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Dynamically Generate a CRUD Admin Panel with Java Annotations

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Dynamically Generate a CRUD Admin Panel with Java Annotations presented by Broadleaf Commerce Software Architect Phillip Verheyden.

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Dynamically Generate a CRUD Admin Panel with Java Annotations

  1. 1. Discussion document – Strictly Confidential & Proprietary Dynamically Generate a CRUD Admin Panel with Java Annotations
  2. 2. 2 About me • https://github.com/phillipuniverse, @phillipuniverse, Phillip Verheyden • Architect at Broadleaf Commerce • I like playground equipment and one time I saw Colbert
  3. 3. 3 Customizing the Broadleaf Admin … Overview Annotations – Basics – Supported Field Types – Broadleaf Enumerations – Lookup Fields – Collection Types – Help, Tooltips – Validation Support – Overriding Annotations Other Topics • Security Model • Persistence API View Layer
  4. 4. 4 Broadleaf Open Admin • Why? – Broadleaf Commerce  broadleaf-admin-module vs broadleaf-open-admin-platform – Extensible and generic at every level (frontend, backend, controller) • Open Admin frontend history – Open Admin v1 – Adobe Flex (~2010) – Open Admin v2 – GWT (~2011) – Open Admin v3 (current) – Spring MVC + Thymeleaf (~2013)
  5. 5. 5 Admin Customizations … Overview … Open Admin Benefits • Quickly build and modify CRUD screens using metadata • Rich, extensible security model • Easy customizations are easy – Hide / show fields – Change labels, field ordering, and grouping – Adding new managed fields and managed entities – Add new actions, menu items, validations
  6. 6. Admin Annotation Basics 6
  7. 7. 7 Admin Customizations … Annotation Basics … Let’s start by looking at some basic annotations … @Column(name = "FIRST_NAME") protected String firstName; CustomerImpl.java No annotations on firstName field … Results in no input field on the customer form.
  8. 8. 8 Admin Customizations … Annotation Basics … Next, let’s add in an empty “AdminPresentation” annotation … @Column(name = "FIRST_NAME") @AdminPresentation() protected String firstName; CustomerImpl.java Added @AdminPresentation annotation Field was added to the form using the property name in the default “group” on the default “tab”
  9. 9. 9 Admin Customizations … Annotation Basics … Add a “friendlyName” to fix the label … @Column(name = "FIRST_NAME") @AdminPresentation(friendlyName = “First Name”) protected String firstName; CustomerImpl.java Added friendlyName … Label is now “First Name” Note: Broadleaf attempts to resolve the friendlyName from a messages file to allow for i18n labels.
  10. 10. 10 Admin Customizations … Annotation Basics … Finally, let’s position the field just before the Last Name field on the form … @Column(name = "FIRST_NAME") @AdminPresentation( friendlyName = “First Name”, order = 2000, group = “Customer” ) protected String firstName; CustomerImpl.java That’s what we want! Why 2,000 for the order? We looked at the emailAddress and lastName properties in CustomerImpl.java whose orders were set to 1,000 and 3,000 and chose a number in between the two. We could have used 1,001 or 2,999. Added “order” and “group”
  11. 11. 11 Admin Customizations … Annotation Basics … You can also annotate fields to show up on the Admin list grids … List Grid Before And After … @Column(name = "FIRST_NAME") @AdminPresentation( friendlyName = “First Name”, prominent = true, gridOrder = “2000” ) protected String firstName; CustomerImpl.java “prominent=true” means show on list grids
  12. 12. Supported Field Types 12
