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Similar a Part 2 - G20- India President Session 2.pptx(20)




Part 2 - G20- India President Session 2.pptx

  1.  India holds the Presidency of the G20 from 1st December 2022 to 30th November 2023. The 43 heads of delegations- the largest ever in G20- will be participating in the final New Delhi Summit in 9th-10th September 2023 this year.  India’s G20 Presidency highlighting the role of Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Start-up to achieve the goals 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 1
  2.  The world economy worked on Bilateral / Multi-Lateral trade among nations .  Free Trade Zone / Import Duty  Trade Barrier / Tariff Barrier 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 2
  3.  LDC – Less develop Nation  Under Develop Nation  Developing Nations  Developed Nation  International Diplomacy  War Effects  Impact on Natural Calamites 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 3
  4.  UNO / G-20 /  GATT (WTO) IMF and World Bank  Bilateral Trade Chambers of Commerce  South Asia Free Trade association (SAFTA)  NAFTA - North America  OPEC / European Union  BRICKS – 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 4
  5.  United Nations Security Council – P- 5 China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 5
  6.  The theme of India's G20 Presidency- Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam" or "One Earth,One Family-One Future" closely ties with LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment) with a focus on sustainable and environment-friendly lifestyles, harmony within the human family, and honest conversations about climate change and global security. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 6
  7.  India, as the G20 President, will prioritize a range of issues in diverse sectors, including Education, Energy, Agriculture, Trade, digital economy,Health and Environment, as well as Employment, tourism, Anti- corruption, and Women's Empowerment. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 7
  8.  It is deemed to be the duty of every Indian to feel the spirit of the theme Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam and make it feel within themselves and enact accordingly by spreading the message in all possible manner. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 8
  9. India G20 President 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 9
  10. India’s G20 Presidency highlighting the role of Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Start-up to achieve the goals 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 10
  11.  Main focusing on India’s research, innovation and start-up achievement and potential and how India can contribute to the G20 sustainable development 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 11
  12. Health 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 12 Dr. Bharati Pravin Pawar HON’BLE MINISTER OF STATE Shri Mansukh Mandaviya DR. MANSUKH MANDAVIYA HON’BLE CABINET MINISTER
  13. HEALTH is Important ? Yes / No 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 13
  14.  What was Mention in Slide number 12  Name of Health Minister ? 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 14
  15.  A clean and healthy environment is required to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Efforts to counter the triple planetary crisis of climate change, nature and biodiversity loss, and pollution and waste must be ramped up in order to truly transform societies and economies for everyone, everywhere. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 15
  16.  The 7Rs: Rethink, Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repair, Regift, Recycle The 7Rs explained  1. RETHINK: Step back and think about the type of consumer you want to be and what this means for the environment.  2. REFUSE: Think before you buy and be prepared to not buy at all. Green consumers place themselves at the start of the buy-and-use cycle. They buy less and buy products that do the least harm to the environment. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 16
  17.  3. REDUCE: Buy less, buy products that have little or no packaging and that last a long time, borrow instead of buy, and compost. Items that are no longer needed or used are donated or sold.   4. REUSE: Up cycle instead of throw away. Examples: glass jars can be used to store dry goods, old calendar pages are used as DIY envelopes, old toothbrushes are used to clean hard to reach places, empty toothpaste tubes are used as funnels.   5. REPAIR: Try to fix items before disposing of them. Our current culture has been called a "throwaway society" because more items end up in the landfill than need to. This harms the environment and uses more of the earth's resources to make new items. We can help conserve the earth's resources by fixing things and participating in the "Repair Movement".  3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 17
  18.  6. REGIFT: When you Regift, you give someone a gift that you received from someone else. Don't feel guilty! Passing it on to someone who will enjoy it more than you is a good thing. You just need to follow this etiquette: You are certain the gift is something the recipient would enjoy. The gift is brand new and comes in its original box. The gift isn't handmade or a family treasure.   7. RECYCLE (Compost): Put things back into the waste stream to be used again for something else. Glass is used for roads, plastics are melted down to make new products, and the organic waste that we compost is used to fertilize our gardens. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 18
