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[Day 2] Center Presentation: ICARDA

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Presented by W. Göbel at the CGIAR-CSI Annual Meeting 2009: Mapping Our Future. March 31 - April 4, 2009, ILRI Campus, Nairobi, Kenya

Publicada em: Tecnologia
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[Day 2] Center Presentation: ICARDA

  1. 1. Update on Geospatial Activities at ICARDA E. De Pauw and W. Gö bel CGIAR-CSI Meeting, ILRI, Nairobi 31 March-4 April 2009
  2. 2. Overview Completed projects  Sunset projects  Continuing projects/activities  New projects  Publications  Interests for collaboration with  extended CSI COP
  3. 3. Completed project 1: Ecogeographical/botanical survey  Area covered:  Jebel Wastani and Jebel Zawia in Idleb province, NW Syria  Outcomes:  Areas identified unsuitable for rock removal (based on biophysical and cultural criteria)  Area identified for biodiversity conservation  Guidelines for developing a management plan for the proposed conservation area  Follow-up 2009:  Soil survey to experiment with Bayesian mapping methods
  4. 4. Completed project 2: Climate change maps Egypt / Tajikistan  In support of the Expert Consultation on Climate Change held by WFP in Cairo, 3-4 November 2008  High-resolution (1 km) change maps based on the calibration method for downscaling of average output of 21 GCM models, scenario A1B, time frame 2080-2099
  5. 5. Example of simple downscaling: Importance of upstream-downstream relationships Nile Basin:
  6. 6. Sunset project 1: CACILM  Central Asia Sustainable Land Management Research Project  Multidisciplinary  Role of GIS component:  assist with defining recommendation domains for technological options tested at CACILM benchmark sites through  Characterization of benchmark sites  Mapping similarity in climate, land use, topography and soils  New soil map for Central Asia through compilation of national maps
  7. 7. Sunset project 2: Agroecological Zoning Egypt  In association with the Agricultural Research Council (ARC) of Egypt  Integrating climate, land use and soil information to identify areas with similar irrigation management needs
  8. 8. Sunset project 3: Turkey Land Suitability Mapping  Ongoing country-level assessment of agroecological zones and land suitability for 20 crops  Finalized agroclimatic and agroecological zoning of Turkey  Completing now land suitability component  Outcome for use in other projects:  Models for score-based qualitative crop suitability assessments  Advantages: more robust, flexible, cheaper and easier to use in large-area suitability assessments with limited datasets  Disadvantage: no direct link to yield expectation
  9. 9. Sunset project 4: Sudan (Resource) Poverty Mapping  Components Mapping agricultural potential regions of Sudan  Characterizing the natural resources constraints and potential  and the production systems of the agricultural potential regions Characterizing natural resource potential and poverty by state  in Sudan Household surveys in selected regions for validation   Adaptation of a methodology developed in Syria  Problems for completing the study: New census data not yet released by Sudan government  Without population density data not possible to spatialize the  per-capita income from agriculture Use of remote sensing: above-ground biomass assessment using  MODIS imagery
  10. 10. SUDAN Above-ground biomass
  11. 11. Northern Darfur Western Darfur Southern Darfur
  12. 12. Continuing projects/activities  In the context of climate change research  Enabling current agroclimatic analyses for future climate  Trend analysis and drought mapping in the non-tropical drylands; mapping of interannual climatic variability  Based on analysis of CRU and GPCC data sets  Update of the ICARDA Agroclimate Tool  Better weather generator, better spatialization methods -> truly site-specific recommendations and crop monitoring
  13. 13. Central Asia
  14. 14. Central Asia
  15. 15. New project 1: Water harvesting in Libya  Agroecological zoning of Libya  Mapping and characterization of agricultural regions  Spatial analysis of potential for specific water harvesting techniques  based on improved Syria methodology  at higher resolution (1:50,000 scale in agricultural regions of Libya)  Better data availability Libya (especially soils)  Improvements in assessment of runoff/run-on relationships and for macro-catchment systems
  16. 16. New project 2: Climate change impact assessments in Central Asia  Funded by Asian Development Bank  GIS component involves mapping for selected ‘futures’(models, time frames and emission scenarios):  basic climate surfaces with medium-resolution for selected futures  drought risk (probabilities of not exceeding critical precipitation levels) for climates of the selected futures  shifts in suitability for land use systems (specific crops, rangelands), using land suitability models  projected shifts of agro-ecosystems (agroecological zones, agricultural regions, land use systems)  recommendation domains for CACILM technologies most relevant for CC  Partner: IFPRI
  17. 17. New project 3: Mapping wheat growing areas  Component of ‘Durable Resistance to Rust in Wheat’:  Funded by B&MGF  Objective 3 ‘Tracking Wheat Rust Pathogens’ maps of wheat growing areas  GISU role: 1-km resolution mapping of wheat growing areas in West and South Asia  2009:  Syria covered  Methodology for outscaling to rest of West and South Asia
  18. 18. Publications 1: Publications 2: Country-level assessment of land Country-level assessment of land suitability for water harvesting suitability for supplemental irrigation
  19. 19. Publications 3: Agroecological zoning Publications 4: Ecogeographical and and similarity mapping Karkhe River botanical survey in Idleb Province, Basin, Iran - Ecogeographical and NW Syria botanical survey
  20. 20. GIS in ICARDA  GIS is now ‘mainstreamed’ in ICARDA  Work with all research programs in several projects  Consensus about staff time recovery (no more free lunches)
  21. 21. Center-wide initiatives of interest  Probabilistic methods of soil property and crop distribution mapping  Climate change impact assessments from biophysical and socioeconomic perspectives