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A brief presentation on Dreams by Akshrita Dutta, proudly presented by Biomedicz (www.biomedicz.com)

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  1. 1. Dreams All that we see or seem is but a dream within a dream... - By Akshrita Dutta Netaji Subhash Engineering COllege
  2. 2. Content – 1. Introduction – 2. Am I Dreaming? – 3. Lucid Dreaming – 4. Work On Your Dreams – 5. Premonition Dreams – 6. Sleep Paralysis – 7. REM Sleep Disorder – 8. Creativity And Dreams – 9. Animals Dream As Well – 10. Not Everyone Dream In Colour – 11. Yes You Do Dream – 12. You Know That Ghost You Have Dreamt Of – 13. Dreams Tend To Be Negative – 14. Multiple Dreams Per Night – 15. What Do You Prefer ? Snoring Or Dreaming? – 16. Generous Dreaming :The Little Cute Fact – 17. Déjà vu – 18. The Gender Differences – 19. Dream Sickness – 20. The Medical Point Of View – 21. Conclusion – 22. Acknowledgement
  3. 3. Introduction Dreams are one of the most fascinating aspects of our sleep state. The psychology and psychiatry community seems to stand divided on dreams . There is one school of thought which believes dreams are just frivolous messages relayed by our mind as it is idle while we Sleep . The second school of thought believes dreams are strong and meaningful communication from our mind and if interpreted and understood appropriately can help us do well in our life. This communication is given to us in form of symbols , signs , images etc. As the sub-conscious mind is our data bank and has all information about us ,it sends us messages at times to warn us about situations or our behaviours.
  4. 4. Am I Dreaming?? You can’t read while dreaming or tell the time.. • If you are unsure whether you are dreaming or not , try reading something . The vast majority of people are incapable of reading in their dreams. • The same goes for clocks . Each time you look at a clock it will tell you a different time and the hands on the clock won’t appear to be moving as reported by the lucid dreamers.
  5. 5. Lucid Dreaming • There is a whole subculture of people practising what is called lucid or conscious dreaming . Using various techniques , these people have supposedly learned to assume control of their dreams and do amazing things like flying , passing through walls and travelling to various places or may even relive their past.
  6. 6. Work on your Dreams.. (you can earn fame and respect) Dreams are responsible for many of the greatest inventions of mankind. • The idea of Google-Larry Page • Alternating Current Generator-Nikola Tesla • DNA’s double helix spiral form -James Watson • The sewing machine-Elias Howe • Periodic Table- Dmitri Mendeleyev
  7. 7. Premonition Dreams There are some cases where people actually dreamt about things which happened to them later in the exact ways they dreamt about . You could say that they got a glimpse of the future or it might have just been Coincidence . Some of the most famous premonition dreams include: • Abraham Lincoln dreamt of his assassination. • Many of the victims of 9/11 had dreams warning them about the catastrophe. • 19 verified precognitive dreams about the titanic catastrophe
  8. 8. Sleep Paralysis These phenomenon may also be termed as true Nightmares . Two characteristics of sleep paralysis are: • Inability to move. • Sense of an extremely evil presence in the room. It doesn’t feel like a dream but 100% real. Studies show that during an attack , sleep paralysis sufferers show an overwhelming amygdale activity. The amygdale is responsible for the flight or fight instinct and the emotions of fear , terror and anxiety.
  9. 9. REM Sleep Disorder • In the state of REM(rapid eye movement stage) of our sleep we are normally paralyzed. • In rare cases however people act out their dreams and these have resulted in broken arms , legs , furniture and even a case of house being burnt down..
  10. 10. Creativity and Dreams • As mentioned before , dreams are responsible for inventions , great artworks and are generally just incredibly interesting . They are also recharging our creativity . In rare cases of REM disorder , people actually don’t dream at all . These people suffer from significantly decreased creativity and perform badly at tasks requiring creative problem solving. **You would associate sleeping with peace and quiet , but actually our brains are more active during sleep than during day time.
  11. 11. Animals Dream As Well Watch a cat or a dog sleep and you can see that they are moving their paws and making noises like they are chasing something or afraid of something.. Not Everyone Dream In Colour It’s a fact that as much as 12% of people only dream in black and white..
  12. 12. Yes u do Dream • Many people claim that they don’t dream at all , but that is not true . We all dream but up to 60% people don’t remember their dreams at all. You Know That Ghost You Have Dreamt Of It is proven that in dreams we can only see faces that we have seen in real life or have imagined with our conscious mind . So beware : that scary looking lady next to you in the bus can really play a lead role in your next dream..
