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Dean R Berry Killer Diseases part 1

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Dean R Berry Killer Diseases part 1

  1. 1. 1 Killer Diseases: Symptoms and Causes A Common Core Unit By: Dean Berry, Ed. D. Georgia Berry, M.A
  2. 2. 2 Diseases: Symptoms and Causes
  3. 3. Part One View, Read, and Think
  4. 4. 4 Perilous diseases such cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease cause many deaths in the U.S. every year.
  5. 5. Class Discussion How do you know if someone is having a heart attack? 5
  6. 6. Let’s review the symptoms of a heart attack. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Class Discussion Who is likely to have a heart attack? What are the risk factors for a heart attack? 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. The heart, a muscular pump, uses arteries and veins to transport nutrient rich blood to tissues throughout the body’s vascular system.
  11. 11. The health of the heart depends upon unrestricted blood flow to the heart muscle.
  12. 12. Three major arteries supply nutrient rich blood to the heart muscle.
  13. 13. Serious blockage to any one of these arteries will precipitate a heart attack.
  14. 14. Deposits of fatty material and inflammation or tears in the artery walls can create dangerous clots and blockages.
  15. 15. Do you know anyone who has had a stroke or a heart attack? How do you know they might be having a heart attack? What should be done to help the person? 15 Class Discussion
  16. 16. Class Discussion How can heart disease be reduced or prevented? 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. Life style changes can deter heart disease and extend longevity.
  19. 19. Americans have been very informed about the catastrophic results of heart disease for a long time. However, another very dangerous disease is afflicting more and more Americans every year. 19
  20. 20. 20 The increase in diabetes among Americans is nearing epidemic levels. One contributing factor to this increase appears to be the change in the average daily diet of Americans which now has five to ten times as much sugar as it did 50 years ago.
  21. 21. Type 2 diabetes is a result of the body developing a resistance to insulin. Since the muscles cannot process the higher levels of sugar in the blood stream, the body’s blood vessels sustain serious damage.
  22. 22. Class Discussion Do you know anyone who has diabetes? How should diabetics change their life style so their health can be improved? 22
  23. 23. Let’ summarize some of the things that we know about diabetes.  Go to the next frame 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. The probability of getting diabetes increases with higher stress, lower physical activity, family history, and excess food intake.
  26. 26. Since diabetes can have seriously adverse effects on the body, people who have diabetes usually have to monitor their blood sugar and take corrective action.
  27. 27. 27 Cancer is a variety of diseases that affect many different parts of the body and respond to a litany of treatments. For example, leukemia affects the body in a different way than a brain tumor.
  28. 28. Class Discussion How many kinds of cancer can you name? What kind of treatments are available? 28
  29. 29. There are many types of cancer.
  30. 30. The most common forms of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma, melanoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Since the color and shape of skin cancer can vary, a physician needs to make the diagnosis. Exposure to excessive amounts sunlight contributes to the formation of skin cancers.
  31. 31. Cancer is a daunting disease that results in out of control growth in body cells.
  32. 32. Cancer cells divide at a faster rate than normal cells and encroach on and destroy healthy tissue and organs.
  33. 33. This large tumor was removed from a cancer patient to reduce the chances of damage to surrounding tissue. After removal, physicians examined the patient for signs of malignant tissue to determine if the cancer had metastasized.
  34. 34. Class Discussion Why do some people get cancer while others do not? 34
  35. 35.  Cancer has many different causes. Some cancers are caused by environmental factors such as chemical pollutants or excessive exposure to the sun. Others are caused by life style issues such as diet and exercise. 35
  36. 36. 36 Cancer causes of cancer
