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ETHNIC An ethnic (Greek ethnos έθνος,"village" or "nation") is a human population inwhich members identify themselves, typically bycommon ancestry or other historical ties. Ethnic groups are also usually united bycultural practices, behavioral, linguistic orreligious common.
In Spain in recent years we have received numerous immigrant groups from different origins (North Africa and South America in particular), but these groups are not considered in the definition of ethnicity. The only ethnic group living in Spain since 1415 is approximately that of Roma. The music played by Roma mostly flamenco.
GYPSIES• They are called Gypsies or Roma to a community or ethnic group of Indian origin, with common cultural traits. They are settled mainly in Europe, are in fact the largest ethnic minority in the European Union, but are also present but to a lesser extent, into the world.
LOLA FLORES(21 January 1923 – 16 May 1995) was aSpanish singer, dancer, and actress.• Flores was born in Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz, (Andalusia, Spain). Although thought to be only part gypsy, she strongly identified with the Spanish gypsy culture.• She became a famous dancer and singer of Andalusian folklore at a very young age, performing flamenco, copla or chotis and featuring in films from 1939 to 1987.
“La zarzamora”http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6dCJDk_e1iw “Ay pena, penita, pena”:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lto14yDe5XA “A tu vera”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjPxcPrA_Y0 "A tu vera" was versioned in 2005 by their daughters Lolita and Rosario, including the voice of Lola Flores, as a tribute.
A family of artists: Lolita, Rosario and AntonioFlores (died two weeks after his mother) arealso well-known flamenco singers in Spain.“Coraje de vivir" for the whole familyFlores:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KxWePyNltfk“Esta tarde vi llover” by Lolita and Rosario:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hSqY7WFFpmE“No dudaría” by Antonio Flores:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t5zWfADKgGk&NR=1
PACO DE LUCÍA (born in Algeciras, Cádiz on December 21, 1947).Spanish virtuoso flamenco guitarist and composer. • Paco de Lucía is considered by many to be one of the finest guitarists in the world and the greatest guitarist of the flamenco genre. • Although not a gypsy, he did feel like that because he has always lived among Gypsies. • “Barrosa” (2004), in life in Germany: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=976aVPPx2Zc
• Germany (2010), in life : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= hisNuLC7Y4M&feature=related• Roma (2010), in life : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= sBqyMPmCayo&feature=related• Montréal (2011), in life : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= BmwdZ7kPQUc
EL CIGALADiego Ramón Jiménez Salazar, known as El Cigala is a famous Spanish Romani Flamenco singer. Born into a family of Spanish Gypsy artists and intellectuals in Madrid, El Cigala started singing in flamenco peñas (Born in Madrid, 1968) (enthusiasts clubs) and tablaos. “Lágrimas negras” (2006), in life : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7WrXqN_qEy0
JOSÉ MERCÉ born in 1955 in Santiago, Jerez de la Frontera, Spain) is a flamenco cantaor (singer).Mercés nickname comes from his participation in the choir ofthe Basilica de la Merced when he was a boy. In 1986 hewon the Córdoba National Competition.• “Bulerías de Jerez”, in life : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dxadg9KyDmY• “La vida sale”, videoclip: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z1RO879QhzA&featur e=related
NIÑA PASTORI She was born in SanFernando (Cádiz) on 15 January 1978.• She is a Spanish flamenco singer (cantaora). The youngest of five siblings and only daughter of a military man (José) and gypsy flamenco singer La Pastori, she started her artistic career at a young age. At the age of six she accompanied her mother in the flamenco tablaos.
• “Ya no quiero ser” (2010), in life : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WG9VFQeQ_ co• “La orilla de mi pelo” (2011), videoclip: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=egcL_uP1LpU
PATA NEGRA• Pata Negra is a famous flamenco band in the history of Spanish music. Established by Raimundo Amador Fernández (singer and guitarist, b. 1959 in Seville) and Rafael Amador Fernández (guitarist and cantaor, b. 1960 in Seville).• Their style of derivative rhythms based on flamenco music and blues, which they titled "blueslería", made an impact on other modern flamenco music bands.
The Amador brothers as Pata Negra in 1987.The brothers were separated 20 years ago but has returned with Pata Negra Rafael recently, while Raymond began his solo career.
OJOS DE BRUJO"Eyes of the Sorcerer" in English is a nine-piece band from Barcelona, Spain, who describe their style as "jipjop flamenkillo" (hip-hop with a little flamenco).“Todos mortales” (2009), videoclip: http://www.youtube.com/wa tch?v=9yHmh5iRJ4Y
ANTONIO CARMONA (Granada, May 21, 1965) is a Spanish flamenco singer.• He is one of the best representatives of the new flamenco fusion with other music style that has developed mainly within the ranks of the group Ketama. He has also had some film experience, appeared in "Gypsy" (2000).• “El sitio de mi recreo” with Rosario Flores (2009): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VE8_KbC9qfs
ESTRELLA MORENTE (Granada, August 14, 1980), Spanish flamenco singer.Morente comes fromfamily, originally fromthe province ofGranada. Her father,Enrique Morente, wasalso singer and hermother, AuroraCarbonell, dancer, havepassed from childhoodthe essence offlamenco. “Conciertos para la libertad”, Cádiz (2011): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WEdr8WqF3HY
FESTIVAL: CANTE DE LAS MINAS LA UNIÓN• http://www.fundacioncantedelasminas.org/• The International Festival del Cante de las Minas, which is held every year in La Unión (Murcia), Spain.• It has national and international recognition.• Its first edition was in 1961.
During the month of August, was born andremains today the memory of legendary minerflamenco miner.This event is a tribute to the miners who sangduring their busy day.In the days of gala, features performances of themost important people in the world of flamenco,like Paco de Lucía and Antonio Canales. Also in the days of competition, have their opportunity anonymous but no less professional singers, guitarists and dancers who have access to valuable prizes.