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Are We Open Educators?

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CESC 2017

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Are We Open Educators?

  1. 1. Are We Open Educators? Carmen Holotescu „Ioan Slavici” University of Timisoara, Romania Gabriela Grosseck West University Timisoara, Romania Ramona Bran West University Timisoara, Romania Razvan Bogdan University Politehnica Timisoara, Romania CESC 2017 November 9-10, 2017 - Timisoara Romania
  2. 2. Content 1. What is Open Education 2. What about Open Education in Romania 3. Who are Open Educators 4. How to become (better) Open Educators 5. Instead of Conclusions
  3. 3. Open Education Definition Core and Transversal Dimensions Open education is a mode of realising education, enabled by digital technologies aiming to widen access and participation to everyone. It offers multiple ways of teaching and learning, building and sharing knowledge, as well as a variety of access routes to formal and non- formal education, bridging them. Open education means access to content, courses, support, assessment and certification in ways that are flexible, and accommodate diverse needs. Barriers, as regards for example entry or cost, are reduced or eliminated. Source: OpenEdu JRC IPTS Report “Opening up Education: a support framework for HE institutions”, 2016 ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/open-education
  4. 4. „ICT tools, Open Educational Resources (OERs), and open educational practices (OEPs) allow for an increase in the effectiveness of education, allowing for more personalised learning, a better learning experience. Ultimately, opening up education may lead to a situation where all individuals may learn anytime, anywhere, with the support of anyone, using any device.” Open Education Europa Opening up education through new technologies Initiative openeducationeuropa.eu ec.europa.eu/education/policy/strategic-framework/education- technology_en.htm (Sept 2013)
  5. 5. OER Definition […] „the open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes.” unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/open-educational-resources UNESCO (2002)
  6. 6. unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002136/213605e.pdf What are OERs? Open Educational Resources „are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them. OERs range from textbooks to curricula, syllabi, lecture notes, assignments, tests, projects, audio, video and animation.” Big and Little OERs (Weller, 2010) Massive OERs = OpenMOOCs (ECO Project, OE Consortium + EdX)
  7. 7. flickr.com/photos/mathplourde/8620174342/ 2008 - 1st cMOOC: George Siemens and Stephen Downes co-taught “Connectivism and Connective Knowledge” - 25 tuition-paying students at the University of Manitoba, Canada plus ~2300 participants worldwide. web.archive.org/web/20080629220943/http://ltc.umanitoba.ca:83/connectivism/
  8. 8. class-central.com mooc-list.com MOOC platforms and directories Adapted from slideshare.net/ggrosseck/miniatelier-de-initiere-in-mooc edx.org/verified-certificate edx.org/xseries edx.org/micromasters udacity.com/nanodegree coursera.org/specializations futurelearn.com/programs In May 2015 - the largest MOOC ever: 440,000 participants in English Language Learning MOOC http://tinyurl.com/largestMOOC
  9. 9. MOOCs by numbers onlinecoursereport.com/state-of-the-mooc-report/ class-central.com/report/mooc-stats-2016/ 150 are new class-central.com/report
  10. 10. openuped.eu home.eadtu.eu Higher Education Online: MOOCs the European way Fostering international Higher Education collaboration though ICT and open education menon.org/projects/emundus The European Multiple MOOC Aggregator platform.europeanmoocs.eu home.eadtu.eu The European Association of Distance Teaching Universities ecolearning.eu bizmooc.eu movemeproject.eu European Projects related to MOOCs “MOOCs are online courses designed for large numbers of participants (>148, Dunbar number), that can be accessed by anyone anywhere as long as they have an internet connection, are open to everyone without entry qualifications, and offer a full/complete course experience online for free”. eadtu.eu/documents/Publications/OEenM/Institutional _MOOC_strategies_in_Europe.pdf European MOOC Consortium (EMC) - October 2017 (FutureLearn, FUN, EduOpen, OpenupEd and miríadaX) langmooc.com moocknowledge.eu
  11. 11. Open Education in Romania educatiedeschisa.ro poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania
  12. 12. CCR was launched in September 2, 2008, with the help of ApTI (The Association for Technology and Internet) http://ro.creativecommons.org/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ro/ http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Romania
  13. 13. National OE initiatives 1. Knowledge based Economy Project (2005-2013) • OER educational policies (recommendations in 2007) • OE Resources and Practices: in the schools participating in the project 2. OER in the Government Programme • National Strategy on Digital Agenda for Romania 2020 (Feb 2015): Strategic Lines of Development for ICT in Education: using OER and Web 2.0 in formal and LLL education - imdd.ro/sites/default/files/library (ro); • Implement an e-learning platform and online repositories for OERs - edu.ro/rețea-de-resurse-educaționale-deschise-la-nivelul-inspectoratelor-școlare- județene • Digital textbooks - manuale.edu.ro; don’t use open licences / format 3. Romanian Coalition for OER Launced in October 2013, gathering persons and organizations that support and promote the concepts of open access and OER - educatiedeschisa.ro; guides/workshops; organized 3 National Conferences for Open Education in 2014-6; four proposals for open education for the government inovarepublica.ro/educatie-deschisa-romania/; OER repository was planned (spring 2016), proposal renewed for OUG (Nov 2016) 4. The Educated Romania (2016-2018) Project of the Romanian Presidency; a broad public debate on education and research for a set clear policies presidency.ro/ro/romania-educata