  13. 13. 13 Admin Customizations … Supported Field Types … The admin has support for common field types … Related Entity LookupsMoney Fields Radio Selectors Drop Down Selectors Date Fields Media LookupsBoolean Fields
  14. 14. 14 Admin Customizations … Supported Field Types … Supported Field Types (cont.) • For simple types, the supported field type is derived from the property type (String, Integer, Date, etc.) • Other field types require configuration and additional annotations. We’ll cover some of those on the upcoming slides … • For a complete list of supported field types, see SupportedFieldType.java
  15. 15. Broadleaf Enumerations 15
  16. 16. public class OfferDiscountType implements BroadleafEnumerationType { private static final Map<String, OfferDiscountType> TYPES = new LinkedHashMap<String, OfferDiscountType>(); public static final OfferDiscountType PERCENT_OFF = new OfferDiscountType("PERCENT_OFF", "Percent Off"); public static final OfferDiscountType AMOUNT_OFF = new OfferDiscountType("AMOUNT_OFF", "Amount Off"); public static final OfferDiscountType FIX_PRICE = new OfferDiscountType("FIX_PRICE", "Fixed Price"); public static OfferDiscountType getInstance(final String type) { return TYPES.get(type); } 16 Admin Customizations … Broadleaf Enumerations … Broadleaf provides support for extensible enumerations A Broadleaf Enumeration – Is used for many of the radio and drop-down selection lists in the admin – Allows the framework to provide enum like functionality in a way that can be extended by custom implementations Example
  17. 17. 17 Admin Customizations … Broadleaf Enumerations … You can use an enumeration for String types @Column(name = "OFFER_DISCOUNT_TYPE") @AdminPresentation( friendlyName = ”Discount Type”, fieldType=SupportedFieldType.BROADLEAF_ENUMERATION, broadleafEnumeration=”org...OfferDiscountType") protected String type; public OfferDiscountType getDiscountType() { return OfferDiscountType.getInstance(type); } public void setDiscountType(OfferDiscountType type) { this.type = type.getType(); } Example from OfferImpl.java Getters and setters return the enumeration type Specify the enumeration type and the class Produces This … By default, if less than 5 options, a radio is displayed. Otherwise the system shows a dropdown selector.
  18. 18. 18 Admin Customizations … Broadleaf Enumerations … Broadleaf also provides support for “data-driven” enumerations • Allow selection values in the admin to come from a database table • Allows system to add new values without a deployment • Used with the @AdminPresentationDataDrivenEnumeration annotation • Values are stored in BLC_DATA_DRVN_ENUM and BLC_DATA_DRVN_ENUM_VALUE tables @Column(name = ”TAX_CODE") @AdminPresentation(friendlyName = ”Tax Code”) @AdminPresentationDataDrivenEnumeration( optionFilterParams = { @OptionFilterParam( param = "type.key", value = "TAX_CODE", paramType = OptionFilterParamType.STRING) }) Example from SkuImpl.java
  19. 19. Lookup Fields 19
  20. 20. Admin Customizations … Lookup Fields … Adding a lookup to a JPA ManyToOne related fields can be done with a simple annotation @ManyToOne(targetEntity=CategoryImpl.class) Column(name = ”DEFAULT_CATEGORY_ID”) @AdminPresentation(friendlyName=‘Default Category’) @AdminPresentationToOneLookup() protected Category defaultCategory; ProductImpl.java Products have a category lookup to set the default category. Produces This Field … Click lookup Click here to show a popup with a read view of the entity detail
  21. 21. 21 Admin Customizations … Lookup Fields … Lookup fields can also show up on list grids … When a lookup field (like defaultCategory) is marked as “prominent”, additional features surface … List grids can be filtered by the corresponding related entity.
