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Agenda 21

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Agenda 21

  1. 1.  Document adopted by UN Conference on Environment and Development (1st Earth Summit)held in Rio de Janeiro on 14 June 1992.  178 nations voted to adopt the program  ‘Action Program’ of UN international community  Program in field of environment and development for 21st century  Comprehensive blueprint of actions : 300 page final document  To be taken by organisations of UN, govts.,major groups : globally, nationally,locally 2
  2. 2.  Number 21 refers to agenda for 21st century  Document divided into 4 Sections: 1)Social and economic dimensions of poverty, health, environment, demographics, production. 2) Conservation and management of resources: the atmosphere, forests, deserts, mountains, water, chemicals and waste. 3) Strengthening the role of the most significant: women, youth, NGOs, farmers, trade unions. 4) Methods of implementation: finance, institutions. 3
  3. 3.  Document refers to Tourism in 3 sections: - Chapter 11 states: ‘Govts. Encourage and support the management of wildlife and (…)eco- tourism. - Chapter 17 announces : Coastal states should explore aims to expand tourism based and recreation resource based marine living - Chapter 36 finally calls for countries to : Promote(…) actions good for environment and tourism(…) making appropriate use of museums, heritage sites,zoos,botanical gardens,parks and protected areas. 4
  4. 4.  Gen. objectives of Agenda 21 translated into specific responsibilities of companies for sustainable tourism programs.  Reorientation of operations of govts.,multinational co.s and trade org. in tourism development  Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) was created to monitor and report on implementation of Agenda 21  5 year review held in UN Gen.Assembly’s special session  Last round of checking and monitoring held in 2002 in Johannesburg in UN Conference on Sustainable Development called ‘Rio +10’ 5
  5. 5.  Agenda 21 - Liability of tourism companies in developing a sustainable tourism program  PRIORITY AREA OBJECTIVES  I Minimize waste Producing more with less  II Energy management and conservation Reduce energy waste and emissions in the atmosphere  III Management of drinking water resources Protect water quality and use resources existing fair  IV Management of water waste Minimize waste for the Protection aquatic environment  V Dangerous substances Replacement with more environmentally friendly products  VI Transport Reduce overall emissions in the atmosphere /other effects  VII planning and management of earth use Responding to the demand for land in a fair manner, ensuring that development contributes to preservation of cultures  VIII Involve staff, customers and community on environmental issues - Equal access to development and information environment through consultation mechanisms 6
  6. 6.  Section 1 : Social and Economic Dimensions  International cooperation to accelerate sustainable development in developing countries and related domestic policies  Combating poverty  Changing consumption patterns  Demographic dynamics and sustainability  Protecting and promoting human health conditions  Promoting sustainable human settlement development  Integrating environment and development in decision- making 7
  7. 7.  Section 2 : Conservation and Management of Resources For Development  Protection of the atmosphere  Integrated approach to the planning and management of land resources  Combating deforestation  Managing fragile ecosystems: combating desertification and drought  Managing fragile ecosystems: sustainable mountain development 8
  8. 8.  Section 2 : Conservation and Management of Resources For Development  Promoting sustainable agriculture and rural development  Conservation of biological diversity  Environmentally sound management of biotechnology  Protection of the oceans, all kinds of seas, including enclosed and semi-enclosed seas, and coastal areas and the protection, rational use and development of their living resources  Protection of the quality and supply of freshwater resources: application of integrated approaches to the development, management and use of water resources 9
  9. 9.  Section 2 : Conservation and Management of Resources For Development  Environmentally sound management of toxic chemicals, including prevention of illegal international traffic in toxic and dangerous products  Environmentally sound management of hazardous waste  Environmentally sound management of solid wastes and sewage-related issues  Safe and environmentally sound management of radioactive wastes 10
  10. 10.  Section 3 :Strengthening The Role of Major Groups  Global action for women towards sustainable and equitable development  Children and youth in sustainable development  Recognizing and strengthening the role of indigenous people and their communities  Strengthening the role of non-governmental organizations: partners for sustainable development  Local authorities' initiatives in support of Agenda 21 11
  11. 11.  Section 3 :Strengthening The Role of Major Groups  Strengthening the role of workers and their trade unions  Strengthening the role of business and industry  Scientific and technological community  Strengthening the role of farmers 12
  12. 12.  Section 4 :Means of Implementation  Financial resources and mechanisms  Transfer of environmentally sound technology, cooperation and capacity- building  Science for sustainable development  Promoting education, public awareness and training  National mechanisms and international cooperation for capacity-building in developing countries  International institutional arrangements  International legal instruments and mechanisms 13
  13. 13.  http://www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/3207- TourismAgenda.pdf 14