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Tema n° 1 Introducción y Normas

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Rescate con Cuerdas NFPA 1006
Formación de Técnicos en Rescate
Curso Interno
Cuarta Compañía de Bomberos de Viña del Mar
"Bomba Jose Rafael Brunet Barreiro"
Tema N°1 Introducción y Normas

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Tema n° 1 Introducción y Normas

  1. 1. Curso Interno Rescate con Cuerdas NFPA 1006 Formación de Técnicos en rescate
  2. 2. Introducción • Programa • 14 Horas ; Teóricas- Practicas • Seguridad • Estandarización
  3. 3. Normas • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) • Marco regulador • NFPA 1670- 2008 Edition- Cap VI • NFPA 1006- 2008 Edition- Cap VI • NFPA 1983- 2012 Edition
  4. 4. Cálculos en Rescate • Fuerza (N)= masa(kg) x aceleración(m/s2) • Fuerza= (100 kg) (10m/s2) • Fuerza= 1000 kg (m/s2) • 1 N = 1 kg (1m/s2) • F= 1000 N = 1 KN • Además 10 N=1 Kgf • Ejemplo 42 KN= 42000 (Kg*m/s2 ) • Es igual a = 4200 Kgf • N -> Kgf = dividir por 10 • KN -> Kgf = multiplicar por 100
  5. 5. NFPA 1983 • Standard for Fire Service, Life Safety Rope and System Components • Aplicada En: • Uso FABRICANTES • General Use (G) / ( 2,67 Kn ) = 272 Kg • Escape (E) • Técnico (T) • Ya no se Usa Light Use (L) / 1,33 KN
  6. 6. NFPA 1670 • Estándar en operaciones y entrenamiento para Búsqueda y Rescate, Nivel Técnico. • Capitulo VI; Rope Rescue • Habla sobre el entrenamiento y operaciones a nivel de Organización Técnico Operativo Con Conocimiento
  7. 7. Angulo Bajo • No es necesario el trabajo con cuerdas • Menor de 65° • Clasificación • Suave: Grado de Inclinación de 0° a 30°, No requiere línea • Medium: 30-45°, Requiere un aseguramiento como línea • Steep : 45-65° Requiere un línea principal y otra de Aseguramiento
  8. 8. Angulo Alto • Mayor que 65 ° Se considera ángulo alto con una carga máxima de dos personas y requiere una línea principal y aseguramiento • Techo base. Operaciones realizadas desde una ubicación por encima del paciente (s) • Planta Base: Operaciones a partir por debajo del paciente • Estructura de la base. Las operaciones realizadas a partir de una ubicación cerca del paciente (s)
  9. 9. NFPA 1006 • Calificación para personal de Rescate a nivel Técnico • Capitulo V, Sección 5.5: Conocimiento para trabajo en cuerdas • Capitulo VI: Rope Rescue
  10. 10. Conocimientos Nivel I • Nudos • Punto simple de anclaje (selección de punto de anclaje) • Protección del Borde • Sistema de ventaja mecánica, según la carga • Camillaje • Descenso • Belay • Operar un sistema Belay • Elaboración de Punto Múltiple de anclaje • Ascenso en escenario de Angulo alto • Pick Off
  11. 11. Nivel II • Manipulación de la Victima en ambiente de Angulo Alto • Tirolesa / Tirolina • Ascenso y descenso en Angulo Alto • Pick Off- Angulo alto

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