O slideshow foi denunciado.
It’s the starting point for the development of a language program which takes into account learner and learning needs. Orientations: -Product oriented view of needs (lang. for specific future purposes carried out by experts) _Process oriented view of needs (learner motivation and learning styles, learner defined target language behaviour. The result of the N.A are applied in the development of programme objectives & choosing appropriate methodology.
The content and procedures will be expressed in the form of goals and learning objectives. In language teaching there are different ways of expressing objectives: -performance (teacher-learner negotiation) -Process related (learners strategies) -instructional (methodology used to help Ss) Objectives provide a guide and framework for what goes on in the classroom
Yalden presents 3 principles for a lang. syllabus design: A view of how lang. is learned (structure based syllabus. -How lang. is acquired ( process based s.) -How lang. Is used( function based s.) Examples ….Read (table pg 76) …give opinion
-Allow the syllabus designer freedom to respond to changing or newly perceived needs in the learners. -Allow for choice in how to implement the syllabus. -Create space for learner-teacher negotiation in “real life” communication in the classroom. Disscuss……Dis/Agree?
Learning depends on the interaction between the teacher and the learners in the classroom, teaching approaches, activities, materials procedures employed by the teacher. Teacher training and development is necessary and ongoing process. Teachers must be reflective, analytic , creative and open to new methods and ideas. Teachers experiences contribute to the process of curriculum renewal. Discuss….opinion
Must take place at all stages of curriculum planning and implementation and involve all participants. Purpose: Determine whether the curriculum goals have been met (based on the assessment of participants). Determine effectiveness of the curriculum and evaluate the language programme itself (focusing on the teachers, the methodology, the materials.)