  14. 14. MOOC platforms - UniCampus unicampus.ro: started in April 2014 under the initiative of Politehnica University of Timisoara and Association of Technical Universities from Romania (rouni.ro ); offers cMOOCs on a platform based on Moodle; - NOVAMOOC novamooc.uvt.ro: development and innovative implementation of MOOCs in Higher Education, West University Timisoara (2015-17); - MOOC.ro mooc.ro: developed by Moodle.ro, currently offers 2 MOOCs about Moodle and Articulate; - Drivers: - researchers and teaching staff, seldom the policy makers and managers of the institutions; - companies and associations; - eStudent estudent.ro: MOOCs on psychology, communication, business, geography and Romanian language (APIO, CTRL-D, experts); - Startarium startarium.ro: platform nurturing an entrepreneurship ecosystem; a group of organizations and experts offer MOOCs, mentoring and crowdfunding for around 8,000 potential entrepreneurs who design and develop their start-up plans using the platform features; - MOOCs for students and teachers, for companies/start-ups
  15. 15. MOOC projects - UniBuc Virtual unibuc-virtual.net: Credis, Department of Distance Learning of University of Bucharest, offered 3 MOOCs for Teachers Training on a platform based on Google Apps; - University "Vasile Goldis" Arad plans to offer MOOCs in partnership with Fédération Européenne des Écoles; - University „Babes Bolyai” Cluj Napoca – eLIADA eliada.ubbcluj.ro/proiect - materials for 4 MOOCs; - MOOCs on Udemy – NGO Management, Association Young Initiative udemy.com/management-ong; - Critical Thinking MOOC was developed and run in 2014 by Maastricht School of Management Romania on Iversity (msmromania.org/content/msmro- produces-first-mooc-eastern-europe); - MOOC in medical education – Romanian Angel Appeal Foundation – raa.ro; - MOOCBuddy – the 1st Messenger chatbot for MOOCs - facebook.com/MyMOOCBuddy; - Drivers: - researchers and teaching staff, seldom the policy makers and managers of the institutions - NGOs;
  16. 16. MOOC integration in formal education - For the next future: - Virtual mobilities through MOOCs; - Pilot for credit transfer system allowing students’ participation in MOOCs to count towards their degrees; at this moment for some courses the participation in MOOCs can contribute to the activity/project mark; - Developing MOOCs together with companies assuring a better integration in the labour market. - MOOCs integration in blended academic courses at Politehnica University of Timisoara (Web Programming, Instructional Technologies, Embedded Systems courses), University “Ioan Slavici” of Timisoara (Multimedia, OOP and Parallel Algorithms courses); - MOOC accreditation at UPT - Digital Marketing - http://atelieruldigital.jaromania.org/ - Teacher continuing professional development using MOOCS at University “Ioan Slavici” of Timisoara - participation in MOOCs related to OE, but also to topics of taught courses and research directions; - Drivers: - researchers and teaching staff; - policy makers and managers of the institutions;
  17. 17. Variants of blending MOOCs in university courses from Carmen Holotescu, Gabriela Grosseck, Vladimir-Ioan Cretu, Antoanela Naaji. (2014). Integrating MOOCs in Blended Courses. 10th International Scientific Conference eLearning and Software for Education, Bucharest, Romania – researchgate.net/publication/260987116_Integrating_MOOCs_in_Blended_Courses
  18. 18. - For teachers: - new skills and tasks: - complex course design/management - OERs and MOOCs curation - evaluation of distributed/collaborative activities of students, - facilitation of the local learning community and nurture of its integration in the global communities of MOOCs - improving knowledge in their own area of expertise - improving their competencies/skills for adopting new models of OEP - For students: - autonomy in assessing their own learning needs for choosing the MOOCs in which to participate - exposing to: - high quality materials created with top educational technologies - collaboration in global learning communities - a broader range of experiences Benefits/Challenges of MOOCs integration in blended courses/flipped classrooms make xMOOCs more close to cMOOCs
  19. 19. MOOC events and studies - Studies, PhD thesis - search MOOC Romania on GS; - Check also: - Opening Up Education in Romania” scribd.com/doc/264227758/Opening-up- education-in-Romania - OER in Romania - poerup.referata.com/wiki/Romania - Workshops (OEW) and national / international conferences (Open Education / eLSE, SMART) related to open education and MOOCs organized by members of the Romanian Coalition for OER
  20. 20. Barriers in the OE adoption / OERs&MOOCs development • rigid policies in formal education related to curricular systems and assessment practices; • the lack of possibility to officially accredit online courses, in spite of an impressive number of projects related to online courses over the last 15 years, and of the policy proposals coming from different organizations. Such courses can only be used in a blended approach in formal education; • the lack of MOOC-related strategies at national level in formal and continuing education; • teachers lack of time and interest to explore, understand, evaluate and use new technologies, OERs and MOOCs in the teaching-learning process; • a reduced number of training programs for adopting open educational practices; • lack of incentives, official recognition and promotion for teachers implementing open educational practices.
