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Biodiversity: Species Conservation in Biosphere Reserves of India 
Compiled by Dr. Anoob Razak 
[Check http://www.clearias...
What’s Inside? 
•Biosphere Reserves in India. 
•Species conserved in different Biosphere Reserves 
•IUCN classification of...
UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in INDIA 
1.Nilgiri (2000) 
2.Gulf of Mannar (2001) 
3.Sunderbans (2001) 
4.Nanda Devi (2004) 
5...
Biosphere Reserves in INDIA 
1)Nilgiri * (Kerala, T.N, Karnataka) 
2)Agastyamalai (Kerala, T.N) 
3)Sheshachalam (Andhra) 
...
11.Nanda Devi * (Uttarakhand) 
12.Cold Desert (Himachal Pradesh) 
13.Rann of Kutch (Gujarat) 
14.Panchmarhi * (M.P) 
15.Ac...
6
Civil Service Preliminary 2010 
 Q) Consider the following statements: 1. The boundaries of a National Park are defined b...
Civil Service Preliminary 2012 
Q) In which one among the following categories of protected areas in India are local peop...
9
10
11
Threatened = 
◦ CR + EN + VU 
5 criteria 
a)Declining population 
b)Geographic range 
c)Small population size 
d)Very sm...
The Goal of the IUCN Red List is 
“To provide information & analyses on the status, trends & threats to species in order ...
Civil Service Preliminary 2012 
Q) Which one of the following groups of animals belong to the category of endangered spec...
Civil Service Preliminary 2013 
 Q) Consider the following fauna of India : 1. Gharial 2. Leatherback Turtle 3. Swamp Dee...
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1986) 
◦Western Ghats 
◦states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka 
◦Niligiri Tahr (en), Lion Tai...
17
Nilgiri Tahr 
18
Lion tailed Macaque 
19
Agastyamalai Biosphere Reserve 
◦Western Ghats 
◦states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala 
◦Nilgiri Tahr (en) 
20
21
Sheshachalam Biosphere Reserve 
◦Eastern Ghats region 
◦group of seven hills or peaks 
◦Tirupati temple inside SBR 
◦Beng...
Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve 
◦Marine Biosphere Reserve 
◦between India & Sri Lanka 
◦Dugong dugon (Sea Cow) (vu) (ma...
24
Dugong dugon (Sea Cow) 
25
Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve 
◦Great Nicobar Island 
◦Saltwater Crocodile (lc), Leatherback Sea Turtle (vu) 
26
Saltwater Crocodile 
27
Leatherback Sea Turtle 
28
29
Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve 
◦Eastern Himalaya Region 
◦state of Arunachal Pradesh 
◦Red Panda (vu), Musk Deer (en), ...
Red Panda 
31
32
Musk Deer 
33
34
Snow Leopard 
35
Dibru Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve 
◦Eastern Himalaya Region – Brahmaputra Valley 
◦state of Assam 
◦White-winged Wood Duck...
White-winged Wood Duck 
37
Capped Langur 
38
39
Manas Biosphere Reserve 
◦Eastern Himalaya Region- Brahmaputra Valley 
◦state of Assam 
◦Pygmy Hog (cr) Golden Langur (en...
Pygmy Hog 
41
Golden Langur 
42
43
One Horned Rhino 
44
Nokrek Biosphere Reserve 
◦Eastern Himalaya Region 
◦state of Meghalaya (Garo hills) 
◦Red Panda Golden Langur Slow Loris...
Slow Loris 
46
47
Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve 
◦Central Himalaya Region 
◦state of Sikkim 
◦Snow Leopard (en) Blue Sheep (bharal) (lc...
Blue Sheep (Bharal) 
49
50
Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve 
◦includes Nanda Devi National Park & Valley of Flowers National Park 
◦Western Himalayan hi...
Goral 
52
53
Valley of Flowers National Park 
54
Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve 
◦Western Himalaya Region 
◦state of Himachal Pradesh 
◦Snow Leopard (en), Himalayan Brown ...
Brown Bear 
56
57
Rann of Kutch (Kachch) Biosphere Reserve 
◦Marshy Desert in the state of Gujarat 
◦Indian Wild Ass (en) Great Indian Bust...
Indian Wild Ass 
59
60
Great Indian Bustard 
61
62
Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve 
◦Peninsular India, Central Highlands 
◦only Hill Station in Central India 
◦state of Madhya ...