  19.  The triple planetary crisis refers to the three main interlinked issues that humanity currently faces: climate change, pollution and biodiversity loss. Each of these issues has its own causes and effects and each issue needs to be resolved if we are to have a viable future on this planet.  Climate change is the most pressing issue facing humanity today. Simply put, climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperatures and weather patterns that in the long run will completely alter the ecosystems that support life on the planet. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 19
  20.  Almost everything we do releases emissions, but energy use, Industry, transport, buildings and agriculture are the main causes for release of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. The consequences of climate change already today manifest through increased intensity and severity of droughts, water scarcity, wildfires, rising sea levels, flooding, melting polar ice, catastrophic storms and declining biodiversity. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 20
  21.  Air Pollution is the largest cause of disease and premature death in the world, with more than seven million people dying prematurely each year due to pollution. Incredibly, nine out of ten people worldwide breathe air that contains levels of pollutants that exceed WHO guidelines. Pollution is caused by everything from traffic and factories to wildfires, volcanoes . Another cause of pollution is indoor household air pollution from cooking with polluting fuels and technologies which caused an estimated 3.8 million deaths in 2016 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 21
  22.  UN Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global environmental authority of the UN system, with a mandate to provide guidance to its member states on environmental issues; and general policy guidance for the direction and co-ordination of environmental Programmes within the UN system. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 22
  23. Hon’ble Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change Bhupender Yadav Cabinet Minister Honorable Sh. Ashwini Kumar Choubey Minister Of State 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 23
  24.  What are the government schemes for Innovation and startups in India?  The Startup India Seed Fund Scheme and the Startup India initiative are two of the biggest government schemes for startups in India. Other schemes include the Pradhan Mantri Mudhra Yojna, Standup India Scheme, and Venture Capital Assistance Scheme.  india/#:~:text=What%20are%20the%20government%20schemes,and%20V enture%20Capital%20Assistance%20Scheme. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 24
  25.  In order to be eligible for the Startup India scheme, the startup should be a registered partnership firm, private limited company, or LLP. Besides, its turnover shouldn’t exceed 100 crores in previous financial years. The startup must also apply within ten years from the date of formation.  Do startups need GST?  Startups must register for GST. However, if the annual turnover of the startup is below INR 40 lakhs, they are exempt from GST registration. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 25
  26. PM Mudra Yojna – Shishu – Up to 50,000, Kishor -Up to 5 Lakhs ,Tarun – Between 5-10 Lakhs The Credit Guarantee Trust Fund For Micro & Small Enterprises (CGTMSE)-1 cr Venture Capital Assistance Scheme - Agri Industry Business Farmers -Entrepreneurs can receive interest-free debt and OD. Design Clinic Scheme :- Encourage to Innovation - INR 3.75 lakhs to the startup for conducting the seminar under this scheme. Raw Material Assistance Scheme :National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) Low Interest on procuring Raw Material Single Point Registration Scheme -- 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 26
  27.  While each startup government scheme in India comes with its pros, there are some benefits that they share. Here are the key benefits of government startup schemes in India.  Financial assistance  Facilitate funding  Provide collateral-free loans  Offer mentorship  Tax exemptions  Networking opportunities  Easy access to vital resources 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 27
  28.  Education is a priority area for India's G20 presidency, with a focus on foundational literacy and numeracy, lifelong learning, inclusive and collaborative technology- enabled learning and strengthening research and innovation through collaboration. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 28
  29.  While we all understand how crucial education is to shape our lives, it has also been a major problem in our country..  International Universities are inviting to set up Campuses in India  NEP 2020 is start Implementing .  International Educational Tie-up are welcome .  NAAC / NBA agencies are working is on high Speed. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 29
  30.  Industry Integrated Program  Skill development Programs in Universities  University encourages Incubations Centers ,  ATAL Community Innovation Centre , AICTE Idea Labs , Industrial Training Institutions .  Industry –Institution Cells  Motivation on Patent and copyright 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 30
  31.  World need to work on Alternative Renewable energy is energy derived from natural sources  Green Energy Like Wind , Solar and many more options need to save global environment .  Need to remove Fossil fuels - coal, oil and gas, harmful greenhouse gas emissions, such as carbon dioxide. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 31
