2. What makes a good Trainer?
• A good communicator
• Having a thorough knowledge of the subject
• Uses a range of teaching and learning strategies to improve student
• Is organised
3. Teaching and Learning Strategies
• Know your audience
• Be confident
• Add humour
• Control the environment
4. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
• Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is a popular motivation theory that is
widely referred to in educational circles.
• However, Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs can provide teachers a
reminder and framework that our students are less likely to perform
at their full potential if their basic needs are unmet
7. Diversity and Inclusion
• It's about creating a learning environment that works for all students.
• In the simplest terms, inclusion in education means ensuring every
student, no matter what their individual needs or barriers to learning,
has equal access to learning and the same opportunities to achieve.
• Diversity takes many forms, it is usually thought of in terms of obvious
attributes-age, race, gender, physical ability, sexual orientation,
religion and language.
• Differentiated teaching occurs when a teacher/trainer plans a lesson
that adjusts either the content being discussed, the process used to
learn or the product expected from students to ensure that learners
at different starting points can receive the instruction they need to
grow and succeed.
• Differentiation permeates everything a good teacher/trainer does and
it is often impossible to ‘point’ to a discrete event that achieves it. It is
not what is done often, but the way it is done that achieves
14. Adult Learning
• Adults need to know ‘Why’
• Adults learn by doing
• Learning flourishes in a non-judgemental atmosphere
• An informal environment works best
15. Learning Styles
• VAK is another model that categorises learners - it focuses on the
most common ways people learn. Usually we prefer one of three
types of learning: visual, auditory and kinaesthetic
17. Kolbs Experential Learning Cycle (ELC)
• David Kolb’s work on the experiential learning cycle is among the
most influential approaches to learning. The experiential learning
cycle is a four-step learning process that is applied multiple times in
every interaction and experience:
Experience – Reflect – Think – Act.
21. Questioning Strategy
• Asking students pre-questions before they have learnt the material
was found to increase performance by 24% (Carpenter and Toftness,
• Questioning can in improve memory recall, retrieval is a powerful way
to create learning and memory.
• What is coaching?
According to Sir John Whitmore ‘Coaching is unlocking a person’s
potential to maximise their own performance. It is helping them to
learn rather than teaching them’
• The power of authentic coaching is that when the relationship is
genuinely transparent and safe, you can begin working with reality
and not just appearances. Authenticity doesn't just happen.
The coach must cultivate the ability to take relational risks and go first
at being real.
• Parent Someone in Parent may use body language that is angry or
impatient such as finger-pointing, fist-clenching, "in your face". The
language of the Parent may be judgmental, critical or patronising.
• Adult You can tell that someone is in their Adult when they are show
interest and pay attention, they are not defensive or need the be
threatening in any way.
• Child An individual who is in their Child often behaves more emotionally
than they do at other times, which could be sad, angry, despairing, fearful,
• GROW Model, GROW stands for:
• Current Reality.
• Options (or Obstacles)
• Will (or Way Forward)
• To make sure your goals are clear and reachable, each one should be:
• Specific (simple, sensible, significant)
• Measurable (meaningful, motivating)
• Achievable (agreed, attainable)
• Relevant (reasonable, realistic and resourced, results-based)
• Time bound (time-based, time limited, time/cost limited, timely, time-
• The definition of instruction is the act of educating, giving the steps
that must be followed or an order
• Generally used during the early stages
• Under Instruction
• Over Instruction
• What is assessment?
• Gathering information using a range of methods
• Used to determine whether individuals are able to demonstrate the
necessary ability to gain entry or progress
• Helps identify whether standards are being met
• Important the trainer fully understands the meaning of learning
outcomes and determine whether the student has demonstrated
competency in that area
• Assessment Methods-
• Initial - Commencement of Course
• Diagnostic - Evaluation of learners skills, knowledge, strengths
• Independent- Takes place by person not teaching on course
• Formative- Ongoing
• Observation- Watching the learners perform a skill
• Questions- Used to assess knowledge and understanding
• Professional Discussion- Conversation based around course content
• Summative- Takes place at the end of a course
Medals and Missions
• Medals: This is information about what a student has done well, e.g.
‘Your speed choice was good on that occasion’ Medals are
information about what exactly was done well.
Medals and Missions
• Missions: This is information about what the student needs to
improve, correct, or work on. It is best when it is forward looking and
positive. e.g. ‘Try to identify signs earlier, you can achieve this by
looking further ahead’
41. Feedback Findings
• Feedback interventions, on average significantly improve student
• Feedback can also be detrimental, with over a third of feedback
interventions doing more harm than good
• The more the feedback is about the students ability, the more likely it
was to hinder their future efforts
• If the feedback is focused on how to do the task better it was much
more likely to enhance performance
• While people like to believe that they are rational and logical, the fact
is that people are continually under the influence of cognitive biases.
These biases distort thinking, influence beliefs, and sway the
decisions and judgments that people make each and every day.
• Confirmation Bias- is the tendency to listen more often to
information that confirms our existing beliefs. Through this bias,
people tend to favour information that reinforces the things they
already think or believe.
• Hindsight Bias- is a common cognitive bias that involves the tendency
to see events, even random ones, as more predictable than they are.
It's also commonly referred to as the "I knew it all along"
• Self-Serving Bias- is a tendency for people tend to give themselves
credit for successes but lay the blame for failures on outside causes.
When you do well on a project, you probably assume that it’s because
you worked hard. But when things turn out badly, you are more likely
to blame it on circumstances or bad luck.
• Be yourself, don’t be afraid to make mistakes
• Planning helps to reduce anxiety and helps to produce a more
• Offering a range of learning strategies can help to overcome barriers
• Adults need to know ‘why’
• Try to foster an independent learning environment
• Assessment can be both formal and informal
• Quality feedback is key to learning taking place