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Ppt.dr.lesson 2final.ppt

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models of reading

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Ppt.dr.lesson 2final.ppt

  1. 1. Lesson 2: READING MODELS AT A GLANCE
  2. 2. The Bottom-up model (Philip Gough in 1972) Concerned with the recognition of individual phonemes, letters and words.  This knowledge then leads to the recognition of individual words of the text presented to the reader
  3. 3. A process of building understanding of individual letters to the word level, then to the sentential level, and finally, the text level.
  4. 4. stories context clues paragraphs Predictions sentences decoding words Phonics Letters Alphabet Shapes Shapes
  5. 5. The Top-down model (Kenneth Goodman in 1967) Puts premium on the reader’s active involvement in the reconstruction of the meaning conveyed by the text.  Looks at the readers knowledge base (schema) and his/her ability on making predictions using this base. Highlights the higher-order thinking skills inherent in reading.
  6. 6.  Reading begins with reader background knowledge
  7. 7. The Interactive Reading Model (David Rumelhart in 1977)  Explains that readers utilize their graphophonic, lexical, syntactic, semantic, schematic, and pragmatic knowledge, in order to make meaning of the text.
  8. 8. Both surface Deep surface  Lexical Schematic  Syntactic Semantic  Semantic Pragmatic
  9. 9. Interactive reading model: A reading model that recognizes the interaction of bottom-up and top-down processes simultaneously throughout the reading process.
  10. 10. Activation Structures vo ca bu lar y Life experience

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