  32.  Geothermal energy utilizes the accessible thermal energy from the Earth’s interior. Heat is extracted from geothermal reservoirs using wells or other means.  Reservoirs that are naturally sufficiently hot and permeable are called hydrothermal reservoirs, whereas reservoirs that are sufficiently hot but that are improved with hydraulic stimulation are called enhanced geothermal systems.  Once at the surface, fluids of various temperatures can be used to generate electricity. The technology for electricity generation from hydrothermal reservoirs is mature and reliable, and has been 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 32
  33. Top 45 Green Energy startups in India - Updated: February 08, 2023 Funding: $4.2B  ReNew Power is a wind energy firm based in India. ReNew Wind Power has several wind projects under development, including a 25 megawatt wind farm in Gujarat and Funding: $623.8M Avaada Energy is committed to provide affordable, clean and abundant power for India. For us, it is a new journey. A journey fuelled by our passion for sustainable energy and backed by our credentials and the trust of our stakeholders. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 33
  34. Funding: $22M Sea6 Energy is a platform that utilizes the unlimited potential of the oceans in a sustainable and et Funding: $17.8M Exponent Energy is a start-up focused on developing fast charging technology for Electric Vehicles. Funding: $10M Matter is pushing the boundaries of performance, safety and reliability in energy storage and management 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 34
  35.  Paterson Energy is a waste to energy company that recycles plastic waste into quality plastic oil. Plastic Waste Pyrolysis –at Chennai  Founder Vidya Amarnath  Can see Video  3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 35
  36. Title of Slide number 23 Name of Environment Minister 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 36
  37.  Top 20 Indian Agritech Startups 2022 india-startups-2022/ 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 37 l Apna Godam Aarav Unmanned Systems AgricxLab Aibono Agrowave BigHaat Bijak BharatAgr i Bombay Hemp Company (BOHECO) Cropin Crofarm Clover Venture s Ergos Fasal Farm2Fa m Gold Farm Intello Labs KhetiGaa di Ninjacart Waycoo
  38.  Wheat , Rice – Turkey , Afghanistan Precision agriculture is a rapidly evolving farm management system that involves the use of sensor technology, AI, GIS, and IoT to collect and analyze data about the soil, plants, and animals. It allows for more targeted use of inputs such as water, fertilizer, plant nutrients, pesticides, seeds, and labor. - 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 38
  39.  India is where it all started for us – where we pioneered, tested and successfully scaled our video-enabled approach to agricultural extension. After spinning off from Microsoft Research in 2008, we worked with all levels of government in over 15,200 villages across India, touching the lives of over 1.9 million smallholder farmers, 90% of them women. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 39
  40. Training Improving Health Connecting farmers to markets Training frontline workers Frontline workers who screen the videos in their communities are crucial to our success. Since 2012, we have partnered with the Government of India’s National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) and its state- level counterparts to train over 12,500 frontline workers to use our approach for promotion of sustainable agriculture Improving health outcomes In an effort to address the holistic needs of rural communities, we address maternal, newborn and child health with a focus on family planning, hygiene and sanitation practices. The videos produced and disseminated communicate simple health practices that can lead to substantial improvements in health and nutrition Each week, smallholder farmers in India spend as much as a full day selling their produce at the nearest market, incurring especially high opportunity and transport costs when their produce volumes are low. To reduce those costs, Digital Green created Loop, a mobile app that enables farmers to more efficiently access markets by helping them aggregate their 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 40
  41.  Emboldened by our success in India and Ethiopia, Digital Green expanded our efforts to make an even larger impact worldwide through agriculture and health initiatives in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ghana, Guinea, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal and Tanzania. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 41
  42.  Digital Green works closely with Ethiopia’s Ministry of Agriculture at the national, regional, woreda (district) and kebele (clustered village) levels. At the woreda level, we build the capacity of subject-matter specialists to produce localized videos. At the kebele level, we train public extension officers to screen those videos among their communities. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 42
  43.  Import and Export –Bilateral Trade Agreement  Creating Infrastructure –Highways – Link roads  Railway Line for Dedicated Fright corridors  Easy Policies on Import of Raw Material, Technology, Man Power, Exchange of Skills .  Encouraging Policy on Innovative Products .  Various Incentives on Export of Technology, Consultancy and Finish goods . 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 43
  44.  Feed the Future Developing Local Extension Capacity (DLEC) improved extension programs, policies and services by creating locally-tailored, partnership-based solutions and by mobilizing active communities of practice to advocate for scaling proven approaches. Led by Digital Green in partnership with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the Global Forum for Rural Advisory Services (GFRAS), DLEC was an action-oriented, evidence- based learning project. DLEC ran from May 2016 until June 2021. Explore our legacy page by clicking the link below. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 44
