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Sexual orientation and Gender Identity

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Sexual orientation and Gender Identity

  1. 1. Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
  2. 2. Definitions  Asexual  Bisexual  Closeted  Coming Out  Gender  Gender Confirming/Sex Reassignment Surgery  Gender Dysphoria  Homosexual  Intergender  Intersexed Person  Lesbian  LGBT/LGBTQ/LGBTQI  Pangendered  Pansexual  Queer  Sex  Transgender
  3. 3. “Born This Way”? Homosexuality  APA  “no consensus among scientists”  “Most people experience little or no sense of choice”  Theories of origin  Genetic (allele)  Hormonal  Developmental  Social  Cultural  Evelyn Hooker, 1957: Not environmental (removed as disorder from DSM)  Prof. Richard Pillard: Probably biologically determined
  4. 4. Is Homosexuality Curable?  DSM no longer classifies homosexuality as a disorder (since 1973)  psychology doesn't think it needs "cured“  Rehab/reorientation for homosexuality  Techniques can include  Shock therapy  Prayer  Exorcisms  Hypnotism  Aversion therapy  Counseling with pastor or counselor  Many of these techniques both dangerous and unscientific  Linked to increase in depression and suicide  Some success stories exist, but more negative than positive results
  5. 5. “Born this way”? Gender  Popularly thought to be social construct  There are people who identify as more than just male and female (agender, pangender, etc.), so society believes gender is a continuum  APA states “no single explanation for why some people are transgender”  May be due to genetics, prenatal hormones, and life experiences
  6. 6. Is Gender Dysphoria Curable?  No techniques found  Secular treatment is available to help deal with the distress caused by gender dysphoria  One “cure” that exists is sex reassignment surgery  Treatment tends to change the body to match the mind rather than changing the mind to match the body  Under secular concept of gender fluidity, identity can change over time, but it shouldn't be forced to change
  7. 7. Statistics and Prevalence  Adults that identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual ranges from 1.7% to 5.6% (multiple surveys)  3.5% of US adults identify as LGB, and .3% identify as transgender (about 9 million LGBT) (UCLA Williams Institute)  Other surveys found that 0.5% to 2% of population feel transgender  8.2% of Americans=same-sex sexual behavior (19 million)  11%=some same-sex attraction (25.6 million)
  8. 8. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual Celebrities  Tom Daley  Jim Nabors  Anderson Cooper  Jim Parsons  Sara Gilbert  Neil Patrick Harris  Michael Sam  Lady Gaga  Drew Barrymore
  9. 9. Transgender Celebrities  Balian Buschbaum  Chaz Bono  Carmen Carrera  Lana Wachowski  Thomas Beatie  Candis Cayne  Rocco “Katastrophe” Kayiatos  Laverne Cox  Bradley (Chelsea) Manning
  10. 10. Resources on Scriptural and Lutheran Response  YouTube Video: "The Church and Homosexuality: A Model Dialogue“  Bible study: Christian Perspective: Homosexuality by Daniel W. Puls (can be found at CPH.org)  CTCR documents (can be found at LCMS.org):  Human Sexuality  Gender Dysphoria  Homosexuality: A Christian Response  Article and video: Baptized, Not Gay by Rev. Mark Buetow (Higherthings.org)

Notas do Editor

  • Allele is an alternative form of a gene found in a certain place on a chromosome

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