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MORPHOLOGICAL
An inflectional morpheme never
changes the grammatical category of a word.
Example:
old + (-er) = older
(adj)
(adj)
A derivational morpheme can change
the grammatical category of a word.
Example:
teach + (-er) = teacher
(verb)
(noun)
Whenever there is a derivational
suffix and an inflectional suffix attached to
the same word, they always appear in that
o...
PROBLEMS in
Unidentifiable/ Inseparable Elements
(i) Plural Form
sheep
man
goose

sheep
men
geese
Unidentifiable/ Inseparable Elements
(ii) PastTense
read
go
cut

read
went
cut
Unidentifiable/ Inseparable Elements
(iii) Noun

Adjective
law
mouth

legal
oral
Other Problems

leg
car
polite
win

legal?
carnivore?
cosmopolite?
window?
MORPHS
Morphs, the actual forms used to realize
morphemes.
Example:
cats
[cat + (-s)]

bus
[bus + (-es)]
Allomorphs, any of the different forms of
a morpheme.
Example:
Past Tense: called [-d], talked [-t],
glided [-ed]
Morpheme...
Example:

Plural Formation: desks [-s], cars [-z],
buses [-ez]
Morpheme: [-s]
Allomorphs /-s/ /-z/ /-ez/
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Morphs and allomorphs

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Morphs and allomorphs

  1. 1. MORPHOLOGICAL
  2. 2. An inflectional morpheme never changes the grammatical category of a word. Example: old + (-er) = older (adj) (adj)
  3. 3. A derivational morpheme can change the grammatical category of a word. Example: teach + (-er) = teacher (verb) (noun)
  4. 4. Whenever there is a derivational suffix and an inflectional suffix attached to the same word, they always appear in that order. teach + (-er) = teacher teacher + (-s) = teachers (DS) (IS)
  5. 5. PROBLEMS in
  6. 6. Unidentifiable/ Inseparable Elements (i) Plural Form sheep man goose sheep men geese
  7. 7. Unidentifiable/ Inseparable Elements (ii) PastTense read go cut read went cut
  8. 8. Unidentifiable/ Inseparable Elements (iii) Noun Adjective law mouth legal oral
  9. 9. Other Problems leg car polite win legal? carnivore? cosmopolite? window?
  10. 10. MORPHS
  11. 11. Morphs, the actual forms used to realize morphemes. Example: cats [cat + (-s)] bus [bus + (-es)]
  12. 12. Allomorphs, any of the different forms of a morpheme. Example: Past Tense: called [-d], talked [-t], glided [-ed] Morpheme: [-d] Allomorphs /-d/ /-t/ /-ed/
  13. 13. Example: Plural Formation: desks [-s], cars [-z], buses [-ez] Morpheme: [-s] Allomorphs /-s/ /-z/ /-ez/

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