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The chamoisThe chamois(Rupicapra rupicapra)(Rupicapra rupicapra)• The chamois is a goat-like animalThe chamois is a goat-like animalnative to the Carpathiannative to the CarpathianMountains of Romania. ChamoisMountains of Romania. Chamoisare strictly protected animalsare strictly protected animalsunder the European Habitatsunder the European HabitatsDirective.Directive.• Chamois live at moderately highChamois live at moderately highaltitudes and are adapted to livingaltitudes and are adapted to livingin steep, rugged, rocky terrain. Ain steep, rugged, rocky terrain. Afully grown chamois reaches afully grown chamois reaches aheight of about 75 cm and weighsheight of about 75 cm and weighsabout 50 kg. Males and femalesabout 50 kg. Males and femaleshave short horns which are slightlyhave short horns which are slightlycurled in the posterior direction.curled in the posterior direction.The chamois is chestnut brown toThe chamois is chestnut brown toblack in winter and pale brown inblack in winter and pale brown insummer.summer.
Carpathian brown bearUrsus arctosIt is a big animal, that generallyweight between 300 and 600kilogramsBrown bears have thick fur, muchappreciated, with two rows of hairs,ear and fluff. Although base color isbrown, it has got large colourvariations from red to almost blackbears. Some specimens have whitespots on the neck, sometimesforming a real collar, similar to thecollared bear the Himalayas. Dentition is typical ofomnivorous, with strong caninesand molars rounded.
In Romania fallow deerIn Romania fallow deeris tryingis trying to re-adapt toto re-adapt tocomplex naturalcomplex naturalecosystem, gainingecosystem, gaining thethestrength needed forstrength needed forsurvival. The mostsurvival. The mostimportantimportant number ofnumber offallow deerfallow deer is recordedis recordedin the west and southin the west and south..Fallow deerFallow deer(Dama dama)(Dama dama) its wits weight varieseight variesdependingdepending on age, areaon age, areaand quality of foodand quality of food hhair coloair colouur is lightr is lightbrown with yellowishbrown with yellowishwhite spots arranged inwhite spots arranged inlongitudinallongitudinal rowsrowsabdomen areaabdomen area..its foodits food consist ofconsist ofherbaceous plants andherbaceous plants andleaves of trees, includingleaves of trees, includinggrowinggrowing stems,stems, cloverclover,,acorns, In general, theacorns, In general, thefood is less pretentious.food is less pretentious.Salt it is absolutelySalt it is absolutelynecessary.necessary.
Bison is the heaviest land animalBison is the heaviest land animal ininEurope. A typical individual has a lengthEurope. A typical individual has a lengthof 2.9 to 3 meters and a height of 1.9of 2.9 to 3 meters and a height of 1.9meters, weighing from 300 to 920 kg.meters, weighing from 300 to 920 kg.BisonsBisons live in forests, with very fewlive in forests, with very fewnatural enemiesnatural enemiesBison is a herbivore.Bison is a herbivore.BisonsBisons livlivee 28 years in28 years incaptivity, but in the wildcaptivity, but in the wildlive less.live less.BisonsBisons (Bison bonasus bonasus)(Bison bonasus bonasus)
LynxLynx isis currently the largestcurrently the largestcat in the wild fauna ofcat in the wild fauna ofRomania.Romania. Also calledAlso calledCarpathians panther, lynx isCarpathians panther, lynx isspread naturally from alpinespread naturally from alpineto the Danube Deltato the Danube Delta..LynxLynx is a powerful andis a powerful andstrong animal,strong animal, withwith aannamazingamazing agility andagility andquickness.quickness.TheThe furfur is typical of big cats,is typical of big cats,consisting ofconsisting of yellowish-redyellowish-redhairhair on the sides and backon the sides and backwith black spots andwith black spots andyellowish white on the ventralyellowish white on the ventralside.side.Reported maximum weights areReported maximum weights aredifferent, ranging between 50 and 58 kg.different, ranging between 50 and 58 kg.It cIt can live 25 years.an live 25 years.It is a cIt is a carnivore animalarnivore animal, a, abloodblood loverlover,, consumingconsumingorgansorgans with significantwith significantblood meal (heart, liver,blood meal (heart, liver,lungs). Extremely agile, goeslungs). Extremely agile, goesunheard, is extremelyunheard, is extremelydifficult to seedifficult to see.. It hIt huntuntssmainly at dusk, beingmainly at dusk, beingadvantagedadvantaged by the fur asby the fur as ananexcellent camouflage, asexcellent camouflage, aswell as its special senses.well as its special senses.Lynx (Lynx lynx)
Red aigretteRed aigrette-Ardea purpurea-Ardea purpureaIt is a summer guest inRomania, and isendangered on a globalscale. Can be found inswampy areas andmarshes of the DanubeDelta. In fall it migrates inAsia or Africa.It has reddish brown color, avery long thin neck. Neckis slightly rounded curveshaped S.As size, it is less than the stork.It feeds with fish andamphibians.
Little egret-Egretta garzettaIt is a species that is increasingbecause it isn’t huntedanymore by humans for itsornamental feathersIt is rare bird, living especially in theDanube Delta in mixed colonies, especiallyin dwarf willows. With the arrival of autumn,it migrates to the Mediterranean.The color of the feathers is purewhite and on the head has beautifulornamental feathers, as well as onits back, more popular in the past asfashion jewelry.In the months of April-May, thefemale lays 3 to 5 greenish-blue eggsthat are boiled together with thepartner. Chicks leave the nest beforethey can fly having a great skill inclimbing through the branches.
