O slideshow foi denunciado.
Utilizamos seu perfil e dados de atividades no LinkedIn para personalizar e exibir anúncios mais relevantes. Altere suas preferências de anúncios quando desejar.
World-class clusters
as a key driver of global competitiveness
BioRN Annual Conference 2014
Dr Christian H. M. Ketels
Inst...
2 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
• Evidence on clusters and economic performance
• Clusters, cluster efforts, and firms...
3 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
How Important are Clusters?
• Close to 50% of European employment are in economic sect...
4
Cluster Presence and Economic Outcomes
Prosperity Entrepreneurship Structural Change
Positive correlation between
share ...
5 Copyright 2013 © Christian Ketels
Clusters and Business Environment Quality
WEAK
Business Environment
STRONG
Business En...
6 Copyright 2013 © Christian Ketels
How Important are Cluster Initiatives?
• The European Cluster Observatory lists more t...
7 Copyright 2013 © Christian Ketels
Clusters, Cluster Initiatives, and Performance
CLUSTER
PRESENCE
CLUSTER
EFFORT
ECONOMI...
8 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
• Evidence on clusters and economic performance
• Clusters, cluster efforts, and firms...
9 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
Firms in Clusters: How do they Engage?
Bystanders Participants DriversSceptics
10 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
Firms in Clusters: How are they Affected?
Costs Benefits
11 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
Firms in Clusters: Who Benefits?
From
Co-Location
From
BE Upgrading
From
Collaboratio...
12 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
Firms in Clusters: A Look Ahead
• Globalization
• Knowledge-based
competition
• Innov...
13 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
Picking a location:
Where do we locate which activity in sync
with our strategic posi...
14 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
• Evidence on clusters and economic performance
• Clusters, cluster efforts, and firm...
15 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
What Drives the Success of Cluster Efforts?
Setting
• Cluster with critical mass of e...
16 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
The BioRN Spitzencluster
Setting
Organization
Activities
• Management tools
• Gold La...
17 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
The German Spitzencluster Competition
Setting
Organization
Activities
• Topic of eval...
18 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
Current Issues
• Post-Spitzencluster
• From ‘collaborative innovation’-cluster to wor...
19 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels
Want to know more?
• www.tci-network.org
• www.clusterobservatory.eu
• www.clustermap...
Próximos SlideShares
Carregando em…5
×

2

Compartilhar

Baixar para ler offline

Clusters, Cluster Initiatives, and How they Matter for Firms and Regions

Baixar para ler offline

What do we know about the impact of cluster presence and cluster initiatives on firms and regions? And what are lessons to draw for BioRN and the German Spitzenclustercompetition. Food for Thought at the 2014 BioRN Annual Conference in Heidelberg, Germany