  45.  Rikin Gandhi – Engineer from MIT, USA Cofounder Rikin spent in India’s rural communities changed his life. He developed a passion for helping the country’s rural farmers, whom he saw as heroes. More than a decade later, that passion has become Rikin’s career; 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 45
  46. Who started Waste Pyrolysis 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 46
  47. India’s G20 Sherpa, Shri Amitabh Kant addressing Digital Economy Working Group (DEWG) Meeting in Lucknow . 13 to 15 Feb -2023 The DEWG originated with the formation of the G20 Digital Economy Task Force (DETF) in 2017 during the German G20 presidency with a mandate to discuss the implementation of an interconnected, protected, and safe digital technology to develop an inclusive, resilient, and sustainable digital economy. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 47
  48.  As India takes up G20 presidency, India's success in creating a citizen-centric digital economy will be displayed as a model of creative use of technology to be replicated in other parts of the world.  As we move into the third decade of 21st century, digitalisation has been the pioneer in aiding the post-pandemic economic recovery. The shifting contours of the global economy into the digital space have opened new frontiers for development. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 48
  49.  India's digital transformation was accelerated by the 'Digital India' campaign. The role of digital economy is also becoming increasingly important for the G20, as it offers a range of opportunities for economic growth, job creation, and innovation. The G20 member countries in the past have acknowledged the significance of the digital economy and taken action to benefit from it. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 49
  50. India successfully organises the First Meeting of G20 Digital Economy Working Group in Lucknow from 13 February to 15 February 2023  The meeting, which took place in Lucknow, showcased India's digital transformation journey, and brought together G20 members, key knowledge partners, and guest countries to discuss digital public infrastructure, cyber security, and digital skilling.  India proposed mechanisms for digitally skilled future ready workforce. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 50
  51.  The development of Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI) in India has demonstrated that countries and developing economies can leapfrog traditional barriers to large-scale social and digital transformation at an affordable cost. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 51
  52.  The changing nature of technology and its diffusion across sectors implies a greater need for coordination across countries to impart futuristic skills that are easily accessible to a broad population base.  India's Presidency in 2023 provides an opportunity for the G20 to debate on this topic and come up with strategies to build re-skilling and upskilling programmes. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 52
  53.  India's digital economy has seen tremendous growth in the past decade; a growing user base of 800 million plus internet users, over 107 unicorns with a valuation of $340.79 billion and a system of over 1.3 billion digital identities transforming public service delivery, the country is poised to lead global conversation on technology innovation, digital public infrastructure, and other digital solutions.  As India takes up G20 presidency, India's success in creating a citizen-centric digital economy will be displayed as a model of creative use of technology to be replicated in other parts of the world. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 53
  54.  In light of the intensity of labour market challenges in G20 countries, the G20’s employment agenda was elevated to the working group level in 2014 with the creation of the Employment Working Group (EWG).  The OECD has made significant contributions over the years to the work on employment and social policies notably in the areas of youth unemployment, labour activation policies, social protection, new forms of work, and reducing the employment gender gaps, most often in partnership with the ILO. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 54
  55.  The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is a unique forum where the governments of 37 democracies with market-based economies collaborate to develop policy standards to promote sustainable economic growth.  The OECD has acted as a strategic advisor to the G20. The OECD participates in all G20 Working Group meetings and provides data, analytical reports and proposals on specific topics, often jointly with other relevant international organisations. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 55
  56.  The OECD has made significant contributions over the years to the work on employment and social policies notably in the areas of youth unemployment, labour activation policies, social protection, new forms of work, and reducing the employment gender gaps, most often in partnership with the ILO. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 56