  13. 13. Dreams Tend to be Negative • Surprisingly , dreams are more often negative than positive . The three most widely reported emotions felt during dreaming are anger , sadness and fear. Multiple Dreams per Night You can have up to seven different dreams per Night depending on how many REM cycles you have. We only dream during the REM period of sleep . Most of the people dream for one to two hours every night. In a life time of 80 years a healthy person dreams for about 6 years.
  14. 14. What would you prefer..dreaming or snoring? A group of researchers claim that a person snoring is definitely not dreaming at that point of time. Generous Dreaming : The little cute fact! Toddlers don’t star in their own dreams till they are 1-2 years old . They can gather too less information about themselves within that span of time..
  15. 15. Déjà vu • The French term “déjà vu” means already seen. This topic is rather controversial cause it may be involved with the dreaming phenomenon according to some scientists who relate this with sixth sense of human brains while a school of scholars denies it to be a part of dreaming and explains it as a mental anomaly. According to them the human eye capture a quick glimpse of situation which is captured in the brain memory cells while the person is not at all concentrating on that particular event. After that when he gets involved with that situation he receives signals from his brain which makes him think that he had been in the same situation or have thought of the same situation before…
  16. 16. The Gender Differences • Interestingly,70% of all the characters in a man’s dream are other men , but women’s dream involve an equal number of men and women. • Men’s dreams involves a lot more aggression, action and women’s dreams involve a lot more emotions. • Men dream more about financial security than women. • Women’s dreams involve a lot more impossibilities and extremes than that of men’s. From studies made for several years based on researches and interviews it can be said that this differences are really stable and exceptions are rarely found.
  17. 17. Dreaming Sickness • Dream Addicts-These are the people who love to dream and never want to wake up. So they take an illegal and extremely potent drug called Dimethyltryptamine (it contains the synthetic chemical which the brain produces naturally during dreaming). • Psychosis-It is very important to sleep during the REM period while dreaming . If woken up for some reason right at the start of REM stage a person may fall prey to psychotic disorders such as hallucination , irritation etc. • Sleeping Beauty ‘syndrome` - Luoisa Ball,15years,a British girl suffers from a rare sleeping disorder ’sleeping beauty sickness` . She sleeps for days together and no kind of shaking or prodding can wake her up when she is fast asleep . The symptoms , causes and cure are unknown to the doctors . However , they say that it strikes only the teenagers and is likely to vanish by the age of 12-13 years. There are various other disorders..The REM sleep disorder is already discussed before.
  18. 18. The Medical Point of View • The process of interpreting dreams is called Psychoanalysis . This is the psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Freud. • It involves free association , dream interpretation and analysis of resistance and transference used to explore repressed or unconscious impulses , anxieties and internal conflicts in order to release the psychic energy for mature work. • Psychoanalysis- A method of studying the mind and treating mental and emotional disorders based on revealing and investigating the role of the unconscious mind. • Hypnoanalysis -The use of Hypnosis in conjunction with psychoanalysis.
  19. 19. Conclusion Dreams have been the focus of curiosity and enquiry since the beginning of human civilization . The hindu shastras affirm the soul as ‘Trikaldarshi’(ability to experience the past , present and future with equal ease).It says the soul can move beyond the periphery of this world(in the invisible).The junction state is the state of dream in which the individual self can experience either or both the worlds . In the western civilization in early days it was believed that during the state of sleep the soul traverses in a world out of the body. Sigmund Freud is regarded as the first among the modern day psychologists who studied the effect of bodily , mental and emotional conditions on dreams . He concluded that suppressed emotions , unfulfilled desires and aspirations in personal and professional life etc trigger reactions in the conscious and unconscious domains of mind which are expressed in dreams. Research works are on progress to find out ways to treat mental disorders through interpretation of dreams and accordingly the patient will be provided with proper counselling.
  20. 20. Acknowledgement It has been much interesting to work on this project under the supervision of our respected teachers. I would like to thank Sir Tarak Das for guiding me through this project and giving us the freedom to choose the topic of our interest. I would like to thank our respected HOD sir Dr. Sukumar Roy for providing us with the opportunity to portray our thoughts through this study. I would like to thank my fellow classmates to for helping me out with relevant information whenever needed .