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Different Cultures of the World

  1. Prepared by: Camille Solidon
  3. •Culture is defined as the set of learned behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals that are characteristics of a particular society or population (Ember, 1999). •Culture should be regarded as “the set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual, and emotional features of society or a social group, and that it encompasses, in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems, traditions and beliefs.” (UNESCO, 2002)
  4. • Culture is learned • Culture is shared by a group of people • Culture is cumulative • Cultures change • Culture is dynamic • Culture is ideational • Culture is diverse • Culture gives us a range of permissible behavior patterns
  5. COMMUNICATION COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL MATERIAL Language Symbols Ideas Knowledge Beliefs Values Accounts Norms • Mores • Laws • Folkways • Rituals Tools, Medicines Books Transportation Technologies
  6. 1. Ideas/Knowledge/Beliefs- Ideas are mental representations used to organize stimulus. Knowledge is the storehouse where we accumulate representations, information, facts, assumptions, etc. Beliefs accept a proposition, statement, description of fact as true. 2. Values- they support beliefs, or specific statements that people hold to be true.
  7. 3. Accounts- are how people use that common language to explain, justify, rationalize, excuse, or legitimize our behavior to themselves and others.
  8. 1. Norms- are rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members. • Mores: customary behavior patterns or folkways which have been taken on a moralistic value. • Laws: the most formal and important norms. • Folkways: behavior patterns of society which are organize and repetitive. • Rituals: highly scripted ceremonies or strips of interaction that follow a specific sequence of actions.
  9. THE ORGANIZATION OF CULTURE TRAITS Is either a material or non-material culture, represents a single element or a combination of elements related to a specific situation. Example. Kissing the hands of the elders after Sunday mass and at Angelus.
  10. How is Culture Transmitted 1. Enculturation 2. Acculturation 3. Assimilation
  11. Enculturation • It is the process of learning culture of one’s own group Ex. learning the language, folkways and social traditions.
  12. Acculturation • It is the process of learning some new traits from another culture Ex. Migrating from a rural area to urban area and learning the custom of the new place
  13. Assimilation • It is the process in which an individual entirely loses its awareness of his/her previous group identity and takes on the culture and attitudes of another group. Ex. An American speaks only Waray-waray and assumes the folkways, etc. of the local group.
  14. Importance and Functions of Culture 1. Culture helps the individual fulfill his potential as a human being. 2. Through the development of culture man can overcome his physical disadvantages and allows us to provide ourselves with fire, clothing, food and shelter.
  15. 3. Culture provides rules of proper conduct for living in a society. 4. Culture also provides the individual concepts of family, nation, and class.
  16. “Culture is necessary for a healthy society.”
  17. Indian’s Cultural Dance
  18. African Cultural Ceremony
  19. Scottish Cultural Pipe Band
  20. Dragon Dance of the Chinese Culture
  21. Bayanihan: Filipino Culture
  22. Irish Culture: Leprechaun and a shamrock
  23. Korean Cultural New Year’s
  24. Spanish Culture: Dia de los Muertos
  25. Chinese Culture: Yin Yang
  26. Muslim Culture: Eid’l Fitr
  27. Japanese Culture: Kimono dress
  28. Thailand’s Cultural Dance
  29. Hippie Culture: Peace symbol