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Gender based violence against women

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It discusses prevalent gender based violence against women throughout the world and suggests preventive measures that can be taken.

Publicada em: Saúde e medicina
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Gender based violence against women

  1. 1. GENDER BASED VIOLENCE by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  2. 2. by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  3. 3. Objectives By the end of my presentation, you will be able to understand… • the types of violence against the women in present scenario? • basic reasons behind it • the haddon’s matrix for rape • ways to prevent this violence • what are the helplines for women? by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  4. 4. Women Abuse by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  5. 5. "Till death do us part" does not means… "till my child finds me dead on the kitchen floor" by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  6. 6. Every 26 minutes a woman is molested. Every 34 minutes a rape takes place. Every 42 minutes an incident of sexual harassment occurs. And every 93 minutes a woman is burnt alive for dowry. by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  7. 7. In Kenya, women are being gang-raped in refugee camps. In Afghanistan, young girls are forced into marriage. In Mexico and Guatemala women continue to disappear, brutally raped and murdered. In Iraq, American forces torturing and abusing local women In the U.S. military, women are more likely to be assaulted by their fellow soldiers than by any enemy. by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  8. 8. Out of 195 countries in the world Only 44 countries have laws against domestic violence. Only 17 countries have made marital rape a criminal offence only 27 countries have passed laws on sexual harassment. by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  9. 9. 56 per cent of Indian women believed that wife beating was justified in certain circumstances like neglecting the house or the children, or going out of the house without permission by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  10. 10. Root causes of violence Gender stereotypes Society Media by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  11. 11. Why women are abused? Lack of property rights Lower income Unemployed men – frustration More access to violence images, videos by internet, tv, cd/dvds Pornography Projection of woman as Sex toys by media Wars by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  12. 12. Definition of Violence against Woman “Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical , sexual, or psychological harm or suffering for women, including threats of such acts, coercion, or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.” -United Nations General Assembly 1993 Types of Violence Against Woman by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  13. 13. Women at all ages suffer from Violence Infancy Childhood Adulthood Adolescence Old age by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  14. 14. Violence starts even before birth Female foeticide In india Every year 1.1 million unborn girls die 700 750 800 850 900 950 Punjab Haryana Delhi Gujarat Himachal pradesh INDIA 798 819 868 883 896 933 Sex ratio (All ages) 900 920 940 960 980 1991 2001 976 927 Sex Ratio (0-6yr) by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  15. 15. by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  16. 16. by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  17. 17. Violence against Child girl Differential access to food and medical care Child marriage Incest/Child abuse Female genital mutilation Child trafficking by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  18. 18. Percentage of women aged 20–24 who married/Union before age 18 (1987–2006) by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  19. 19. More than 40% of the world’s child marriages take place in India by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  20. 20. Child sexual Abuse/Incest Not uncommon in India Hidden by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  21. 21. India’s Hidden incest RAHI Foundation in Delhi No specific law in India Concept of family is almost sacred Social support system is so lacking and so insensitive to the children by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  22. 22. Female Genital Mutilation • An estimated 130,000,000 women and girls in 26 countries today have been similarly mutilated. • Mostly in Islamic countries • Mostly in Africa by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  23. 23. Violence during Adolescence/Adulthood Domestic Violence Forced prostitution Date rape Rape Acid attacks Moral policing Sexual harassment Eve-teasing Sexual abuse in the workplace ‘Honour' killings Pornography Sexual violence during wars by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  24. 24. Forced Prostitution by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  25. 25. Date Rape by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  26. 26. Date Rape by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  27. 27. Haddon’s matrix for Rape Host Agent Environment Pre-event Event Post-event • Drunken • Going alone with stranger • Self defense skills • Keychain devices • Pepper Spray • Changing clothes • Taking bath • Stranger • Odd behaviour • Violent behaviour • Rapist ran away / No proof • Night time • lonely place • Secluded area • Insensitive police • Insensitive society by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  28. 28. Acid Attacks by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  29. 29. by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  30. 30. Women laws in India Section 304(B) IPC Domestic Violence Against Women Act 2005 Penal Laws Family Laws Labour Laws Human Rights and Women Legal Aid The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956 Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971 Hindu Succession Act Special Marriage Act 1955 Child Marriage Act 1929 Hindu’s Widow Remarriage Act 1865 Custody of child Adoption of child Maintainance Guardianship by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  31. 31. Can Enforcing law alone be helpful? Men to be sensitised Mothers have to teach their sons the lessons of humanity and their daughters the lessons of self-worth and self- dependence. by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  32. 32. Prevention of violence Perception of Society to be changed Education and Awareness among women Motivating backward and poor women Developing programs Setting up Family Counselling Centres Promoting Family planning Implementing laws strictly Effective cooperation between NGOs and Police Role of media by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  33. 33. Helpline for women Women’s helpline 1091(24 hrs. toll free) (011) 23317004 Police control room – 100 Delhi commission for Women (011) 23379181, (011) 23370597 by Dr. Jagjit Khosla
  34. 34. by Dr. Jagjit Khosla

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