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Powerpoint presentation on HIV/AIDS awareness

Publicada em: Saúde e medicina
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  1. 1. 1 WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  2. 2. The red ribbon is the universal symbol Of awareness and support for those living with HIV.
  3. 3. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immuno deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop depending on the individual. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  4. 4. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 2
  5. 5. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 Transmission of HIV Infection
  6. 6. HIV can be transmitted Via WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  7. 7. SEXUAL CONTACT 88%
  8. 8. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 7
  9. 9. MOTHER TO CHILD 15-45%
  10. 10. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 BREAST FEEDING
  11. 11. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE
  13. 13. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  14. 14. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  15. 15. The symptoms of HIV vary depending on the stage of infection. Though people living with HIV tend to be most infectious in the first few months, many are unaware of their status until later stages. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 SYMPTOMS OF HIV INFECTION
  16. 16. The first few weeks after initial infection, individuals may experience : No Symptoms OR
  17. 17. Or an influenza-like illness including Fever > 1 month Sorethroat Headache Rash
  18. 18. As the infection progressively weakens the person's immune system, the individual can develop other signs and symptoms such as :
  19. 19. Unexplained Weight loss
  20. 20. Swollen lymph nodes
  21. 21. Persistent Diarrhoea > 1 month
  22. 22. Persistent Cough > 1 month
  23. 23. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION
  24. 24. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 3
  25. 25. In the absence of any interventions during pregnancy, Rate of HIV transmission from mother-to-child can be between 15-45%.
  26. 26. MTCT can be nearly prevented with ARV drugs throughout the stages when infection could occur.
  27. 27. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 4
  28. 28. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  29. 29. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  30. 30. Investigations WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  31. 31. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 An HIV test reveals infection status by detecting the presence or absence of antibodies to HIV in the blood. Antibodies are produced by an individual’s immune system to fight off foreign pathogens.
  32. 32. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 Period during which antibodies to HIV are still being produced and are not yet detectable. It is usually 3-6 weeks . THE WINDOW PERIOD
  33. 33. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 This early period of infection represents the time of greatest infectivity, but transmission can occur during all stages of the infection.
  34. 34. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 If someone has had a recent possible HIV exposure, retesting should be done after 6 weeks to confirm test results, which enables sufficient time to pass for antibody production in infected individuals.
  35. 35. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  38. 38. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 5
  39. 39. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 Prevention of HIV transmission
  40. 40. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 6
  41. 41. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 Male and Female condom use.
  42. 42. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 Avoid sharing needles.
  43. 43. Every pregnant woman should get herself tested for HIV.
  44. 44. Avoidance of breast feeding by infected mothers.
  45. 45. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 HIV+ What’s the treatment?
  46. 46.  Anti-retroviral treatment keeps the amount of HIV in the body at a low level.  It stops any weakening of the immune system and allows it to recover from any damage that HIV might have caused already.  The drugs are often referred to as: anti-retrovirals, ARVs, anti-HIV or anti-AIDS drugs.
  47. 47.  HIV can be suppressed by combination ART consisting of 3 or more ARV drugs.  ART does not cure HIV infection.  It gives the individual capacity to fight off infections.  With ART, people living with HIV can live healthy and productive lives.
  48. 48. When a HIV-positive person is on an effective ART regimen, the risk of transmitting the virus to their uninfected sexual partner can be reduced by 96%.
  49. 49. To prevent progression of HIV to AIDS is the main aim of treatment.
  50. 50. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 Without treatment, they could also develop severe illnesses such as tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis, and cancers such as lymphomas and Kaposi's sarcoma, among others.
  51. 51. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  52. 52. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  53. 53. HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 39 million lives so far. In 2013, 1.5 million people died from HIV-related causes globally. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014
  54. 54. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 There were approximately 35 million people living with HIV at the end of 2013 with 2.1 million people becoming newly infected with HIV in 2013 globally.
  55. 55. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 HIV infection is usually diagnosed through blood tests detecting the presence or absence of HIV antibodies.
  56. 56. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 There is no cure for HIV infection.
  57. 57. WHO.FactSheet.Updated.Nov2014 However, effective treatment with antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can control the virus so that people with HIV can enjoy healthy and productive lives.