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The symptoms of HIV vary depending on the
stage of infection.
Though people living with HIV tend to be most
infectious in the first few months,
many are unaware of their status until later
SYMPTOMS OF HIV
The first few weeks after initial infection,
individuals may experience :
Or an influenza-like illness
Fever > 1 month
As the infection progressively weakens
the person's immune system,
the individual can develop other
signs and symptoms such as :
An HIV test reveals infection status by
detecting the presence or absence of
antibodies to HIV in the blood.
Antibodies are produced by an
individual’s immune system to fight off
Period during which
antibodies to HIV
are still being produced
and are not yet
It is usually 3-6 weeks .
THE WINDOW PERIOD
This early period of infection
represents the time of greatest
but transmission can occur during
all stages of the infection.
If someone has had a recent possible
retesting should be done after 6
weeks to confirm test results,
which enables sufficient time to pass
for antibody production in infected
Every pregnant woman
tested for HIV.
of breast feeding
HIV+ What’s the
Anti-retroviral treatment keeps the amount
of HIV in the body at a low level.
It stops any weakening of the immune system
and allows it to recover from any damage
that HIV might have caused already.
The drugs are often referred to as:
anti-retrovirals, ARVs, anti-HIV or anti-AIDS
HIV can be suppressed by combination ART
consisting of 3 or more ARV drugs.
ART does not cure HIV infection.
It gives the individual capacity to fight off
With ART, people living with HIV can live
healthy and productive lives.
When a HIV-positive person is on an
effective ART regimen,
the risk of transmitting the virus
to their uninfected sexual partner can be
reduced by 96%.
To prevent progression
of HIV to AIDS
is the main aim of treatment.
they could also develop severe illnesses such
cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi's
sarcoma, among others.
HIV continues to be a major global public health issue,
having claimed more than 39 million lives so far.
1.5 million people died from HIV-related causes globally.
There were approximately 35 million
living with HIV at the end of 2013
with 2.1 million people becoming
newly infected with HIV in 2013 globally.
HIV infection is
through blood tests
presence or absence
of HIV antibodies.
There is no cure for HIV infection.
effective treatment with antiretroviral (ARV) drugs
can control the virus
so that people with HIV can enjoy healthy and productive lives.