Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.
Próximos SlideShares
Carregando em…5
×

# 2007 paper

833 visualizações

• Full Name
Comment goes here.

Are you sure you want to Yes No
• Hello there! Get Your Professional Job-Winning Resume Here! http://bit.ly/topresum

Tem certeza que deseja  Sim  Não
Insira sua mensagem aqui
• Seja a primeira pessoa a gostar disto

### 2007 paper

2. 2. Leave blank SECTION A – EXERCISE & ENERGY SYSTEMS Answer only ONE question from this section. Write your answers in the spaces provided. If you answer Question 1 put a cross in this box .1. (a) (i) Define the concepts of energy and power and give the unit of measure for each. Energy: ................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ Unit of measure: .................................................................................................... Power: .................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ Unit of measure: .................................................................................................... (4) (ii) Calculate the power output of an athlete who has travelled 1500 m in 2 minutes on a cycle ergometer with a fixed load resistance of 10 kg attached. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (5)2 *N25095A0232*
3. 3. Leave blank(b) (i) Explain the all or none law in relation to strength of muscular contraction. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (3) (ii) Explain the sequence of events that cause a muscle to contract, according to the sliding filament theory. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (7) 3 *N25095A0332* Turn over
4. 4. Leave blank (c) In the context of ATP breakdown and re-synthesis, define the terms exothermic, endothermic and coupled reactions and give an example of each. Exothermic: ................................................................................................................. ....................................................................................................................................... Example: ....................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... Endothermic: .............................................................................................................. ....................................................................................................................................... Example: ....................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... Coupled reactions: ...................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... Example: ....................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (6) Q1 (Total 25 marks)4 *N25095A0432*
5. 5. Leave blank If you answer Question 2 put a cross in this box ..2. (a) Explain how a neural impulse is transferred from the central nervous system to skeletal muscle. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (7) 5 *N25095A0532* Turn over
6. 6. Leave blank (b) The body utilises three energy pathways to re-synthesise ATP. (i) Name the three pathways and describe how each works. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (9)6 *N25095A0632*
7. 7. Leave blank (ii) Identify a sporting activity that would utilise each pathway as its primary energy provider and explain why. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (6)(c) Define the term OBLA and describe how an athlete may use this knowledge. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (3) Q2 (Total 25 marks) TOTAL FOR SECTION A: 25 MARKS 7 *N25095A0732* Turn over
8. 8. Leave blank SECTION B – SPORTS MECHANICS & SPORTS PSYCHOLOGY Answer only ONE question from this section. Write your answers in the spaces provided. If you answer Question 3 put a cross in this box .3. D C A B Figure 1 Figure 1 shows the path of a ball as it is passed along the ground, around a square in a football practice, between the players A, B, C and D. Each side of the square is 15 m in length. (a) Showing all your workings, if the ball starts at player A, calculate: (i) The distance the ball has travelled when it reaches C. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (1) (ii) The displacement of the ball as it reaches C. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (3)8 *N25095A0832*
9. 9. Leave blank (iii) The displacement of the ball as it completes one circuit. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (1)(b) (i) It takes the ball 2 seconds to travel from C to D. Calculate the average speed of the ball as it moves from C to D. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (1) (ii) The speed of the ball is measured as it leaves D and as it arrives at A, and the values below are recorded. Speed at D Speed at A 10 ms-1 6 ms-1 It takes the ball 1.9 seconds to travel from D to A. Calculate the average acceleration of the ball between the two points. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (2) (iii) State Newton’s Second Law, and use it to explain your answer to part (b) (ii). ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (3) 9 *N25095A0932* Turn over
10. 10. Leave blank (iv) State Newton’s First and Third Laws, and use them to explain the motion of the ball in the above practice. First Law ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ Third Law .............................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (6) (c) (i) Draw and label a diagram that shows air resistance, lift and drag acting on a discus in flight in relation to its direction of travel. (3)10 *N25095A01032*
11. 11. Leave blank(ii) Explain how lift force is achieved in discus and how it can be optimised. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (5) Q3 (Total 25 marks) 11 *N25095A01132* Turn over
12. 12. Leave blank If you answer Question 4 put a cross in this box .4. (a) Identify the body’s three axes of rotation and use sporting examples to explain the movement that occurs around each one. Axis ............................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... Example ........................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................................... Axis ............................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... Example ........................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................................... Axis ............................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... Example ........................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................................... (6)12 *N25095A01232*
