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Industrial investments worldwide 2019

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Investments in manufacturing, energy, logistics and R&D, with CAPEX and quality assesment (factory of the future index). Detailed data on electric vehicle/.

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Industrial investments worldwide 2019

  1. 1. World Industrial Investment Monitor Factory of the Future Tracking Tool Supported by the Defi&Co investment program
  2. 2. Presentation 2 Screencopy of the Industries & Strategies database
  3. 3. 19/06/2019 3 EDF, Fives and the Institut de la réindustrialisation are all engaged in industrial development, in France and in other countries. Initiated by Fives and supported by the other partners, this project seeks to better analyze industrial trends through the creation of a monitoring tool which tracks industrial investments in the “factories of the future” on a worldwide basis. In 2016, a platform was created to record industrial investments and to rank each investment alongside six Factory of the Future criteria. In this platform, R&D, logistics, energy and manufacturing projects announced worldwide (greenfield or brownfield industrial investment project over $5 million,) are tracked through 200 000 sources, on a daily basis. For each project that we include in the database, we collect information about location, investor, amounts invested, jobs created, surface area, production type and capacity, customers, suppliers… The information is structured in such a way that users can instantly obtain statistics and trends according to products, sectors, countries etc. In this report, we offer our readers our analysis of the most important trends as they appear from our data. 3 Towards the Industry of the Future The aim of our project is to promote innovation within the world industrial landscape, by tracking industrial investments and analyzing their characteristics Each project we detect is scored alongside six criteria defined by Fives and EDF : - Flexibility: the ability to switch from a product to another, enabling made-to-order manufacturing, - Digitalization: the introduction of technologies such as IoT, robotics, automation, - Energy efficiency: every measure taken to lower energy consumption compared with usual norms, - Social efforts: measures undertaken for employees, through working conditions, health and safety concern, training, education and wages…, - Territorial efforts: decisions aiming at improving the relations between a production site and local communities and stakeholders, such as favoring local suppliers, funding schools, contributing to local social projects…, - Environmental efforts: reducing carbon footprint and pollution, water preservation… Each criterion is ranked 0 (no mention in the news describing the investment), 1 (some measures described) or 2 (quantitative objectives defined for the criterion considered or insistence on it). Adding those 0-2 scores over six criteria gives a total Factory of the Future score which varies from 0 to 12.
  4. 4. 19/06/2019 4 The insights provided by our data are only interesting if our data correctly reflects worldwide trends. For a better appraisal of the accuracy of our data, some points must be known: - We proceed mainly through a screening of English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and German sources: adding other languages such as Chinese, Japanese or Russian will improve, in the future, our ability to detect medium-sized projects in China, Japan, Russia and other countries (the largest projects being covered by international sources); - We are beginning this exercise and it is too soon to correlate our data with official statistics. It is much too early to comment evolutions over time, except for massive facts and abrupt changes; - Our qualitative analysis of the Factory of the Future criteria rely upon the information provided by the media. We do not contact companies in order to check and complete the information collected. We think that it is already interesting to know what the media and companies think worthy of communicating to the public: this does reflect their preoccupations, theirs goals and their commitment towards new industrial practices; 4 A real time tool - We track announcements, and those announcements are made some months or years before production begins. Since we are tracking the news on a continuous basis, we adjust the information we have when, for instance, a planned investment is canceled. From our experience with a previous database about investment in France, we think that the overall data reflects correctly the general trends, even if some news are incomplete or inaccurate. Thus, we think that our real time tool, with all these limitations, provide precious information about industrial trends worldwide. To sum up, we are confident that even if absolute measures are underestimated because we cannot collect all the data available - specially small and mid-sized capital investments - proportions between countries and sectors are correct.
  5. 5. 1. quantitative data 5
  6. 6. 19/06/2019 6 Overview We are capturing 7% of the world Gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) in 2016-2017 (2018 numbers are not yet published). GFCF does include expenditures that we do not track: commercial and residential real estate, notably, but also railroads, motorways. The representativity of our data varies between countries and sectors, depending on our ability to track information through web publications. The weight of large investment projects helps tracking the most important trends. It is much too soon to comment on time trends at a global scale, and we are still collecting data about investments announced in the past years. We do think however that some trends are already appearing in our data at sectoral levels – see our case with the Electric vehicle. 12,095investment $ 4,813 billion 2,691,068jobs Capital investments over $1 Bn, 79% of global amount invested in our database Number of investments tracked in our database, sorted by amount spent. There are 510 investments in the $201 M-$301 M range. Number of investments and total amount invested. At the beginning of the database, we entered information about investments announced before 2016, mostly large investments. We are still adding information about years from 2016 up to now, so 2018 results will continue to grow.
  7. 7. 19/06/2019 77 Regional breakdown Projects % M$ % Jobs % Asia 5 829 48,2% 2 632 507 54,7% 1 554 565 57,8% Southern Asia 3 212 26,6% 887 181 18,4% 1 105 310 41,1% Eastern Asia 1 349 11,2% 880 382 18,3% 198 869 7,4% South-eastern Asia 781 6,5% 419 455 8,7% 180 160 6,7% Western Asia 414 3,4% 376 713 7,8% 54 867 2,0% Central Asia 73 0,6% 68 776 1,4% 15 359 0,6% Americas 3 097 25,6% 868 190 18,0% 550 092 20,4% Northern America 2 439 20,2% 670 583 13,9% 416 652 15,5% Latin America and the Caribbean 658 5,4% 197 607 4,1% 133 440 5,0% Europe 2 085 17,2% 640 654 13,3% 282 690 10,5% Northern Europe 642 5,3% 319 362 6,6% 77 426 2,9% Western Europe 622 5,1% 81 660 1,7% 59 897 2,2% Eastern Europe 556 4,6% 215 882 4,5% 106 603 4,0% Southern Europe 265 2,2% 23 750 0,5% 38 764 1,4% Africa 838 6,9% 482 702 10,0% 290 193 10,8% Sub-Saharan Africa 619 5,1% 327 274 6,8% 204 665 7,6% Northern Africa 219 1,8% 155 428 3,2% 85 528 3,2% Oceania & Antarctica 246 2,0% 189 337 3,9% 13 528 0,5% Australia and New Zealand 230 1,9% 185 513 3,9% 13 028 0,5% Melanesia 11 0,1% 3 398 0,1% 500 0,0% Polynesia 5 0,0% 426 0,0% 0 0,0% Total 12 095 100% 4 813 391 100% 2 691 068 100% 2018 only Projects % Asia 1 588 48,9% Southern Asia 807 24,8% Eastern Asia 483 14,9% South-eastern Asia 169 5,2% Western Asia 107 3,3% Central Asia 22 0,7% Americas 835 25,7% Northern America 700 21,6% Latin America and the Caribbean 135 4,2% Europe 569 17,5% Northern Europe 170 5,2% Western Europe 161 5,0% Eastern Europe 149 4,6% Southern Europe 89 2,7% Africa 192 5,9% Sub-Saharan Africa 153 4,7% Northern Africa 39 1,2% Oceania 64 2,0% Australia and New Zealand 58 1,8% Melanesia 4 0,1% Polynesia 2 0,1% Total 3 248 100%Number of projects, amount invested and jobs created, 2016- March 2019, by world region. Number of projects by world region, 2018 only. Wether for the 2016-2019 period, or for 2018 only, proportions between world regions are quite stable. By number of projects, Asia represents half of the capital investments, Americas a quarter, Europe and Oceania a fifth, and Africa a fifteenth.
  8. 8. 2. Factory of the Future, best practices 8
  9. 9. 19/06/2019 99 Digitization Digitization Projects % 1 Agriculture 59 31% 2 Retail trade 267 30% 3 Paper and cardboard 318 26% 4 Wood 243 23% 5 Machinery 243 23% 6 Furniture 52 23% 7 Scientific research and development 53 23% 8 Fabricated metals 197 22% 9 Wholesale trade 55 22% 10 Food 966 21% 11 Plastic and rubber 393 21% 12 Aeronautics 151 21% 13 Pharmaceutical 474 20% 14 Electrical equipment 355 20% 15 Other industries 89 20% 16 Textile 101 20% 17 Automotive 917 19% 18 Warehousing and support activities for transportation 297 18% 19 Beverage 168 16% 20 Information services 263 16% 21 Support mining 71 14% 22 Non-metallic minerals 659 14% 23 Motorcycles 51 14% 24 Chemicals 1 260 14% 25 Basic metals 428 14% 26 Electronics 475 13% 27 Apparel 61 13% 28 Waste and materials recovery 294 12% 29 Computer programming 72 11% 30 Water supply 113 11% 31 Sewerage 123 10% 32 Oil/gas refining and coke 265 6% 33 Metal ore mining 121 6% 34 Oil/gas mining 235 5% 35 Other mining 74 4% 36 Electricity, gas and steam 1 749 4% 37 Coal mining 67 1% Total 12 095 15% Agriculture is the most digitized sector (31% of projects) because agricultural investments over $30 M are more likely to be made by innovative companies. Ynsect (France), for instance, will invest in a farm growing worms, monitored, fed, warmed and so on by sensors and other electronic apparatus. The retail sector is here because of logistics: warehouses tend to make a heavy use of sorting machines, robots, laser tags, RFID… In other sectors, such as paper or forest products, digitization is incorporated in new machines. Production is monitored in real time, samples are tested systematically. There are sectors such as mining industries where digitization is less prevalent and no mining sector has more than 5% of projects involving digital technologies. Share of projects having a score of 1 or 2 for use of digital technologies, by sector.
