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Elements of Drama - terms• Monologue – a speech given by one character to another character or by a character to the audience.• Soliloquy – when a character voices his/her thoughts out loud when he/she are alone or when he/she thinks he/she is alone. This helps the audience to know what is going on in the character’s mind.
Elements of Drama - terms• Aside – words spoken by a character directly to the audience, usually to help give the audience further information.• Dramatic irony – a situation in the story in which the audience knows something that the characters don’t know.• Foil – a character who is almost exactly the opposite of another character, used to make a comparison
Elements of Drama - terms• Double entendre – a word or phrase with more than one meaning; for example: the title of the short story “The Most Dangerous Game,” the word game may refer to prey and hunting.• Pun – a play on words, especially words that sound alike, but have different meanings.
Shakespeare’s Form of Writing• Shakespeare’s form was poetry, not prose.• Iamb – a unit of poetry consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable• Iambic pentameter – a form a poetry that has lines with five iambs or two syllables each• Characters who are not noblemen or women do not speak using iambic pentameter; they speak in blank verse (unrhymed iambic pentameter)• Characters speak in iambic pentameter because Shakespeare wants to stress the importance of something in what they are saying.
Elements of Shakespearean Comedy• Young lovers struggle to overcome difficulties presented by elders• Separation by characters and then they are reunited• Mistaken identity• A clever servant• Heightened tension between family members• Multiple, intertwining plots• Frequent use of puns/play on language• Supernatural elements
Characteristics of Acts I & II• Act I – exposition; conflict is introduced• Act II – rising action; characters leave the tensions of the city for the natural world; mistaken identity; magic; free expression
Characteristics of Acts III, IV, V• Act III –more mistaken identity; more magic climax/turning point; characters who are supposed to be together end up together• Act IV – falling action – loose ends are tied up; real identities are revealed• Act V – resolution; ends happily in marriage – harmony in the universe
A Midsummer Night’s Dream• Themes – Difficulties of love; magic; dreams• Motifs – contrast; love out of balance• Symbols – love potion; play-within-a-play; Theseus and Hippolyta (they represent stability)
A Midsummer Night’s Dream• Contains many allusions (literary references to well-known persons, places, other literature, events.• Allusions to mythology and ancient folklore