  57.  Under the aegis of India's G20 Presidency, the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India shall be organizing the country's first Global Tourism Summit in New Delhi from 10-12 April 2023, where all G-20 member countries will be invited to participate. CII is the Industry Partner for this event. Tourist inflows had fallen to close to seven million in 2021, based on industry estimates, from 11 million in 2019 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 57
  58.  Ministry of Tourism Honorable Minister Sh. Mahesh Sharma 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 58
  59.  India took on the G20 presidency in December. "G20 will be used to position India as a major tourism destination during its presidency of G20 for 2023," a senior government official, who attended the first meeting of G20 Tourism Working Group in the state of Gujarat. The group is an intergovernmental forum of the world's 20 major developed and developing economies. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 59
  60.  The government is pushing green initiatives to promote responsible tourism in the country and authorities plan to ensure small businesses have the resources for green investments and to create local jobs.  India expects that a G20 tourism ministers' conference, due later this year, would focus on sustainable tourism to support environment and create opportunities for local businesses. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 60
  61.  Arvind Singh, secretary at the ministry of tourism, said more than 100,000 foreign delegates from the G20 are expected to visit India this year and would be able to experience India's diverse culture, including historic monuments and festivals. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 61
  62.  "The G20 will help in raising awareness about tourism potential at the global level," The government estimates that foreign tourist numbers could reach 15 million in 2024, contributing more than $30 billion in earnings. India has already added new airports, and provided online visa facilities for tourists from about 160 countries. The government also allows foreign investors to invest 100% in tourism related businesses. There are plans to ease visa rules further and introduce traveller-friendly immigration facilities at airports, officials said. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 62
  63. It was set up in June 2010 at the Toronto Summit of G-20. The year 2020 marks its 10th anniversary. Objective: To prepare "comprehensive recommendations for consideration by leaders on how the G20 could continue to make practical and valuable contributions to international efforts to combat corruption". 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 63
  64.  ACWG has led the G-20 anti-corruption efforts coordinating the collective and national actions taken by its members.  It actively works with the World Bank Group, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), etc. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 64
  65.  In recent years the G-20 has played a critical role in global and national anti-corruption efforts.  It recognizes the negative impact of corruption which, ‘threatens the integrity of markets, undermines fair competition, distorts resource allocation, destroys public trust, and undermines the rule of law’.  It is committed to ensuring that member countries lead by example and add value to existing international instruments and commitments. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 65
  66.  The G-20 agreed on the Anti-Corruption Action Plan, 2019-2021 in Buenos Aires in 2018. In the framework of this action plan,G-20 members look forward to developing targeted actions where the G- 20 can best add value in promoting international efforts in the fight against corruption.  The World Bank and the UNODC are also involved in the ACWG through the active participation and contribution of Stolen Asset Recovery Initiative (StAR) to its work, which plays an advisory role on asset recovery, anti-money laundering/counter-terrorism financing, transparency and beneficial ownership, etc. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 66
  67.  The G20 Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment (MCWE) was held from 24th to 25th August, 2022 in Bali as part of the G20 Presidency of Indonesia  The conference recommendations on accelerating women’s participation in the digital economy and the future of work. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 67
  68.  On the conference’s second day, Indonesia’s Minister of Women Empowerment and Child Protection presented the meeting’s summary notes and policy recommendations to the G20 leaders.  The Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection developed and presented six policy notes on education, employment, the digital economy, environment and climate change, energy transition, and health. The policy notes submitted by the MSC- led digital economy working group distill key recommendations to G20 ministers to bridge the digital gender gaps. The recommendations suggested to: 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 68
  69.  Increase the number of women-owned MSMEs in the digital economy;  Reduce the gender digital divide and upskill the capacity of women and girls to access digital platforms;  Increase public and private investment to promote a transformative digital economy;  Guarantee safe access and use of digital technologies;  Eliminate gender bias in AI and other emerging digital technologies. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 69
  70. G-20 is working on Development of Entire Globe in :-  Education, Innovations , Startup  Energy,  Agriculture,  Global Trade,  Digital economy,  Health and Environment,  Employment,  Tourism,  Anti-corruption,  and Women's Empowerment. 3/26/2023 Dr.Devendra Arora 70 Prof. Dr. Devendra Arora m President Noida – India