, the teaching unit focuses on implementation of the learning activities.  In the teaching unit, the area of learning and the sequences in which they are presented may or may not be prescribed.  The need , the maturity level, and the background experiences of the students set the boundary of the teaching unit and determine its direction. 7/15/201945 www.nursingpath.in
  46. 46. Thematic Unit Plans  The thematic unit plan is very broad and integrated the content from many units and encourages creativity.  It include practical, challenging activities and there is exposure to the real world.  A single topic is used to cover many subject areas.  It believes that the students learn better, when the unit is comprehensive and holistic in nature. 7/15/201946 www.nursingpath.in
  47. 47. 7/15/201947 www.nursingpath.in MASTER ROTATION PLAN
  48. 48. MASTER ROATION PLAN  Master Rotation Plan is an overall plan of rotationof all students in a particular educational institution showing the entire teaching-learning activities and related events during an academic year like details of theoretical instruction,durationand areas of clinical instruction,particulars of community health nursing postings,and period of vacation,study leave for university examination,examinationweeks, etc. 7/15/201948 www.nursingpath.in
  49. 49. DEFINITION OF MASTER ROATATION PLAN Master rotation plan is an overall plan which shows rotation of all the students in a particular educational institution. - (Nurses of India-Journal) Master rotation plan shows the placement of the students belonging to various groups/classes in a clinical nursing as well as community. - (Nurses of India-Journal) 7/15/201949 www.nursingpath.in
  50. 50. PURPOSES OF MASTER ROATATION PLAN  Awareness of placement of students in clinical fields.  Coordination becomes more effective, when theory practice correlates and integrity exists.  Help the students and teachers to prepare themselves for working in the areas.  Any modification are required based on situation concerned & collaboration between the faculty & service staff can be made for smooth running of organizationalactivities & meeting the objectives of educational programme  Evaluation of programme is more effective.  Helps the faculty members and nursing service staff to make tentative advance plans for their leave or vacation. 7/15/201950 www.nursingpath.in
  51. 51. PRINCIPLES OF MASTER ROATATION PLAN  Plan in accordance with the curriculum plan for the entire course/programme.  Plan in advance for each student in the class for all years.  Plan the activities by following maxims of teaching.  Post the students based on their background preparation and the extent of guidance available.  Select areas that can provide expected learning experience.  Plan to build on previous experiences.  Acquaint the clinical staff/clinical supervisor with clinical objectives and rotation plan.  Provide each clinical experience of same duration to all students.  Rotate each student through each learning experience/block  Plan for all the students to enter and leave at the same time schedule. 7/15/201951 www.nursingpath.in
  52. 52. FEATURES OF MASTER ROTATION PLAN  It shows the relationship between classroom teaching and experience.  Each area of clinical experience is indicated by a code to which a guide is attached.  The period of clinical experience vary in length each year but total duration of such experience is the same for all students.  Students of one class are divided into group and rotated through same clinical areas.  It is prepared in advance for the whole year.  It gives complete and clear picture about the students. 7/15/201952 www.nursingpath.in
  53. 53. 7/15/2019www.nursingpath.in53 It must include period of vacation teaching block, preparationtime, examinationand vacation. The teacher should be aware of the student's placement. Overlapping particular area or shortage in particular area can be noted.  The teacher should follow Indian nursing council and university syllabus.  The teacher should consider all three domains. FEATURES OF MASTER ROTATION PLAN
  54. 54. DOMAINS USED IN PLANNING Cognitive domain: It includes knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis and evaluation. Affective domain: It includes receiving, responding valuing organizationand characterization. Psychomotor domain: It includes imitation, manipulation precision, articulation and naturalism. 7/15/201954 www.nursingpath.in
  55. 55. FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED Objective of the courses Number of students in the class. Number of department or areas. Size of the department e.g. Surgical ward,MSW, FSW & post operative ward. Duration of experiences. Number of persons available for supervision. Indian nursing council or university requirements. 7/15/201955 www.nursingpath.in
  56. 56. RESPONSIBILITY OF TEACHING STAFF  Correlate theory and practice.  Participate in teaching, supervision and evaluation.  Prepare the students in theory block before they enter the clinical block.  Maintain adequate and regular attendance at both the classroom and clinical areas.  Report to the principal or concerned person for the any change or modification.  Plan for regular meeting to evaluate the effectiveness of a plan 7/15/201956 www.nursingpath.in
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