13. 13. Leave blank(b) Explain how back spin influences a ball’s flight. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (6) 13 *N25095A01332* Turn over
14. 14. Leave blank (c) (i) Label the diagram below to show the external forces acting on a swimmer in relation to the direction of motion. (3) (ii) There are a number of strategies that a swimmer uses in order to minimise the effects of one of these forces. Identify which force the swimmer attempts to minimise and explain how the swimmer can reduce this force. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (5)14 *N25095A01432*
15. 15. Leave blank(d) During the time a sprinter’s foot is in contact with the ground it experiences different forces. Draw two force/time graphs: • one to show the force acting on the foot as the athlete accelerates • one to show the force acting on the foot as the athlete decelerates (5) Q4 (Total 25 marks) 15 *N25095A01532* Turn over
16. 16. Leave blank If you answer Question 5 put a cross in this box .5. (a) Using examples from sport, define the terms aggression, instrumental aggression and assertion. Aggression: .................................................................................................................. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... Instrumental aggression: ........................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... Assertion: ..................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (6)16 *N25095A01632*
17. 17. Leave blank(b) List five strategies a coach can use to reduce aggressive behaviour in a player. 1 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 2 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 3 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 4 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 5 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (5)(c) Explain how a coach would structure their practice sessions if they were applying the cognitive approach to learning. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (5) 17 *N25095A01732* Turn over
18. 18. Leave blank (d) Explain the effect that the presence of others may have on sports performance. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (5) (e) Name four strategies that a performer or coach could use to manage the effect of a crowd on performance. 1 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 2 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 3 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 4 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (4) Q5 (Total 25 marks)18 *N25095A01832*
19. 19. BLANK PAGE 19*N25095A01932* Turn over
20. 20. Leave blank If you answer Question 6 put a cross in this box .6. (a) Identify and explain one method of personality assessment, highlighting the drawbacks of your chosen method. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (5) (b) Bandura suggested that self-efficacy is influenced by four factors. Define these four factors. 1 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 2 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 3 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... 4 .................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (4)20 *N25095A02032*
21. 21. Leave blank(c) What is learned helplessness and how can it be overcome? Use examples from sport to support your answer. ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................... (5) 21 *N25095A02132* Turn over
22. 22. Leave blank (d) (i) According to the multi-dimensional approach, anxiety is made up of more than one component. Explain how each component is related to sports performance. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (6)22 *N25095A02232*
23. 23. Leave blank(ii) Suggest strategies for managing pre-competition anxiety. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................ (5) Q6 (Total 25 marks) TOTAL FOR SECTION B: 25 MARKS 23 *N25095A02332* Turn over
24. 24. Leave blank SECTION C – A SYNOPTIC ANALYSIS OF SCIENTIFIC PRINCIPLES Answer ONE question only from this section Each question is worth 25 marks Indicate which question you are answering by marking the box ( ). If you change your mind, put a line through the box ( ) and then indicate your new question with a cross ( ).Chosen question number: Question 7 Question 8 Question 9 Question 107. Discuss the various long term strategies undertaken by elite athletes in preparation for global competitions. (Total 25 marks)8. Discuss the view that elite athletes are born, not made. (Total 25 marks)9. Discuss how modern technology aids an athlete’s preparation for competition. (Total 25 marks)10. Discuss what an athlete would do during the final 72 hours prior to competition in order to maximise performance. (Total 25 marks)Write your answer to Section C here:...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 24 *N25095A02432*
25. 25. Leave blank............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 25 *N25095A02532* Turn over
26. 26. Leave blank............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 26 *N25095A02632*
27. 27. Leave blank............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 27 *N25095A02732* Turn over
28. 28. Leave blank............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 28 *N25095A02832*
29. 29. Leave blank.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Section...................................................................................................................................................... C (Total 25 marks) TOTAL FOR SECTION C: 25 MARKS TOTAL FOR PAPER: 75 MARKS END 29 *N25095A02932*
30. 30. BLANK PAGE30 *N25095A03032*
31. 31. BLANK PAGE 31*N25095A03132*
32. 32. BLANK PAGE32 *N25095A03232*