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4.4 - Urban Geography

The geography of urban areas.

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4.4 - Urban Geography

  1. 1. Urban Geography
  2. 2. <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>The study of how people use space in cities. </li></ul><ul><li>What is where? How are things arranged in relation to each other? </li></ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul><ul><li>A city isn’t just a descriptive definition (it’s big with a lot of people), it’s a functional one. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That is, it’s defined by what it does , not just by what it is. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It’s the center of business and culture in a given area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The hub around which regional life revolves. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What’s the hub that you live around? </li></ul>
  3. 6. <ul><li>Elements </li></ul><ul><li>Suburbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-urban </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch the central city or touch other suburbs that touch the central city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differing levels of development – some residential, some commercial, some industrial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are examples of each of these around Houston? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 7. <ul><li>Exurbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller units farther away from the main city </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The city, the suburbs and the exurbs make up the metropolitan area. </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Where do cities tend to develop? Why there? What factors spur urban development in certain places? </li></ul><ul><li>Here are a few: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy access to building materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defensive position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel intersections or bridge points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheltered areas </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>Land-Use Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>How is the land used and for what? </li></ul><ul><li>Residential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where people live/dwell – their homes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where things are made, stored, or shipped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What sort of examples can you think of? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private businesses and retail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Central Business District </li></ul><ul><li>The locus of commercial activity in the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive real estate </li></ul>
  8. 11. Which model do you think Houston has?