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Dean r berry deadly diseases revised 6 10-18

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Dean r berry deadly diseases revised 6 10-18

  1. 1. 1 Deadly Diseases: Symptoms and Causes By: Dean Berry, Ed. D. Georgia Berry, M.A
  2. 2. Free PowerPoint at slideshare.com  Type PPT title or dean r berry 2
  3. 3. 3 Diseases: Symptoms and Causes Free PowerPoint Version at Slideshare.com (search this title)
  4. 4. 4 Perilous diseases such cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease cause many deaths in the U.S. every year.
  5. 5. Class Discussion How do you know if someone is having a heart attack? 5
  6. 6. Let’s review the symptoms of a heart attack. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Class Discussion Who is likely to have a heart attack? What are the risk factors for a heart attack? 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. The heart, a muscular pump, uses arteries and veins to transport nutrient rich blood to tissues throughout the body’s vascular system.
  11. 11. The health of the heart depends upon unrestricted blood flow to the heart muscle.
  12. 12. Three major arteries supply nutrient rich blood to the heart muscle.
  13. 13. Serious blockage to any one of these arteries will precipitate a heart attack.
  14. 14. Deposits of fatty material and inflammation or tears in the artery walls can create dangerous clots and blockages.
  15. 15. Do you know anyone who has had a stroke or a heart attack? How do you know they might be having a heart attack? What should be done to help the person? 15 Class Discussion
  16. 16. Class Discussion How can heart disease be reduced or prevented? 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. Life style changes can deter heart disease and extend longevity.
  19. 19. Americans have been very informed about the catastrophic results of heart disease for a long time. However, another very dangerous disease is afflicting more and more Americans every year. 19
  20. 20. 20 The increase in diabetes among Americans is nearing epidemic levels. One contributing factor to this increase appears to be the change in the average daily diet of Americans which now has five to ten times as much sugar as it did 50 years ago.
  21. 21. Type 2 diabetes is a result of the body developing a resistance to insulin. Since the muscles cannot process the higher levels of sugar in the blood stream, the body’s blood vessels sustain serious damage.
  22. 22. Class Discussion Do you know anyone who has diabetes? How should diabetics change their life style so their health can be improved? 22
  23. 23. Let’ summarize some of the things that we know about diabetes.  Go to the next frame 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. The probability of getting diabetes increases with higher stress, lower physical activity, family history, and excess food intake.
  26. 26. Since diabetes can have seriously adverse effects on the body, people who have diabetes usually have to monitor their blood sugar and take corrective action.
  27. 27. 27 Cancer is a variety of diseases that affect many different parts of the body and respond to a litany of treatments. For example, leukemia affects the body in a different way than a brain tumor.
  28. 28. Class Discussion How many kinds of cancer can you name? What kind of treatments are available? 28
  29. 29. There are many types of cancer.
  30. 30. The most common forms of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma, melanoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Since the color and shape of skin cancer can vary, a physician needs to make the diagnosis. Exposure to excessive amounts sunlight contributes to the formation of skin cancers.
  31. 31. Cancer is a daunting disease that results in out of control growth in body cells.
  32. 32. Cancer cells divide at a faster rate than normal cells and encroach on and destroy healthy tissue and organs.
  33. 33. This large tumor was removed from a cancer patient to reduce the chances of damage to surrounding tissue. After removal, physicians examined the patient for signs of malignant tissue to determine if the cancer had metastasized.
  34. 34. Class Discussion Why do some people get cancer while others do not? 34
  35. 35.  Cancer has many different causes. Some cancers are caused by environmental factors such as chemical pollutants or excessive exposure to the sun. Others are caused by life style issues such as diet and exercise. 35
  36. 36. 36 Cancer causes of cancer
  37. 37. 37 Many other diseases afflict our population and are generally related to our genetic makeup or our surrounding environment. Diseases of the lungs can be very dangerous and may be caused by genetic factors, air pollution, or smoking.
  38. 38. Discuss What are some of the diseases affect the lungs? 38
  39. 39. 39 Respiratory System Diseases
  40. 40. Discuss What are the symptoms for asthma? What triggers asthma attacks? How serious is an asthma attack? 40
  41. 41. 41 Many factors contribute to the increase in deadly diseases in the United States. Unfortunately, some individuals are predisposed to disease from birth. However, everyone can benefit from lifestyle and environmental changes.