  22. 22. Collections 22
  23. 23. 23 Admin Customizations … Collections … The admin supports a wide variety of grid interactions with annotations … Most @OneToMany and @ManyToMany JPA relationships can be modeled as functional list grids in the admin with annotations … Examples (we’ll cover each of these) • Add items to a list • Create items and then add to a list • Add items to a “Map” collection where a key must also be provided • Add items to a list with additional mapping attributes
  24. 24. 24 Admin Customizations … Collections … Product Options … Adding product options to a product, shows an example of choosing from a list of existing items @ManyToMany(targetEntity = ProductOptionImpl.class) @JoinTable(name=“BLC_PRODUCT_OPTION_XREF …) @AdminPresentationCollection( friendlyName = ”Product Options", manyToField = "products”, addType = AddMethodType.LOOKUP, operationTypes = @AdminPresentationOperationTypes( removeType = OperationType.NONDESTRUCTIVEREMOVE) ) protected List<ProductOption> productOptions; ProductImpl.java Indicates that we will be looking up existing values instead of creating new ones If the option is deleted from the product, it will not also attempt to delete the option Hit Add
  25. 25. 25 Admin Customizations … Collections … Product Options … When adding offer codes to an offer, we want to create the code first and then add it … @OneToMany(targetEntity = OfferCodeImpl.class) @AdminPresentationCollection( friendlyName = ”Offer Codes”, addType = AddMethodType.PERSIST) protected List<OfferCode> offerCodes; OfferImpl.java Indicates that we will be creating new “Offer Codes” Hit Add
  26. 26. 26 Admin Customizations … Collections … Product Attributes … For Map collections like Product Attributes, we need to also provide a key when adding the item … @ManyToMany(targetEntity = ProductAttributeImpl.class) @MapKey(name=“name”) @AdminPresentationMap( friendlyName = ”Product Attributes”, deleteEntityOnRemove = true, forceFreeFormKeys = true, keyPropertyFriendlyName = “Key” addType = AddMethodType.PERSIST) protected Map<String, ProductAttribute>; ProductImpl.java Map properties introduce a few new properties to control delete behavior and how keys are managed. Hit Add
  27. 27. 27 Admin Customizations … Collections … Category Media Map … The Map used for Category Media uses a bit more of the “Map” functionality … @ManyToMany(targetEntity = MediaImpl.class) @JoinTable(…) @MapKeyColumn(name=“MAP_KEY”) @AdminPresentationMap( friendlyName = ”Media”, deleteEntityOnRemove = true, keyPropertyFriendlyName = “Key” , mediaField = “url”, keys = { @AdminPresentationMapKey( keyName = “primary”), @AdminPresentationMapKey( keyName = “alt1”), ... }) protected Map<String, Media> categoryMedia; CategorytImpl.java Category media, shows an example of explicitly defined Map keys. Media fields Key
  28. 28. 28 Admin Customizations … Collections … Adorned Collections … Some collections need additional properties as part of the join … referred to as “adorned” collections @OneToMany(targetEntity = FeaturedProductImpl.class) @AdminPresentationAdornedTargetCollection ( friendlyName = ”Featured Products”, targetObjectProperty = product, maintainedAdornedTargetFields = { “promotionMessage”}) protected List<FeaturedProduct> featuredProducts; CategoryImpl.java To add a featured product, we are looking up the product and providing values to additional fields on the FeaturedProduct class. Hit Add Select Product
  29. 29. Help and Tooltips 29
  30. 30. 30 Admin Customizations … Help and Tooltips … You can add contextual help to fields in the admin … @Column(name = "FIRST_NAME") @AdminPresentation( friendlyName = “First Name”, helpText = "This is help text", hint = "This is a hint.", tooltip = "This is a tooltip.” ) protected String firstName; CustomerImpl.java
  31. 31. Validation 31
  32. 32. 32 Admin Customizations … Validation … There are several approaches to adding validation to fields managed in the admin … Via @ValidationConfiguration Annotations Broadleaf provides an admin annotation to add validations along with several out-of-box implementations Using JSR 303 Style Validations Broadleaf can leverage Spring MVC JSR-303 validations By adding validation logic in a Custom Persistence Handler More on Custom Persistence Handlers later
  33. 33. 33 Admin Customizations … Validation … Required Fields … A field can be marked as required via annotation @Column(name = "FIRST_NAME") @AdminPresentation( requiredOverride = RequiredOverride.REQUIRED) protected String firstName; CustomerImpl.java Result Required fields are noted in the admin with an asterisk. Normally, required or not-required is derived based on the database column (e.g. non-null = required). You can override this as shown.