  10. 10. 19/06/2019 1010 Flexibility In the waste management industry, flexibility is being able to treat different kinds of waste, be it solid or liquid. In pharmaceutical industries, our flexibility criteria is exemplified by technologies in which medicine is produced under various forms (capsules, gelatins, pills…), or where quantities produced can be changed quickly, or lastly by factories able to produce more rapidly different versions of a vaccine. Sometimes flexibility is just a way to offer a wider selection to customers, in terms of colors, sizes and shapes. Flexibility Projects % 1 Waste and materials recovery 294 24% 2 Pharmaceutical 474 22% 3 Electrical equipment 355 22% 4 Beverage 168 21% 5 Paper and cardboard 318 20% 6 Wood 243 19% 7 Furniture 52 19% 8 Automotive 917 19% 9 Food 966 19% 10 Oil/gas refining and coke 265 19% 11 Water supply 113 19% 12 Plastic and rubber 393 18% 13 Chemicals 1 260 18% 14 Other industries 89 16% 15 Motorcycles 51 16% 16 Basic metals 428 16% 17 Information services 263 16% 18 Agriculture 59 15% 19 Machinery 243 15% 20 Warehousing and support activities for transportation 297 15% 21 Fabricated metals 197 14% 22 Electronics 475 14% 23 Textile 101 14% 24 Aeronautics 151 13% 25 Scientific research and development 53 13% 26 Non-metallic minerals 659 13% 27 Apparel 61 13% 28 Sewerage 123 13% 29 Metal ore mining 121 8% 30 Other mining 74 8% 31 Electricity, gas and steam 1 749 7% 32 Oil/gas mining 235 7% 33 Support mining 71 6% 34 Retail trade 267 6% 35 Coal mining 67 4% 36 Computer programming 72 4% 37 Wholesale trade 55 2% Total 12 095 15% Share of projects with a score of 1 or 2 for production flexibility, by sector.
  11. 11. 19/06/2019 1111 Energy efficiency In the paper and cardboard sector, energy efficiency measures consists often in reusing organic waste (wood and paper) to produce energy. Some paper mills will be able to sell energy produced in excess of their own needs. In the IT sector, energy efficiency comes mainly from reducing the energy consumption of data centers. Sometimes we found very innovative processes, using seawater, ice or snow to cool the servers that store the growing amount of data. In the energy sector, energy efficiency is maximised by robots cleaning solar panels, in the solar industry, but also by an increasing re-use of exhaust fumes and gases. More factories are also powered by solar energy, or by use of biomass-based fuels. Finally, new technologies offer motors, turbines, kilns and machines needing less energy than previous generation models. Energy efficiency Projects % 1 Paper and cardboard 318 24% 2 Information services 263 21% 3 Electricity, gas and steam 1 749 18% 4 Beverage 168 16% 5 Non-metallic minerals 659 15% 6 Wood 243 12% 7 Basic metals 428 12% 8 Agriculture 59 12% 9 Chemicals 1 260 11% 10 Oil/gas refining and coke 265 11% 11 Water supply 113 11% 12 Waste and materials recovery 294 11% 13 Sewerage 123 7% 14 Food 966 7% 15 Textile 101 6% 16 Metal ore mining 121 6% 17 Scientific research and development 53 6% 18 Other industries 89 6% 19 Wholesale trade 55 5% 20 Machinery 243 5% 21 Coal mining 67 4% 22 Support mining 71 4% 23 Plastic and rubber 393 4% 24 Other mining 74 4% 25 Motorcycles 51 4% 26 Automotive 917 4% 27 Warehousing and support activities for transportation 297 3% 28 Retail trade 267 3% 29 Electrical equipment 355 3% 30 Computer programming 72 3% 31 Pharmaceutical 474 3% 32 Oil/gas mining 235 3% 33 Electronics 475 2% 34 Aeronautics 151 2% 35 Furniture 52 2% 36 Apparel 61 2% 37 Fabricated metals 197 1% Total 12 095 9% Share of projects with a score of 1 or 2 for energy efficiency measures, by sector.
  12. 12. 19/06/2019 1212 Environmental efforts Environmental measures are sometimes required by law. In India, for instance, industrial plants are required to come with a « green belt »: trees must surround the facility within a given perimeter. Some coal mines will also use solar energy to power their activities. Some of them will also make use of zero liquid discharge systems: water used to wash production will not be lost. Various technologies are used to reduce carbon footprint of new factories: use of LED’s for lighting, solar powered engines replacing diesel, use of rainwater… Environmental efforts Projects % 1 Coal mining 67 33% 2 Paper and cardboard 318 25% 3 Beverage 168 24% 4 Waste and materials recovery 294 22% 5 Information services 263 22% 6 Electricity, gas and steam 1 749 21% 7 Agriculture 59 20% 8 Basic metals 428 19% 9 Water supply 113 18% 10 Chemicals 1 260 17% 11 Sewerage 123 17% 12 Scientific research and development 53 17% 13 Other mining 74 16% 14 Non-metallic minerals 659 16% 15 Oil/gas refining and coke 265 15% 16 Metal ore mining 121 12% 17 Wood 243 12% 18 Support mining 71 11% 19 Warehousing and support activities for transportation 297 11% 20 Food 966 10% 21 Apparel 61 10% 22 Plastic and rubber 393 8% 23 Textile 101 8% 24 Automotive 917 7% 25 Oil/gas mining 235 7% 26 Other industries 89 7% 27 Machinery 243 7% 28 Electrical equipment 355 6% 29 Pharmaceutical 474 6% 30 Computer programming 72 6% 31 Wholesale trade 55 5% 32 Retail trade 267 5% 33 Electronics 475 4% 34 Motorcycles 51 4% 35 Furniture 52 4% 36 Fabricated metals 197 3% 37 Aeronautics 151 3% Total 12 095 13% Share of projects with a score of 1 or 2 for environmental efforts, by sector.
  13. 13. 19/06/2019 1313 Territorial efforts Territorial efforts target local communities. There is probably a tendency to boast about territorial efforts in countries where taxes are low and/or when companies are operating in low-income local communities. In many countries it is not expected from companies to fund schools, churches or local sport clubs, because those fundings are provided through existing tax systems (standard deviation of the territorial score is much lower between sectors than between countries). Local sourcing is one of the most frequently mentioned territorial efforts, together with funding of local services. One company offers heat coming from its plant to local farmers, for their greenhouses. Territorial efforts Projects % 1 Beverage 168 20% 2 Computer programming 72 15% 3 Other mining 74 15% 4 Agriculture 59 14% 5 Scientific research and development 53 13% 6 Food 966 13% 7 Electricity, gas and steam 1 749 12% 8 Metal ore mining 121 12% 9 Coal mining 67 10% 10 Support mining 71 10% 11 Water supply 113 9% 12 Oil/gas mining 235 8% 13 Electronics 475 8% 14 Waste and materials recovery 294 8% 15 Fabricated metals 197 8% 16 Automotive 917 7% 17 Wood 243 7% 18 Aeronautics 151 7% 19 Paper and cardboard 318 7% 20 Chemicals 1 260 7% 21 Oil/gas refining and coke 265 6% 22 Textile 101 6% 23 Motorcycles 51 6% 24 Basic metals 428 6% 25 Furniture 52 6% 26 Other industries 89 6% 27 Wholesale trade 55 5% 28 Pharmaceutical 474 5% 29 Machinery 243 5% 30 Apparel 61 5% 31 Retail trade 267 5% 32 Plastic and rubber 393 5% 33 Information services 263 5% 34 Warehousing and support activities for transportation 297 4% 35 Sewerage 123 4% 36 Non-metallic minerals 659 4% 37 Electrical equipment 355 4% Total 12 095 8% Share of projects with a score of 1 or 2 for territorial efforts, by sector.
