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Dean r berry healthy wealthy and wise revised 6 6-18

  1. 1. Research, write, and present Healthy, Wealthy, and Wise: Your Decision By: Dean Berry, Ed. D. Georgia Berry, M.A.
  2. 2. Free PowerPoint Version at slide share.com Type in PPT title or dean r berry
  3. 3. Topic for Investigation  Life Style and its impact on serious diseases
  4. 4. Brainstorm and Discuss How can life style improve our health? Review and list the different ways health can be improved. 4
  5. 5. Brainstorm and Discuss What kind of foods promote good health? What kinds of foods are detrimental to our health? 5
  6. 6. Meet and Discuss Meet in pairs or small groups and DISCUSS ideas for this topic. How can diet improve a person’s health? Should we reduce the consumption of some meats? Why? How important is breakfast? Why? 
  7. 7. Topic for Investigation  Life Style and its impact on serious diseases
  8. 8. Take Notes Take careful notes as we review and discuss the following health information.
  9. 9. The decisions we make daily have a direct effect on our physical health. What we eat and how we exercise help determine how our cells and organs develop.
  10. 10. Class Discussion What kind of daily decisions do people make that affects their health?
  11. 11. The food that we ingest on a regular basis can contribute to the development of serious diseases as we get older. While diseases are caused by many different factors, a poor diet can put us at higher risk for disease.
  12. 12. Class Discussion What kind of diseases can be related to eating an unhealthy diet.?
  14. 14. Research tells us that there is a direct relationship between factors such as smoking, inactivity, and unhealthy foods and the risk of getting a major disease like cancer, diabetes, or heart problems. 14
  15. 15. Class Discussion How does smoking affect health?
  16. 16. The biggest lifestyle change for most Americans has been the explosion of fast food restaurants. There are ten times more fast food restaurants today than fifty years ago. The decrease in the health of Americans is directly linked to the high consumption of fast food with high calories and little nutritional value. 16
  17. 17. Class Discussion What do you consider fast food? How often do you eat fast food? How often should Americans eat fast food? Does eating fast food cause any particular problems?
  18. 18. Many research studies have indicated that foods high in saturated fats may contribute to numerous health problems. In addition, Red meat contains high amounts of a substance called carnitine which is linked to the increased development of cholesterol in the arteries.
  19. 19. Class Discussion What are the three “macronutrients” that provide nearly all of the energy needed by the human body and are found in the foods we eat daily?
  20. 20. Foods are composed of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Some foods contain fats that are very healthy for our bodies, and some foods contain fats that are less healthy.
  21. 21. 21 Types of Fat Saturated Red meat, pastries, deep fried foods, chips, cheese, and ice cream Polyunsaturated Corn oil, olive oil, peanut oil, safflower oil, and canola oil Monounsaturated Fish, nuts, olives, and avocados
  22. 22. Fats that are considered monounsaturated are very healthy for the proper development of cells, tissues, and organs. Increasing the amount of this type of fat in the daily diet actually improves overall health and physical performance.
  23. 23. Class Discussion What are the two types of carbohydrates? Why is one type of carbohydrate considered much healthier than the other?
  24. 24. Carbohydrates can be simple or complex. Complex carbs are much healthier because they contain more nutrients and are released more slowly into the bloodstream enabling cells to receive energy over a longer period of time. Vegetables and fruits contain complex carbohydrates while pastries and other sugary snacks contain simple carbs.
  25. 25. Unhealthy carbs turn into sugar. Too many unhealthy carbohydrates can increase the risk for diabetes for people who are unable to process an overload of glucose(sugar) in the bloodstream. 25
  26. 26. Class Discussion Why is diabetes increasing at an alarming rate in the United States? What kind of health problems are caused by diabetes?
  27. 27. Type 2 Diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate in the United States. It appears that the American diet that is high in sugar, simple carbohydrates and saturated fats is the blame for the diabetes epidemic. Diabetes causes heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and the loss of limbs. 27
  28. 28. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes include excessive thirst, dry mouth, frequent urination, blurred vision, and slow healing sores.
  29. 29. Risk factors such as inactivity, stress, and a nutrient poor diet can increase the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. However, many people can change their life style and improve their health.
  30. 30. Type 2 diabetes is a very serious disease that decreases the ability of the pancreas to process sugars. As the disease progresses, the body becomes insulin resistant, and glucose levels rise in the bloodstream creating damage in the blood vessels and nerves.
  31. 31. Class Discussion What can people do to reduce their risk of diabetes?