  34. 34. 34 Admin Customizations … Validation … Example Annotation … Example : Add a RegEx validator to customer name @Column(name = "FIRST_NAME") @AdminPresentation( validationConfigurations = { @ValidationConfiguration( validationImplementation=“blRegExPropertyValidator”, configurationItems={ @ConfigurationItem(itemName="regularExpression", itemValue = "w+"), @ConfigurationItem(itemName=ConfigurationItem.ERROR_MESSAGE, itemValue = ”Only word chars are allowed.”) } ) protected String firstName; CustomerImpl.java Result  In this example, first name must be valid for this Regular Expression
  35. 35. 35 Admin Customizations … Validation … Custom Validators … You can create custom admin validators … To create a custom property validator, implement the PropertyValidator interface … public PropertyValidationResult validate( Entity entity, Serializable instance, Map<String, FieldMetadata> entityFieldMetadata, Map<String, String> validationConfiguration, BasicFieldMetadata propertyMetadata, String propertyName, String value); This interface looks a bit daunting but is easy to implement. See the JavaDocs or just go straight to an out of box implementation like … org.broadleafcommerce.openadmin.server. service.persistence.validation.RegexPropertyValidator
  36. 36. 36 Admin Customizations … Validation … JSR 303 … You can add support for JSR-303 validation by modifying your application context • Allows for @Email, @URL etc. from hibernate-validator – Same structure as Spring MVC @Valid annotation • Add two lines to applicationContext.xml to enable support for JSR-303 <bean id="blEntityValidatorService" class="org.broadleafcommerce.openadmin.server.service.persistence. validation.BeanValidationEntityValidatorServiceImpl" /> <bean class="org.springframework.validation.beanvalidation. LocalValidatorFactoryBean" /> applicationContext.xml
  37. 37. Admin Customizations ... View Layer Frontend Validation BLCAdmin.addPreValidationSubmitHandler(function($form) { // modify the form data prior to sending to the server }); BLCAdmin.addValidationSubmitHandler(function($form) { // return false to stop the form from submitting }); BLCAdmin.addPostValidationSubmitHandler(function($form) { // do work after receiving a response from the server });
  38. 38. Annotation Overrides 38
  39. 39. 39 Admin Customizations … Annotation Overrides … Broadleaf provides two methods for overriding annotations • In the examples so far, the annotations changes were directly made as part of the @AdminPresentation • Since you cannot modify Broadleaf classes, additional mechanisms are provided to allow you to override (or add to) the out of box annotations • Method 1 : Override Using XML - Add overrides to adminApplicationContext.xml - Use the mo schema (see mo-3.0.xsd for info) • Method 2 : Use the class level annotation “@AdminPresentationMergeOverride” - Convenient when extending a Broadleaf class
  40. 40. 40 Admin Customizations … Annotation Overrides … Using XML … Override Using XML … The example below makes the Customer firstName property required and adds help text. <mo:override id="blMetadataOverrides"> <mo:overrideItem ceilingEntity = "org.broadleafcommerce…Customer"> <mo:field name=“firstName”> <mo:property name="requiredOverride” value="true"/> <mo:property name="helpText" value="This is help text"/> </mo:field> </mo:overrideItem> </mo:override> applicationContext.xml Get IDE auto-completion by updating your applicationContext-admin.xml file beans tag to include … • Update schemaLocations with http://schema.broadleafcommerce.org/mo and http://schema.broadleafcommerce.org/mo/mo-3.0.xsd • Add the namespace … xmlns:mo="http://schema.broadleafcommerce.org/mo
  41. 41. 41 Admin Customizations … Annotation Overrides … Using Extended Class Annotation … Override using Extended Class Annotation … The example below makes the Customer firstName property required and adds help text using annotations on a derived class @AdminPresentationMergeOverrides( { @AdminPresentationMergeOverride(name = ”firstName", mergeEntries = { @AdminPresentationMergeEntry( propertyType=PropertyType.AdminPresentation.REQUIREDOVERRIDE, booleanOverrideValue = true) @AdminPresentationMergeEntry( propertyType=PropertyType.AdminPresentation.HELPTEXT, overrideValue = “This is help text”) } } ) public class MyCustomerImpl extends CustomerImpl { MyCustomer.java