Chital (Indian Spotted Deer) 
64
65
Achanakmar - Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve 
◦Peninsular India, Central Highlands 
◦states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh 
...
Panna Biosphere Reserve 
◦Peninsular India, Central Highlands 
◦state of Madhya Pradesh 
◦Tiger (en) Sloth bear Wild Boar...
Simlipal Biosphere Reserve 
◦Peninsular India 
◦state of Odisha 
68
Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve 
◦Gangetic Delta 
◦state of West Bengal 
◦Bengal Tiger (en) 
69
Thank You! 
Check http://www.clearias.com for more! 
70
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Biodiversity: Species conservation in Biosphere Reserves of India

Biodiversity: Species conservation in Biosphere Reserves of India. Highly useful presentation for competitive exams like UPSC Civil Services.

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Biodiversity: Species conservation in Biosphere Reserves of India

  1. 1. Biodiversity: Species Conservation in Biosphere Reserves of India Compiled by Dr. Anoob Razak [Check http://www.clearias.com for more!] 1
  2. 2. What’s Inside? •Biosphere Reserves in India. •Species conserved in different Biosphere Reserves •IUCN classification of protected species (with pictures). •UPSC questions 2
  3. 3. UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in INDIA 1.Nilgiri (2000) 2.Gulf of Mannar (2001) 3.Sunderbans (2001) 4.Nanda Devi (2004) 5.Nokrek (2009) 6.Pachmarhi (2009) 7.Simlipal (2009) 8.Achanakmar- Amarkantak (2012) 9.Great Nicobar (2013) 3
  4. 4. Biosphere Reserves in INDIA 1)Nilgiri * (Kerala, T.N, Karnataka) 2)Agastyamalai (Kerala, T.N) 3)Sheshachalam (Andhra) 4)Gulf of Mannar * 5)Great Nicobar * 6)Dihang – Dibang (Arunachal Pradesh) 7)Dibru – Saikhowa (Assam) 8)Manas (Assam) 9)Nokrek * (Meghalaya) 10)Khangchendzonga (Sikkim) Western Ghats Eastern Ghats Eastern Coast Islands Eastern Himalayas 4
  5. 5. 11.Nanda Devi * (Uttarakhand) 12.Cold Desert (Himachal Pradesh) 13.Rann of Kutch (Gujarat) 14.Panchmarhi * (M.P) 15.Achanakmar - Amarkantak *(M.P, Chhatisgarh) 16.Panna (M.P) 17.Simlipal * (Odisha) 18.Sunderbans * (West Bengal) Western Himalayas Central & Peninsular India Gangetic Delta 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Civil Service Preliminary 2010  Q) Consider the following statements: 1. The boundaries of a National Park are defined by legislation. 2. A Biosphere Reserve is declared to conserve a few specific species of flora and fauna. 3. In a Wildlife Sanctuary, limited biotic interference is permitted. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? a) 1 only b) 2 & 3 only c) 1 & 3 only d) 1, 2 & 3 7
  8. 8. Civil Service Preliminary 2012 Q) In which one among the following categories of protected areas in India are local people not allowed to collect & use the biomass? a)Biosphere Reserves b)National Parks c)Wetlands declared under Ramsar Convention d)Wildlife Sanctuaries 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. Threatened = ◦ CR + EN + VU 5 criteria a)Declining population b)Geographic range c)Small population size d)Very small population or very restricted distribution e)Quantitative analysis of extinction risk 12
  13. 13. The Goal of the IUCN Red List is “To provide information & analyses on the status, trends & threats to species in order to inform & catalyze action for biodiversity conservation” Bengal Tiger - “Endangered Species” 13
  14. 14. Civil Service Preliminary 2012 Q) Which one of the following groups of animals belong to the category of endangered species? a)Great Indian Bustard, Musk Deer, Red Panda & Asiatic Wild Ass b)Kashmir Stag, Cheetal, Blue Bull & Great Indian Bustard c)Snow Leopard, Swamp Deer, Rhesus Monkey & Saras (Crane) d)Lion-tailed Macaque, Blue Bull, Hanuman Langur & Cheetal 14
  15. 15. Civil Service Preliminary 2013  Q) Consider the following fauna of India : 1. Gharial 2. Leatherback Turtle 3. Swamp Deer Which of the following is/are endangered? a) 1 & 2 only b) 3 only c) 1, 2 & 3 only d) None 15
