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Biological disaster

biological disaster

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Biological disaster

  1. 1. Name – DeepanshuName – Deepanshu Class – 9Class – 9thth – A– A Roll. No – A908Roll. No – A908 Subject – Social ScienceSubject – Social Science Modern Child PublicModern Child Public SchoolSchool
  2. 2. I would like to thank my social science teacher Mrs. Poonam Singh who gave me the golden opportunity to make this wonderful power point presentation on the topic “Biological Man Made Disaster”. I would also like to thank my friends , my parents and “Internet” who help me in making this PPT .
  3. 3. 1. Biological Disaster 2. Causes and Methods of dissemination of biological agents 3. Types of Biological Disaster 4. History: Major events across the globe 5. Impact 6. Prevention & Mitigation Measures 7.Inter-disaster Stage BiologicalBiological DisasterDisaster
  4. 4. Man Made DisasterMan Made Disaster  Disasters can be man made where the cause isDisasters can be man made where the cause is intentional or unintentional . All kinds of manintentional or unintentional . All kinds of man made disasters lead to human suffering , loss ofmade disasters lead to human suffering , loss of life and long term damage to a nationslife and long term damage to a nations economy.economy. TYPES OF MAN MADE DISASTERS 1. Nuclear disasters 2. Biological disasters 3. Chemical disasters
  5. 5. These are referred as poor mans nuclear bomb as these are easy to manufacture , transport and have the ability to kill hundreds and thousands of people. They are delivered using dusting airplanes or small perfumes atomizers . They
  6. 6. There are number of causes why biological weapons are potentially more powerful agents to mass casualties leading to civil disruptions. To attract widespread attention and to harm a selected target, these outfits can utilize possibly any biological material, which fulfils some of the criteria of bio-weapons.
  7. 7. • Biological agents can be disseminated with readily available technology. Common agricultural spray devices can be adopted to disseminate biological pathogens of the proper particle size to cause infection in human population over great distances.
  8. 8. Biological warfare has a long history of mass destruction through epidemic and pandemic diseases. Limited biological warfare is reported to have been carried out by Japan during World War- II. Recently, mycotoxins have been reported to be used in Afghanistan. Even before that it has also been documented that the Red Indians in North America were given the smallpox infected blankets. Nevertheless, the recent Anthrax attack in 2001 through letters caused worldwide concerns regarding the threats of bio-terrorism.
  9. 9. Beginning in mid-September 2001, the USA experienced unprecedented biological attacks involving the intentional distribution of bacillus anthracic spores through the postal system. The full impact of this bio-terrorist activity has not been assessed, but already the toll is large. Hundreds of people were affected. In the 20th- century series of cases, the mortality rate of occupationally acquired Inhalational anthrax was 89%, but majority of these cases occurred before the development of critical care units and in most cases before the advent of antibiotics. Prior to 2001 attacks, at Sverdlovsk, it had been reported that 68 of the 79 patients with Inhalational
  10. 10. However, a separate report from a hospital physician recorded 358 ill with 45 dead. A recent analysis of available Sverdlovsk data suggests that there may have been as many
  11. 11. Even a small-scale biological attack with a weapon grade agent on an urban center could cause massive morbidity and mortality, rapidly overwhelming the local medical capabilities. For example, an aerosolized release of little as 100kg of anthrax spores upwind of a metro city of a size of Washington D C has been estimated to have the potential to cause up to three millions of deaths.
  12. 12. . The general population should be educated and the made aware of the threats and risks associated with it. • Only cooked food and boiled/chlorinated/filtered water should be consumed • Insects and rodents control measures must be initiated immediately. • Clinical isolation of suspected and confirmed cases is essential.
  13. 13. 2. An early accurate diagnosis is the key to manage casualties of biological warfare. Therefore, a network of specialized laboratories should be established for a confirmatory laboratory diagnosis. 3. Existing disease surveillance system as well as vector control measures have be pursued more rigorously.
  14. 14. 4. Mass immunization program in the suspected area has be more vigorously followed up. 5. Enhancing the knowledge and skills of clinicians plays a vital role in controlling the adverse impact of the attack. As bio-terrorism related infections will remain rare events, creative ongoing strategies will be required to sustain attention to potential new cases. Action Plan for Biological Disaster Management in India
  15. 15. Biological Disaster could arise from a source located either inside the country or outside the country (warfare). Management of such a situation could be dealt effectively only if there is a disaster plan well integrated in the system and also there is mechanism of post
  16. 16. This is the period between two disasters in which pre-disaster planning in terms of system development should be
  17. 17. BibliographyBibliography  www.google.comwww.google.com  Disaster Management bookDisaster Management book
  18. 18. Thanks ForThanks For WaTchingWaTching