  14. 14. 19/06/2019 1414 Social efforts Social efforts are the least often mentioned by companies among our six qualitative criteria. The most frequent measure is to pay workers above the average level of their industry. There are, in some countries, measures aiming at encouraging women to work: companies announce specific efforts to reach a certain percentage of female workers. Some companies are aiming at increasing worker’s safety and reduce painful working conditions. One company distinguished itself by encouraging hiring of veterans. Finally, some companies communicate about perks such as training, free education, health coverage, leisure centers. Social efforts Projects % 1 Retail trade 267 19% 2 Apparel 61 11% 3 Aeronautics 151 11% 4 Furniture 52 10% 5 Other industries 89 9% 6 Beverage 168 8% 7 Computer programming 72 8% 8 Fabricated metals 197 8% 9 Motorcycles 51 8% 10 Machinery 243 7% 11 Wholesale trade 55 7% 12 Textile 101 7% 13 Pharmaceutical 474 7% 14 Metal ore mining 121 7% 15 Wood 243 7% 16 Electrical equipment 355 6% 17 Automotive 917 6% 18 Scientific research and development 53 6% 19 Food 966 6% 20 Basic metals 428 5% 21 Chemicals 1 260 5% 22 Information services 263 5% 23 Paper and cardboard 318 5% 24 Plastic and rubber 393 5% 25 Electronics 475 4% 26 Waste and materials recovery 294 3% 27 Non-metallic minerals 659 3% 28 Other mining 74 3% 29 Warehousing and support activities for transportation 297 2% 30 Water supply 113 2% 31 Agriculture 59 2% 32 Oil/gas refining and coke 265 2% 33 Coal mining 67 1% 34 Electricity, gas and steam 1 749 1% 35 Oil/gas mining 235 1% 36 Sewerage 123 1% 37 Support mining 71 0% Total 12 095 5% Share of projects with a score of 1 or 2 for social efforts, by sector.
  15. 15. 3. Factory of the Future scores, geography 15
  16. 16. 16 Factory of the Future, country scores, 2016-2019. Countries in grey had less than 10 investment projects and were not included. Our global map shows that average scores are relatively low, even in countries with the highest scores: out of a maximum score of 12, Denmark, the country with the highest score, reaches an average of 2,2. It means that a lot of companies do not communicate about their investments. Another point is that scores vary more between countries than between sectors: technologies seem to be less important than local customs and regulations. Finally, the map we obtain seems linked with GDP levels. An interesting point is that when distinguishing between domestic investment and FDI, domestic investments obtain a Factory of the Future score that is 8% higher than foreign investments (except for the territorial efforts criteria, which is 12% higher for foreign investments).
  17. 17. 17 Factory of the Future scores, India, 2016-2019 Factory of the Future scores, China, 2016-2019 India has a better national average than China (0.89 vs 0.76). Some Indian or Chinese regions are on par with or even better than European countries. The best Chinese region, Hunan, obtains the same score than Germany (with only 15 investments however). The best Indian region, Punjab, would come in third place between European countries.
  18. 18. 18 Factory of the Future scores, European countries, 2016-2019 There is a clear advantage for northern countries in Europe. Denmark, Austria and Finland obtain the top 3 factory of the future scores. Italy obtains a better score than France and the United Kingdom. The Swiss score is surprisingly low but it comes from the fact that one third of investments projects there are from small biotech companies which did not communicate at length about their projects.
  19. 19. 19/06/2019 1919 Europe (detailed) Factory of the future scores by country varies in Europe from 0.39 to 2.19. Other indicators are surprisingly different: 100% of investments projects in Czechia come from foreign investors, whereas this share is only 48% of investment projects in Austria (European average is 73%). Another way of analysing investment dynamics is to consider the nationality of the company: German companies invest in their own country only in 17% of their investments (European average is 32%). National scores for European countries, with number of projects and % of projects with at least one point for their Factory of the future score. 2016-2019. (only countries with more than 20 projects) Country Score Projects % of scored Denmark 2,19 32 75,0% Austria 1,82 33 51,5% Finland 1,70 56 51,8% Czechia 1,69 39 64,1% Sweden 1,38 61 50,8% Germany 1,37 236 47,9% Italy 1,27 48 41,7% United Kingdom 1,26 309 46,9% Netherlands 1,23 57 43,9% France 1,19 239 47,7% Portugal 1,19 21 33,3% Slovakia 1,13 24 41,7% Belgium 1,09 32 56,3% Norway 1,07 67 41,8% Spain 1,02 112 38,4% Russia 1,01 245 35,9% Ireland 0,99 78 42,3% Poland 0,94 71 45,1% Hungary 0,93 61 34,4% Serbia 0,79 34 29,4% Romania 0,64 36 30,6% Ukraine 0,44 41 19,5% Bulgaria 0,39 23 26,1% Country FDI share Czechia 100% Romania 97% Ireland 94% Slovakia 92% Serbia 91% Hungary 90% Netherlands 88% Poland 85% Belgium 84% Spain 83% Denmark 81% Portugal 81% Bulgaria 78% Ukraine 78% United Kingdom 76% Sweden 75% Russia 68% Italy 65% Germany 64% Norway 63% Finland 54% France 52% Austria 48% Country Foreign Domestic Total Domestic share Germany 590 122 712 17% France 271 145 416 35% United Kingdom 185 107 292 37% Russia 42 153 195 78% Italy 136 19 155 12% Spain 83 54 137 39% Norway 62 50 112 45% Netherlands 92 13 105 12% Sweden 64 36 100 36% Finland 54 42 96 44% Denmark 63 17 80 21% Austria 61 18 79 23% Ireland 53 14 67 21% Belgium 53 6 59 10% Ukraine 2 26 28 93% Poland 8 19 27 70% Portugal 5 9 14 64% Hungary 3 7 10 70% Serbia 1 7 8 88% Czechia 5 0 5 0% Bulgaria 0 5 5 100% Slovakia 2 2 4 50% Romania 1 3 4 75% Share of FDI investments by country, in number of projects. 2016-2019 Share of domestic investments by investor nationality, in number of projects. 2016-2019 (read: German companies announced 712 investments between 2016 and 2019, 122 of which (17%) in Germany, and 590 outside Germany.)
  20. 20. 20 Combining the share of domestic investment by nationality and the share of FDI in country helps outline three groupings. In the “mature” group, there are countries where the share of FDI in the country is under average, and where the share of inward investment by domestic companies is also under average. “Open” economies have domestic companies outward oriented and high shares of FDI. In “FDI dependent” countries, although domestic companies are not investing abroad, there is an above average share of FDI.
  21. 21. 21 Solar farm Consortium $ 1,170 M Uranium conversion Orano $ 1,300 M Hydrogen H2V $ 495 M Biopharmaceuticals LFB $ 326 M Medecine Servier $ 266 M Carbon fiber Hexcel $ 230 M Polybutadiene Total Cray $ 180 M Insect farming Ynsect $ 180 M Warehousing JJA logistique $ 180 M Digital factory R&D Thales $ 175 M France. 116 investments with at least one Factory of the future criteria. The 10 most important by amount invested are detailed.