  42. 42. 42
  43. 43. Let’s Collaborate Divide into pairs or small groups for the following discussion. 43
  44. 44. Discuss  Can exercise reduce your risk of serious disease?  What kind of exercise do you get?  How often do you exercise?  Would you exercise more if you knew that you would get a horrible disease because you do not exercise enough? 44
  45. 45. Report Back  How often do you exercise?  Why do you think exercise is important?  What might get you to exercise more often? 45
  46. 46. 46 Check-up and Review Raise your green card if you believe the statement is true or your red card if you think it is false.
  47. 47. 47 True or False-1 Heart attack symptoms are the same for men and women.
  48. 48. 48 False-1
  49. 49. 49 True or False-2 Eating a diet high in saturated fats and red meat increases a person’s risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
  50. 50. 50 True-2
  51. 51. 51 True or False-3 Excess weight and low exercise increases a person’s chances of having diabetes, cancer, or a heart attack.
  52. 52. 52 True-3
  53. 53. 53 True or False-4 Smoking destroys body cells and increases the risk of getting cancer and having a heart attack.
  54. 54. 54 True-4
  55. 55. 55 True or False-5 There is very little that people can do to keep from dying early from diabetes or heart disease.
  56. 56. 56 False-5
  57. 57. 57 True or False-6 Since there are so many good food choices in our world today, most people eat a healthier diet than people did 40 or 50 years ago.
  58. 58. 58 False-6
  59. 59. 59 True or False-7 Heart attacks can be reduced by taking aspirin, statin drugs, and blood pressure medication.
  60. 60. 60 True-7
  61. 61. 61 True or False-8 Sugar and salt are two of the more dangerous substances that people eat on a regular basis.
  62. 62. 62 True-8
  63. 63. 63 True or False-9 Diabetes sometimes leads to loss of vision, heart disease, and the amputation of legs.
  64. 64. 64 True-9
  65. 65. 65 True or False-10 Healthy blood pressure is usually 90 over 160.
  66. 66. 66 False-10
  67. 67. Add to this list of killer diseases by creating your own graphic organizer. 67
  68. 68. Create your own graphic organizer using these risk factors for heart disease 68
  69. 69. Create your own graphic organizer of risk factors for NCD 69
  70. 70. What are these risk factors for? 70
  71. 71. Create your own graphic organizer for this information. 71
  72. 72. What are these risk factors for? 72
  73. 73. What causes a hear attack? Ted Ed 5 min Excellent  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3_PY nWVoUzM 73
  74. 74. 7 Warning Signs of Stroke 4 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sVkjy L8i-pc 74
  75. 75. Anti Oxidants: How they work 4 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lG3O OXIXvxw 75
  76. 76. 10 Best Foods for Anti Oxidants 7 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZL0I s6Wa_g 76
  77. 77. Coronary Heart Disease 2 min Animation  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CIvA7 1cQJmQ 77
  78. 78. The Most Dangerous Drug in the World 4 min In a Nut Shell  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qS6L oRYUdhw 78
  79. 79. The Most Dangerous Ocean Creatures 8 min Brightside  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mG8 wjnBKBPA 79
  80. 80. How Stress Affects Your Brain 4 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WuyP uH9ojCE
  81. 81. The Immune System: Bacteria Infection 6 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zQGO cOUBi6s
  82. 82. What Causes Cavities? Excellent 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zGoB FU1q4g0
  83. 83. What is Leukemia? 4 min Excellent  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3B- AaqjyjE
  84. 84. How Cancer Spreads Ted Ed 5 min Excellent  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OcigJ n8UJNQ
  85. 85. Why is it So Hard to Cure Cancer? Ted Ed. 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h2rR7 7VsF5c
  86. 86. What Makes You Feel Awful When You are Sick? 5 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gVdY 9KXF_Sg
  87. 87. The Biology of Cancer Excellent 12 min. Very Professional  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=46Xh 7OFkkCE
  88. 88. From Healthy Cell to Cancerous Cell 4 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8LhQl lh46yI
  89. 89. How Do Cancer Cells Behave? Ted Ed 4 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmFE oCFDi-w
  90. 90. Gruesome Parasites In a Nutshell 6 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qNW WrDBRBqk
  91. 91. How the Heart Pumps Blood Ted Ed 4 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ruM4 Xxhx32U
  92. 92. Diabetes made Simple 4 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MGL6 km1NBWE
  93. 93. Diabetes and the Body 8 min  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X9ivR 4y03DE
  94. 94. 94 Diseases Quiz A 1. Build-up plaque/fat deposits in the arteries 2. High blood sugar that causes blindness, amputation, and heart disease 3. Usually caused by smoke or pollution particles 4. Uncontrolled cell growth 5. Blood clots in the arteries of the brain. A. Diabetes B. Heart disease C. Stroke D. Cancer E. Lung cancer
  95. 95. 95 Quiz B Which one of these statements is false about Diabetes? A. Contributes to Heart Disease B. Results in Sugar levels always being low C. May be made worse by a poor diet and poor exercise D. May result in loss of limbs
  96. 96. 96 Quiz C Which one of the following does not increase the risk of getting Cancer? A. Saturated Fats B. Extra Sun Exposure C. Eating a low Calorie diet D. Tobacco Smoke E. Having a family member with Cancer
  97. 97. 97 Quiz D Which one is not a disease of the Respiratory System?