  32. 32. Reducing the risk of diabetes includes life style changes such as increased physical activity, weight loss, stress reduction, and improved diet.
  33. 33. Increasing the amount of nutritious vegetables in our daily diet is the easiest way to improve our health. 33
  34. 34. Class Discussion All organs in our body are affected by the quality of foods that we include in our daily diet. Which foods do you think might be the most beneficial to maximize our brain power?
  35. 35. Certain foods in our diet improve the functioning of our brains. A good slogan for brain health might be, “Eat smart, be smart”.
  36. 36. Although research is still ongoing, some scientists believe that future research may find that memory and spatial skills in the brain are enhanced by certain food groups.
  37. 37. Some experts believe that foods such as berries, avocado, fish, eggs, and dark chocolate may be brain boosters. Future research may give us additional information.
  38. 38. Maintaining a nutritious, daily diet is important in reducing the risk for diseases such as anemia, osteoporosis, cancer, and heart disease.
  39. 39. Class Discussion What is anemia? What are the symptoms? What can some people do to reduce anemia?
  40. 40. 40 Diet Related Illnesses
  41. 41. Class Discussion What kinds of foods should be avoided by a person who is at high risk for heart disease?
  42. 42. Most medical experts are convinced that diets that are high in saturated fats and simple carbohydrates are likely contributors to heart disease.
  43. 43. Most major diseases are affected by lifestyle issues such as body weight, nutrition, exercise, smoking, and sleep deprivation.
  44. 44. Heart attacks and strokes are directly related to life style factors such as inactivity, stress, sleep deprivation, weight, and diet.
  45. 45. Class Discussion If you had to choose one regular behavior to improve your health, which behavior do you think most doctors would say is the most beneficial?
  46. 46. Getting plenty of daily exercise may be the most important health decision most people make.
  47. 47. Another critical life style decision is to avoid smoking cigarettes. Solid scientific research links smoking to cancer and heart disease.
  48. 48. Class Discussion What are the leading causes of cancer?
  49. 49. While there are many different causes of cancer, poor diet and tobacco are the leading causes of cancer according to current research. However, obesity is expected to overtake tobacco as the leading cause of cancer in the near future.
  50. 50. Sometimes certain types of foods are closely correlated with a reduced risk of serious disease. In the spring of 2014, the results of a major study found that consuming green tea, coffee, and peaches had a significant impact on reducing the incidence of cancer.
  51. 51. Fortunately, most health issues can be avoided by making informed choices and making healthier living a priority. Eating healthy foods, getting adequate exercise, avoiding trans fats, and getting recommended inoculations can make a significant difference in health and longevity.
  52. 52. Class Discussion Other than diet and exercise, what are some other actions that people can take to improve their overall health?
  53. 53. Simple things such as eating a good breakfast, maintaining close family connections, and having a calm personality can improve one’s health.
  54. 54. Living Healthy
  55. 55. Feeling good physically and mentally is often related to our life style choices. A lifestyle that results in good health is worth a fortune. 56
  56. 56. Vocabulary Practice  The following words were highlighted during the prior presentation. Use the Merriam-Webster.com online dictionary or regular dictionary, and write a definition for each of the following words. Review activities for these words will be included later in this unit.  ingest consumption excessive enhanced deprivation correlated incidence adequate inoculations longevity
  57. 57. Topic for Investigation  Life Style and its impact on serious diseases
  58. 58. Convergent Thinking Now that you have reviewed information on this topic, and generated ideas in small groups, the evaluation phase of this unit will begin. During this phase, convergent thinking is used to analyze arguments, examine evidence, and make judgments about the quality of each idea.
  59. 59. Solution Evaluation Stage How can Americans change their life style to promote good health? •Positive facts and data •Strengths such as low cost or easy implementation •Supportive research information•Weaknesses such as unintended consequences Solution number one Solution number two Solution number four Solution number three
  60. 60. Gather the Facts and Supporting Evidence Use all available sources, primary and secondary, and books and internet to access the important information for your topic.