  22. 22. 3. The automotive industry and the electric vehicle 22
  23. 23. 19/06/2019 2323 The automotive industry 4th sector by number of projects and total amount invested 2nd by number of jobs created Projects % M$ % Jobs % Electricity, gas and steam 1,749 14.5% Electricity, gas and steam 1,171,393 24.3% Electronics 590,937 22.0% Chemicals 1,260 10.4% Chemicals 558,297 11.6% Automotive 313,822 11.7% Food 966 8.0% Electronics 495,887 10.3% Basic metals 223,041 8.3% Automotive 917 7.6% Automotive 203,420 4.2% Food 156,442 5.8% Non-metallic minerals 659 5.4% Basic metals 169,977 3.5% Retail trade 155,228 5.8% Electronics 475 3.9% Non-metallic minerals 73,852 1.5% Chemicals 146,154 5.4% Pharmaceutical 474 3.9% Food 48,215 1.0% Textile 107,446 4.0% Basic metals 428 3.5% Electrical equipment 46,189 1.0% Electrical equipment 106,304 4.0% Plastic and rubber 393 3.2% Plastic and rubber 43,267 0.9% Non-metallic minerals 96,283 3.6% Electrical equipment 355 2.9% Pharmaceutical 40,940 0.9% Plastic and rubber 80,266 3.0% Other sectors 4,419 36.5% Other sectors 1,961,954 40.8% Other sectors 715,145 26.6% Total 12,095 100.0% Total 4,813,391 100.0% Total 2,691,068 100.0% Top 10 sectors by number of capital investment projects, 2016-2019 Top 10 sectors by amount invested, 2016-2019 Top 10 sectors by jobs created, 2016-2019
  24. 24. 19/06/2019 2424 The electric vehicle We divided investments in three groups for the automotive industry: - fossil and unspecified: fossil fuel powered cars and buses, and investments where the nature of the energy used is not determined (tires, parts); - Transitioning: hybrid cars and mixed plants producing fossil, hybrid and EV simultaneously; - Electric Vehicle (EV): fuel cell and battery powered electric vehicles To analyse the automotive industry we have added to the automotive sector (917 projects) other investment by suppliers of the automotive industry (488 projects). We only kept investments exclusively made for the automotive industry (plastics, metal, tires, batteries...) Fossil and unspecified 1,170 83.3% 176,419 61.5% 406,939 88.6% Transitioning (hybrid and others) 102 7.3% 38,714 13.5% 18,834 4.1% Electric 133 9.5% 71,517 24.9% 33,330 7.3% Transitioning (hybrid)+electric 235 16.7% 110,231 38.5% 52,164 11.4% Sum 1,405 100% 286,650 100% 459,103 100% Projects M$ Jobs The automotive industry, 2016-2019, by number of projects, amount invested and jobs created, by motorisation type.
  25. 25. 19/06/2019 2525 The electric vehicle Main results: - EV and transitioning investments are already representing 38.5% of amounts invested - EV is already superior to hybrid/transitioning - Fuel cell vehicle is less than 1% of EV - Diesel is almost disappearing, with shares in number of projects and amounts invested inferior to Fuel cell vehicles - Batteries and chemical preparations for batteries make for 10% of total amounts invested ($ 28 Bn).
  26. 26. 19/06/2019 2626 The electric vehicle: a strong growth In 2018, Hybrid, EV and transitioning plants overtook fossil fuel investments The combined share of EV and transitioning investments went from 33% to 53% in three years. Transitioning investments are growing faster than EV investments, but EV still dominates 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 2016 2017 2018 Fossil & unspecified Transitioning (Hybrid) and EV 2016-2018 share of total amount invested for fossil & unspecified motorisations (red) and share of transitioning/hybrid and EV (blue) Detail: 2016-2018 Share of transitioning/hybrid (grey) and EV (blue).
  27. 27. 19/06/2019 2727 The electric vehicle: geography For the 2016-2018 time period, Asia clearly dominates both Europe and Americas. Africa has not started the transition towards the electric vehicle. China, Japan and India are in the top five countries for Electric and transitioning investments. Countries Projects M$ China 80 69,083 United States 42 16,778 India 25 3,123 Germany 17 4,448 Japan 8 2,811 Motorisation type by manufacturer’s continent, % of amount invested and number of projects, 2016-2019 Top 5 countries for EV and transitioning/hybrid investments, 2016-2019, by number of projects and amount invested Top 10 investors for EV, 2016-2019, by number of projects and amount invested 10 Top EV players Projects M$ Porsche Automobil Holding 9 3,100 BYD 7 707 Daimler 6 236 Beijing Automotive Group (BAIC) 6 1,230 Zhuhai Yinlong New Energy 6 5,049 Mahindra Group 5 1,100 Baoneng 5 13,189 National Modern Energy Holdings 4 744 Tesla 4 7,114 Chongqing Sokon Holding (SF Motors/Seres) 4 41 Asia 50.3% 547 33.0% 89 16.7% 80 100% 716 Americas 75.0% 201 20.4% 12 4.6% 7 100% 220 Europe 80.2% 401 8.8% 31 11.0% 15 100% 447 Africa 99.7% 21 0.3% 1 0.0% 100% 22 Sum 61.5% 1,170 24.9% 133 13.5% 102 100% 1,405 Fossil & unspecified Fully electric Transitioning (hybrid and mixed) All motorisations
  28. 28. 19/06/2019 2828 Software and automotive: newcomers Indian software major Wipro has set up a new automotive engineering centre in Detroit (United States). South Korea's LG Electronics has set up a new R&D centre in Coventry, West Midlands (UK), for automotive components and batteries. Uber Technologies is setting up a new autonomous vehicle research centre in Wixom, Michigan (United States). Google's subsidiary Waymo, is planning to invest nearly 14 MUSD to set up a new self- driving car facility in Michigan (United States), which could create 400 jobs. As the automotive industry is moving towards a more intensive use of electronics, big players from the electronics industry are increasing their presence in the automotive markets. The automotive industry reacts and also invests in IT: Volkswagen has just opened its new IT-City center in Wolfsburg (Germany), where it plans to employ 1,500 employees to develop car digitization. Mercedes-Benz Research & Development North America is setting up a new R&D facility in Seattle, Washington (United States), focused on cloud computing applications in automobile industry
  29. 29. 19/06/2019 2929 R&D by product Amount invested in R&D, $M, by product. 2016-2019 The electric vehicle is third most R&D prevalent after electronics and semiconductors.
  30. 30. 19/06/2019 3030 BMW providers Novares Plastic material $ 16 M Magna Welded assembly 1,000 jobs MD elektronik Cables assembly $ 20 M Martinrea Metal stamping $ 35 M Utz Group Plastic packaging $ 16 M Leoni Wiring and cable harnesses $ 20 M Magna Aluminium casting $ 60 M ThyssenKrup Shock absorbers $ 168 M BeijingWest Parts and accessories $ 80 M Neuman Aluminium Suspensions $ 38 M Brose Door systems $ 6 M Rudolph logistik logistics $ 18 M Magna Seating $ 8 M Yanfeng Interior parts $ 71 M Gestamp Metal components $ 129 M Gestamp stamping $ 65 M Nokian tyres $ 82 M Beijing west Suspension parts $ 34 M Samsung batteries $ 358 M Alu Menzinken Aluminium profiles $ 48 M Unna aluminium profile $ 115 M Magna seatings 300 jobs Brose Door and window systems $ 56 M Amperex batteries $ 280 M Yanfeng Interior parts $ 16 M Willi Elbe Steering systems $ 10 M Voestalpine Steel wire $ 119 M Carlex glass $ 30 M Toray Carbon finder $ 21 M Magna body ND Leoni harness $ 13 M * 2 Vorwerk sealing $ 50 M Suprajit cables $ 7 M Amperex batteries ND Yanfeng seats ND Magna assembly ND BMW Brilliance engines $ 540 M Magneti Marelli lighting 800 jobs Bridgestone tyres $ 182 M IFA Rotorion Drive shaft $ 69 M Sundaram casting $ 50 M Tracking provider/customer links shows the complexity of industrial networks. Investment projects where BMW is mentioned as a customer, 2016-2019
  31. 31. 4. Factories of the future 31 The 12 following investments are illustrative of different industrial trends, and/or which are remarkably innovative.
  32. 32. 19/06/2019 3232 Flexibility for jobs Japanese automaker Toyota Motor is going to invest 238 MUSD to increase vehicle production capacity at its plant in Georgetown, Kentucky (United States). The plant also builds Camry, Camry Hybrid, Avalon, Avalon Hybrid, and Lexus ES models with an annual capacity of 550 000 vehicles. The RAV4 production does not signal a shift away from sedan production at the plant, company executives said. Instead, it reflects the company’s plan to build multiple vehicles at its plants to better insulate each facility from downturns in market cycles.
  33. 33. 19/06/2019 3333 R&D on industrial processes Foxconn plans to set up a new R&D centre for advanced industrial artificial intelligence in Hyderabad, Telangana The centre will provide technological services and smart manufacturing solutions to parent Hon Hai Precision Industry (Foxconn Group) with a vision to integrate and incorporate cloud computing, mobile devices, IoT, big data, AI, network transmission, and automated robotics with 8K+5G.
  34. 34. 19/06/2019 3434 Opening to customers, academia and partners Indian IT services provider Tech Mahindra has set up a new R&D centre in Munich (Germany). The company has been opening a series of R&D centres, each of which it calls as a "Maker's Lab". They focus on next-generation technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, robotics, IoT, augmented reality/virtual reality, and 5G network, among others. These centres will drive co-innovation and digital transformation with customers, partners, and academia by leveraging next-generation technologies, according to the company. This particular centre will also provide on-site support to customers, among other tasks. Swiss-Swedish company ABB is going to invest more than 120 MUSD to set up a new innovation and training campus in automation solutions at Eggelsberg, Austria.
