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Unveiling the political crisis in brazil

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Research statement of Larissa Magalhães at the CeDEM16 PhD colloquium in Krems

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Unveiling the political crisis in brazil

  1. 1. Unveiling the political crisis in Brazil The first months of the year 2016 will be remembered as the second president of the Republic of impeachment democratically elected in Brazil. This whole process gains more notoriety by leading public measures, such as approval in the House of Representatives and the Senate analysis, and also the consideration of the Supreme Court. This situation reflects the symbolic character of the crisis due to the particularistic content of impeachment by the House of Representatives, and the establishment of a dubious consensus in civil society. The incredulous situation can be illustrated by the following facts. The then President Dilma has no accusations of theft or corruption, but was threatened by the logic of the tax pedaling while those articulated for that left the office, and styled themselves as promoters of change, facing accusations of the same gender. Some sectors of the policy justifying the necessary condition output presidentapela need to return to economic growth and able to generate confidence. The media contributes to the commotion on tax and pedaling on the banner to government integrity. Again our culture is revealed by the prestige privatist interests. Of course Dilma, in his government driving distanced from the model employed by Lula before, in fact the economic dimension nothing surprising in its interventionist version for creating business, suffering from the persistent criticism of the conservative economic sectors leading the scenario political and economic country. But what political and economic aspiration of this large block reveals is the need for another pattern of accumulation and surplus. So this new model reveals a condition of underdevelopment and subordinated insertion of the country to neoliberalism. But what this debate on macroeconomics and government agenda has to do with the university? What concerns us is to think of a democratic state in which "pretexts" or "models" justify the dismissal of an elected president, and more than that the concern for the democratic imbalance in Latin America, sometimes justified by moments of ungovernability. Here's reunion with the timid bourgeois autocracy of blocks in new guise of oligarchic nature, and that discourages the flag of a democratic state. Strikes, protests, descontentamos universities reinforce the need to think and reform this democratic state that I spoke up. Depletion of the academic community reactions represent the negation of the questions which it placed, so in addition to the political and economic turmoil, other issues are being put into debate as political hatred, racism and lack of inclusiveness in the university. So I emphasize the opportunity to bring these issues to the political debate. Overall, the research has become a challenge in the country, as we had a cut of more than 10 billion in the budget of the Ministry of Education, which includes cuts in funding of research assistance and scholarships. I warn therefore not only threats to democratic mechanisms in Latin America, corrupted by contradictory arguments. What worries me is not that others, especially those who are not part of
  2. 2. the academic community, do not think like me, but because they do not think. The current governor of Sao Paulo, said the Fapesp (greater funding of research in the country) prioritizes funding for research in sociology and of no practical use. Unfortunately this is the attitude of our politicians. Unicamp (my university) and two other University of São Paulo are responsible for more than half of the publications in the country, has the largest number of high impact publications, and even then the humanities receive fewer resources and not declared by its uselessness. Still, it is worth remembering that the discussion of the political turmoil in the country recalls the year 2013 when the student movements in the country, especially from the high school and college, organized in the struggle for rights and citizen inclusion. The cycle of events favored the emergence of various collectives in the country (even played a role in mediating opportunities speeches on social networks between social movements and the state). The internet has emerged as an organization strategy among them to garner support from other movements, other government organizations and the press itself (a kind of proxy). I think these forms of communication and interaction accelerate the formation of a broader identity with other movements that go through similar situations of precariousness rights and repression of políciae dogoverno. During the clashes, and desencademento the impeachment process, the generated perception is that no trust in politicians and governments. This scenario led the researchers to speculate about the "crisis of representation" or quality of mechanisms and forms of decision-making. The questioning of the current democracy, particularly in Latin America, the casket, in the streets and networks, suggested research on the ways and projects that promote transparency, political participation, political culture, social control, independent communication and open government. So the bottom line of my research accompanies this series of events. Thus, the situation of the country's political crisis has generated a general understanding that we must continue to fight for their rights, particularly among young people. I understand that a time of reconstitution of a political body, but also means a new management and a real democracy technology. This change also questions the role of the university as a training of researchers, strategists for politics. I believe that political science is the transformation, not the current setback that we are living in Brazil. By Larissa Galdino de Magalhães. larissagms@yahoo.com.br www.researchgate.net/profile/Larissa_Magalhaes3
  3. 3. He graduated in Social Sciences from the Federal University of Espírito Santo (2008), Social Master Sciences at the Graduate Program in Social Sciences from the Federal University of Espírito Santo (2013) and is doctorate at the Graduate Program in Political Science the State University of Campinas (2014). It is currently a researcher in the project management and political status of institutional participation funded by the Foundation for State of São Paulo (FAPESP). Doctoral fellow of Higher Education Personnel Improvement Coordination (CAPES). Scholarship CNPq in the Observatory of the Metropolis territory, social cohesion and democratic governance, in partnership with the Instituto Jones dos Santos Neves and National Institute of Science and Technology (INCT) (2013/2014).

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