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The appearance of theBulgarian schools is closely connected with the great historic deed of theSlavonic brothers Cyril and Methodius, the creators of the Slavonic script.
The Old-Bulgarian author Chernorizetz Hrabarclaimed that if in Byzantium the creators of the Greekscript were familiar to only few men-of-letters, inBulgaria even school children knew that their lettershad been conceived by Constantine-Cyril, thePhilosopher. Paradoxically, however, within a shortperiod of time two alphabets - the Glagolitic and theCyrillic - were created and, respectively, replaced, andso far scholars are not unanimous in their opinion ofwhich one of them was created by Constantine-Cyril.
The work of Cyril and Methodius and their students was saved by Knjaz Boris and the Bulgarian people. Boris I was a Bulgarian king who introduced Christianity and imposed the Cyrillic alphabet in Bulgaria."The teachers chair is the highest of the country and nobody can sit on it neither knjaz nor caesar“ - Knjaz Boris
Knjaz Boris gave a warm and hearty welcome to Climent, Naum and Angelarii in Pliska in 886.Climent and Naum were helped by Knjaz Boris and TsarSimeon and they set up literary schools in Preslav and Ohrid. It is considered to be the first formal schools.
Naum was the Climent was theorganizer of the Preslav founder and leader of the Ohrid literary literary school. school.
An unprecedented flowering of the literature and culture happened during the rule of tsar Simeon. This period was called "THE GOLDEN AGE“ and it was the first one.
The Bulgarian King Simeon The Great (893-927) welcomed the disciples of the "Apostles of the Slavs," St. Cyril and Methodius and furthered their effort. A court school was established in the Bulgarian capital of Preslav. Bulgariabecame the "cradle of Slavic civilization", where an estimated 3,500 priest-teachers were trained, large-scale translation ofservice books was carried out, and original works of theology, philosophy, literature, and art were created.
Monastery schoolsMonastery schools were the first form of education in Bulgaria. They are with religious character. This type of schools began its development from the monasteries, churches and cloisters.
Teachers in the monastery schools were mostly monks and priests, less educated artisans and merchants. The number of students did notexceed 10-20 children. The training consisted in acquiring basic skills in writing, reading and arithmetic, and teaching was conducted in Church- Slavonic or Greek.
A new period of the development of the Bulgarian education started during the Bulgarian Revival. It was the time when theeducation was worth as much as a treasure for the family. A lot of secular schools wereopened during that time. They were supported by Bulgarians.
The national revival was stirred by a "Slav-Bulgarian History," abook written in 1762 by the monk Paisii from the Hilendar Monastery in Mount Athos. Itrevived the memory of past glory and had enormous impact on thenation. Other books followed and generated a popular movementfor secular education, which was at the mainstream of the Bulgarian national renaissance.
Hellenic-Bulgarian schools Еlin-Bulgarian schools appear at the beginning of the XIX century by nature they are secular. They taught mathematics, philosophy, history, natural history. The basic training is conducted in Greek, but unlike a purely Greek schools is included and the study of Bulgarian. It is believed that the first Hellenic- Bulgarian school was opened in Svishtov in 1815.
Outstanding role played for the opening of those schools-the printed in 1824 "Primer withdifferent teachings, " written by PetarBeron."Fish Primer" was written in pure Bulgarian andserved to Bulgarian children as a textbook in history, geography, physics from zoology. In its forward, the author gavevaluable pedagogical advice to teachers and promoted theconcepts of secular education.
Mutual and classrooms schools Ten years after Petar Beron printed its primer, on theinitiative of the rich and patriotic merchants in Gabrovo was established the first mutual school. The idea of opening a school in the city comes from the great Maecenas of Bulgarian education Vasil Aprilov. Mutual school is secularelementary school during the Bulgarian Renaissance, whichused Bell-Lancaster method of training. Under this method, some of the more advanced students learn some of their classmates.
The mutual school for girls – Pleven 1840 In 1840 in her native city of Pleven AnastasiyaDimitrova opened the first school for girls. Graduated girls became teachers or they opened new mutual schools in other towns in Bulgaria
In the Class School for theFirst class school first time in Bulgarian education students were divided into classes. Daskalolivnitsata is the first Bulgarian secondary school, founded by Ivan Momchilov in 1843 in Elena. In fact class schools prepare future teachers and the new generation Renaissance intellectuals.
Professional schools Professional education institutions (universities) are the highest level in the Bulgarian educational system. In them Bulgarian society is rediscoveringeducational word with renewed vigor. For the firsttime the Bulgarians were able to get an educationin that level only in 1904. Among the figures of the Renaissance, many of whom have been educated abroad, brewing idea of opening a university that would "equalize the Bulgarians with independentpolitical, civic and cultural camps erected nations".
The first University in BulgariaThe first University in Bulgaria is the Sofia University"St. Kliment Ohridski ". It was created by a decision ofthe National Assembly on October 1, 1888 as theHigher Educational Course for First Secondary Schoolfor Boys. After several months it was renamed theAcademy and from 1904 - at a university. Its first rectorwas the famous Bulgarian linguist AleksandarTeodorov-Balan.