  16. 16. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1986) ◦Western Ghats ◦states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka ◦Niligiri Tahr (en), Lion Tailed Macaque (en) 16
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. Nilgiri Tahr 18
  19. 19. Lion tailed Macaque 19
  20. 20. Agastyamalai Biosphere Reserve ◦Western Ghats ◦states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala ◦Nilgiri Tahr (en) 20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. Sheshachalam Biosphere Reserve ◦Eastern Ghats region ◦group of seven hills or peaks ◦Tirupati temple inside SBR ◦Bengal Tiger (en) 22
  23. 23. Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve ◦Marine Biosphere Reserve ◦between India & Sri Lanka ◦Dugong dugon (Sea Cow) (vu) (mammal) 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. Dugong dugon (Sea Cow) 25
  26. 26. Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve ◦Great Nicobar Island ◦Saltwater Crocodile (lc), Leatherback Sea Turtle (vu) 26
  27. 27. Saltwater Crocodile 27
  28. 28. Leatherback Sea Turtle 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve ◦Eastern Himalaya Region ◦state of Arunachal Pradesh ◦Red Panda (vu), Musk Deer (en), Snow Leopard (en) 30
  31. 31. Red Panda 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. Musk Deer 33
  34. 34. 34
  35. 35. Snow Leopard 35
  36. 36. Dibru Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve ◦Eastern Himalaya Region – Brahmaputra Valley ◦state of Assam ◦White-winged Wood Duck (en), Capped Langur (vu) 36
  37. 37. White-winged Wood Duck 37
  38. 38. Capped Langur 38
  39. 39. 39
  40. 40. Manas Biosphere Reserve ◦Eastern Himalaya Region- Brahmaputra Valley ◦state of Assam ◦Pygmy Hog (cr) Golden Langur (en) One Horned Rhino (vu) 40
  41. 41. Pygmy Hog 41
  42. 42. Golden Langur 42
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. One Horned Rhino 44
  45. 45. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve ◦Eastern Himalaya Region ◦state of Meghalaya (Garo hills) ◦Red Panda Golden Langur Slow Loris (vu) ◦Citrus Gene Sanctuary 45
  46. 46. Slow Loris 46
  47. 47. 47
  48. 48. Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve ◦Central Himalaya Region ◦state of Sikkim ◦Snow Leopard (en) Blue Sheep (bharal) (lc) 48
  49. 49. Blue Sheep (Bharal) 49
  50. 50. 50
  51. 51. Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve ◦includes Nanda Devi National Park & Valley of Flowers National Park ◦Western Himalayan highland Region ◦state of Uttarakhand ◦Snow Leopard (en), Himalayan Musk Deer (en), Blue Sheep (lc) Goral (nt) 51
  52. 52. Goral 52
  53. 53. 53
  54. 54. Valley of Flowers National Park 54
  55. 55. Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve ◦Western Himalaya Region ◦state of Himachal Pradesh ◦Snow Leopard (en), Himalayan Brown Bear (lc) 55
  56. 56. Brown Bear 56
  57. 57. 57
  58. 58. Rann of Kutch (Kachch) Biosphere Reserve ◦Marshy Desert in the state of Gujarat ◦Indian Wild Ass (en) Great Indian Bustard (cr) 58
  59. 59. Indian Wild Ass 59
  60. 60. 60
  61. 61. Great Indian Bustard 61
  62. 62. 62
  63. 63. Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve ◦Peninsular India, Central Highlands ◦only Hill Station in Central India ◦state of Madhya Pradesh ◦Chital (Indian Spotted Deer) (lc) Flying Squirrel Indian Giant Squirrel 63
  64. 64. Chital (Indian Spotted Deer) 64
  65. 65. 65
  66. 66. Achanakmar - Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve ◦Peninsular India, Central Highlands ◦states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh ◦Tiger (en) Gaur Wild Boar 66
  67. 67. Panna Biosphere Reserve ◦Peninsular India, Central Highlands ◦state of Madhya Pradesh ◦Tiger (en) Sloth bear Wild Boar 67
  68. 68. Simlipal Biosphere Reserve ◦Peninsular India ◦state of Odisha 68
  69. 69. Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve ◦Gangetic Delta ◦state of West Bengal ◦Bengal Tiger (en) 69
  70. 70. Thank You! Check http://www.clearias.com for more! 70

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