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Protecting Yourself

  1. 1. PROTECTING YOURSELF A Safety and Ergonomics Health Program By Dr. Michael Vanella
  2. 2. Defining Ergonomics <ul><li>What have you heard about ergonomics? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Defining Ergonomics <ul><li>Ergonomics is… </li></ul><ul><li>the science and the art of </li></ul><ul><li>fitting the job and the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>to workers’ needs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Remember <ul><li>Use your brain, not your back. </li></ul><ul><li>Work smarter, not harder. </li></ul><ul><li>Fix the job, not the worker. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Quick Facts <ul><li>Back pain is more likely to occur during the ages of 30 to 50, the most productive period of most people's lives. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Low Back Pain Facts <ul><li>It is estimated that over 80 billion dollars is spent each year because of back pain and the cost is growing. </li></ul><ul><li>Eight out of ten people will have a problem with back pain at some time during their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no quick fix for most back problems. </li></ul><ul><li>How your back pain affects you, how well you understand your back problem, and what you do to protect your back on a daily basis is very much up to you ! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Low Back Pain Facts <ul><li>Back pain is the number one problem facing the workforce in the United States today. To illustrate just how big a problem low back pain is, consider these facts: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low back pain is the second most common cause of missed work days </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low back pain is the leading cause of disability between the ages of 19-45 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low back pain is the number one leading impairment in occupational injuries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. To prevent injury and help minor injuries heal …
  10. 10. Consider these tips: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use good posture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move around and change position frequently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjust your workstation and routines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain a healthy weight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise back and abdomen muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lift safely </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Awareness of your back and it’s limitations is an important part of preventing injuries.
  12. 12. Respond to any pain or discomfort by changing the way you do things before minor injuries become major.
  13. 13. FATIGUE
  14. 14. Fatigue affects more than productivity. It can also jeopardize safety.
  15. 15. Start work in good shape. Be awake, alert, and ready to focus.
  16. 16. Mistakes and accidents can happen if you aren’t in good mental and physical condition.
  17. 17. Balance your day’s time and energy requirements.
  18. 18. Consider these suggestions: <ul><li>Give your health top priority </li></ul><ul><li>Know how much sleep you need </li></ul><ul><li>Develop better sleep strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Get routine check ups </li></ul><ul><li>Energize yourself with activity </li></ul>
  19. 19. Take care of yourself to prevent fatigue. Make sure you’re running on all cylinders as you head to work.
  20. 20. Proper Lifting Techniques:
  21. 21. Plan the lift. It is important to determine: <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How heavy the object is </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How far it has to be moved </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where it is going to end up </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it cumbersome </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is it a two person job </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is there anything that needs to be moved prior to lifting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. The Lever Effect 100 lbs. 10 lbs. Lever effect -- can magnify weight by factor of up to 10 (40 lbs.) (200 lbs.)
  23. 23. Correct Positioning: <ul><li>Stand directly in front of the load, with feet about shoulder width apart. One foot should be in front of the other one for good balance. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Correct Lifting Technique: <ul><li>Bend your knees and tighten your stomach muscles. Using both hands grasp the object and pull it as close as possible to your body. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Correct Technique: <ul><li>It is very important to LIFT WITH YOUR LEGS NOT THE LOW BACK. The main reason for this is that leg muscles are much stronger than low back muscles. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Correct VS Incorrect: <ul><li> Correct Technique  Incorrect Technique </li></ul>
  27. 27. Last But Not Least: <ul><li>Avoid twisting AND bending of the lower back at the same time! This is one the most damaging movements to the spine. </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid twisting, pivot the feet to complete the lift. </li></ul><ul><li>Get help if necessary! If the load is too bulky or heavy, don't hesitate to get help or use a hand truck! </li></ul><ul><li>Don't be too tough or too busy to get help. A strong will does not take the place of a reasonably safe lift. </li></ul>
  28. 28. For those Awkward Moments. . . <ul><li>If you must lift or lower from a high place: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand on a platform instead of a ladder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lift the load in smaller pieces if possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Push the load to see how heavy and stable it is. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide the load as close to yourself as possible before lifting up or down. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get help when needed to avoid an injury. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. MSD’s (Musculoskeletal Disorders)
  30. 30. MSDs (Musculoskeletal Disorders) <ul><li>Where does your job hurt you? </li></ul><ul><li>Where does your body hurt after working all day? </li></ul><ul><li>These are the areas you need to concentrate on before they develop into a problem that interferes with you at work and at home. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to your body. </li></ul>
  31. 31. MSD’s (Musculoskeletal Disorders) <ul><li>Also called: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cumulative trauma disorders (CTD’s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetitive strain injuries (RSI’s) </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. 3 Facts about MSD’s <ul><li>1) They affect your musculoskeletal system - your muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage and spinal discs. </li></ul><ul><li>2) They are cumulative - they happen gradually, as opposed to accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>3) They are chronic - the effects last a long time. </li></ul>
  33. 33. MSDs (Musculoskeletal Disorders) Tension neck syndrome Strained Muscles & Ligaments Low back pain Disc Problems Sciatica Thoracic outlet syndrome Rotator cuff tendonitis DeQuervain’s syndrome Raynaud’s syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome Chondromalacia Torn meniscus Plantar fascitis
  34. 34. MSDs (Musculoskeletal Disorders) <ul><li>MSD’s are the longest lasting injuries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They damage workers’ health more than any other type of injury. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MSD’s are the most costly injuries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They cause greater financial damage than any other type of injury. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 70% of worker compensation costs in health care are due to MSD’s. </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. How does your job hurt you? How can the job be changed? <ul><li>The RISK FACTORS for MSD’s are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vibration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme temperatures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awkward Postures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Static postures </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. What Can A Doctor of Chiropractic Do? <ul><li>Perform chiropractic adjustments to improve spinal function and alleviate the stress on your system. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide nutritional advice, recommending a change in diet and perhaps the addition of vitamins. </li></ul><ul><li>Offer advice on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Posture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ergonomics (work postures) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relaxation techniques. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This advice should help to relieve the recurring joint irritation and tension in the muscles of the neck and back. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Thank You For Your Time!!