  35. 35. 19/06/2019 3535 Unmanned ships Oceanalpha with other partners is setting up the world's largest test field for unmanned cargo ships, off the coast of Zhuhai, Guangdong (China). China, which is currently the world’s 3rd largest marine shipping country, recently unveiled the world's fastest unmanned waterborne surface vehicle. Norway is the only country in the world which has already developed an unmanned marine test site.
  36. 36. 19/06/2019 3636 Seawater cooled data center U.S. tech giant Microsoft has set up a new underwater data centre ("Northern Isles") off the coast of Orkney, Scotland (United Kingdom). The data centre is powered by renewable energy sources. Also, as a submerged data centre can be cooled by seawater, it does not need mechanical chillers, which are some of the biggest consumers of energy in a traditional data centre. The company uses artificial intelligence (AI) to monitor the servers and other equipment for signs of failure and to seek to identify any correlations between environment and server longevity. The company is also exploring using underwater data centres as artificial reefs, which can be used to promote marine wildlife.
  37. 37. 19/06/2019 3737 Encouraging Robotics for small companies Advanced Robotics for Manufacturing Institute is setting up a new R&D centre for advanced manufacturing in Pittsburgh The facility will house research, development, and office space for the nonprofit Advanced Robotics for Manufacturing Institute. The institute is an independent non-profit entity and was launched with a grant from the U.S. Defense Department and various partner organisations. Its aim is to help bring manufacturing back to the U.S. and get small companies to embrace manufacturing. It focuses on critical growth sectors, including aerospace, automotive, electronics, textiles, logistics, and composites.
  38. 38. 19/06/2019 3838 Big data on big scale South Korea's Hyundai Motor Group has set up a new centre to process and analyse big data near Guiyang, Guizhou (China). The facility will serve as the foundation for the company’s "Car Cloud", focused on the Chinese market – the largest automotive market in the world. It will be used to process massive volumes of data collected from the company’s fleet of connected cars. It will be able to monitor customer driving patterns, diagnose potential problems, and offer vehicle software updates. The company has also signed an MoU with China United Network Communications Group (China Unicom) to co-develop a predictive analytics platform.
  39. 39. 19/06/2019 3939 Leapfrogging: high tech for catching up with advanced countries Swiss-based Afrotech, in collaboration with other Swiss, British, African and U.S. universities, NGOs and businesses, is planning to set up a new drone port ("a Red Line") near Cyangugu (Rwanda). Afrotech seeks to pioneer high intensity cargo drone routes in the lower sky in Africa and other emerging economies, thereby improving health and economic outcomes. Transport drones could be used in the future to supply remote areas. A network of airports is to be set up in Rwanda. It defines a Red Line as a cargo drone route for medical and emergency use, often in remote locations. A Blue Line is a commercial cargo drone route, often in and around cities. The proposal – by architecture firm Foster + Partners, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne and its linked Afrotech initiative– hopes to see drones with a three-metre (10- foot) wingspan able to carry deliveries weighing 10kg.
  40. 40. 19/06/2019 4040 Less parts, and not only for EV The Government of Germany, along with several state investors and private German and international companies, is initially investing 98 MUSD in a new innovative car body plant at Wolfsburg (Germany). As an example, an automotive body-in-white, which is made of 200 to 300 individual components and various materials today, could be manufactured from 20 to 30 hybrid components in the future. This not only saves material but also reduces production time.
  41. 41. 19/06/2019 4141 Reducing rare earths usage Japanese company Daido Electronics, a unit of Daido Steel, plans to set up a new high-performance neodymium magnets plant in the United States in three years. Daido Steel, with Daido Electronics, and Honda Motor became the world’s first companies to achieve practical application of a hot deformed neodymium magnet containing no heavy rare earth and yet with high heat resistance properties and high magnetic performance required for the use in the driving motor of a hybrid vehicle.
  42. 42. 19/06/2019 4242 IT Newcomers in agriculture German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) has recently opened the competence center Smart Agriculture Technologies (CC-SaAT) at Osnabrück (Germany) to develop and apply innovative artificial intelligence technologies in the field of agriculture. The focus of the centre is in particular networking and communication technologies, autonomous control and robotics, as well as georeferenced Smart Services, automated Big Data analysis, and Deep Learning. The area of application considers agriculture in a broad sense and covers a wide range of topics, including arable and livestock farming, horticulture, forestry, viticulture, and fishery. Project stakeholders include Google, SAP, Microsoft, Intel, Airbus, Volkswagen, and BMW. It will perform national and European research projects as well as direct contract work for industrial customers.
  43. 43. 19/06/2019 4343 New tasks, new jobs Sanmina is going to mass-produce E4 robots, used to clean solar cells, for Israeli company Ecoppia using Eccopia's technology in a new plant near Chennai (India). "Ecoppia's technology can clean an entire solar site in just a few hours, keeping solar power production at peak efficiency. We've seen demand grow across the board in 2015 - but India remains our top market and the natural choice for us to build a state-of-the-art production facility," said Eran Meller, CEO of Ecoppia, in a statement.
  44. 44. Partners 44
  45. 45. 19/06/2019 4545 DEFI&Co The world industrial investments monitor is supported the project Defi&Co. This project, which has been awarded 7.8 M€ by the “Programme Investissement d’Avenir” (PIA), aims to develop, during 5 years, innovative courses leading to qualifications in the following domains: - Industry of the Future (Product Lifecycle Management, Additive Manufacturing, Predictive Maintenance…); - Construction of the future (Smart Buildings, Building Information Modelling, Energy Performance…); - New jobs linked to Data Processing in these two domains. These developments are based on research works, and more than 10.000 students, trainees, apprentices… are expected to enroll in these courses. Special actions will be undertaken to facilitate women participation in these new jobs. This project will benefit from the inputs of the 11 partners having signed the consortium agreement and of the 20 others having signed support letters.
  46. 46. 19/06/2019 4646 EDF EDF, a world leader in low carbon energy production Against the backdrop of the energy transition, EDF has defined a strategy called CAP 2030 which underpins the Group’s goal of: Being an efficient, responsible electricity company that champions low-carbon growth. As a global leader in low-carbon energy, the EDF Group covers every sector of expertise, from generation to trading and transmission grids. EDF builds on the expertise of its people, its R&D and engineering skills, its experience as a leading industry operator and the attentive support of its customers to deliver competitive solutions that successfully reconcile economic growth with climate protection. As today's increasingly digital world dramatically changes the way we produce and consume, research into electricity generation, transmission and consumption is of decisive importance. To succeed in the energy transition, more than 2,000 EDF’s R&D division employees (representing 27 nationalities) are currently working on many different projects designed simultaneously to deliver low-carbon power generation, smarter energy transmission grids and more responsible energy consumption. The missions of EDF’s R&D are structured around 4 key priorities.
