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Drought contingency planning 140950106054

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Drought contingency planning 140950106054

  1. 1. ITM UNIVERSE HYDROLOGY AND WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING
  2. 2.  PREPARED BY, PATEL BRIJESH RAJANBHAI 140950106054 DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLANNING
  3. 3.  THE RAINY PERIOD OVER GREATER PART OF THE COUNTRY IS RESTRICTED TO 3 TO 4 MONTHS DURATION.THUS ANY SMALL DEVIATION IN THE OCCURRENCE OF RAINFALL WILL ADVERSELY AFFECT THE NORMAL ACTIVITES IN THE BIOSPHERE. IN A VAST COUNTRY LIKE INDIA WITH ITS VARIED CLIMATE ONE OR OTHER PART OF THE COUNTRY EXPERIENCES DROUGHT ALMOST EVERY YEAR.  INTRODUCTION
  4. 4.  THE PROVISION OF CREDIT OR CASH/FOOD FOR WORK.  MAINTAINING THE WATER SUPPLY FOR ANIMALS AND HUMANS.  PROVISION OF EMERGEMCY GRAZING.  MAINTAINING CEREAL AVAILABILITY.  HUMAN AND LIVESTOCK HEALTH SERVICE PROVISION.  THE CONTINGENCY PLANS THEMSELVES ARE LIKELY TO CONSIST OF THE FOLLOWING ELEMENTS:
  5. 5.  SUPPORT FOR THE PRIVATE SECTOR.  FLEXIBLE TAXATION SYSTEMS THAT DO NOT TAX PASTORAL POPULATIONS DURING DROUGHT.  PROVIDING FODDER FOR DROUGHT AFFECTED STOCK.
  6. 6.  DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLANNING MUST ALLOW FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THREE KINDS OF MEASURES: 1. MITIGATION : TO MINMIZE THE IMPACT OF DROUGHT ON LIVELIHOODS. 2. RELIEF : FOR THE WELFARE OF THOSE MADE DESTITUTE BY DROUGHT. 3. REHABILITATION : OF PASTORAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN THE AFTERMATH OF DROUGHT.
  7. 7.  AN OVERALL DROUGHT POLICY, SETTING OUT OF THE PLAN’S OBJECTIVES OF MINIMIZING THE IMPACT OF DROUGHT.  A SET OF PLANS FOR SPECIFIC MITIGATION, RELIEF AND REHABILITATION MEASURES.  DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLANNING FOR DROUGHT PROTECTION, MITIGATION OR RELIEF INCLUDE:
  8. 8.  DAMS- MANY DAMS AND THEIR ASSOCIATED RESERVOIRS SUPPLY ADDITIONAL WATER IN TIMES OF DROUGHT.  CLOUD SEEDING-AN ARTIFICIAL TECHNIQUE TO INDUCE RAINFALL.  DESALINATION OF SEA WATER FOR IRRIGATION OR CONSUMPTION.  DROUGHT MONITORING- CONTINUOUS OBSERVATION OF RAINFALL LEVELS AND COMPARISONS WITH CURRENT USAGE LEVELS CAN HELP PREVENT MAN MADE DROUGHT.
  9. 9.  LAND USE – CAREFULLY PLANNED CROP ROTATION CAN HELP TO MINIMIZE EROSION AND ALLOW FARMERS TO PLANT LESS WATER DEPENDENT CROPS IN DRIER PERIODS.  OUTDOOR WATER- USE RESTRICTION – REGULATING THE USE OF SPRINKLERS, HOSES OR BUCKETS ON OUTDOOR PLANTS,FILLING POOLS, AND OTHER WATER- INTENSIVE HOME MAINTANACE TASKS.  RAINWATER HARVESTING – COLLECTION AND STORAGE OF RAINWATER FROM ROOFS OR OTHER SUITABLE CATCHMENTS.
  10. 10.  RECYCLED WATER- FORMER WASTEWATER (SEWAGE) THAT HAS BEEN TREATED AND PURIFIED FOR REUSE.  RELIEF WORKS – BUILDING CANALS OR REDIRECTING RIVERS AS MASSIVE ATTEMPTS AT IRRIGATION, CONSTRUCTION OF EARTHEN ROADS, RENOVATION OF VILLAGE PONDS, ETC. IN DROUGHT –PRONE AREAS.  A COMMITMENTS TO THE GENERAL PROMOTION OF DROUGHT RESILIENCE.
  11. 11.  DISEASE PREVENTION AND CONTROL : MUCH MAY BE DONE TO REDUCE THE IMPACTS OF DISEASE ON LIVESTOCK BOTH BEFORE AND DURING DROUGHT.  THESE PLANS HAVE YET TO BE FULLY TESTESTED AND IT WILL BE INTERESTING TO OBSERVE THE SPEED OF RESPONSE WHEN AN EMERGENCY OCCURS.
  12. 12.  GOVERNMENTAL:  POLICY ISSUES, NATIONAL, REGIONAL AND DISTRICT LEVEL.  RURAL DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE.  INPUT SUPPLY , MARKETING AND FARM ADVISORY SERVICES.  DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLANNING INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING MECHANISMS AND SECTORS :
  13. 13.  NON-GOVERNMENT :  NGO’S  RURAL INSTITUTIONS  PRIVATE SECTORS  PHILANTHROPIC ORGANIZATIONS.
  14. 14. THANKS

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