  61. 61. Conduct Research on the Issues Use technology and text material to research the effects of life style on human health. Determine the importance of various life style choices and risk factors for major diseases, and propose a plan to improve the health of Americans. This will be a short research assignment and should generate two or three pages of notes. The notes will used during the next class discussion to review ideas and solutions and to write a proposal. 62
  62. 62. Explore the Issue Does life style have a significant impact on health and longevity? Evaluate the possible effects of life style on health and longevity. Consider the effects of exercise, weight, stress, tobacco, alcohol, and diet. 63
  63. 63. Take a Position on the Most Important Life Style Decisions In order to make a convincing argument for or against an idea or event, it is very important to evaluate the facts and see if they support your position. The first step is to ask relevant questions that will guide your investigation of the evidence. 64
  64. 64. Conducting the Research Identify specific questions about the issue to guide your investigation of the facts. Determine if the evidence is credible and supports your main arguments. Use internet and book sources to gather credible information. 65
  65. 65. Identify the Most significant information As you conduct research on your topic, use the following essential questions to guide your research and provide focus.
  66. 66. Inquiring Minds Want to Know Essential Questions Does smoking or drinking contribute to heart disease and cancer? How often should the average person exercise to improve health? What constitutes a healthy diet? Can good friendships and close families improve health? Is stress a risk factor for disease? Is obesity related to risk of serious disease? 67
  67. 67. Essential Questions To Guide Research 1. How does daily diet affect health and longevity? 2. How does stress or sleep impact a person’s health? 3. What life style factors increase the risk for diseases like cancer, diabetes, and heart disease? 4. What does the latest research say about eating a high carbohydrate diet? 5. Why is smoking considered dangerous to people’s health and longevity?
  68. 68. The Proof is in the Pudding The Issue: Does life style have a significant affect on health and longevity? Your assignment is to research this issue, take a position, support your arguments with sufficient evidence, and write a report to convince others of your point of view. 69
  69. 69. Critical Terms and Vocabulary Study the following terms and vocabulary as they relate to the main ideas presented in your selected sources.
  70. 70. Key Vocabulary and Terminology Identify and Write the Definition for Each Longevity Trans fats Hypertension Monounsaturated Cardiovascular Carbohydrates Anemia Osteoporosis Flavonoids Tobacco Addiction Cholesterol Coronary Heart Disease Glycemic Index Glucose Sleep Deprivation
  71. 71. What is Cholesterol? 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHpMT7xJR3s
  72. 72. What is Fat? 4 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QhUrc4BnPgg
  73. 73. Why Sitting is Bad For You 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wUEl8KrMz14
  74. 74. What Makes Muscles Grow? 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2tM1LFFxeKg
  75. 75. Carbohydrates and Health 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wxzc_2c6GMg
  76. 76. Food and Your Brain 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyQY8a-ng6g
  77. 77. !5 Foods to Reduce Heart Attack Risks 13 min Excellent  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TKyY5zhrlfQ
  78. 78. Facts About Coffee 6 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TN0cxBYh8t8
  79. 79. What Causes Cavities? Excellent 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zGoBFU1q4g0
  80. 80. How Do Vitamins Work? 5 min Excellent  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ISZLTJH5lYg
  81. 81. Carbohydrates and Your Health 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wxzc_2c6GMg&t=191s
  82. 82. How Sugar Affects the Brain 5 min Ted Ed  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lEXBxijQREo
  83. 83. How much does the typical American diet vary from a well balanced diet? Explain
  84. 84. How would your diet need to be different for a person who wants to lose weight rather than build muscle?
  85. 85. What is meant by essential nutrients? Which of these are minerals?
  86. 86. What’s the purpose of a food pyramid? Why are meats and beans in the same category?
  87. 87. Use the Following internet sources to gather information on your research topic. See the PowerPoint version of this unit in order to quickly access hyperlinked sources.
  88. 88. The following slides provide sources for the research project. See powerpoint for easy linking 89
  89. 89. Research Notes Collect a minimum of 2-3 pages of notes Gather information that will enable you to write a short two page essay Use the following standards based questions to complete the required reading assignment.