  37. 37. 37 Many other diseases afflict our population and are generally related to our genetic makeup or our surrounding environment. Diseases of the lungs can be very dangerous and may be caused by genetic factors, air pollution, or smoking.
  38. 38. Discuss What are some of the diseases affect the lungs? 38
  39. 39. 39 Respiratory System Diseases
  40. 40. Discuss What are the symptoms for asthma? What triggers asthma attacks? How serious is an asthma attack? 40
  41. 41. 41 Many factors contribute to the increase in deadly diseases in the United States. Unfortunately, some individuals are predisposed to disease from birth. However, everyone can benefit from lifestyle and environmental changes.
  42. 42. 42
  43. 43. Let’s Collaborate Divide into pairs or small groups for the following discussion. 43
  44. 44. Discuss  Can exercise reduce your risk of serious disease?  What kind of exercise do you get?  How often do you exercise?  Would you exercise more if you knew that you would get a horrible disease because you do not exercise enough? 44
  45. 45. Report Back  How often do you exercise?  Why do you think exercise is important?  What might get you to exercise more often? 45
  46. 46. 46 Check-up and Review Raise your green card if you believe the statement is true or your red card if you think it is false.
  47. 47. 47 True or False-1 Heart attack symptoms are the same for men and women.
  48. 48. 48 False-1
  49. 49. 49 True or False-2 Eating a diet high in saturated fats and red meat increases a person’s risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
  50. 50. 50 True-2
  51. 51. 51 True or False-3 Excess weight and low exercise increases a person’s chances of having diabetes, cancer, or a heart attack.
  52. 52. 52 True-3
  53. 53. 53 True or False-4 Smoking destroys body cells and increases the risk of getting cancer and having a heart attack.
  54. 54. 54 True-4
  55. 55. 55 True or False-5 There is very little that people can do to keep from dying early from diabetes or heart disease.
  56. 56. 56 False-5
  57. 57. 57 True or False-6 Since there are so many good food choices in our world today, most people eat a healthier diet than people did 40 or 50 years ago.
  58. 58. 58 False-6
  59. 59. 59 True or False-7 Heart attacks can be reduced by taking aspirin, statin drugs, and blood pressure medication.
  60. 60. 60 True-7
  61. 61. 61 True or False-8 Sugar and salt are two of the more dangerous substances that people eat on a regular basis.
  62. 62. 62 True-8
  63. 63. 63 True or False-9 Diabetes sometimes leads to loss of vision, heart disease, and the amputation of legs.
  64. 64. 64 True-9
  65. 65. 65 True or False-10 Healthy blood pressure is usually 90 over 160.
  66. 66. 66 False-10
  67. 67. 67 Diseases Quiz A 1. Build-up plaque/fat deposits in the arteries 2. High blood sugar that causes blindness, amputation, and heart disease 3. Usually caused by smoke or pollution particles 4. Uncontrolled cell growth 5. Blood clots in the arteries of the brain. A. Diabetes B. Heart disease C. Stroke D. Cancer E. Lung cancer
  68. 68. 68 Quiz B Which one of these statements is false about Diabetes? A. Contributes to Heart Disease B. Results in Sugar levels always being low C. May be made worse by a poor diet and poor exercise D. May result in loss of limbs
  69. 69. 69 Quiz C Which one of the following does not increase the risk of getting Cancer? A. Saturated Fats B. Extra Sun Exposure C. Eating a low Calorie diet D. Tobacco Smoke E. Having a family member with Cancer
  70. 70. 70 Quiz D Which one is not a disease of the Respiratory System?
  71. 71. Class Assignment  The previous presentation contained higher level vocabulary words. During the course of this unit, you will be studying these words in several exercises and learning to use them as you complete writing tasks. 71
  72. 72. Critical Terms and Vocabulary Study the following terms and vocabulary as they relate to the main ideas presented in your selected sources. V
  73. 73. Vocabulary Practice  The following words were highlighted during the prior presentation. Use the Merriam-Webster.com online dictionary or regular dictionary, and write a definition for each of the following words. Review activities for these words will be included later in this unit.  Perilous vascular precipitate longevity  Deter catastrophic afflicting factor  Adverse metastasized litany daunting  Encroach afflict predisposed

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