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Typical and exceptional fauna and flora in Świętokrzyskie Region
FLORA OF ŚWIĘTOKRZYSKIE „Raj” cave Świętokrzyskie REGION Landscape Wiśniówka Lake In KielceGołoboże, stone formation Mountains peaks
FAUNA IN ŚWIĘTOKRZYSKIE REGIONDeer Boar Fox Rabbit Goshawk
Forests in Świętokrzyskie Region Because of moderate, intermediate climate (between oceanic and continental) Poland stand out in Central Europe with the most diverse and the richest forest biocenose. On the country area 2300 vascular plants, 600 mosses, 250 Hepaticopsida, 1600 lichens can be found. In vascular plants group we can find species from various geographical regions, as following: Eurasiatic, North-American, Arctic, Middle-European, West-European, Black-See; even Mediterranean. In species structure: pine tree (Pinus sylvestris) with sporadically occurring larch covers 70 % of area. Pinus sylvestris
Larix europaeaAlthough a conifer, the larch is a decidous treeand loses its leaves in the autumn. The shootsare dimorphic, with growth divided into longshoots typically 10–50 centimetres long andbearing several buds, and short shoots only 1–2 mm long with only a single bud. The leavesare needle-like, 2–5 centimetres long, slender(under 1 cm wide). They are borne singly,spirally arranged on the long shoots, and indense clusters of 20–50 needles on the shortshoots. The needles turn yellow and fall in thelate autumn, leaving the trees leafless throughthe winter.
Oak Quercus sp.Oaks have spirally arranged leaves, with lobedmargins in many species; some have serratedleaves or entire leaves with smooth margins.Many deciduous species are marcescent, notdropping dead leaves until spring. The flowersare catkins, produced in spring. The fruit is anut called an acorn, borne in a cup-likestructure known as a cupule; each acorncontains one seed (rarely two or three) andtakes 6–18 months to mature, depending onspecies. The live oaks are distinguished forbeing evergreen, but are not actually a distinctgroup and instead are dispersed across thegenus.
Birch Betula sp.Birch is a broadleaved deciduous hardwood tree of thegenus Betula in the family Betulaceae which also includesalders, hazels and hornbeams and is closely related to thebeech/oak family, Fagaceae. The genus Betula containsfrom 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN2011 Red List of Threatened Species. They are typicallyrather short-lived pioneer species widespread in theNorthern Hemisphere particularly in northern temperateand boreal climates. tree bark
FLORA OF ŚWIĘTOKRZYSKIE In relict species (flora specific only for Poland) following can be mentioned: Larix polonica, Delphinium oxysepalum, Dendranthema zawadskii. Delphinium oxysepalum In relicts’ species (species disappearing or from other periods) following can be mentioned: Dianthus sylvestris, Salix lapponum, Betula nana, Dryas octopetala, Saxifraga wahlenbergii. Betula nana Dendranthema zawadskii
Wolf (Canis lupus)Wolf (Canis lupus) in Poland abundance isestimated for 600-700 individuals. Thesepopulations are concentrated in north-east,middle-east and carpathian part of country.According to researches, biocenoses in westpart of country may fit twice more.
Animals inŚwiętokrzyskie region. The most common amphibians in Świętokrzyskieregion can be found on these sites newt, lizardviviparous and blindworms. It was here more than164 species of birds. They live here, includingnutcrackers and wagtails mountain. Among mammals,the easiest way to meet a tiny shrew, fox, badger,marten, and weasel forest. Animals represent thickdeer, wild boar, deer and elk. In recent years, thebeaver brought here.