  98. 98. Class Assignment  The previous presentation contained higher level vocabulary words. During the course of this unit, you will be studying these words in several exercises and learning to use them as you complete writing tasks. 98
  99. 99. Critical Terms and Vocabulary Study the following terms and vocabulary as they relate to the main ideas presented in your selected sources. V
  100. 100. Vocabulary Practice  The following words were highlighted during the prior presentation. Use the Merriam-Webster.com online dictionary or regular dictionary, and write a definition for each of the following words. Review activities for these words will be included later in this unit.  Perilous vascular precipitate longevity  Deter catastrophic afflicting factor  Adverse metastasized litany daunting  Encroach afflict predisposed
  101. 101. Conduct Research on the Issues  Use technology and text material to research the effects of exercise on human health. Determine the importance of exercise as a risk factor for major diseases, and propose a plan to get more Americans exercising on a regular basis.  This will be a short research assignment and should generate two or three pages of notes. The notes will used during the next class discussion to review ideas and solutions and to write a proposal. 101
  102. 102. Essential Questions to Guide Research  Can exercise reduce your risk of serious disease?  How often do most Americans exercise?  According to research, how will longevity be affected by exercise?  How can employers, health institutions, or the government help get people to exercise more?  How will health costs be affected if Americans continue to be inactive and overweight?  Should television commercials be used to show people the horrible diseases they may end up with from lack of exercise and obesity.
  103. 103.  The following slides provide sources for the research project.
  104. 104. Exercise is Great for Health  http://www.health.harvard.edu/healthbeat /the-secret-to-better-health-exercise 104
  105. 105. Exercise and Heart Disease  http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/prevent ion/exercise/exercise-for-your-heart- health.aspx 105
  106. 106. The Value of Exercise  http://www.webmd.com/fitness- exercise/guide/exercise-healthy-heart 106
  107. 107. CDC: Importance of Exercise  http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/every one/health/ 107
  108. 108. Fitness and Health  http://fitness.mercola.com/sites/fitness/ex ercises.aspx 108
  109. 109. Improving the Quality of Life Through Exercise  http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Getting Healthy/PhysicalActivity/StartWalking/Phys ical-activity-improves-quality-of- life_UCM_307977_Article.jsp 109
  110. 110. Mayo Clinic: Exercise for Better Health  http://www.mayoclinic.org/exercise/art- 20048389 110
  111. 111. Exercise and Disease Reduction  http://www.vanderbilt.edu/AnS/psycholog y/health_psychology/exercise.htm 111
  112. 112. Vocabulary Review
  113. 113. 113 Check up and Review Raise your green card if you believe the statement is true or your red card if you think it is false.
  114. 114. True or False  Perilous means…  very dangerous.
  115. 115. True or False  Deter means…  to discourage something from happening.
  116. 116. True or False  Vascular means…  very strong muscles.
  117. 117. True or False  Precipitate means…  to keep something from happening.
  118. 118. True or False  Longevity means…  the ability to study with lots of noise around.
  119. 119. True or False  Catastrophic means…  a necessary part of conducting scientific research.
  120. 120. True or False  Afflicting means…  causing distress or pain.
