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Substance abuse
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Drug abuse

  1. 1. DRUG ABUSE Student’s Name: course: Date 9/20/2018 1Drug Abuse
  2. 2. What is Drug Abuse? • This is a habit of taking illegal drugs. It is an abuse of chemical substances such as alcohol. • Also known as substance abuse. • People use the drug to an extent which is harmful to themselves or others. • For instance, the use of a drug, alcohol can affect both the user and people around them. • The term “drug abuse” is not majorly used and substance abuse has been majorly used so that it can separate classes of drugs. • If one persists the use of a particular drug such as alcohol I may cause drug abuse related problems. • Drug abuse does not only relate to alcohol but also to others such as cocaine, heroin, marijuana, Vicodin, Oxycontin and many other more. 9/20/2018Alcohol Abuse 2
  3. 3. Teens and young adults abuse drugs • Statistics have indicated that many teens and young adults engage themselves in abusing drugs. The latest report from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health have reported that 8% of youths aged 12 to 17 years and another 23.3% of young adults between the age 18 to 25 have engaged themselves in illicit drug use. • 12th graders are considered to be the highest percentage of 62% in using alcohol, 10th grade with 42% and 8th grade with 23%. • However, some of the reasons that makes them engage in drug use are an adolescent experience since is their time for them to experience new things of taking risks and exploring new identities. • It is at this period of development changes that can lead a teenager and a young adult to fall into drug abuse. This may make them fall into a wrong crowd. • However, if one engages themselves in drug abuse, it may not make them be addicts, but parents should take care of their children to prevent them from engaging in drug abuse. 9/20/2018Teenagers and Young adults on drug abuse 3
  4. 4. Knowing that teens are using drugs • Parents should cautious in knowing their children behavior. They may indicate a red flag in them engaging in drug abuse. Early intervention may help them not get addicted. • The following are the signs of teenagers engaging in drugs. o Changes in behavior • Many of these teens usually become very angry if they start using drugs, they become secretive since they don’t want anyone to know their “bad” behavior. They then become so dramatic and always happy even if there is no reason. o Change in physical health • With using of drugs especially alcohol, their weight starts to fluctuate. They start to have a headache, nausea, and vomiting together with sores on the skin. o Changes in appearance • Teenagers after involving themselves in drug abuse their grooming starts to deteriorate. They have bad breath since they don’t have time to groom themselves. There may arise some signs of new skin problems. o Changes within home • Since they may not be working, at home parents will start complaining that their money is frequently missing. There may exist some containers or tools within their room. 9/20/2018Teenagers and drugs 4
  5. 5. Effect of drugs • Drug abuse has a lot of effects on one’s health. • Drugs have chemical effects on the brain. Depending on the amount of drug abused it can affect the functioning of the brain. It may affect one person thinking, mood and perception. It may result in malfunctioning of the motor nerves interfering with decision making and problem- solving. • For alcohol, it affects metabolism and intoxication levels. The following are some of the effects of alcohol on teenagers. o Mood swings o Coordination issues o Problems with memory o Having troubles in concentration o Drinking a large amount of alcohol can result in blackouts or even amnesia. 9/20/2018Effect of drugs 5
  6. 6. Symptoms of drug abuse • People engaging themselves in taking alcohol are usually very dirty and to note them cant be a hard task. • Parents will start to note that their teenagers have issues at school or with the assigned tasks at home. They usually start to miss classes or dropping in grade. • As indicated above they neglect themselves and lack interest in clothing and grooming. • Their eyes may change to being red due tot eh effect of drinking too much alcohol. • They may have difficulty in concentrating or remembering what they have been told. • Slow reaction time. • Paranoid thinking 9/20/2018Symptoms of drug abuse 6
  7. 7. Symptoms of withdrawal in drug abuse • In America, Alcohol is the most abused drug with 12 adults battling with alcohol dependency. • Withdrawal from using drug has some side effects from a mild hangover to death. • The more one engages in drug abuse, the more their brain is likely to be dependent on alcohol. • The following are the effects of alcohol drug abuse; o Anxiety o Shakiness o A headache o Nightmares o Sweating o Loss of appetite o Irritability o Fatigue o Dizziness o Depression o dehydration 9/20/2018Symptoms of withdrawal in drug abuse 7
  8. 8. Preventing drug abuse • Preventing someone using drug can be difficult. However, there is something open can do to avoid drug abuse. o Deal with peer pressure • The main cause of teens engaging in drug abuse especially alcohol is friends and peer pressure. One will be required to find a better group of friends that will not force you to use drugs. o Deal with life pressure • Many people nowadays are overworked and overwhelmed, and alcohol is their excuse to cool or deal with pressure. However, people should know that using drugs makes even their life more stressful despite many of them failing to recognize this. To prevent this. People should look for other alternatives to relieve stress from them; they can read a book or create something. o Engage in mindful activities • This activity involves yoga or meditation which has helped many of the teenagers to manage negative emotions and to reduce stress while improving personal health and well being. Spend time with friends and family • Socializing can be a healthy and well-being practice. However, it should be good friends since having bad friends will increase the enhances of abusing drugs. A teenager should always ensure they are surrounded by people that don’t use drugs. They should also have family members that provide them with a positive environment that make them have less risk of encountering emotions that may trigger them to abuse drugs. 9/20/2018Preventing Drug abuse 8
  9. 9. References • Jones, Christopher M., et al. "Vital signs: demographic and substance use trends among heroin users-United States, 2002-2013." MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report64.26 (2015): 719-725. • Grant, Bridget F., et al. "Epidemiology of DSM-5 drug use disorder: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions–III." JAMA psychiatry 73.1 (2016): 39-47. • National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH, Alcohol: Brief description, 2018. Available online: https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/alcohol • Vowles, Kevin E., et al. "Rates of opioid misuse, abuse, and addiction in chronic pain: a systematic review and data synthesis." Pain 156.4 (2015): 569-576. • Wiers, Reinout W., Matt Field, and Alan W. Stacy. "Passion’s slave? Conscious and unconscious cognitive processes in alcohol and drug abuse." The Oxford handbook of substance use and substance use disorders 1 (2016): 311-350. 9/20/2018References 9

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