  47. 47. 19/06/2019 47 As an industrial engineering Group, Fives designs and supplies machines, process equipment and production lines for the world’s largest industrials including the aluminium, steel, glass, automotive, aerospace, logistics, cement and minerals, energy and sugar sectors. Located in over 30 countries and with nearly 8,700 employees, Fives is known for its technological expertise and competence in executing international projects. Fives’ multi-sector expertise gives a global vision of the industry which provides a continuous source of innovation. The effectiveness of its R&D programs enables Fives to design forward-thinking industrial solutions that anticipate clients’ needs in terms of profitability, performance, safety and compliance with environmental standards. This strategy is backed by a human resources policy that is focused on the individual, encourages initiative-taking, technical excellence and team spirit. 47 FIVES
  48. 48. 19/06/2019 48 The Institut de la réindustrialisation has been created in 2015 by two engineering schools, EPF and CESI, and two professional associations: GIM and Syntec Ingenierie. The Institut aims at producing and publicising knowledge and expertise about the future of industry and its skills and competencies. The Institut engaged many projects to this aim, promoting topics such as attracting youths toward industrial careers, and especially women. The Institut participates in, or organises, conferences, workshops and other opportunities to debate and discuss those topics. 48 L’Institut de la réindustrialisation
  49. 49. 19/06/2019 49 Trendeo was created in 2007 to collect data in real time about economic tendencies and trends: investment and jobs were the first events we tracked in France, followed by startups, fundraising and now industrial investments worldwide in a new database. In France, we find a good correlation between our data and data collected by the national institute of statistics (INSEE). The data published by Trendeo about the French economy is regularly used by various customers and newspapers as an indicator of the status of the French economy. Different customers access our data daily to monitor economic activities under territorial or sectoral angles. Other customers, among them a global leading consultancy, use our worldwide industrial data for research activities. 49 Trendeo
  50. 50. Appendix 50
  51. 51. 19/06/2019 51 Ynsect is going to set up a new mealworm farm in Poulainville, Hauts-de-France (France) The company’s entire production process is automated, “from feeding to controlling the health and welfare of our insects, and from the sensors used for quality control to harvesting mature insects”. Start-up company 80 Acres Farms is setting up a new fully automated vertical farm in Hamilton, Ohio The site will be the first fully automated indoor farm in the U.S. It will feature robotics, artificial intelligence, data analytics, and around-the-clock monitoring sensors and control systems to optimize every aspect of growing produce indoors. The company CEO says that the company uses "renewable energy, very little water and no pesticides". The company uses energy-efficient LED lights and grows hydroponically, in a closed-loop system, using 95% less water than a conventional farm. GOGO Group has recently commissioned a new, fully automated 7 MUSD citrus fruit pack-house near Belfast (South Africa) Advanced machinery, robotics, and technology inside the facility ensures fully automated classification and fruit sorting. 51 Digitization in agriculture, some examples
  52. 52. 19/06/2019 52 French beauty products retailer Sephora has set up a new distribution centre in Olive Branch, Mississippi The facility features forward-thinking, automated, and innovative shuttle-system technology. Clothing retailer Zara is investing 67 MUSD to set up a new distribution centre in A Laracha, Galicia (Spain). The centre will use robot palletisers. Inditex has spent more than € 1,5 billion to upgrade its logistics, with generalized use of RFID technologies. E-commerce retailer Amazon plans to set up a new fulfilment centre in Spokane, Washington Associates at the fulfillment center will work alongside Amazon Robotics to pick, pack, and ship items to customers such as games, housewares, school supplies, and pet toys. It will be a state-of-the-art fulfillment center, with deployment of Amazon Robotics solutions. 52 Retail: highly automatised logistics
  53. 53. 19/06/2019 53 Italian tissue maker Industrie Cartarie Tronchetti (ICT Group) has expanded production capacity at its plant in El Burgo de Ebro, Zaragoza A new paper machine incorporates cutting-edge production technologies capable of manufacturing Ultra Quality products with improved thickness and smoothness. Hasrat Meranti has invested 16 MUSD to upgrade its industrial paper bags manufacturing facility in Tapah, Perak (Malaysia). The project will raise the company’s annual production capacity by more than 50% to 230 million paper bags from 150 million currently. The investment consists of 5 MUSD for plant modernisation and 11 MUSD for machinery and equipment. The company has introduced a state-of-the-art industrial paper sack line at the plant. Italy's Sofidel has invested nearly 400 MUSD to set up a new tissue paper mill and converting plant in Circleville, Ohio (United States) The plant is one of the company's most technologically and environmentally advanced tissue paper plants in the world, with innovative machinery that increases both the quality of its products and the energy efficiency of its operations. 53 Paper: new productivity-enhancing machines
  54. 54. 19/06/2019 54 Yamazaki Mazak invests 176 million USD in a new factory of machine tool Inabe City (Japan) This new generation factory uses the principles of the Internet of Things (IoT) in all manufacturing processes with full digital integration. The plant will increase the company's productivity by over 50%. Swiss-Swedish company ABB is going to invest 150 MUSD to set up a new state-of- the-art plant for production of industrial robots in Kangqiao, Shanghai The company announces it will be the world's most "advanced, automated, and flexible robotics factory". Using a new, global design approach that the company announced earlier this year, the factory will be able to dramatically increase both the breadth (type of robots) and depth (variants of each type) of robots that can be made on-site, allowing greater and faster customisation to meet the needs of customers. Amada Holdings is investing 98 MUSD in a new machine tool factory with a fully automated mold manufacturing system at Toki (Japan) Amada stands to become the first to create an unmanned production line in this field: 42 robots, made by Japanese companies Yaskawa Electric and Fanuc, will carry parts from one station on the line to another. Quality checks will be performed with something called an image measurement system. The plant will also connect with customers over the Internet. Advanced systems developed by Hitachi and Fujitsu will allow online orders to automatically trigger production. The combination of networking and automated production should cut delivery times from six to seven days to about three. 54 Machinery
  55. 55. 19/06/2019 55 Klabin will open a pulp and flake mill in Ortigueira (Brazil) that can produce 1.5 million tons of pulp per year and will integrate its own electricity production (270 MWh capacity), investing USD 2.3 billion. The new plant’s power system will allow the mill to generate excess electricity for sale back into the grid. The mill will be self-sufficient in electrical power, generating 270MWh of energy. Of this total, 120MWh will be used for its own consumption and a surplus of around 150MWh - enough energy to supply a city of half a million inhabitants - will be delivered to the market. All the energy produced by Klabin will be clean, coming from renewable sources, without burning fossil fuels. Georgia-Pacific is investing 438 MUSD in its Brewton (United States) paperboard mill so as to upgrade it as well as to make it highly energy-efficient. The mill now has the ability to generate its own energy using natural gas and biofuel residuals from the paper-making process, also improving the mill's reliability and energy efficiency. Japanese paper maker Paper Australia is planning to invest 423 MUSD to set up a new captive waste-to-energy facility at Maryvale, Victoria (Australia) The company says its project would save 650 000 tonnes of waste from going to landfill each year, achieve a net reduction of 543 000 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions each year (CO2 emissions avoided), and generate 1 600 full-time jobs in the construction phase and more than 440 direct and indirect jobs when the incinerator is operating. Most of Melbourne's waste currently goes to large landfill sites in the outer west and north. The company will be using best available techniques in emissions control to comply with stringent European IED limits. 55 Paper: waste to power production
  56. 56. 19/06/2019 56 Chinese-British company Global Switch is investing 225 MUSD to set up a new data centre ("Sydney East") near Sydney, New South Wales (Australia). The centre is designed for high power density systems with a target annual rating for power usage effectiveness (PUE) of 1.35. The facility incorporates a number of environmental design features, including free cooling, reconfigurable power, and cooling distribution. A green roof has been installed to provide thermal protection and to cut solar glare. The company is seeking a LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Gold rating. Kyocera Communication Systems is going to set up a new snow-cooled data centre in Ishikari, Hokkaido The facility will be powered only by renewable energy. A private power line will be used to connect 2 MW solar and 2 MW wind power plants installed by the company itself and a nearby biomass power plant that has a partnership with the company. Electricity will be stably supplied by using an artificial intelligence (AI)-based supply-demand control technology. The data centre will be equipped with cooling equipment using snow and ice (characteristic of the region). In summer, it will cool servers by using snow stored in winter. French-U.S. company OVH is setting up a new data centre at Limburg an der Lahn (Germany). Power supply is facilitated through the presence of a major power distribution substation located a few dozen meters from the building. This source will be backed up by electric generators capable of taking over in case of electrical failure as the inverters ensure the transition between power supply sources. The watercooling technology (liquid cooling of the servers) developed by OVH and being used in all its datacenters will allow for a low-energy operation of the site (no air conditioning). 56 Information services (data centres)
