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Leadership theories

Various theories on leadership and management.

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Leadership theories

  1. 1. Leadership Theories Presented by: Charan & Hussen Tata Dhan Academy Date: June 1, 2015
  2. 2. Leadership Theories • Great Man Theory • Trait Theory • Contingency Theory • Situational Theory • Behavioral Theory • Participative Theory • Management Theory • Relationship Theory
  3. 3. Great Man Theory • Great Man theories assume that the capacity for leadership is inherent – that great leaders are born, not made. • These theories often portray great leaders as heroic, mythic, and destined to rise to leadership when needed. • The term “Great Man” was used because, at the time, leadership was thought of primarily as a male quality, especially in terms of military leadership.
  4. 4. Trait Theory • It assumed people inherit certain qualities and traits that make them better suited to leadership. • Trait theory often identify particular personality or behavioral characteristics shared by leaders • But if particular traits are key features of leadership, how do we explain people who possess those qualities but are not leaders?
  5. 5. Six Traits That Differentiate Leaders from Non leaders 1. Drive 2. Desire to lead 3. Honesty and integrity 4. Self-confidence 5. Intelligence 6. Job-relevant knowledge
  6. 6. Behavioral Theory • Behavioral theories of leadership are based upon the belief that great leaders are made, not born. • Rooted in behaviorism, this leadership theory focuses on the actions of leaders, not on mental qualities or internal states. • According to this theory, people can learn to become leaders through teaching and observation.
  7. 7. Contingency Theory • This theory focus on particular variables related to the environment that might determine, which particular style of leadership is best suited for the situation. • According to this theory, no leadership style is best in all situations. • Success depends upon a number of variables, including the leadership style, qualities of the followers, and aspects of the situation.
  8. 8. Situational Theory • This theory propose that leaders choose the best course of action based upon situational variable. • Different styles of leadership may be more appropriate for certain types of decision-making .
  9. 9. Difference Contingency • It focus on the effectiveness of the leader based on leadership style and situation one tends to favor • Style of leadership: Leader and co-worker • It predict all the followers will function simultaneously base on the style of the leader Situational • Focus on the use of leaders personal skill or natural ability to lead in a current situation. • Style of leadership: Leader and follower • It believes that followers have altered responses based on their personal level willing, able and confident.
  10. 10. Participative Theory • It suggest that the ideal leadership style is one that takes the input of others into account. • These leaders encourage participation and contributions from group members. • It help group members feel more relevant and committed to the decision-making process. • Leader retains the right to allow the input of others.
  11. 11. Management Theory • Management theories (also known as “Transactional theory”) focus on the role of supervision, organization, and group performance. • These theory base leadership on a system of reward and punishment. • Managerial theories are often used in business; when employees are successful, they are rewarded; when they fail, they are reprimanded or punished.
  12. 12. Relationship Theories • Relationship theories (also known as “Transformational theories”) focus upon the connections formed between leaders and followers. • These leaders motivate and inspire people by helping group members see the importance and higher good of the task. • Transformational leaders are focused on the performance of group members, but also want each person to fulfill his or her potential. • These leaders often have high ethical and moral standards
  13. 13. Transactional V/s Transformational Leadership
  14. 14. Relationship between change and complexity to the amount of transactional and transformation leadership required
  15. 15. Reference • Source: Reprinted from “Leadership: Do Traits Really Matter?” by S. A. Kirkpatrick and E. A. Locke by permission of Academy of Management Executive, May 1991, pp.48–60. © 1991 by Academy of Management Executive. • The Evolution of Leadership Theory. • Changingminds.org • 8 Major Leadership Theories, By Kendra Van Wagner •
  16. 16. Thank You