  42. 42. Demo 42
  43. 43. Admin Security 43
  44. 44. 44 Admin Customizations ... Admin Security Security Model • Entity-based permissions – permission to perform a CRUD operation • If the admin user has no permissions in a particular section, that section is not shown • All permissions are rolled up into the Spring Security Principal’s GrantedAuthorities
  45. 45. 45 Admin Customizations ... Admin Security Role Management
  46. 46. Admin Customizations ... Admin Security Invisible Modules/Sections
  47. 47. 47 Admin Customizations ... Admin Security Row-level Security • Finer-grained control over security on a particular row vs an entity type as a whole • Additional fetch criteria, readonly rows, prevent deletions of rows • Javadocs for RowLevelSecurityProvider @Component public class ProductStoreRowSecurityProvider { public void addFetchRestrictions(AdminUser currentUser, String ceilingEntity, List<Predicate> restrictions, Root root, CriteriaQuery criteria, CriteriaBuilder criteriaBuilder) { Store adminStore = ((MyAdminuser) currentUser).getStore(); Predicate storeRestriction = criteriaBuilder.equal(root.get("store"), adminStore); restrictions.add(storeRestriction); }
  48. 48. 48 Admin Customizations ... Admin Security Other security features • CSRF protection – Token automatically generated and checked • XSS protection – Turned off by default for CMS functionality – OWASP AntiSamy  Example Broadleaf Myspace AntiSamy configuration file <bean id="blExploitProtectionService" class="org.broadleafcommerce.common.security.service.ExploitProtectionServiceImpl "> <property name="xsrfProtectionEnabled” value="true" /> <property name="xssProtectionEnabled” value="false" /> <property name="antiSamyPolicyFileLocation” value="the_location_of_your_file" /> </bean>
  49. 49. Other Extension Points 49
  50. 50. Admin Spring MVC Controller 50 Admin Customizations ... Admin persistence APIs Admin Persistence – Request Flow DynamicEntityRemoteService PersistenceManager PersistenceModuleCustomPersistenceHandler DynamicEntityDao FieldMetadataProvider FieldPersistenceProvider Transaction boundary starts here Database EntityValidatorService PersistenceEventHandler
  51. 51. 51 Admin Customizations ... View Layer Spring MVC • AdminBasicEntityController – Provides facilities for all CRUD operations – Generic request mapping using path parameters  @RequestMapping("/{sectionKey:.+}") – Custom controllers can override the request mapping with a specific URL Generic Broadleaf admin controller Specific customer controller (intercepts all methods to “/customer/”)… @Controller("blAdminBasicEntityController") @RequestMapping("/{sectionKey:.+}”) public class AdminBasicEntityController extends AdminAbstractController { ... } @Controller @RequestMapping("/customer”) public class AdminCustomerController extends AdminBasicEntityController { ... }
  52. 52. 52 Admin Customizations ... View Layer Admin Template Overrides • Thymeleaf template resolution (TemplateResolver) – Create custom templates in /WEB-INF/templates/admin – Add custom resolvers to the blAdminWebTemplateResolvers list bean – Example – override all strings entity fields to always load an HTML editor /WEB-INF/templates/admin/fields/string.html classpath:open_admin_style/templates/fields/string.html classpath:/common_style/templates/fields/string.html <div th:include=“fields/string.html” th:remove=“tag” /> locate fields/string.html could not find could not find
  53. 53. 53 Admin Customizations ... View Layer ListGrid • Relationships (subgrids) as well as main grids • Toolbar buttons • ListGrid.Type
  54. 54. 54 Admin Customizations ... View Layer HTML Fields • WYSIWYG editor by Redactor • Redactor has its own extensible plugin API • Additional extensions and/or customizations should add an initialization handler
  55. 55. 55 Admin Customizations ... View Layer Example frontend customizations
  56. 56. Broadleaf Commerce Admin Demo 56