  57. 57. 19/06/2019 57 Southern Company, along with other partners, is investing 270 MUSD in the 102 MW Henrietta solar power project near Hanford (United States). The advanced technology used in the project includes robotic solar panel cleaning capability that uses 75% less water than traditional cleaning methods and can help improve system performance by up to 15%. Tenaga Nasional is investing around 25 MUSD to set up a new waste heat recovery plant at a cement plant site in Bahau, Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia). The waste heat recovery plant will be set up at a cement plant operated by Negeri Sembilan Cement Industries. It will be able to generate electricity through the recovery of exhaust waste heat from the cement plant. The Government of Malaysia holds more than 28% stake in parent company Tenaga Nasional. The waste heat recovery unit will give the company a 9-12% saving on its electricity cost at the plant. AES and Inversiones Bahia have invested 670 MUSD to set up a new 381 MW combined-cycle natural gas-fired power plant in Colón (Panama). The natural gas-based power plant uses combined cycle technology for its efficiency and contribution to the environment. It reuses the heat of the exhaust gas from the gas turbines to obtain steam, which is then used by a steam turbine and to save fuel in the production of electricity. This power plant is 50% more efficient and requires one-third less water than conventional plants. 57 Electricity, gas and steam
  58. 58. 19/06/2019 58 British company Swire Pacific is investing 174 MUSD to set up a new beverage production and bottling plant for Coca-Cola in Yunnan (China). The plant will strictly enforce the international certification system requirement for the Silver Certification of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED). The plant, with photovoltaic power generators located on the roof of the main building, can generate an estimated 5 GWh annually. To reduce summer heat and save energy, the plant uses natural lighting, intelligent lighting systems, two-way heat-protective glass, and highly reflective materials that cover 75% of the roof. Tenaga Nasional is investing around 25 MUSD to set up a new waste heat recovery plant at a cement plant site in Bahau, Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia). The waste heat recovery plant will be set up at a cement plant operated by Negeri Sembilan Cement Industries. It will be able to generate electricity through the recovery of exhaust waste heat from the cement plant. The Government of Malaysia holds more than 28% stake in parent company Tenaga Nasional. The waste heat recovery unit will give the company a 9-12% saving on its electricity cost at the plant. Dutch-Jamaican brewery Desnoes & Geddes is converting its Red Stripe brewery in Kingston (Jamaica) to be powered by LNG as fuel. The project is expected to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 6 000 tonnes per annum. LNG will power the brewery's combined heat and power plant, boosting output by over 50%. There will also be a conversion of the brewery's main steam boilers from heavy fuel oil to natural gas. The plant's steam output is expected to increase by 50%, reducing overall fuel usage on-site. 58 Beverage
  59. 59. 19/06/2019 59 Thailand's Siam Cement Group is building a new cement factory at Kyaikmaraw (Myanmar) for an investment of 400 MUSD. The company is building a 40 MW coal and biomass-based plant and a 9 MW waste heat generator to power the factory. The company would use premium quality coal with low sulphur content. Tenaga Nasional is investing around 25 MUSD to set up a new waste heat recovery plant at a cement plant site in Bahau, Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia). The waste heat recovery plant will be set up at a cement plant operated by Negeri Sembilan Cement Industries. It will be able to generate electricity through the recovery of exhaust waste heat from the cement plant. The Government of Malaysia holds more than 28% stake in parent company Tenaga Nasional. The waste heat recovery unit will give the company a 9-12% saving on its electricity cost at the plant. Swiss group LafargeHolcim has invested more than 300 MUSD to modernise and expand its cement mill in Ravena, New York (United States). The new plant has replaced the plant’s previously existing “wet” cement-making process with a more energy-efficient “dry” process. The new dry kiln technology at the heart of the modernised facility will use approximately 42% less fuel and produce 40% less solid waste than earlier. 59 Non-metallic minerals
  60. 60. 19/06/2019 60 Mimsan Grup has set up a new 18 MW urban waste-to-energy plant in Malatya (Turkey). It is the first facility in the world to generate energy from the urban waste that has gone through five different treatment methods: incineration, thermal gasification, biogas, garbage gas, and waste heat recovery. Dubai Municipality has set up a new hazardous liquid waste treatment plant ("Jebel Ali Hazardous Waste Treatment Plant") at Jebel Ali, Dubai (United Arab Emirates). With the ability to handle the variation in flow and load, the centre also provides tertiary treatment using reverse osmosis (RO) system, enabling Dubai Municipality to reuse almost 75% of the treated wastewater for irrigation. Veolia Water Technologies implemented the project for the municipality. The reject water from RO is sent to evaporation ponds to evaporate the wastewater, which makes the plant "zero liquid discharge". China Everbright Greentech is going to invest 45 MUSD to set up a new integrated biomass and household waste-to-energy plant in Lintao County, Gansu (China). The plant will be able to process agricultural and forestry residues as well as urban and rural household waste. 60 Waste management
  61. 61. 19/06/2019 61 Catalent is investing 100 MUSD to expand biologics' manufacturing operations at its site in Madison, Wisconsin (United States). The project will allow the company is to produce 1 000, 2 000, or 4 000 litre batches out of the same suite. The company VP said, “If you can think of a company starting at 1,000-L scale for early clinical, they can more easily scale their process if they needed to do their launch volumes at a 4,000-L batch size. It provides a lot of flexibility, and allows them to go faster versus having to, say, scale up to a much larger tank size.” Japanese-U.S. biotech company Medicago is investing 189 MUSD to set up a new plant-based vaccine production facility in Quebec City, Quebec (Canada). In case of a pandemic, the factory will be able to produce a vaccine in 5-6 weeks, compared to 5-6 months for traditional vaccine technologies. Contract pharmaceutical development and manufacturing organisation Hanmi Pharmaceutical has invested 141 MUSD to expand its plant in Hwaseong, Gyeonggi (South Korea). The plant can produce various forms of drugs such as tablets (double layer, film-coated, and uncoated), hard gelatin capsules, and poly capsules. Production capacity is also flexible depending on the goal: from a small amount for experimental drugs to mass production. 61 Pharmaceuticals
  62. 62. 19/06/2019 62 Japan's heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning products maker Daikin has invested 417 MUSD to set up a new campus near Waller (United States) including production, engineering, and logistics facilities. The campus will incorporate the latest technology available, including IoT (internet of things), M2M (machine-to- machine), and AI (artificial intelligence). It will make a variety of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning products. Akasol has invested 12 MUSD to set up Europe's largest commercial vehicle battery production plant in Langen (Germany), creating up to 150 jobs. The production capacity at the plant is planned to be more than tripled in the future. The company is currently Europe’s only mass manufacturer to offer flexible solutions for battery sizes and chemistry while fulfilling all industry reliability and safety requirements. The European market for hybrid and electric buses is growing by more than 35% each year. Spain's Ingeteam has set up a new facility to produce electrical components for wind turbines near Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu (India). The new facility has been specially developed to meet the needs of the Indian market. This cost-effective production centre is based on a modular design and can be easily modified. The production lines are extremely agile, so they can quickly be adapted to meet new client requirements. In addition, the floor space availability will enable Ingeteam to expand the facility on demand. 62 Electrical equipment
  63. 63. 19/06/2019 63 Grocery retailer Kroger is going to invest 125 MUSD to set up a new highly automated fulfilment centre in Groveland, Florida (United States), which would create around 400 jobs. It will be an automated warehouse facility with digital and robotic capabilities. The company is partnering with British online grocery retailer Ocado to take advantage of Ocado's advanced warehousing technology and robotics. Kroger holds more than 6% stake in Ocado. The new jobs will receive an average annual salary of USD 52 000. Germany's Lidl is investing 125 MUSD to set up a new distribution centre near Graham (United States), which would create 150 jobs. Salaries for logistics associates will be up to USD20 per hour plus benefits. 63 Retail trade
  64. 64. 19/06/2019 64 Aditya Birla Fashion and Retail is going to invest 16 MUSD to set up a new apparel production facility at Tikiri, Odisha (India), which would create 2 750 jobs. Most of the jobs will go to women. India's Raymond Group has invested 22 MUSD to set up a new plant at Hawassa (Ethiopia) to make suits and jackets, creating 2 500 jobs. It is a state-of-the-art facility. The company has set up a special training centre at the unit to train local people. MAS Holdings is investing 28 MUSD to set up new facilities in the MAS Fabric Park Giriulla, near Kurunugela (Sri Lanka), which would make shoe uppers and other sportswear products for Nike. The company is well known for empowering its employees, most of whom are females from rural Sri Lanka. Turkey's Taypa, along with Algerian partners, is investing 531 MUSD to set up 8 new weaving and clothing units in Sidi El Khettab park, near Relizane (Algeria), which would create 10 000 jobs. The first phase includes the construction of 8 weaving and clothing units, a business centre, a training school, a residential unit, showrooms, and leisure facilities. Chinese textile company Youngor Group builds a new clothing plant in Hunchun(China), creating 20 000 jobs. The salary of skilled workers will rise to 500 USD per month. 64 Apparel