  90. 90. Heart Health and Life Style choices http://www.patient.co.uk/health/pre venting-cardiovascular-diseases 91
  91. 91. Research: Nutrition and Brain Function http://www.sciencedaily.com/rele ases/2012/10/121017091724.htm
  92. 92. Eat Smart and Think Better http://www.webmd.com/diet/fea tures/eat-smart-healthier-brain
  93. 93. Nutrition and the Brain: New Research http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/ articles/251634.php
  94. 94. Environmental Risk Factors for Heart Disease http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2 /bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Heart_disease_you r_risk-factors_explained?open 95
  95. 95. Diabetes and Life Style http://www.lifescript.com/health/cen ters/diabetes/news/2011/09/05/man y_lifestyle_factors_linked_to_diabetes _risk.aspx 96
  96. 96. Smoking and Cancer http://www.cdc.gov/cance r/lung/basic_info/risk_facto rs.htm 97
  97. 97. Tobacco and Cancer Risks http://www.cancerresearchuk. org/cancer- info/healthyliving/smokingand tobacco/smoking-and-cancer 98
  98. 98. Cancer and Life Style Issues http://www.cancer.org/healthy/eathe althygetactive/acsguidelinesonnutriti onphysicalactivityforcancerpreventio n/acs-guidelines-on-nutrition-and- physical-activity-for-cancer- prevention-dietand-activity 99
  99. 99. Saturated Fat and Cancer Risk http://www.webmd.com/c ancer/news/20081113/satu rated-fats-intestinal- cancer-linked 100
  100. 100. Carbs and Diabetes: Harvard Research http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/ nutritionsource/carbohydrates/ carbohydrates-and-blood- sugar/ 101
  101. 101. Overview of Lifestyle Diseases http://www.drhealth.md/life -style-diseases/ 102
  102. 102. Lifestyle and Disease Research http://www.vu.edu.au/research/era- expertise-capability/college-based- research/health- biomedicine/biomedical-lifestyle- diseases 103
  103. 103. Medical Consequences of Drug Abuse http://www.drugabuse.gov/rel ated-topics/medical- consequences-drug-abuse 104
  104. 104. Health Risks and Alcohol/Drugs http://www.hartwick.edu/campus- life/social-issues-and-wellness- education/health-risks-of-alcohol- and-drug-abuse 105
  105. 105. Sleep Deprivation and Health http://www.webmd.com/sleep -disorders/features/important- sleep-habits 106
  106. 106. Epidemic of Sleep Loss and Health Problems http://www.cdc.gov/f eatures/dssleep/ 107
  107. 107. Lack of Sleep and Health Problems http://psychcentral.com/blog/arc hives/2013/02/13/8-effects-of- sleep-deprivation-on-your- health/ 108
  108. 108. Serious Problems with Sleep Loss http://www.webmd.com/sleep- disorders/excessive-sleepiness- 10/10-results-sleep-loss 109
  109. 109. Stress and Health Problems http://www.mayoclinic.org /healthy-living/stress- management/in- depth/stress/art-20046037 110
  110. 110. Scary Things Stress Does to Your Body http://www.huffingtonpost .com/2013/02/04/stress- health-effects-cancer- immune- system_n_2599551.html 111
  111. 111. NIH: Negative Impact of Stress on the Body http://www.nimh.nih.gov/ health/publications/stress/i ndex.shtml 112
  112. 112. Your Essay Topic Organize your ideas and prepare to write an essay reviewing our constitutional rights to free speech and freedom of the press. Use Supreme Court decisions to determine how the internet can be used legally for freedom of expression. Include a discussion of potential issues such as inciting violence, libel, and defamation of character.
  113. 113. Write a Proposal Use your notes to write a two page proposal to review the issues related to freedom of expression and to recommend ways to protect both the public and each individual’s rights to free expression while using the internet. Provide specific information to support your proposed ideas with clearly articulated arguments and sufficient evidence.
  114. 114. Your Proposal Define the issue/problem Outline the details of your argument Cite supporting research Project possible roadblocks Specify contingency or back up plans
  115. 115. Develop a Writing Plan Determine what your main point will be, and write a topic sentence that provides focus for your essay. Choose several main ideas that support your topic sentence. Sort your information into supporting details with facts and examples. 116
  116. 116. Organize Your Ideas Sort your ideas into supporting details with examples. Determine what your main idea will be, and write a topic sentence that provides focus for your essay.
  117. 117. Use the five paragraph essay format to write your paper. 118
  118. 118. Details Must Support the Main Ideas Provide specific facts, examples, and reasons for each main idea in the body of your essay
  119. 119. Prepare to Write Use your outline and write an essay on your topic. As you write your rough draft, it will be very important to use special words that enable you to transition smoothly from one idea to the next. 120
  120. 120. Transition Words As you view these words, select the words that help you make transitions smoothly from one idea to the next.  as a result  such as  for example  nevertheless  for that reason  finally  at this time  therefore  furthermore  in addition  in conclusion  as well as 121
  121. 121. Word Power Using more powerful or descriptive words in your essay elevates your writing to a stronger and more interesting level. Try using a few of these words or terms in your essay. libel Judicial decisions civil lawsuit slander defamation of character disrupt the learning environment Incite violence clear and present danger Vulgar and obscene
  122. 122. Relevance to the Real World The final conclusion of your rough draft should explain why your point of view on the issue is important for the future. Answer these questions as you write your conclusion. 1. Why is your issue important to our world? 2. Why should anyone care about it? 3. What would be the negative results if your recommendations are not followed?