  21. 21. An Open Educator Definition An Open Educator is fluent with open approaches and is an activist for openness in (higher) education. A possible Definition: An Open Educator choses to use open approaches, when possible and appropriate, with the aim to remove all unnecessary barriers to learning. He/she works through an open online identity and relies on online social networking to enrich and implement his/her work, understanding that collaboration bears a responsibility towards the work of others. Design •Open Designer: •Shares and validates his/her course design ideas and curriculum openly through social media. Content •OER Expert: •Uses open educational content, open licenses, by facilitating sharing of her resources, and using OERs produced by others in his/her teaching. Teaching •Open Teacher: •Adopts open pedagogies fostering co-creation of knowledge and OERs by students through online and offline collaboration. Assessment •Open Evaluator: •Implements open assessment practices such as peer and collaborative evaluation, open badges, and e- portfolios. Nascimbeni, F., & Burgos, D. (2016). In search for the Open Educator: proposal of a definition and a framework to increase openness adoption among university educators. IRRODL, 17(6). irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2736
  22. 22. Open Educators facilitate Open Learning Environments. Another Open Educator Perspective Use Case for an Open Learning Environment Carmen Holotescu. (2015). A conceptual model for Open Learning Environments. ICVL 2015. researchgate.net/profile/Carmen_Holotescu/publication/282158171_A_conceptual_model_for_Open_Learning_Environments
  23. 23. Pedagogical • Open Educational Resources • Learners as content co-creators • Collaborative/ distributed assessment; Learning Analytics Social • Interactions with external learners and experts • Collaborative applications and platforms • Public PLE • Time- persistency/Retrieval • Teacher training/sharing Learning Design Technological • Institutional / administrative management features/ privacy assurance • Mobile Learning Carmen Holotescu. (2015). A conceptual model for Open Learning Environments. ICVL 2015. researchgate.net/profile/Carmen_Holotescu/publication/282158171_A_conceptual_model_for_Open_Learning_Environments Open Learning Environments Characteristics
  24. 24. 10 MOOCs for Open Educators (1..3) Curated quality MOOCs as learning paths and journeys towards openness; starting points in a life long learning journey of learning; useful for individuals, but also for institutions tailoring their training programs and policies. open.edu/openlearncreate/course/view.php?id=2274 Becoming an open educator sMOOC Step by Step hub0.ecolearning.eu/course/smooc-step-by-step-3ed Learning Online: Learning and Collaborating futurelearn.com/courses/learning-and-collaborating
  25. 25. 10 MOOCs for Open Educators (4..7) edx.org/course/social-learning-social-impact-mcgillx-groocx Social Learning for Social Impact Design and Development of Educational Technology edx.org/course/design-development-educational-mitx-11-132x-1 Introducing Project-Based Learning in your Classroom academy.schooleducationgateway.eu/web/developing- project-based-learning-in-your-classroom Progressing Technology- Enhanced Teaching - MENTEP europeanschoolnetacademy.eu/web/progressing-technology- enhanced-teaching_201708181303
  26. 26. 10 MOOCs for Open Educators (8..10) EMMA MOOCs of Distinction OER Learn, Find, Policy http://www.openwa.org NOVAMOOC MOOCs: OERs, English, Fake News west-university-of-timisoara.teachable.complatform.europeanmoocs.eu/#mod
  27. 27. Thank you! Carmen Holotescu Twitter: @cami13 tinyurl.com/cholotescu Invitation Romanian Coalition for OER - educatiedeschisa.ro SMART Conferences (6th edition in 2018) – academia.edusoft.ro eLSE Workshops on Open Education (5th edition – 19-20 April, 2018, Bucharest) – elseconference.eu