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Project By :-
Pooja S Dawalkar.
Roll No:- 17
Third World Follies:
Environmental Destruction in the Name of Progress.
It is in exchanging
the gifts of the earth
that you shall find
Yet unless the exchange be
in love and kind justice,
it will lead
some to greed and
others to hunger .
- Khalil Gibran.
• Third world (T.W) in state of crisis
•Resources in Large quantities to fuel
Wasteful Economies of many Western
• Western style development – power
and wealth concentrated in cities and
hands of a few.
•National Development Authorities &
Multi lateral Development banks
projects have actually worsened the
lives of those they were supposedly
designed for. E.g. Hydroelectricity
projects in India.
Examples of failed projects :-
•PESTICIDE poisoning – one of the
most PERVASIVE Health problems in
•Thailand and other Third world
countries – increasingly dependent
on the West – for markets to sell
their crops but also to feed their
•Project in Western Brazil to move
people out of cities to pursue
economic opportunities in rural
• Exposure to western ways can cause serious
cultural erosion in a society. – Norberg-Hodge.
•Constant exposure to western ideas in India &
else where creates profound sense of
•The exposure of Western technologies , ideas
and lifestyles has left the people from Third
world with 2 options :-
1. AN economy that was once self-reliant and
2. The seductive but clearly unsustainable
culture of the West.
Unfortunately , the deceptive glitter of Western
ways often wins.
•Instead of Aids that supports industrialization,
the west should be offering assistance that
bolsters, “Sustainable lifestyles”.
1. For developed world – Striving for
higher quality of life without depleting
resources or polluting the environment .
2.For Third world – Sustainability
development and limited growth
within ecological limits.
•Sir Edmund Hillary once said that
environmental problems are really
social problems , They begin with people
as the cause and end with people as the
chief victims. E.g. Fre Charles – Land
dead cos of cutting trees for charcoal.
•Third World countries now realise that
environmental protection is not a luxury
but a precondition for survival & that
the problem of poverty cannot be
resolved in isolation from the problem
of the environment.
•And in spite of knowing this a number
of obstacles stand in the way of
efficiency . E.g. A study shows that
importing duty-free CFL bulbs would
actually cost 7 times cheaper than
building new power plants