  65. 65. 19/06/2019 65 Georgian-Israeli company Aero-Structure Technologies Cyclone is investing 85 MUSD in a new composites plant near Tbilisi (Georgia) to make aircraft components, which would create around 300 jobs. Elbit's representatives will train specialists in Georgian universities, after which they will be employed in the plant. GE Aviation is going to invest 105 MUSD to expand its ceramic matrix composites production facility in Asheville, North Carolina (United States). Wages for the new positions are expected to pay around 30% above the average wage in Buncombe County. These jobs are advanced manufacturing jobs that pay an average of over USD 48 000 a year. Boeing is investing 300 MUSD in a new plant at St. Louis (United States) to make carbon fiber-based composite parts for its commercial jetliners, which would create 700 jobs. Boeing has an agreement with St. Louis Community College to train workers in the skills needed on the composite production line. French company Thales USA is investing more than 6 MUSD to expand its facility in Orlando (United States) which develops in-flight entertainment systems. The company says the jobs would pay an average annual wage of USD 53 255, which is at least 125% of the 2013 county annual wage. It says the average value of benefits that will be available to employees is USD 20 294. 65 Aeronautics
  66. 66. 19/06/2019 66 Mahanadi Coalfields is going to invest 67 MUSD to expand its Bhubaneswari open-cast coal mine, near Talcher, Odisha (India). As per national norms, a 3-tier green belt, with a minimum density of 2 500 trees per hectare, will have been developed on more than 83 hectares of land. Also, the company has been asked to ensure that rainwater harvesting is carried out on the site premises. 66 Coal mining
  67. 67. 19/06/2019 67 Finnish-Swedish company Stora Enso is investing 26 MUSD to expand the water treatment plant at its cardboard plant in Skoghall, Värmland (Sweden). By expanding the plant, the separation of sludge will be improved, which in turn will improve the quality of the water that is returned to the nearby Lake Vänern. The sludge can also be used as biofuel. The project consists of three larger pools for more efficient sedimentation, along with associated process and control systems. The project will reduce the environmental impact of the operations and help to meet future environmental requirements. Ireland's Smurfit Kappa Group has set up a new combined heat and power plant at its paper mill in Snodland, Kent (United Kingdom). The new combined heat and power plant (CHP), which provides steam and electricity for the mill's paper machine, will slash the mill’s carbon footprint by at least 15%. Singaporean company Horizon Pulp and Paper has invested 27 MUSD to set up a new biomass-fired combined heat and power plant at its pulp and paper mill in Kehra, Harju (Estonia). With the new CHP plant, more than 80% of the energy used by the pulp and paper mill is now produced from renewable sources. Due to the CHP and other environmental investments, the mill's carbon footprint is reduced by 70% from the 2010 level. Finnish company Metsä Board has upgraded its Husum pulp and board mill in Örnsköldsvik, Västernorrland (Sweden). The company placed an order with Clean Combustion for the supply of a 50 MW single-fuel lime kiln burner and associated control systems. The mill is an integrated board and pulp mill producing fresh fibre folding boxboard, white kraftliner, as well as bleached market pulp. The investment is part of the company’s long-term strategy to reduce environmental emissions (NOx and CO) and to ensure continued environmentally friendly production at the plant. The complete burner system ensures efficient production with reduced environmental impact at a lower production cost. 67 Paper and cardboard
  68. 68. 19/06/2019 68 Kenya Breweries Limited, subsidiary of the British-Kenyan company, East African Breweries Limited, is investing 40 MUSD in an effluent treatment plant to boost production efficiency at its upcoming brewery Kisumu plant (Kenya). Once a third phase under construction is completed, the modern brewery will be able to reuse nearly 90% of the almost 2 million litres of effluent water. Additionally, Naphtali Ndungu, the head of brewery and quality, highlighted that the plant will also ensure harvesting of carbon from the beer fermentation process in a bid to reduce the factory’s carbon footprint by around nine tonnes daily. According to Jacob Bett, the head of engineering and packaging, the water treatment plant will integrate high-efficiency multistage technologies focused on reduction of effluent’s carbon oxygen demand (cod) and biochemical oxygen demand (bod). Manufacturer and producer of alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, Kasapreko Company Limited, has just completed the construction of a solar plant on the roof of its factory in Accra (Ghana). The solar plant will supply 570,570 kWh annually to support the needs of the bottling facility and help displace the power supplied by diesel generators at the height of the day. Solar will also allow Kasapreko to reduce its carbon emissions by over 4,600 tonnes over the lifespan of the plant. Liquor maker Oasis Distilleries is planning to invest 12 MUSD to increase capacity at its grain-based distillery at Borali, near Badnawar, Madhya Pradesh (India). The project will generate its own power by setting up a 3 MW captive cogeneration power unit. As per national norms, the plant will operate on zero liquid discharge concept. The company has been asked to install LED lights, to source at least 10% to 20% of its energy requirements from renewable sources of energy, and to harvest rainwater. Belgium's Anheuser-Busch is setting up a huge, new, state-of-the-art brewery near Putian, Fujian (China). The brewery will also make use of solar power panels that will ultimately reduce emissions equal to the environmental impact of 780 000 trees, according to the company. The amount of water and heat usage at the required for brewing will also be reduced through the use of more sustainable processes. The company will also be responsible for the management and protection of several rivers running through the city as per an agreement with the Putian government. 68 Beverage
  69. 69. 19/06/2019 69 France's Pernod Ricard is going to invest nearly 16 MUSD to set up a new grain-based distillery in Dindori, near Nashik, Maharashtra (India). As per national requirements, the company shall earmark 2,5% of the project cost for corporate social activities, such as welfare activities, aiding local educational facilities, and building sanitation facilities in the area. Greek-U.S. company Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling is planning to set up a new plant in Dunaharaszti, Pest (Hungary). The plant now supplies consumers in 25 countries in Europe with soft drinks, fruit juices, and mineral water, relying on two-thirds local basic ingredients for production. Dutch company Heineken is investing 100 MUSD to set up a new brewery near Manhiça, Maputo (Mozambique). The company says it will explore the possibility of locally sourcing the raw materials it will need to produce its beers. One of the objectives of this project will be to improve crop yields as well as the capabilities and living standards of Mozambican farmers, contributing to the economic development of the country. Heritage Brewing is going to invest nearly 9 MUSD to relocate to a new craft brewery in Manassas, Virginia (United States). The company focuses on training and hiring veterans. It donates a portion of its profits to families of fallen soldiers. The company has given a commitment to sourcing and purchasing Virginia-grown ingredients in its supply chain. 69 Beverage
  70. 70. 19/06/2019 70 India's software major Infosys plans to invest more than 12 MUSD to set up a new technology and innovation hub in Richardson, Texas (United States), which will create 500 jobs. Employees will include recent graduates from Texas’ network of colleges, universities, and community colleges, who will also benefit from upskilling through the company’s world-class training curriculum. India's software major Infosys is planning to create 500 jobs by setting up a new design and innovation hub in Providence, Rhode Island (United States). The Indian company, through a charitable foundation called Infosys Foundation USA, has provided multiple grants to teachers and schools across Rhode Island, for training and upskilling a new generation of American technology professionals. In Raleigh : an Infosys venture capital fund will invest in local startups here. California-based IT services firm, UST Global, is setting up its largest development centre at Thiruvananthapuram (India), adding 4,000 new people in staff. The company has introduced an initiative called ‘Impact India’ in association with various NGOs and specialist educationists with an aim to provide 10,000 technology jobs for differently-abled people. U.S. tech giant Microsoft is investing more than 2 bn USD to set up a new data centre at Wieringermeer, North Holland (the Netherlands). The data centre will be powered 100% by renewable energy. The data centre's waste heat may be offered to warm nearby greenhouses. 70 Computer programming
  71. 71. 19/06/2019 71 France's ERAMET is going to invest 380 MUSD to set up a new lithium carbonate plant near Salto, Buenos Aires (Argentina). The company is assisting the local community with the construction of a local waste landfill, construction of a multi- purpose facility for the school of the nearest village, and setting up of a “ride-for-free” programme. Jaykaycem is planning to invest 89 MUSD to develop a new open-cast limestone mine ("Panna-Kakra") near Amanganj, Madhya Pradesh (India). The company has committed to improve certain civic amenities, such as roads, sports facilities, and storage facilities. Canadian company Agrium is going to develop a new open-pit phosphate mine near Soda Springs (United States), allowing for 1 700 jobs to be retained. The U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) officials said the new mine will preserve 1,700 jobs and generate about $85 million per year for the local economy in Caribou County. Agrium has agreed to give nearly $1,170,000 to the eastern Idaho nonprofit conservation organization Sagebrush Steppe Land Trust for efforts to remediate loss of residual wildlife habitat. In addition, the company will mitigate impacts to the Blackfoot River Wildlife Management Area and pay $432,000 to the Idaho Department of Fish and Game for the right to use and occupy the area. Following the Tilemsi project, the Canadian company Great Quest Fertilizer plans to operate a phosphate mine in Bourem (Mali). The project also includes an important community development component with a fund of USD 2 million and another focused on safety. Under the first component, improved drilling has already been achieved in Almoustrat in 2011 to the satisfaction of the people and elected officials. Norwegian company Yara, along with U.S. and French partners, has planned to invest 740 MUSD in a new potash mine and processing facility near Berhale (Ethiopia), which would create around 800 jobs. The company will set up and manage a palm nursery with local partners, as well as develop a palm plantation. 71 Other mining
  72. 72. 72 Factory of the Future scores, US states, 2016-2019 There is a lot of variability between states, with a lowest score of 0.25 for Nevada and a best score of 2 for Oklahoma. If we were to retain only states with more than 30 investments, California would be first among 17 states, with an average score of 1.65