  121. 121. True or False  Factor means…  something that influences an outcome.
  122. 122. True or False  Adverse means…  influenced by positive events.
  123. 123. True or False  Metastasized means…  that a benign tumor is controlled and harmless.
  124. 124. True or False  Litany means…  a long list of things.
  125. 125. True or False  Daunting means…  when something seems worthwhile and achievable.
  126. 126. True or False  Encroach means…  to demonstrate a willingness to share with others.
  127. 127. True or False  Predisposed means…  to make somebody inclined to do something.
  128. 128. Determine if the following words are correctly used in the sentence.  If the vocabulary word is used correctly in the sentence, raise your green card for TRUE.  If the vocabulary word is used incorrectly in the sentence, raise your red card for FALSE.
  129. 129. True or False  The five travelers took a perilous journey by foot across death valley.
  130. 130. True or False Some research suggests that cameras in public places can deter crime.
  131. 131. True or False  Some viruses are known to cause a deadly vascular flu that kills 70% of its victims.
  132. 132. True or False  Shooting missiles into another country will certainly precipitate a military response.
  133. 133. True or False  His longevity made it difficult to find clothes that would fit properly.
  134. 134. True or False  Most people look forward to holidays that include catastrophic events.
  135. 135. True or False  The Ebola virus has been afflicting thousands of people in parts of Africa.
  136. 136. True or False  Which factors seem to be the most likely to be contributing to the increase in diabetes in the United States?
  137. 137. True or False  The contestants loved the adverse conditions since they made it much easier to complete the course.
  138. 138. True or False  Since the cancer had metastasized, the doctor determined it was in remission.
  139. 139. True or False  The people presented the government with a litany of grievances that they wanted addressed.
  140. 140. True or False  The task was so daunting everyone wanted to participate every day.
  141. 141. True or False  Germany was warned by Great Britain not to encroach on the territory of France.
  142. 142. True or False  The obese gentleman ate a diet that predisposed him to diseases such as diabetes.
  143. 143. Vocabulary Test Number your paper, and select the letter of the definition that provides the best meaning for each word.
  144. 144. Matching Vocabulary Test A ____1. perilous A. an extremely disastrous event ____2. deter B. to make something happen soon ____3.vascular C. something that influences an outcome ____4. precipitate D. the length of a life ____5. longevity E. causing distress or pain ____6. catastrophic F. fluid carrying vessels ___ 7. afflicting G. very dangerous ____8. factor H. to discourage something from happening
  145. 145. Matching Vocabulary Test B ____1. adverse A. a long list of things ____2. metastasized B. to make somebody inclined to do something ____3. litany C. to take somebody else’s rights or property ____4. daunting D. spreading to other parts of the body ____5. encroach E. intimidating or frightening ____6. predisposed F. harmful or contrary to one’s interests
  146. 146. Write a Proposal Use your notes to write a two page proposal to recommend a plan to get Americans exercising more. Include the most important reasons for increased exercise. Provide specific information to support your proposed ideas with clearly articulated arguments and sufficient evidence. 146
  147. 147. Your Proposal  Define the issue/problem  Outline the details of your argument  Cite supporting research  Project possible roadblocks  Specify contingency or back up plans 147
  148. 148. Develop a Writing Plan  Determine what your main point will be, and write a topic sentence that provides focus for your essay.  Choose several main ideas that support your topic sentence.  Sort your information into supporting details with facts and examples. 148
  149. 149. Use the five paragraph essay to write your paper. 149
  150. 150. Details Must Support the Main Ideas Provide specific facts, examples, and reasons for each main idea in the body of your essay
  151. 151. Prepare to Write  Use your outline and write a five paragraph essay on your topic.  As you write your rough draft, it will be very important to use special words that enable you to transition smoothly from one idea to the next. 151
  152. 152. Transition Words As you view these words, select the words that help you make transitions smoothly from one idea to the next.  as a result  such as  for example  nevertheless  for that reason  finally  at this time  therefore  furthermore  in addition  in conclusion  as well as 152
  153. 153. Word Power  Using more powerful or descriptive words in your essay elevates your writing to a stronger and more interesting level.  Try using a few of the following words or terms in your essay.