Livros relacionados

Gratuito durante 30 dias do Scribd

Ver tudo

Clusters, Cluster Initiatives, and How they Matter for Firms and Regions

  1. 1. World-class clusters as a key driver of global competitiveness BioRN Annual Conference 2014 Dr Christian H. M. Ketels Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School President, TCI Network rafmozart@terra.com.br
  2. 2. 2 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels • Evidence on clusters and economic performance • Clusters, cluster efforts, and firms • Cluster efforts, BioRN, and the German Spitzencluster- Competition
  3. 3. 3 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels How Important are Clusters? • Close to 50% of European employment are in economic sectors that ‘cluster’ • In these sectors, productivity, productivity growth, and patenting are significantly higher than in the average of the economy • Roughly 25% of European employment is in strong clusters; i.e. regional clusters with significant critical mass • There is significant variation in terms of cluster presence and cluster portfolio composition across European regions
  4. 4. 4 Cluster Presence and Economic Outcomes Prosperity Entrepreneurship Structural Change Positive correlation between share of regional employment in strong clusters (breadth of clusters; related cluster strength) and: • Wages • Productivity • Job growth/resilience • Patenting Positive correlation between share of regional employment in strong clusters (strength of related cluster) and: • New business formation in new/existing industries • Survival of new firms • Job growth in new firms Path of structural change (emergence of new clusters) in regional economies is driven by legacy of composition (portfolio of existing clusters) e.g. Porter (2003), Greenstone (2008). Delgado/Porter/Stern (2012), Ketels/Protsiv (2013), Aharonson et al (2013) e.g., Delgado/Porter/Stern (2011), Lindqvist/ Wennerberg (2008) e.g., Neffke et al (2009); Boschma et al. (2013)
  5. 5. 5 Copyright 2013 © Christian Ketels Clusters and Business Environment Quality WEAK Business Environment STRONG Business Environment Specialization measured by employment LQ Impact of higher employment LQ on wages Source: Ketels/Protsiv, 2013 1 3 2
  6. 6. 6 Copyright 2013 © Christian Ketels How Important are Cluster Initiatives? • The European Cluster Observatory lists more than 2000 cluster initiatives and related organizations • The highest number of cluster initiatives (absolute, per employee) is in information technology and biotech • All European countries and many European regions have cluster- related policy programs; many other OECD countries as well • Spending on cluster-related programs is meaningful but only a modest percentage of total spending per policy area
  7. 7. 7 Copyright 2013 © Christian Ketels Clusters, Cluster Initiatives, and Performance CLUSTER PRESENCE CLUSTER EFFORT ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE + = + = + =
  8. 8. 8 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels • Evidence on clusters and economic performance • Clusters, cluster efforts, and firms • Cluster efforts, BioRN, and the German Spitzencluster-Competition
  9. 9. 9 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels Firms in Clusters: How do they Engage? Bystanders Participants DriversSceptics
  10. 10. 10 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels Firms in Clusters: How are they Affected? Costs Benefits
  11. 11. 11 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels Firms in Clusters: Who Benefits? From Co-Location From BE Upgrading From Collaboration Participants Drivers Bystanders Sceptics
  12. 12. 12 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels Firms in Clusters: A Look Ahead • Globalization • Knowledge-based competition • Innovation processes • Fragmentation of value chains • Location footprint as competitive asset • Innovation key driver of firm performance • All stages of innovation from invention to market important • Fragmentation of the innovation process across organizations • Innovation at the intersection of industries and technologies Clusters retain or even increase their importance Directly Indirectly (tool to upgrade BE, magnet for global linkages)
  13. 13. 13 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels Picking a location: Where do we locate which activity in sync with our strategic position? Improving a location: How do we improve the value of our location in supporting our strategic position? Leveraging a location: How do we derive strategic benefits from the characteristics of our location? Location Strategy A Strategic Approach to Clusters
  14. 14. 14 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels • Evidence on clusters and economic performance • Clusters, cluster efforts, and firms • Cluster efforts, BioRN, and the German Spitzencluster-Competition
  15. 15. 15 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels What Drives the Success of Cluster Efforts? Setting • Cluster with critical mass of existing economic activities • Broader policy environment focused on competitiveness upgrading Organization Activities • Capabilities of the Cluster Initiative Manager • Private sector logic needs to drive the organization, public sector critical to create the right environment • Strategic action agenda grounded in understanding of the relevant market • Operational effectiveness in individual activities External Internal
  16. 16. 16 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels The BioRN Spitzencluster Setting Organization Activities • Management tools • Gold Label (ESCA) • BW Excellence Label • BioRN Network • BioRN Innovation Center • BioMed X • … • Academic strength • Cluster presence strength (ECO)
  17. 17. 17 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels The German Spitzencluster Competition Setting Organization Activities • Topic of evaluation and dialogue • No systematic support for management • (Too) academic assessment vs. management information systems • Focus on innovation and tech transfer • Many other critical issues, especially skills • Lack of broader competitiveness mandate • Focus on strong clusters • Funding for organization and activities • Other support instruments
  18. 18. 18 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels Current Issues • Post-Spitzencluster • From ‘collaborative innovation’-cluster to world class-cluster • Dealing with emerging clusters
  19. 19. 19 Copyright 2014 © Christian Ketels Want to know more? • www.tci-network.org • www.clusterobservatory.eu • www.clustermapping.us • www.isc.hbs.edu • www.go-cluster.de
  • tprk38

    Oct. 28, 2019
  • nachinvs

    Sep. 22, 2014

What do we know about the impact of cluster presence and cluster initiatives on firms and regions? And what are lessons to draw for BioRN and the German Spitzenclustercompetition. Food for Thought at the 2014 BioRN Annual Conference in Heidelberg, Germany

Vistos

Vistos totais

1.216

No Slideshare

0

De incorporações

0

Número de incorporações

39

Ações

Baixados

37

Compartilhados

0

Comentários

0

Curtir

2

×