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in 2013 A Closer Look at Discretionary Spending
Spending that lawmakers control through annual appropriation acts
Discretionary Spending at a Glance
Trends in Discretionary Spending
Percentage of gross domestic product
Discretionary Spending in 2013
Billions of dollars
Prepared by Maureen Costantino and Jonathan Schwabish
Source: Congressional Budget Office, April 2014
Contact: CBO Projections Unit, Budget Analysis Division
For more details, see CBO’s Updated Budget Projections: 2014 to 2024
(April 2014), http://go.usa.gov/k2TA.
All data are for federal fiscal years,
which run from October 1 to September 30.
Numbers may not add up to totals because of rounding.
REVENUES, $2.8 Trillion
SPENDING, $3.5 Trillion
0 200 400 600 800 1,000
Operations and Maintenance
Military Personnel Procurement OtherResearch,
$90 $88 $64 $59 $57 $51 $47 $121
$144 $115 $67 $41
Includes spending on military construction,
family housing, and some defense-related
activities by agencies other than the
Department of Defense, such as the atomic
energy activities of the Department of Energy.
Includes spending for natural resources and environment;
general science, space, and technology; general government;
community and regional development; agriculture;
administrative costs of Medicare and Social Security; energy;
and commerce and housing credit programs.
1993 1998 2003 2008 2013
3.6 3.7 3.8
as a percentage of gross
Discretionary spending by
the federal government
Spending in 2013 on
national defense, the
largest component of
$626 Billion 7.3%
spending as a percentage
of gross domestic product
between 1993 and 2012