  154. 154. Vocabulary Enhancement Use some of these words in your essay.  perilous vascular precipitate longevity  deter catastrophic afflicting factor  adverse metastasized litany daunting  encroach afflict predisposed
  155. 155. Write a Conclusion Write a conclusion for your essay reviewing your main points and discussing why this issue is so important for our future.
  156. 156. Review and Edit Once you have completed your rough draft, read your essay several times and make revisions and additions.
  157. 157. Review, Edit, and Rewrite 1. Re-read your essay several times. 2. How can you improve your sentences to communicate more clearly? 3. Are your main ideas supported by examples and details? 4. Exchange papers with another student and read each other’s essay out loud. 5. Make final corrections and write the final draft of your polished essay. 157
  158. 158. Explore the Issue What factors contribute to the risk for heart disease? Develop a plan and recommend how Americans can make changes in their daily lifestyle that will reduce heart disease. 158
  159. 159. Take a Pro or Con Position  In order to make a convincing argument for or against an idea, it is very important to evaluate the facts and see if they support your position.  The first step is to ask relevant questions that will guide your investigation of the evidence. 159
  160. 160. Inquiring Minds want to Know Essential Questions  Does exercise improve heart health?  Can you eat your way to a deadly heart attack?  Can stress increase the risk of a heart attack?  Does genetics play a role in the risk for heart disease?  How can a high sugar diet impact heart health? 160
  161. 161. Conduct the Research  Identify specific questions about the issue to guide your investigation of the facts.  Determine if the evidence is credible and supports your main arguments. 161
  162. 162. The Proof is in the Pudding  The Issue: What factors contribute to the risk for heart disease?  Your assignment is to research this issue, take a position, support your arguments with sufficient evidence, and write a report to convince others of your point of view. 162
  163. 163.  The following slides provide sources for the research project.
  164. 164. Heart Health and Life Style  http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releas es/60649.php 164
  165. 165. Heart Health/Life Style  http://nyp.org/health/cardiac-lifechng.html 165
  166. 166. Trans Fats  http://www.webmd.com/food- recipes/understanding-trans-fats 166
  167. 167. Trans Fats and Heart Health  http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Getting Healthy/FatsAndOils/Fats101/Trans- Fats_UCM_301120_Article.jsp# 167
  168. 168. Stress and Heart Disease  http://www.medicinenet.com/stress_and_ heart_disease/article.htm 168
  169. 169. Causes of Heart Disease  http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health- topics/topics/hdw/causes.html 169
  170. 170. Cardiovascular Diseases Leading Cause of Death  http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheet s/fs317/en/ 170
  171. 171. Life Style Changes and Heart Health  https://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditi ons/HeartAttack/PreventionTreatmentofHe artAttack/Lifestyle- Changes_UCM_303934_Article.jsp 171
  172. 172. NIH: Heart Health  http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health- topics/topics/hd/prevent.html 172
  173. 173. Life Style Changes and Health  http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/heart/preven tion/pages/lifestyle-changes-and-heart- disease.aspx 173
  174. 174. Develop a Writing Plan  Determine what your main point will be, and write a topic sentence that provides focus for your essay.  Choose several main ideas that support your topic sentence.  Sort your information into supporting details with facts and examples. 174
  175. 175. Use the five paragraph essay to write your paper. 175
  176. 176. Details Must Support the Main Ideas Provide specific facts, examples, and reasons for each main idea in the body of your essay
  177. 177. Prepare to Write  Use your outline and write a five paragraph essay on your topic.  As you write your rough draft, it will be very important to use special words that enable you to transition smoothly from one idea to the next. 177
  178. 178. Transition Words As you view these words, select the words that help you make transitions smoothly from one idea to the next.  as a result  such as  for example  nevertheless  for that reason  finally  at this time  therefore  furthermore  in addition  in conclusion  as well as 178
  179. 179. Relevance to the Real World  The final conclusion of your paper should explain why your point of view on the issue is important for the future. Answer these questions as you write your conclusion.  1. Why is your issue important to our world?  2. Why should anyone care about it?  3. What would be the negative results if your recommendations are not followed?
  180. 180. Review, Edit, and Rewrite 1. Re-read your essay several times. 2. How can you improve your sentences to communicate more clearly? 3. Are your main ideas supported by examples and details? 4. Exchange papers with another student and read each other’s essay out loud. 5. Make final corrections and write the final draft of your polished essay. 180
  181. 181. Your research Topic Gather information about how life style can impact diabetes. Explore the causes, symptoms, and methods of prevention for type 2 diabetes.