  123. 123. Review and Edit Once you have completed your rough draft, read your essay several times and make revisions and additions.
  124. 124. Review, Edit, and Rewrite 1. Re-read your essay several times. 2. How can you improve your sentences to communicate more clearly? 3. Are your main ideas supported by examples and details? 4. Exchange papers with another student and read each other’s essay out loud. 125
  125. 125. 126 Check up and Review Raise your green card if you believe the statement is true or your red card if you think it is false.
  126. 126. True or False Evolved means… To have developed and changed over a period of time.
  127. 127. True or False Essential means… that something is helpful but not really necessary.
  128. 128. True or False Obscenity means… using expressions or behaviors that are crude, lewd and offensive.
  129. 129. True or False Relinquish means… to fight in order to keep what you have.
  130. 130. True or False Tempered means… to adjust or modify something to be less harsh and more acceptable.
  131. 131. True or False Deem means… to believe or determine something.
  132. 132. True or False Castigate means… to tell someone how wonderful they are.
  133. 133. True or False Cornerstone means… something that is less important and usually unnecessary.
  134. 134. True or False Infringing means… interfering with something or someone.
  135. 135. True or False Aspect means… a part of something or the way something appears.
  136. 136. True or False Totalitarian means… controlling people in a strict way with complete power.
  137. 137. True or False Incite means… to get others to participate in good deeds.
  138. 138. True or False Blatantly means… to do something in a very obvious and offensive way.
  139. 139. True or False Defame means… to harm someone’s reputation by slander or libel.
  140. 140. True or False Vigorously means… To do something without using much effort or energy.
  141. 141. Determine if the following words are correctly used in the sentence. If the vocabulary word is used correctly in the sentence, raise your green card for TRUE. If the vocabulary word is used incorrectly in the sentence, raise your red card for FALSE.
  142. 142. True or False The plan for the new park evolved over a period of time.
  143. 143. True or False The car picked up an essential nail in the back tire.
  144. 144. True or False The sweet sounding obscenity was music to her ears.
  145. 145. True or False The teenager did not want to relinquish the cell phone.
  146. 146. True or False They tempered their expectations for the vacation because money was in short supply.
  147. 147. True or False The essay was deemed satisfactory by the teacher.
  148. 148. True or False Most children prefer to be castigated when they do a good job.
  149. 149. True or False Checking for evidence is the cornerstone of effective problem solving.
  150. 150. True or False Infringing is a great way to study for a big test.
  151. 151. True or False Juan did not like the aspect of the job that involved working very late at night.
  152. 152. True or False Totalitarian type personalities make great leaders because they try to include others in key decision making.
  153. 153. True or False Inciting violent acts is against the law.
  154. 154. True or False She blatantly told the secret so very few people would find out.
  155. 155. True or False Defaming people is a great way to make friends and get ahead in life.
  156. 156. True or False The young man worked vigorously to help his client solve the problem.
  157. 157. Vocabulary Test Number your paper, and select the letter of the definition that provides the best meaning for each word.
  158. 158. Matching Vocabulary Test A ______1. evolve A. to sternly warn and discipline someone ____2. deemed B. to do something obviously and offensively ____3. incite C. very essential in building something strong ____4. essential D. crude, lewd, and offensive behavior ____5. castigate E. to develop gradually ____6. blatant F. to have determined or believed something ___ 7. obscenity G. to get others to participate in a negative way ____8. cornerstone H. something that is very important to have
  159. 159. Matching Vocabulary Test B ____1. relinquish A. to interfere with someone or something ____2. tempered B. a part of something or its appearance ____3. infringe C. to harm someone’s reputation with slander ____4. aspect D. something crude or indecent ____5. vulgarity E. to do something with great energy ____6. vigorous F. modification to make something acceptable ___ 7. defame G. to give up something
  160. 160. Problem Solving Apply your problem solving skills to the following real world problem.
  161. 161. Group Problem Solving Meet in small groups and develop a health plan to solve this problem. 162
  162. 162. The Problem An obese, thirty year old man who smokes and sleeps 5 or 6 hours a night has serious health problems. Design a specific plan to keep him from getting diabetes or heart disease. 163
  163. 163. Report Back to Class Share each small group’s ideas about how to improve the subject’s health. Try to arrive at a class consensus about the best ways to improve the subject’s quality of life.