Hoopoe-Upupa epopsIt is a migratory bird, found in allIt is a migratory bird, found in allthe plains.the plains.It is easily recognized by theIt is easily recognized by theorange crest on the head,orange crest on the head,tighten or loosen it. It has atighten or loosen it. It has along beak and slightly curvedlong beak and slightly curveddown. Hoopoe produces adown. Hoopoe produces asound unmistakable,sound unmistakable,Pu-pu-pu.Pu-pu-pu.It makes its nest in hollows ofIt makes its nest in hollows oftrees, using fecal lining,trees, using fecal lining,which serve as defensewhich serve as defenseagainst predatorsagainst predators
Red shelduck-Tadorna ferrugineaRed shelduck-Tadorna ferrugineaIt makes the nest in the eastern part ofDobrogea, in holes, where the female lays8-10 eggs, light cream in late May and ithatches about 28 days. Both sexes wererepresentatives of scarlet plumage, themale is more colorful and with a brightwhite ring of feathers around the neck. Infall migrates north-west Africa and the NileDelta. Due to its deepening scarcity, it isplaced under the protection of law to beprotected from extinction.
Dropia-otis tarDaIt is a bird that lives in south-easternEurope and temperate areas of Asia. InRomania some years ago was found inBărăgan and in natural reservation ofBeba Veche, Timis county, but isendangered.
Red duck-Aythya nyrocaIt is the most common duck species inthe country, and especially in theDanube Delta, met in all poolssurrounded by vegetation. It makes 8-10 pink eggs in May-June, femalehatches for 24-26 days. The male isreddish brown with white iris, and thefemale brown. In winter can be foundin North Africa, Nile Valley, northernArabia and India. Some of them canbe seen in unfrozen waters fromRomania..
Sângele voinicului (Nigritella rubra)Blood pea is a plant from Orchidaceae family. It has theright strain, 8-14 cm high. Leaves are numerous andnarrow, elongated, pointing to the sky. The flowers aresmall and numerous. The flowers are dark red-purple,fragrant vanilla. The root is composed of tubers. Itflowers in June and August.In Romania is very rare in the Carpathian mountains inthe north-east and south.Brându a galbenăș (Crocus moesicus)Yellow crocus is a herbaceous plant, 10-13 cmhigh, with long and delicate stem, havingaround her a circle of leaves thin and long. Ithas yellow pear-shaped flower. The fruit is acapsule that matures long next spring, brown,which opens by three valves and containingnumerous seeds.
Garofi a Pietrei Craiuluiț(Dianthus callizonus)Papucul doamnei (Cypripeidum calceolus)Garofita Pietrei Craiului produced byits rarity surprise among scientists, theplant is not found in any of theneighboring mountain massifs anddoes not resemble any of dianthus inEurope.The stem is short, 5-10 cm high, bearinga single flower on top corolla about 3 cmin diameter, composed of five widepetals.Lady slipper (Cypripedium calceolus) is aspecies of orchid genus Cypripedium. Thisspecies is very rare and is found in theflora of Romania.
Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum Cass.)It grows in meadows on limestone mountains, sunnyslopes or cliffs. In Romania it grows in theCarpathians and was declared a natural monumentin 1933 and protected.In Romania the plant reaches only up to a height of20 cm.Inflorescence is clothed with hairy leaves, some bigger,some smaller and which take the form of stars.Motley tulip (Fritillaria meleagris)What distinguishes it fromother tulips is its purple colorwith white spots, but also howit spreads, because it growsspontaneously in moistplaces near the forest. It ispicked abusive for its beautyin some areas of the countryso it became extinct.
Romanian peony is a peony species present inlowland forests or their edge in Dobrogea,Wallachia and southern Moldavia. Red flowerpetals are less than garden peony. It is a plantprotected by law, must not be destroyed orcollected. It is found in national parks forestComana in sunny places.Romanian peony(Paeonia peregrina Mill. Var. Roman)It is also known as thermal water lily or lotus flower.This species lives in stream waters, near Bath "May 1“Oradea. Stream water feature is a high temperature(hot springs). The species was discovered in 1789 bybotanist P. Kitaibel. Because of its uniqueness (Felix isthe only area where this species is found), Nymphaealotus var. thermalis has been declared since 1931, anatural monument.Lotus/Water lily (Nymphaea lotus var. thermalis)
The authorsThe authorsPupils:Pupils:Militar Mihai (chapterMilitar Mihai (chapter ”Animals”)”Animals”)Iacob Mădălina (chapter ”Birds”)Iacob Mădălina (chapter ”Birds”)Presecan Alexandra (chapter ”Plants”)Presecan Alexandra (chapter ”Plants”)Căbău Cosmin- designCăbău Cosmin- designNegru Roxana-designNegru Roxana-designCoordinating teachers:Coordinating teachers:Ladariu DianaLadariu DianaPascalau MariaPascalau MariaSources:Sources:wikipediawikipediaconf. univ. dr. Carmen Gache (”Al. I. Cuza” University Iasi)-picturesconf. univ. dr. Carmen Gache (”Al. I. Cuza” University Iasi)-picturesAtlas zoologic, Atlas botanicAtlas zoologic, Atlas botanicThis project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsiblefor any use which may be made of the information contained therein.