  182. 182. Select Your Topic Discuss your topic with your teacher before beginning your research project. 182
  183. 183. Extend Your Knowledge of the Topic Participate in an in-depth study of the topic. Identify 4-6 internet or print resources that provide helpful information regarding your topic. Review your notes and develop several questions that you would like to explore about your topic. 183
  184. 184. Essential Questions to Guide Research  1. What are the key risk factors for type 2 diabetes?  Can exercise and diet reduce or eliminate type 2 diabetes?  3. Why would a lower carbohydrate diet be beneficial to a diabetic?  4. What are the primary symptoms of diabetes?  5. How does diabetes damage the human body? 184
  185. 185. Diabetes Animation  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WEnY 16uZCq0
  186. 186. Intensive Intervention and Diabetes  http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJ Moa1212914 186
  187. 187. Treating Diabetes  http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/di sease/type-2-diabetes/lifestyle- changes.html 187
  188. 188. Managing Diabetes  http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/managi ng-diabetes 188
  189. 189. Eating Carbs  http://www.healthy.net/Health/Essay/Goo d_Carbs_Bad_Carbs_Which_Do_You_Eat/6 27 189
  190. 190. Lifestyle and Diabetes  http://www.nih.gov/researchmatters/septe mber2011/09192011diabetes.htm 190
  191. 191. Good and Bad Carbs  http://www.today.com/id/13802613/ns/to day-today_health/t/carbs-good-bad- ugly/#.UsGq0fRDvfU 191
  192. 192. Diabetes and Life Style  http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabete s-management/DA00005 192
  193. 193. Diabetes Type 2 Prevention  http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/dia betes_mellitus/hic_pre- diabetes_and_lifestyle_changes_to_preven t_type_2_diabetes.aspx 193
  194. 194. Good and Bad Carbs  http://www.webmd.com/food- recipes/features/carbohydrates 194
  195. 195. Life Style and Diabetes  http://www.idf.org/healthy-lifestyle 195
  196. 196. Your Essay Topic Organize your ideas and prepare to write an essay about how life style can impact diabetes. Describe causes, symptoms, and methods of prevention for type 2 diabetes.
  197. 197. Organize Your Ideas  Review all of your notes from the presentations, group discussions, and research notes.  Select the most important ideas.  Choose facts and examples to support each important idea
  198. 198. Develop a Writing Plan  Determine what your main point will be, and write a topic sentence that provides focus for your essay.  Choose several main ideas that support your topic sentence.  Sort your information into supporting details with facts and examples.
  199. 199. Details Must Support the Main Ideas Provide specific facts, examples, and reasons for each main idea in the body of your essay
  200. 200. Write the Rough Draft Use the Five Paragraph format that includes an Introductory Paragraph, Body, and Conclusion
  201. 201. Prepare to Write  Write a five paragraph essay about how life style can impact type 2 diabetes. Include causes, symptoms, and methods of prevention.  As you write your rough draft, it will be very important to use special words that enable you to transition smoothly from one idea to the next. 201
  202. 202. Transition Words As you view these words, select the words that help you make transitions smoothly from one idea to the next.  as a result  such as  for example  nevertheless  for that reason  finally  at this time  therefore  furthermore  in addition  in conclusion  as well as 202
  203. 203. Review, Edit, and Rewrite 1. Re-read your essay several times. 2. How can you improve your sentences to communicate more clearly? 3. Are your main ideas supported by examples and details? 4. Exchange papers with another student and read each other’s essay out loud. 5. Make final corrections and
  204. 204. Unit Assessment  The common core standards assessment includes the following:  PowerPoint Notes  Research Project One: Notes, Proposal and Participation  Research Project Two: Notes and Research Paper  Research project Three: Three Pages of Notes  Research Topic Essay  Project  Final Unit Test 204
  205. 205. Final Unit Test 1. Review the effects of exercise on human health. Explain why exercise is considered a risk factor for major diseases. Provide clear arguments supported by evidence. 2. What are the common risk factors for heart disease? How can lifestyle changes help improve heart health? 205
  206. 206. 3. How does lifestyle effect type 2 diabetes? Describe the causes and methods of prevention for type 2 diabetes. 206

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